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Dr Carolyn Schultz
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Dr Carolyn Schultz received a PhD from New York University in 1995 for studies on nitrogen metabolism in plants, under the supervision of Dr Gloria Coruzzi. From Jan 1995 - March 2001 she worked at the University of Melbourne, School of Botany for the CRC for Industrial Plant Biopolymers (now for the CRC for Bioproducts) with Prof Adrienne Clarke and Prof Tony Bacic. This work focused on using biotechnology to develop products for the food and pharmaceutical industries, using plant cells in suspension culture.
She moved to The University of Adelaide in May 2001 where she continues to study the function and modification of proteoglycans in the plant cell wall. In Semester 2, 2007 Carolyn went on sabbatical to Dr Maria Harrison's Lab at Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research (affilliated with Cornell University), to investigate the role of arbuscular mycorrhiza-specific AGPs in the pasture legume Medicago truncatula. She is also involved with the Australian native food industry with projects on plant improvement and sensory evaluation of the Australia native berry muntries.
In her spare time Carolyn takes part in coastal rehabilitation programs, such as the Cape Jervis Coastal Community Group.
Indigenous Science Outreach - Yitpi Foundation curriculum project
December 2016 was the official launch of two exciting teaching resources, thanks to a National Science Week grant.
The project was part-funded by the Yitpi Foundation and developed by Carolyn Schultz and Fiona Ryan in collaboration with Verna Koolmatrie, Kevin Kropinyeri, Clyde Rigney and Derek Walker of Raukkan Community, and teachers Sarah McDonnell, Louise Jaensch and Meagan McDonnell.
“Ngarrindjeri culture embedded in Year 10 Science” has 21 lessons covering 5 broad themes
A complementary Year 10 history resource “Weaving Ngarrindjeri History” includes
Lessons are aligned to the Australian Curriculum and educators can share and adapt using Creative Commons share-alike. The science resources include a student activity booklet, a teachers’ handbook and are supported by e-resources such as excel© worksheets and posters. Suggestions are provided on how to adapt the material to other Aboriginal cultures.
Special thanks to Camp Coorong for providing the weaving rushes and starters and Betty Sumner for sharing her weaving and cultural knowledge.
Yitpi Year 10 Science and History teaching resources are available for download at dropbox
AND at the end of this web page.
Schultz C, Ryan F, Ryder M, McDonnell S, Koolmatrie V and Kropinyeri K. (2016) Ngarrindjeri culture embedded in Year 10 Science: Activity Booklet for Students.
Schultz C, Ryan F, Ryder M, McDonnell S, Koolmatrie V and Kropinyeri K. (2016) Ngarrindjeri culture embedded in Year 10 Science: Teacher Handbook.
Ryan F, Jaensch L, Schultz C, Ryder M, McDonnell S, Koolmatrie V and Kropinyeri K. (2016) Weaving Ngarrindjeri History. Year 10 Activity Book (for students and teachers). Contact Fiona Ryan (email@example.com).
These Indigenous teaching resources are released under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (BY,SA). You are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially).
Plant Cell Surface Interactions and mycorrhizas
Program 1. Structure-function relationships of proteins at plant–fungal interfaces in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses.
Sustainable farming systems rely on symbiotic interactions between plaints and soil microogainisms, such as rhizobia and arbuscular-mycorrhiza (AM). Initiation of these interactions requires complex signalling events that lead to extensive changes to plant membranes and walls. We are working with the legume Medicago truncatula to identify key genes at the interface between the plant and fungus in this important symbiosis.
We recently discovered a new class of fungal genes in Glomus intraradices (Schultz & Harrison, 2008). AGL proteins encoded by two AGL genes from G. intraradices (GiAGLs) represent a new structural class of proteins not found in non-AM fungi or plants. Structural modelling shows that GiAGL1 can form an amphipathic polyproline II helix with separate positively and negatively charged faces. Proteins that form amphipathic polyproline II helices can have cell penetrating activity in mammalian cells. The unique structural properties of the newly discovered AGLs suggests they could assist the formation of symbiotic interfaces through self-assembly and interactions with plant cell surfaces.
Program 2. Plant improvement and sensory evaluation of the Australian spicy apple, “SA berry”, muntries (currently unfunded)
Our long term objective is to provide research to assist muntries growers and the Australian food industry to achieve economic growth through the successful development of an economic and environmentally viable muntries industry. Our current research includes sensory evaluation, product development, GC-MS analysis of aroma compounds and development of molecular markers (AFLP and gene-specific markers).
In the wild the muntries plant, Kunzea pomifera, occurs as a ground cover along the southern coast of Australia from Portland in Victoria to the Eyre Peninsula and Kangaroo Island in South Australia. It produces clusters of berries, green in colour with a red to purplish tinge at maturity, up to 1 cm or more in diameter, with a spicy-apple flavour. The fruit can be used fresh in desserts and fruit salads, or ooked in pies, chutneys, jams and sweet or savoury sauces.
Collaborators on the muntries project:
University of Adelaide, Chi Do (PhD student), Dr Sue Bastian, Dr Trent Johnson and Dr Maarten Rdyer.
Do CM, Delaport KL, Schultz CJ (in press) Benchmarking study of quality parameters of Rivoli Bay selection of Kunzea pomifera (muntries): A new Indigenous crop from Australia. Scientia Horticulturae.
Byrt CS, Zhao M, Kourghi M, Bose J, Henderson SW, Qiu J, Gilliham M, Schultz C, Schwarz M, Ramesh SA, Yool A, Tyerman S (2016) Non-selective cation channel activity of aquaporin AtPIP2;1 regulated by Ca(2+) and pH. Plant, Cell and Environment. DOI 10.1111/pce.12832
Creasey R, Voelcker NH and Schultz CJ (2012) Investigation of self-assembling proline- and glycine-rich recombinant proteins and peptides inspired by proteins from a symbiotic fungus using atomic force microscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins & Proteomics. 1824, 711-722.
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