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E Professor Martin Williams

Telephone +61 8 8313 4170
Position Emeritus Professor
Email martin.williams@adelaide.edu.au
Fax +61 8 8313 3772
Building Napier Building
Floor/Room G 37
Campus North Terrace
Org Unit Geography, Environment and Population

To link to this page, please use the following URL:
http://www.adelaide.edu.au/directory/martin.williams

Biography/ Background

 CURRICULUM VITAE: MARTIN ANTHONY JOSEPH WILLIAMS

Martin Williams is Emeritus Professor at the University of Adelaide and a world authority on climatic and environmental change at a variety of scales in space and time. In 1969 the Australian National University awarded him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) for his work on hill slope erosion in Australia. In May 1996 the University of Cambridge awarded him the degree of Doctor of Science (ScD) for his work on geomorphology, soils and Quaternary environments in arid and semi-arid areas, with special reference to North Africa, Australia and India. The Royal Geographical Society had previously awarded him the Cuthbert Peek Medal for his work in the Sahara, the Sudan and Australia. His particular contribution is the reconstruction of prehistoric environments using evidence from a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from the habitats occupied by early hominids in the Afar Rift of Ethiopia to Neolithic occupation in the Sahara and Nile valley and late Pleistocene wetlands in the arid Flinders Ranges of Australia. He is a recipient of the Sir Joseph Verco Medal of the Royal Society of South Australia, the Farouk El Baz Award for Desert Research from the Geological Society of America and the Distinguished Geomorphologist Medal from the Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group. In July 2007 he was elected a life member of the International Quaternary Union. He is author or co-author of over 200 research papers (12 in Nature) and has edited/authored 12 books, including Evolution of Australian Landforms (ANU Press, Canberra), The Sahara and the Nile (Balkema, Rotterdam), A Land between Two Niles (Balkema, Rotterdam), Monsoonal Australia (Balkema, Rotterdam), and Quaternary Environments (Arnold, London).

 

 

Professor Emeritus

Geography, Environment & Population

University of Adelaide

 

Tel:   61 8 8303 4170 or 61 8 8303 5844          Home Tel: 61 8 8278 3726

Fax:  61 8 8303 4383

E-mail: martin.Williams@Adelaide.edu.au

 

DATE OF BIRTH: 19 May 1941

 

CITIZENSHIP: United Kingdom and Australia

 

LANGUAGES:    English, French (fluent), German (good), Sudanese Arabic (fair)

 

SECONDARY EDUCATION:

Lyceé Hoche, Versailles (1951 - 1953)

King Edward VII School, Sheffield (1953 - 1959)

 

ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS:

B.A. Honours Geographical Tripos (Cambridge, 1962); M.A. (Cambridge, 1966); Ph.D. (Australian National University, 1969), Sc D (Cambridge, 1996).

 

PREVIOUS APPOINTMENTS:

·   Foundation Professor of Environmental Studies (1993 - 1998: Mawson Graduate Centre for Environmental Studies). 1998 to 2007: Department of Geographical & Environmental Studies). Affiliate Professor in Geology & Geophysics (1993-2008).

·   Monash University: Professor of Geography and Environmental Science (1988 - 1992).

·   Director, Graduate School of Environmental Science (1988 - 1990); Professor and Chairman, Department of Geography (1985 - 1988).

·   Macquarie University: Associate Professor (1978 - 1984), Senior Lecturer (1973 - 1977), and Lecturer (1969 - 1972) in the School of Earth Sciences.

·   Research Scholar, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, 1966 - 1969.

·   CSIRO Division of Land Research and Regional Survey, Canberra: Geomorphologist on Adelaide-Alligator Rivers land system survey, Northern Territory, 1964 - 1966.

·   Hunting Technical Services Limited, Roseires Dam Project, Republic of the Sudan: Soil Surveyor, Blue Nile and Northern Gezira 1962 - 1963; Reconnaissance Soil Surveyor, White Nile Right Bank 1963 - 1964.

 

HONOURS AND AWARDS:

·   Distinguished Geomorphologist Medal and Life Membership, Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group (2009).

·   Geological Society of America, Farouk El Baz Award for Desert Research (2008).

·   Sir Joseph Verco Medal for scientific excellence, Royal Society of South Australia (2007).

·   Life Membership, International Quaternary Association (2007)

·   Visiting Research Professor, Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Enseignement des Géosciences de l'Environnement (CEREGE), Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Aix-en-Provence, France (March-June, 2005).

§   President, Royal Society of South Australia (1998-2000).

§   President, Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group (1998 - 2000).

§   Wiley 2000 Award from the British Geomorphology Research Group for best paper published in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.

§   Visiting Professor and Keynote Speaker, Center for African Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana, April 1998.

§   Distinguished Visiting Professor and Keynote Speaker, Water Environments in Arid Lands (WEAL) Major Research Program, State University of Arizona (Tempe) and University of Arizona (Tucson), April 1997.

§   Visiting Professor, School of Geosciences, Queen's University, Belfast, 1996.

§   Visiting Distinguished Professor, School of Geosciences, University of Wollongong, 1996.

§   Awarded Doctor of Science (ScD) Degree, University of Cambridge, May 1996. ("Geomorphology, soils and Quaternary environments in arid and semi-arid areas, with particular reference to North Africa, Australia and India").

§   Miller Visiting Professor, University of Illinois, Urbana, 1989.

§   Distinguished Visiting Professor, Quaternary Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, 1989.

§   Visiting Professor, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Jussieu, Paris: Département de Géographie Physique, December 1978-June 1979.

§   Visiting Research Fellow, CNRS Laboratoire de Géologie du Quaternaire, Meudon-Bellevue, 1975.

§   Awarded Royal Geographical Society Cuthbert Peek Medal for pedological and geomorphological studies in the Sahara, the Sudan, and Australia, 1973.

§   Research Scholarship, Australian National University, for erosion studies in Australia, 1964.

§   Rotary Foundation Fellowship for erosion studies in Ethiopia, 1962 (declined).

§   Philip Lake Award, University of Cambridge, for geomorphological fieldwork in southeast Libya, 1962.

§   David Richards Travel Scholarship, University of Cambridge, for geomorphological fieldwork in southwest Ireland, 1961.

§   Open Exhibition in Geography, Selwyn College, Cambridge, 1959.

§   State Scholarship, 1959 (Distinctions in Economics, English and Geography at Scholarship Level).

§   Prix de Fondation, Lyceé Hoche, Versailles, 1953.

 

SPECIALITY AREAS:

Major interests:

Quaternary environmental change, including Quaternary geology, geomorphology, hydrology, climatology, reconstruction of Quaternary environments, prehistoric environments in Africa, Australia, India, and China.  Climatic change in deserts.  Interactions of desertification and climate.

Subsidiary interests:

Soil and water conservation, including rates of erosion, soil erosion and conservation, land capability surveys, terrain evaluation, air photo interpretation, salinisation and land degradation.  Environmental management.  Historic climatic fluctuations, including flood and drought history.

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS:

My research is concerned with the interaction between geology, landforms, soils and geomorphic processes both past and present.  I have studied these interactions in terrain ranging from recently glaciated to totally arid, over a time span varying from a few years to several million years, in Africa, Australia, India, China, Europe and the Middle East.

 

Initial interest was in the relationship between climatic change and landscape evolution in the eastern Sahara.  This was followed by detailed study of the depositional history and physico-chemical properties of the soils of the central Sudan.  A lasting interest in alluvial history and Quaternary environmental fluctuations arose out of this research.

 

Subsequently the focus of my research shifted from soils, land capability and Quaternary geology to a long-term study of comparative rates of hillslope erosion in tropical and temperate Australia, the subject of my doctoral thesis.  Arising from these investigations of current geomorphic processes were several specific projects, one dealing with termites and soil development; another with the origin of laterite; and a third with the age and origin of the coastal plains.  All three topics embrace the disciplines of geology, pedology, and geomorphology.

 

Between 1970 and 1982, I became involved with interdisciplinary team research into the environmental background to hominid evolution and early human origins in Africa.  My work on the reconstruction of prehistoric environments in the Sahara, the Nile Valley, Ethiopia and India was jointly with Professor J.D.Clark and colleagues from the University of California at Berkeley.  I was a co-author of a number of successful NSF and Smithsonian Institution major research grant proposals in palaeo-anthropology and environmental change.

 

The desire to compare Quaternary environmental fluctuations in Australia and Africa, triggered during joint work with Professor P. Rognon in Paris in 1975, prompted me to pay careful attention to the pattern of long-term climatic change in the two hemispheres.  One approach adopted was to compare the alluvial history of climatically sensitive rivers like the Nile, the Darling and the Son in north-central India.

 

This comparative study of climatic change along the tropical and temperate margins of northern and southern hemisphere hot deserts became part of a six-year project funded as an Australian Research Grant Scheme/Australian Research Council Program Grant (1985-1990).  The project was called "Late Cainozoic environments: 5 million years ago to present", and included a study of the relationship between El Niño/Southern Oscillation events and historic floods and droughts in Australia, Africa, India and China.

 

While at Monash University (1985-1992), I became involved in applied geomorphic and pedologic research into land degradation, salinisation and soil structural breakdown within the State of Victoria.  This involved the development of jointly funded research and close co-operation with the Land Protection Division and the Water Resources Division of the Victorian Department of Conservation and Environment and the Soil and Water Conservation Association of Victoria.  Our teams used simple remote sensing methods (Micro-Brian and linked Geographic Information System) to identify areas of saline groundwater recharge and discharge at selected localities in Victoria, with a view to planning more appropriate forms of future land use and land management.  We enjoyed the active support of the farmers on whose land we were working.

 

Some of my recent research dealt with the causes and consequences of desertification processes in drylands and on the impact of past, present and possible future environmental changes in arid and semi-arid areas.  In July 1991, September 1993 and July-August 1999 I carried out fieldwork in Inner Mongolia and the northern Taklimakan Desert.  I was senior author of a major commissioned report on Interactions of Desertification and Climate for UNEP and WMO, the key conclusions of which I presented to the International Panel of Experts on Desertification in Geneva in December 1993.  I am presently writing a graduate level book on Climatic Change in Deserts for Cambridge University Press. 

 

Ever since my undergraduate days, I have had an abiding interest in Quaternary environmental changes.  The success of our 1993 book on Quaternary Environments (Edward Arnold, London) encouraged us to prepare a thoroughly updated and expanded second edition (Arnold, London, 1998).  Science Press, Beijing, published a Chinese edition in 1997, with a substantial new chapter on Quaternary environments in China by Professor Liu Tungsheng, the doyen of Quaternary research in China.

 

After moving to Adelaide, I became involved in two projects that relate specifically to South Australia but which have relevance much further afield.  One is an ARC funded investigation of late Quaternary environments in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia.  This project involves an attempt to determine how rivers, lakes and dunes have responded to geologically recent climatic fluctuations in this presently semi-arid region.  Stage one of this project is now complete (stratigraphy, OSL and AMS chronology).  Stage two will involve analysis of the trace element and stable isotopic composition of ostracod and gastropod shells collected from a now dry lake to help reconstruct past fluctuations in water temperature and salinity.

 

The other project was a collaborative study of environmental indicators in South Australia in close cooperation with the SA Department of Environment and Natural Resources/SA Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs, the SA Environment Protection Authority and the Natural Resources Council of South Australia.  Four substantial published reports have emerged from this applied work, which is now complete. These include State of the Environment Reporting in South Australia: Position Paper (Environment Protection Authority, Natural Resources Council of South Australia, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Adelaide, 1996); and the State of the Environment Report for South Australia 1998 (SA Department of Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs, Adelaide, 1998, 263 pages).

 

A recently launched research project is in collaboration with Dr Michael Talbot from the Geological Institute of the University of Bergen and Professor Paul Aharon from the Department of Geological Sciences, University of Alabama.  Our initial aim is to reconstruct the late Quaternary alluvial history of the Blue and White Nile basins using a combination of techniques, including the strontium isotopic composition of modern and sub-fossil freshwater gastropod shells collected from the entire White Nile basin.  We envisage that the results of this work will allow us to test existing hypotheses relating to agricultural origins in the Nile Valley.  This work is funded by an ARC Large Grant and is entitled Geographical background to agricultural origins and present land use in the Nile valley.  One outcome of the North African work is a book on prehistory and environment in the central Sahara.  Co-authored with the late J. Desmond Clark (U.C. Berkeley), Dr Andrew Smith (University of Cape Town) and Dr Diane Gifford-Gonzalez (U.C.San Diego) it is due for completion later this year.  A further volume on prehistoric occupation and environment in the Blue and White Nile valleys is to be completed within the next two years.

 

A second ARC Large Grant is to investigate Hominid evolution and extinction during the Miocene in the Siwaliks of India-Pakistan.  A third large grant, from The National Science Foundation is for a study of the Chronology of the Middle and Late Stone Age in East Africa. This award (to Chief Investigators Dr Stan Ambrose (UI Champaign-Urbana), Dr Al Deino (UC Berkeley) and M.A.J.Williams) complements our two ARC Large Research Grants for geo-archaeological research in the fossil-bearing Himalayan foothills of northern India as well as our continuing research in the Nile valley.  Ultimately, we hope to be able to document changing patterns of hominid/human evolution in relation to environmental change, from eight million years ago to the inception of food production, in key regions of Africa and Asia.

 

FIELD EXPERIENCE:

§   Erosion and sedimentation in arid and semi-arid areas.  Libya (1962, 1963); Niger (1970, 1974); India (1980,1982,1983,2005, 2006); Australia (1967 - to present); Jordan (1975); Algeria (1970, 1979); Ethiopia (1974, 1975, 1977, 1981); Kenya (1971, 1975, 1988, 1995, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003); Sudan (1976, 1982, 2005, 2006, 2010); Egypt (1987); Israel (1987, 2009); Somalia (1988); China (1993, 1995, 1999); Arizona, USA (1997)

§   Soil survey and terrain evaluation.  Sudan (1962-3, 1963-4, 2005); Northern Australia (1965-8, 1972-74, 1988);  Somalia (1988).

§   Monitoring hillslope erosion.  Australia (1966-8, 1971, 1974, 1988).

§   Fluvial geomorphology.  Sudan (1962-4, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1982, 2005, 2006, 2010); Niger (1970, 1974); Ethiopia (1974, 1975, 1977, 1981); India (1980, 1982, 2005, 2006); Australia (1969 - to present); Tunisia (1979).

§   Climatic change and lake level fluctuations.  Niger (1970); Ethiopia (1974, 1975, 1977, 1981, 2009); Sudan (1976); Algeria (1979); Australia (1969 to present); Egypt (1987); China (1991).

§   Geoarchaeology.  Niger (1970); Sudan (1973); Ethiopia (1974, 1975, 1978, 1981); Kenya (1999, 2001, 2002, 2003); India (1980, 1982, 1983, 2001, 2003, 2005).

§   Desertification.  China, including Inner Mongolia (1993, 1999).

 

ORGANISATION OF NATIONAL AND STATE CONFERENCES, WORKSHOPS AND SYMPOSIA:

§   Co-organiser of Blowing in the Wind: the 3rd Sprigg Symposium, 16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide, July 1-5, 2002

§   Co-organiser of Eighth Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Goolwa, South Australia, November 1998.

§   Co-organiser and chair of Natural Resources Council of South Australia community group workshop on environmental issues and priorities in South Australia, Adelaide, November 1997.

§   Co-organiser and chair of a workshop on Indicators for Better Environmental Management, Adelaide, South Australia, February 1996.  (Joint with South Australian Department of Environment and Natural Resources and Federal EPA).

§   Co-organiser and chair of Natural Resources Council of South Australia community group workshop on integrated environmental management, Adelaide, May 1995.

§   Co-convenor of INQUA Symposium on Quaternary environments in the Southern Hemisphere, XIII International Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research, Beijing, August 1991.

§   Co-organiser of Fourth Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Buchan, Victoria, February 1989.

§   Co-organiser of Conference on Cainozoic Environments of the Australian Region: A Re-appraisal of the Evidence, Warrnambool, December 1987.

§   Co-organiser of one-week ANZAAS Symposium of Prehistory and Environment in the Pacific region, Macquarie University, May 1982.

§   Co-organiser of First Australian Archaeometry Conference, Sydney, February, 1981.

·   Joint-organiser (with Drs. D.A. Adamson, S. El Raba'a and H.H. Abdalla) of December 1976 Workshop on Applied Quaternary Geology sponsored by the Geological Society of Africa and the National Council for Research, Sudan.

 

MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:

§   Soil and Water Conservation Association of Australia

§   Victorian Soil Conservation Association (Vice-President, 1989-1990)

§   International Society of Soil Science

§   Soil Science Society of Australia

§   Geological Society of Australia

§   Geological Society of America* [*denotes currently active member]

§   American Quaternary Association*

§   Australasian Quaternary Association* (founding member, 1982)

§   Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group*(President 1998 – 2000.

§   Institute of Australian Geographers

§   Environment Institute of Australia

§   Royal Society of Victoria

§   Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences (founding member, 1988)

§   Royal Society of South Australia* (President 1998 - 2000).

 

MEMBERSHIP OF INTERNATIONAL WORKING GROUPS:

§   International Geographical Union, Study Group on Historical Geography of Global Environmental Change, 1988 - 1991.

§   International Union for Quaternary Research, Working Group on Global Continental Palaeohydrology, 1988-1990.

§   International Geographical Union, Study Group on Critical Zones in Global Environmental Change, 1991 - 1993.

§   International Geological Correlation Programme, Working Group on Past and Future Evolution of Deserts, 1986 - 1992.

 

EDITORIAL BOARDS:

§   Revue Géomorphologie, International Editorial Board, 2000-present

§   Journal of Quaternary Research, International Editorial Board, 1997 –

§   Key Issues in Environmental Change, Co-ordinating Editor, Arnold, London, 1995 -2004.

§   The Holocene, Editorial Advisory Board, 1991 – 2000.

§   Australian Meteorological Magazine, Associate Editor, 1986 - 1988.

§   Australasian Quaternary Newsletter, Editor, 1982 - 1984.

§   SINET:  Ethiopian Journal of Science, Advisory Board,1979 - 1983.

§   Sahara, Advisory Board, 1988 - present

§   Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology  (guest editor, 1992).

§   Catena: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Soil Science-Hydrology-Geomorphology, Editorial Board, 1995-2003.

 

REVIEWER:

Australian Geographer; Australian Geographical Studies; Australian Journal of Earth Sciences; Australian Meteorological Magazine; Australian Research Council; Catena; Current Anthropology; Earth Science Reviews; Geological Society of America Bulletin; Geophysical Research Letters; Global and Planetary Change; Journal of Hydrology; Journal of Quaternary Science; Nature; National Environment Research Council, UK; National Science and Engineering Research Council, Canada; Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology; Quaternary Research; Quaternary Science Reviews; Search; The Holocene; Transactions, Institute of British Geographers.

 

INVITED SPEAKER AT NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL MEETINGS:

[* travel grant provided.  Note that this list is illustrative but not comprehensive]

·   Environmental catastrophes in Mauritania, the desert and the coast, ICSU Dark Nature and IGCP 490, Mauritania 4-18 January, 2004. *

§   20th Conference on African Geology, Orleans, France, June 2-7, 2004, invited speaker to Colloque International en Hommage au Professeur Hugues Faure.

§   32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Italy, August 20-28, 2004, Keynote address.

§   23 degrees South: The Archaeology and Environmental History of Southern Deserts.  Invited Plenary Speaker.  National Museum of Australia, Canberra, 15-18 January 2003. *

§   International Workshop on drilling in the Dead Sea.  Lückenwalde , near Potsdam, Germany, January 2002.*

§   Eighth Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Goolwa, South Australia, November 1998, Plenary address

§   International Symposium on African Savannas: New Perspectives on the Environment and Social Change, Centre for African Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, March 1998 *

§   International Geological Correlation Program (IGCP-349), Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change Conference, Wollongong, June-July 1997, Plenary talk.

§   Water Environments in Arid Lands (WEAL) Program, State University of Arizona, Tempe, April 1997 *

§       International Council of Scientific Unions, Beijing, October 1995, Keynote Speaker.  (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, Scientific Advisory Council SAC IV Meeting) *

§       International Geomorphological Conference, Singapore, June 1995.

§       XIV Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research, Berlin, August 1995 *

§       Australia and New Zealand Climate Forum, Wirrina Cove, January 1995, Plenary talk*

§       International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT),International Planning Workshop on Desert Margins Initiative, Nairobi, January 1994, plenary talk *

§       International Panel of Experts on Desertification, Geneva, December 1993 *

§       International Conference on Taklimakan Desert, China, September 1993, plenary talk.

§       UNEP/UNDP/World Bank Workshop on Desertification, Nairobi, October 1992*

§       XIII Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research, Beijing, August 1991.

§       International Conference on the Physical Causes of Drought and Desertification, Melbourne, December 1991, plenary talk.

§       International Geological Correlation Program on Deserts, Perth, October 1991.

§       Geography Teachers Association of Australia, January 1990, Keynote address.

§       University of British Colombia-University of Washington Hydrology Symposium, October 1989 *

§       International Geographical Union, Sydney 1988.

§       Soil Conservation Association of Victoria, 1988, plenary talk; 1989 guest of honour.

§       International Association of Hydrological Sciences and International Geographical Union, Workshop on Erosion, Transport and Deposition Processes in Semi-arid and Arid areas, Israel, March-April, 1987 *

§       CSIRO/Academy of Science, Greenhouse 87, Monash University, December, 1987.

§       Victorian Archaeological Association, 1987.

§       Victorian Geography Teachers' Association, 1987, Keynote address.

§       Third CLIMANZ Conference, Melbourne, 1987.

§       Community Aid Abroad, Symposium, Melbourne, 1987.

§       Geological Society of London, Desert Sediments Ancient and Modern, May 1986*

§       University of California, Berkeley, Conference in Honour of J. Desmond Clark, African prehistory: The Longest Record, April, 1986 *

§       Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group, Napier, New Zealand, February 1986 (guest of honour).

§       Society for International Development, Melbourne, 1986.

§       CSIRO/Bureau of Meteorology Drought Workshop, October, 1985.

§       Geological Society of London, Sedimentation in the African Rifts, September-October, 1984 *

§       Geography Teachers' Association of New South Wales, Eleventh Griffith Taylor Memorial Lecture, Sydney, 1984.

 

POSTGRADUATE SUPERVISION:

Completed:

§   Harrison, S.P. (M.Sc., Macquarie, 1973).  Geomorphic history of the Breadalbane Lakes, NSW.

§   Gasse, F. (D.Sc., Paris, 1975).  Plio-Pleistocene lake fluctuations in Ethiopia and TFAI

§   Kurashina, H. (Ph.D., Berkeley, 1978).  Early and Middle Stone Age industries andenvironments, Ethiopia.

§   Dickson, F. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1978).  Aboriginal ground stone technology.

§   McTainsh, G. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1982).  Harmattan dust and aeolian mantles in Nigeria.

§   Bishop, P. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1983).  Cainozoic drainage evolution in eastern New South Wales.

§   Ross, A. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1984).  Prehistory and palaeoenvironments of the Victorian Mallee.

§   Brandt, S.A. (Ph.D., Berkeley, 1984).  Late Stone Age economy and environment, Ethiopia.

§   Hunt, P. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1986).  Near-surface mobility of iron, aluminium and silica, and a re-appraisal of some Australian duricrusts.

§   Kohen, J. (Ph.D., Macquarie, 1986).  Prehistoric settlement and environmental change, Cumberland Plain, NSW. 

§   Rutherfurd, I. (Ph.D., Monash, 1992).  Historic changes in the channel geometry of the River Murray.

§   McEvedy, Dr. R. (M.Sc., Macquarie, 1992).  Lake Cainozoic environments in Central Sudan.

§   Ryan, S. (M.Sc., Monash, 1993).  Soil salinity, central Victoria.

§   Matta, J. (UNEP – University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, 1994). Desertification in Chile.

§   Njuki, V.K. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1994). Coping with desertification in Kenya- current situation and direction for the future.

§   Zhou, Liping. (Ph.D., Monash, 1994).  Quaternary aeolianites, SE Victoria.

§   Rowe, K. (Ph.D., Monash, 1995).  Geomorphology and soils, NE Victoria

§   Herath, H. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Natural resources management in Sri Lanka.

§   Kafumu, G. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Deforestation in Mainland Tanzania: causes, consequences and solutions.

§   Mathur, S.K. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Strategy for pollution abatement in rivers and lakes in developing countries.

§   Moore, G. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995). Aboriginal land management, Southeastern Australia - rehabilitation of Aboriginal burial sites.

§   Ndonye, P.M. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Conservation of biodiversity in Kenya: a discussion.

§   Ojoo-Masawa, E. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Biomass fuels and environmental issues concerning Africa.

§   Shrestha, K. (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Deforestation and Agroforestry in Nepal.

§   Sun, Rong Qing (UNEP - University of Adelaide Int. Grad. Cert. Env. Management, Adelaide, 1995).  Environmental management strategies for macroeconomic environmental planning in China

·   Harris, M. A. (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2000).  Some organic amendments for heavy metal toxicity and soil structure in acid-sulphate mine tailings.

§   Liu, Qunying (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2003).  Impact of climate change on wheat yield in South Australia.

·   Achangkeng, Eric (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2005). Solid waste management in Cameroon.

§   Thamrongvoraporn, Sasikamon (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2006). Explaining patterns of public participation in Bangkok: the case study of the recycling program of Bangkok.

§   Vo Phu (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2008). Urban stormwater management in Vietnam.

§   Haberlah, D. (PhD, University of Adelaide, 2010). Loess deposition in arid Australia.

§    

 

Supervision successfully continued by other colleagues after I left Monash University:

§   Fried, A. (M.A., Monash).  Quaternary geology, SE NSW.

§   Liu, G.J. (Ph.D., Monash).  Remote sensing of upland salinisation.

§   Hill, S. (Ph.D., Monash).  Salinity diagnosis and management in Victoria.

 

Continuing:

§   Glasby, P. (Ph.D., University of Adelaide).  Late Quaternary environments in semi-arid South Australia.

§   Brown, A. (Ph.D., University of Adelaide).  Mineral dispersion and landscape processes in the Olary region, South Australia.

§   Peake, W. (MA Research, University of Adelaide). Historical geography, Russian empire.

 

In addition, I have supervised the minor dissertations of up to six M.Env.St. postgraduate students each year between 1993 and 2005, and, since 2002, Honours dissertations in Geography, Geology and Environmental Studies.  The topics have ranged very widely and include lake pollution and catchment management in South Australia, sustainable forestry in Nepal, earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation in California, groundwater management in the Bandung Basin, Indonesia, urban stormwater management in Vietnam, and mine-site rehabilitation in Australia.

 

MAJOR AND MINOR RESEARCH PROJECTS FUNDED

 

Environmental impacts of climate change in the Nile basin over the past 30,000 years. ARC Discovery Grant DP0878058 to Chief Investigator M.A.J. Williams. $91,800 for 2008; $80,000 for 2009; $80,000 for 2010.

 

Establishing a high-resolution climatic record for the Australian arid zone for the past 30,000 years. AINSE Grant AINGRA08125 to Chief Investigator M.A.J. Williams. $8,208 for 2008.

 

Late Quaternary alluvial history of the Nile basin. AINSE Grant AINGRA07160 to Chief Investigator M.A.J. Williams. $9,240 for 2008.

 

A stable isotope mass spectrometer for novel determinations of past temperatures. ARC LIEF Grant LE0883113 to A.R. Chivas, R.G. Roberts, Z. Jacobs, C.V. Murray Wallace, K. E. Westaway, M.J. Morwood, G.C. Nanson, B.G. Jones, P.F. Carr, H.V. McGregor, C.D. Woodroffe, S.D. Golding, J. Zhao, K. Yu, J.M. Pandolfi, G.P.Halverson, M.A.J. Williams, P.A. Gell, D.J. Chittleborough, J.R. Dodson, D. Fink, Q Hua, E.J. Hodge, T.M. Esat, M.T. McCulloch. $250,000 for 2008.

 

Chronometric reconstruction of the depositional environment of fine-grained valley-fill formations throughout the peak and decline of the last glacial cycle in the semi-arid central Flinders Ranges, South Australia. AINSE Grant AINGRA08070 to Chief Investigator M.A.J. Williams. $13,000 for 2007.

 

Establishing a high resolution climatic record for the Australian arid zone. Faculty Small Grant to M.A.J.Williams. $9,600 for 2007.

 

Discovering the past and present to shape the future: networking environmental sciences for understanding and managing Australian biodiversity. ARC Research Network Grant RN0457921 to R.Hill and others, including M.A.J. Williams. $100,000 in 2006; $100,000 in 2007; $100,000 in 2008.

 

Human responses to Holocene desiccation in the Sahara and Nile valley. AINSE Grant AINGRA 06196 to Chief Investigator M.A.J. Williams. $8,100 for 2006.

 

Responding to the threat of climatic change: identifying effective strategies for the wheat industry of southeast Australia.  ARC Linkage Grant A00103414 to M.A.J.Williams, W. Bellotti and Q. Luo, 2004-2006.  $63,000 for 2004, $ 63, 000 for 2005, $63, 000 for 2006.

 

The environmental impact of an extreme event: the Toba mega-eruption, volcanic winter and the near demise of humans. ARC Discovery Grant A200100093 to M.A.J.Williams, 2004-2006. $162, 000 for 2004, $140, 000 for 2005, $ 120, 000 for 2006.

 

Landscape evolution, human im pact and climatic fluctuations in semi-arid South Australia. Faculty Small Grant to M.A.J.Williams. $5,000 for 2006.

 

Toba volcanic eruption and its impact on the landscape, climate, biota and prehistory of India. Faculty Small ARC Grant.to M.A.J.Williams. $4,800 in 2005.

 

Proposal to strengthen national and international links with scholars and institutions with research interests in the Nile basin. Faculty Strategic Research Grant to M.A.J.Williams. $3,500 for 2005.

 

Geological context of a newly discovered six million year old fossil site in the southern Kenya Rift. Faculty Summer Grant awarded to M.A.J.Williams.  $2, 400 for 2005.

 

Proposal to strengthen international research linkages with India. Faculty Strategic Research Grant to M.A.J.Williams, 2004-2005. $3, 500.

 

Radiocarbon dating of Holocene organic-rich sediments in the Coorong Lakes, South Australia. AINSE grant to M.A.J.Williams, D. McKirdy, E. Krull and A. Mee, 2004. $17, 000.

 

Reconstructing the pattern of past climatic changes in the Coorong Lakes region, South Australia.  ARC Small Grant to M.A.J.Williams, 2004.  $4, 500.

 

Drought, desertification and climatic change in semi-arid South Australia.  ARC Small Grant to M.A.J.Williams, 2003.  $4, 500/

 

Geographical background to agricultural origins and present land use in the Nile valley.  Large ARC Grant awarded to M.A.J.Williams.  $63, 982 for 2001, $51, 350 for 2002, and $52, 364 for 2003.  (Also, 1999 Minor URG, $4,970; 2000 Small ARC, $14, 599, as pilot projects).

 

Hominid evolution and extinction during the Miocene in the Siwaliks of India-Pakistan.  Large ARC Grant for 2000-2002 awarded to D. W. Cameron, M.A.J. Williams, B. Pillans and Dr Rajiv Patnaik. $49, 000 for 2000, $47, 000 for 2001, and $50.000 for 2002.

 

Human evolution, global cooling and the eruption of Toba volcano: evidence from India.  Minor URG Grant, $3,450 for 2000

 

Chronology of the Middle and Later Stone Age, Kenya Rift Valley.  L.S.B Leakey Foundation Grant (USA) to S.Ambrose, A. Deino and M.Williams, 1999, US$18, 854, 2001, US$ 17, 000.  National Science Foundation Grant LP03488644 for 2001-2003, US$225,000, awarded May 2001.

 

Late Quaternary alluvial history and climatic fluctuations in the Nile Basin.  M.A.J.Williams. AINSE Grant, $6, 700 for 2000.

 

Late Quaternary environments in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Funded by the Australian Research Council Small Grants Scheme, 1999, $6, 500; the Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering, 1998, $ 6,700; 1999, $5, 360; and the University of Adelaide Arts Faculty Research Grant, 1996, $3,970; 1997, $3,500 and $4,000. 1998, $3, 500.

 

Quaternary aeolian activity in eastern and southern Australia: Reconstruction from dust records in lakes.  Funded by Australian Research Council Small Grants Scheme, 1998, $ 6, 500. Grant awarded to M.A.J. Williams and Dr M.E.Longmore.

 

Quaternary aeolian, fluviatile and lacustrine sedimentation and stable isotopic composition of mollusc shells in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia.  Funded by Australian Research Council Small Grants Scheme, 1996 - 1998.  (Total of $45,000 over 3 years to pay stipend of PhD student Bryan Cock).

 

Status of native vegetation in South Australia.  Funded by the Native Vegetation Council of South Australia, 1997, $9, 000. 

 

Collaborative Research Program between the University of Adelaide and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (with Professors N Samuel and A Watson and Dr J Biggins).  Australia and Asia Institutional Linkages (AAIL) Program, Dept of Foreign Affairs and Trade, $24,630, 1995.

 

Implications of climate change for environmental land management in South Australia (with Drs. N.Harvey and S.G.Taylor).  Adelaide University Research Grant, $80,000, 1994 - 95.

 

River Response to Climate Change.  University of Adelaide, Arts Faculty Research Grant, 1995, $3,000.

 

Stable isotope mass spectrometer (with Professor L Frakes and Dr R Both, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Adelaide), 1994. Funded by: Australian Research Council Mechanism C Grant

Research Infrastructure (Equipment and Facilities) Programme $140,000

Industry Research Grants

MESA $10,000

University of Adelaide Teaching Development Grant/ Faculty Initiative

Faculty Special Equipment Grant $50,000

Deputy Vice-Chancellor Research Grant $50,000

Faculty of Science Matching Grant $22,300

University of South Australia Contribution $10,000

 

Climatic Change in Deserts.  University of Adelaide, Arts Faculty Research Grant, 1994, $2,750.

 

Interactions of Desertification and Climate.  University of Adelaide, Arts Faculty Research Grant, 1993, $3,750.

 

Interactions of Desertification and Climate (with Dr.R.J.Balling, Jr.).  Funded by UNEP and WMO  c.$45 000 for 1993 - 94.

 

Foundation Chair in Environmental Studies, setting- up grant. University of Adelaide, 1993, $200 000.

 

Palaeogeography of Inner Mongolia (with Dr. A.P. Kershaw). Funded by Academia Sinica and the National Natural Science Research Council of China, c. $20,000 for 1991-93.

 

Climatic Change in Deserts: Quaternary landforms, sediments and depositional environments in deserts and desert margins and the impact of human disturbance. Funded by Australian Research Council 1991-1993.  (Total of $350,500, with $117,700 in 1991, $120,800 in 1992 and $112,000 in 1993).

 

Late Cainozoic environments from five million years ago to present (with Associate Professor D.A. Adamson, School of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University as co-principal investigator.  Funded by the Australian Research Council as a six-year program grant of $445,000 (1985-90).

 

Soil structure deficiency in extensive croplands of northwestern Victoria (with N. Smith, A. Fried and the Land Degradation Study Group of the Soil Conservation Association of Victoria). Funded by the National Soil Conservation Program via the Victorian Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands, $28,000 for 1989.

 

Remote sensing of noxious weed distribution (with Dr. J.A. Peterson, E. Ullah and D. Lane, Keith Turnbull Research Institute).  Funded by the Rural Credits Development Fund of the Reserve Bank of Australia, $25,000 for 1988.

 

Diagnosis of saline groundwater recharge zones using the micro-BRIAN image analysis system (with Dr. J.A. Peterson, E. Ullah and Dr. D.L. Dunkerley).  Funded by Monash University Research Excellence Fund) $50,000 for 1988.

 

Late Quaternary climatic fluctuations in SE Australia and NW China (with Zhou Liping, Desert Research Institute, Lanzhou).  Funded by the Australia-China Education Cooperation Program, $20,800 for 1988-89.

 

Applied geomorphology, soils and land management techniques (with Dr. P. Bishop).  Funded by Monash University Academic Development Fund, $20,000 for 1989.

 

Palaeo-anthropological investigations in east central Ethiopia: inter-disciplinary studies in the southern Afar Rift and adjacent parts of the Harar Plateau (with Professor J.D. Clark and Professor T.D. White, University of California, Berkeley).  National Science Foundation grant of c. $250,000 for 1990, including some funds held over from 1983 owing to regional unrest.

 

Prehistoric environments in the eastern Sahara (with Professor F. Wendorf and colleagues, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas).  My contribution to the 1987 fieldwork was in part funded by NSF, including air fares and vehicular transport to and from the Western Desert of Egypt, and per diem costs, amounting to c. $15,000 for 1987.

 

Late Quaternary hydrological fluctuations in the upper Jubba valley, western Somalia (with Dr. S.A. Brandt, Mr. T. Gresham and colleagues from the Universities of Florida and Georgia). Funded by the World Bank as part of an Environmental Impact Assessment carried out on behalf of the Baardheere Dam Project.  My funding included return air fares, vehicles, camels, rock-drill, Somali camel handlers, guides and armed escorts, soil and rock analyses and radiocarbon dates, totalling c. $8,300 for 1988.

 


TEACHING EXPERIENCE:

From 1969 until 2007 I have taught a wide range of University courses in geography, physical geology and environmental science at Macquarie University (Sydney, 1969 - 1984), at Monash University (Melbourne, 1985 - 1992) and at the University of Adelaide (1993 -).  These include:

First Year:     physical geography; introduction to earth science; human impact on the environment

Second Year:     geomorphology; soils; prehistory and environment

Third Year:     geomorphology (advanced and fluvial);

        Quaternary geology; Australian and world prehistory

Fourth Year:     Quaternary Studies, environmental change

Masters:    environmental geomorphology; environmental research methodology; environmental earth science; environmental systems management, principles of environmental science.

 

I have also lectured on all of the above topics at undergraduate and graduate levels at the University of Paris (1978-79); University of Constantine (1979); University of Washington, Seattle (1989); University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana (1989); University of Arizona,Tempe and Tucson (1997).  In 1972 I taught migrants English while temporary assistant Education Officer on board SS Patris between Djibouti and Fremantle.

 

PUBLIC BROADCASTS [selection only]:

§   Agenda 21 and global environmental issues, ABC Television, Channel 2, Behind the News, May 1997.

§   Desertification and Climate, Radio Africa, Nairobi, January 1995.

§   Desertification and Climatic Change.  BBC, London, December 1993. 3 broadcasts c. 20 minutes each.

§   Climatic change, desertification and origins of aridity in Asia, Africa and Australia. Xinjiang Television, 6-part documentary fim, c. 3 hours. Urumqi, China, October 1993.

§   Occasional broadcasts on environmental issues, ABC Radio, Adelaide, 1993 - 1996, including drought, climate change, global cooling, land degradation and early human origins.

§   Drought and desertification in Australia.  ABC Radio, December 1991, 20 minutes.

§   Deserts.  ABC Radio, November 1991, 40 minutes.

§   Global change, food, and famine. Radio Australia, July 1990, 40 minutes.

§   Environment and development.  Radio Australia, July 1990, 40 minutes.

§   The Second Creation: Science in Australia.  BBC, London, 1987.  Contributions to 3 one hour bicentenary programmes, total c. 40 minutes.

§   Desertification in Africa.  Channel 7, television documentary film, 1985, 1 hour.

§   Drought in the Sahel.  ABC Radio 1985, 40 minutes.

 

UNIVERSITY COMMITTEES AND APPOINTMENTS:

§   Member of Academic Board, University of Adelaide (1999 - 2004).

§   Member of Faculty Board of Graduate Studies, University of Adelaide (1997 - 1999).

§   Member of Faculty Board, Faculty of Science(s), University of Adelaide (1997 - 2002).

§   Member of Australian Research Council Small Grants Committee, University of Adelaide, Engineering, Applied Science, Earth Science and Computing (1997 - 2000).

§   Member of China Reference Group, University of Adelaide (1997 - 1999).

§   External Member of Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University Promotions Committee, 1998.

§   Member of Committee reviewing Environmental Geochemistry in Research School of Earth Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, October 1996.

§   Member of Research Advisory Board, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University (1996 - 1998).

§   Member of University of Adelaide selection committee for the Foundation Chair of Environmental Science and Rangeland Management (1994 - 1995).

§   Member of joint CISNAR-University of Adelaide Liaison and Steering Committee (1993 – 1997).  CISNAR is the Commission for Integrated Surveys of Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing.

§   Member of Faculty Boards, Arts, Science, Agricultural & Natural Resource Sciences, University of Adelaide (1993 - 1995).

§   Member of Academic Board, University of Adelaide (1993 – 1995).

§   Affiliate Professor, Departments of Geology & Geophysics (1993-present) and Environmental Science & Rangeland Management, University of Adelaide (1993 – 1995).

§   Director, University of Adelaide – UNEP International Graduate Certificate Course in Environmental Management (1993 – 1996).

§   Member of Committee reviewing the Department of Geography, University of Auckland, August 1992.

§   Member of Monash University selection committees for the Chairs of Anthropology, Botany, Earth Science, Meteorology, Geography (1985 - 1992).

§   Member of Australian National University selection committees for Senior Fellow in Biogeography and Senior Research Fellow in Geomorphology (1991 - 1992).

§   Member of James Cook University selection committee for the Chair of Geography (1985).

§   Member of Macquarie University Review Committee of the School of History, Philosophy and Politics, 1980.

 

STATE AND FEDERAL COMMITTEES:

§   Member and Ministerial appointee on the State of Environment Report for South Australia Steering Committee (1997 - 98).

§   Member and Chair of Environmental Indicators Working Group, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia (1995 - 1996) and Coordinator and Chair of Workshop on Environmental Indicators in South Australia, Adelaide, February 1996.

§   Presiding Officer, Natural Resources Council of South Australia (1994 - 1998) and Coordinator and Chair of Natural Resources Council community roundtable meetings on integrated natural resource management in South Australia, May 1995 and November 1996.

§   Member of Advisory Group on Environmental Management for the Multi-Function Polis Australia Inc. (1993 - 1995).

§   Australian review panel of Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change, draft reports for 1990, 1992, 1994 and 1995.

§   Soil and Water Conservation Association of Australia, Victorian Branch, Convenor of Land Degradation Study Group (1986 - 1992) and Vice-President (1989 - 1990).

§   Department of Premier and Cabinet, State of Victoria, Decade of Landcare Steering Committee (1990 - 1991).

§   Australian Research Grants Committee, Earth Science Sub-committee (1985).

 

INTERNATIONAL AND UNITED NATIONS EXPERIENCE:

·   UNDP appointed advisor to National Environment Protection Agency, China, to assist with final draft of China's Environmental Engineering Green Plan for Next Century, Beijing, October 1995.

·   Member of Panel on Science and Decision Making and Keynote Speaker on Desertification, International Council of Scientific Unions, Beijing, October 1995.

·   Member and keynote speaker of UNEP - ICRISAT International Planning Workshop on a Desert Margin Initiative, Nairobi, January 1995.

·   Director of UNEP - University of Adelaide International Graduate Certificate course in Environmental Management, 1993 - 1995.

·   Member of joint Steering Committee, University of Adelaide and Chinese Academy of Science Commission for Integrated Surveys of Natural Resources, Beijing. (September 1993, June 1994, November 1995). 

·   World Meteorological Organisation and UNEP, Senior author of major report on Interactions of Desertification and Climate, 1994 and presenter of scientific summary and recommendations to UN International Panel of Experts on Desertification, Geneva, November 1993.

·   Member of Global Environment Facility (GEF: UNDP, UNEP, World Bank) Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (1992 – present).

·      Keynote speaker at GEF Workshop on Desertification, Nairobi, October 1992.

 

RECENT ADMINISTRATIVE EXPERIENCE:

Presiding Officer, Natural Resources Council of South Australia (1994 - 1998).

During the time that I was involved with it, and for some years before then, the Natural Resources Council of South Australia was the peak advisory body to the State Government on natural resource management.  Its defined role was to advise, encourage and warn government on strategic issues relating to the use and management of natural resources in South Australia based on the principles of ecologically sustainable development.  In furtherance of this role, the NRC sought to:

·   promote the use of consistent natural resource management principles throughout government agencies,

§   provide independent and timely advice on policy development to the State Government on responsible management of the State’s natural resources,

§   consult with industry and community sectors on natural resource issues, and

§   identify and clarify complex resource issues.

 

During my time on Council, membership was drawn from government agencies that had responsibility for natural resources; chair persons of resource councils, ministerial appointments whose role was to represent community interests, representatives from the Local Government Association, and the Departments of Premier and Cabinet, Treasury and State Aboriginal Affairs. The Council's Presiding Officer was appointed by the Minister and was not drawn from the public service. The activities and resources of Council were funded by member government agencies. Meetings were scheduled monthly, but out of session meetings were held when required. As Presiding Officer, I met regularly with the Cabinet Committee for the Environment and Natural Resources which was chaired by the Deputy Premier, and included the Treasurer, the Minister for Primary Industry and Agriculture, and the Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources. Also represented through their respective Ministers were the portfolios of Mines and Energy, Urban Infrastructure and Water.

 

Co-Founder of Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences (VIEPS) and member of VIEPS Management Board (1990-92)

 

During my last three years at Monash University, I was a co-founder and member of the Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences (VIEPS). A major part of the motivation of the five earth science professors from the three universities of that time in Melbourne was a clear recognition of the need to share large items of equipment and to ensure that this was done efficiently and equitably. I was an inaugural member of the VIEPS management board, which also comprised senior managers from the minerals and energy industries.

 

Director, Cenozoic Research Unit (1985-90)

This unit was initiated in 1985 to help manage the ARC program grant and to host distinguished research scientists visiting from overseas.  Permanent members of the unit were the two Principal Investigators of the program grant (Associate Professor D.A. Adamson, Macquarie University, Biological Sciences, and myself), with Ms. N. Smith and Mr. A. Fried as research assistants.  Former full-time members were Senior Research Fellow Dr. P. De Deckker (now Reader in Geology at ANU), Dr. P. Whetton (former National Research Fellow, now at CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research) and Mr. J.T. Baxter (later with the Land Protection Division of the Department of Conservation and the Environment, Victoria).

Visiting scientists included Dr. B. Blackwell (Canada), Dr. W. Last (Canada) and Dr. F. Gasse (Paris). Dr. Gasse came to us under the Australian-European Fellowship Program.  Their respective specialisms were amino-acid racemisation dating (Blackwell), carbonate geochemistry (Last) and diatom palaeoecology (Gasse).  The unit also helped to host visits by Professor Wang Pinxian (Shanghai, Marine Geology) and Professor Zhou Zhenda (Director, Academia Sinica Desert Research Institute, Lanzhou, China).

 

Convenor, Land Degradation Study Group, Soil and Water Conservation Association of Victoria (SWCAV) (1987 - 1992) and Editor of Research Reports.

The SWCAV was made up of farmers, extension officers and professional soil conservationists from all over Victoria.  The study group was established in 1987. The members were senior and highly experienced natural scientists, agricultural economists and farmers. The group produced two major reports relating to erosion on broadacre cropland in Victoria and the status of soil structure in Victoria. It also worked with the NSW Soil Conservation Service and the Victorian Land Protection Division to refine the methods used by the National Land Degradation Survey.

 

 

Bibliography: M.A.J.Williams (1964-2012)

 

Books and Monographs

 

B 1. Davies, J.L. and Williams, M.A.J., eds (1978).  Landform Evolution in Australasia.  (Australian National University Press, Canberra, 376 pp., including preface, index and editorial commentaries, v-vi, 304, 143, 215, 287, 363-76).

 

B 2. Williams, M.A.J. and Faure, H., eds (1980).  The Sahara and the Nile: Quaternary environments and prehistoric occupation in northern Africa.  (Balkema, Rotterdam, 607 pp., including preface, index, epilogue and editorial commentaries, ix-xii, 3-6, 203-6, 403-6, 583-6, 591-607).

 

B 3. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A., eds (1982).  A Land between two Niles: Quaternary geology and biology of the central Sudan.  (Balkema, Rotterdam, 246 pp., including preface, index, epilogue and glossary, vii-viii, 235-7, 239-246).

 

B 4. Haynes, C.D., Ridpath, M.G. and Williams, M.A.J., eds (1991).  Monsoonal Australia: Landscape, ecology and man in the northern lowlands.  (Balkema, Rotterdam, 243 pp., including preface, index, editorial commentaries and glossary, vii-xii, 3-4, 39-40, 75-77, 195-6, 223-6, 229-31).

 

B 5. Williams, M.A.J., De Deckker, P. and Kershaw, A.P., eds (1991).  The Cainozoic in Australia: A re-appraisal of the evidence.  Special Report No. 18, Geological Society of Australia, 346 pp., including map and preface, xii-ix.

 

B 6. Partridge, T.C. and Williams, M.A.J., eds (1993).  Quaternary Palaeoclimates of the Southern Hemisphere.  Special Issue of Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 101, No. 3/4, April 1993, 337 pp., including preface, 185-7.

 

B 7. Williams, M.A.J., Dunkerley, D.L., De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Stokes, T. (1993).  Quaternary Environments, 1st edition.  (Edward Arnold, London, 329 pages, including preface and index, v-xviii, 322-29).

 

B 8. Williams, M.A.J and Balling, R.C., Jr. (1996) Interactions of Desertification and Climate.(Arnold, London, 270 pp., including foreword, ten colour plates and index, xi-xii, 259-270).

 

B 9. Williams, M.A.J., Dunkerley, D.L., De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Stokes, T. (1997).  Quaternary Environments, First Edition, Edward Arnold, London, 1993, 329 pages.  Chinese edition with additional chapter and bibliography on Quaternary environments in China by Professor Liu Tungsheng.  Science Press, Beijing, 1997, 304 pages. (In Chinese).

 

B 10. Venning, J. and Williams, M.A.J., editors, (1997). State of the Environment Reporting in South Australia: Position Paper.  Department of Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia.

 

B 11. Williams, M., Dunkerley, D., De Deckker, P., Kershaw, P. and Chappell, J.  (1998). Quaternary Environments, 2nd Edition, Arnold, London, 1998, 329 pages, including preface and index, v-xvi, 325-329.

 

B 12. Venning, J., Faulkner, M., Bishop, G. and Stove, K., with Cruickshanks-Boyd, D., Cashmore, J., Williams, M.A.J., Harvey, A., Brooks, J. and Van Deur, W. (1998) State of the Environment Report for South Australia 1998. South Australia Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs, Adelaide, 263 pages.

 

B 13. Venning, J., Faulkner, M., Bishop, G. and Stove, K., with Cruickshanks-Boyd, D., Cashmore, J., Williams, M.A.J., Harvey, A., Brooks, J. and Van Deur, W. (1998).  State of the Environment Report for South Australia 1998 Summary Report.  South Australia Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs, Adelaide, 44 pages.

 

Articles and book chapters

 

1. Williams, M.A.J. (1964).  Glacial breaches and sub-glacial channels in south-western Ireland.  Irish Geography 5, 83-95.

 

2. Williams, M.A.J. and Hall, D.N. (1965).  Recent expeditions to Libya from the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst.  Geographical Journal 131, 482-501.

 

3. Williams, M.A.J. (1966).  Age of alluvial clays in the western Gezira, Republic of the Sudan.  Nature 211, 270-1.

 

4. Williams, M.A.J. (1968).  A dune catena on the clay plains of the west central Gezira, Republic of the Sudan.  Journal of Soil Science 19(2), 367-378.

 

5. Williams, M.A.J. (1968).  Soil salinity in the west central Gezira, Republic of the Sudan.  Soil Science  105(6), 451-464.

 

6. Williams, M.A.J. (1968).  The influence of salinity, alkalinity and clay content on the hydraulic conductivity of soils in the west central Gezira.  African Soils  13(1), 35-60.

 

7. Williams, M.A.J. (1968).  Termites and soil development near Brocks Creek, Northern Territory. Australian Journal of Science  31(4), 153-154

 

8. Williams, M.A.J. (1969).  The Nile in the Sudan.  Geographical Journal 135, 489-90.

 

9. Williams, M.A.J. (1969).  Prediction of rainsplash erosion in the seasonally wet tropics.  Nature 222(5195), 763-765.

 

10. Williams, M.A.J. (1969) Geology of the Adelaide-Alligator area.  In:  Lands of the Adelaide-Alligator area, Northern Territory, by R. Story et al.  CSIRO Land Research Series, No. 25, 56-70. (Melbourne).

 

11. Williams, M.A.J. (1969).  Geomorphology of the Adelaide-Alligator area.  In:  Lands of the Adelaide-Alligator area, Northern Territory, by R. Story et al.  CSIRO land Research Series, No. 25, 71-94.  (Melbourne).

 

12. Williams, M.A.J., Hooper, A.D.L. and Story, R. (1969).  Land systems of the Adelaide-Alligator areas. In:  Lands of the Adelaide-Alligator area, Northern Territory, by R. Story et al.  CSIRO Land Research Series, No. 25, 25-48.  (Melbourne).

 

13. Williams, M.A.J. (1971) Geomorphology and Quaternary geology of Adrar Bous.  Geographical Journal 137(4), 450-455.

 

14. Paton, T.R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1972).  The concept of laterite.  Annals of the Association of American Geographers 62(1), 42-56.

 

15. Williams, M.A.J. (1972).  The influence of slope, soil and plant cover on runoff and erosion in the upper Shoalhaven area, 1966-1968.  Journal of the Soil Conservation Service of New South Wales 28(1), 51-62.

 

16. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1973).  The physiography of the central Sudan.  Geographical Journal 139(3), 498-508.

 

17. Williams, M.A.J. (1973).  The efficacy of creep and slopewash in tropical and temperate Australia. Australian Geographical Studies 11(1), 62-78.

 

18. Williams, M.A.J. (1973).  Upper Quaternary sedimentation at Adrar Bous.  In:  J.D. Clark, M.A.J. Williams and A.B. Smith. The geomorphology and archaeology of Adrar Bous, Central Sahara:  a preliminary report, 250-260.  Quaternaria 17, 245-297.

 

19. Williams, M.A.J. (1974).  Surface rock creep on sandstone slopes in the Northern Territory of Australia.  Australian Geographer 12(5), 419-424.

 

20. Williams, M.A.J., Medani, A.H., Talent, J.A. and Mawson, R.A. (1974).  A note on Upper Quaternary sub-fossil mollusca west of Jebel Aulia.  Sudan Notes and Records 54, 168-172.

 

21. Adamson, D.A., Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1974).  Barbed bone points from Central Sudan and the age of the "Early Khartoum" tradition.  Nature 249, 120-123.

 

22. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1974).  Late Pleistocene desiccation along the White Nile.  Nature 248, 584-586.

 

23. McDougall, I., Morton, W.H. and Williams, M.A.J. (1975).  Age and rates of denudation of Trap Series basalts at Blue Nile gorge, Ethiopia.  Nature 254, 207-209.

 

24. Williams, M.A.J. (1975).  Late Pleistocene tropical aridity synchronous in both hemispheres?  Nature 253, 617-618.

 

25. Williams, M.A.J., Clark, J.D., Adamson, D.A. and Gillespie, R. (1975).  Recent Quaternary research in central Sudan.  Bulletin de l'ASEQUA 46, 75-86.

 

26. Williams, M.A.J. (1975).  Morphogenetic discrimination: a reply.  Australian Geographical Studies 13, 114-5.

 

27. Galloway, R.W., Aldrick, J.M., Williams, M.A.J. and Story, R. (1976).  Land systems of the Alligator Rivers area.  In: R.Story et al. Lands of the Alligator Rivers Area, Northern Territory . CSIRO Land Research Series No. 38, 15-34.  (CSIRO, Melbourne).

 

28. Williams, M.A.J. (1976).  Upper Quaternary stratigraphy of Adrar Bous, Republic of Niger, south central Sahara.  Proceedings of the Seventh Pan-African Congress on Prehistory and Quaternary Studies, Addis Ababa, December 1971, 435-441.

 

29. Williams, M.A.J. (1976).  Radiocarbon dating and late Quaternary Saharan climates: a discussion.  Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie N.F. 20, 361-362.

 

30. Williams, M.A.J. (1976).  Erosion in the Alligator Rivers area.  In: R.Story et al. Lands of the Alligator Rivers area Northern Territory. CSIRO Land Research Series No. 38, 112-125. (Melbourne).

 

31. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1976).  The origins of the soils between the Blue and White Nile rivers, central Sudan, with some agricultural and climatological implications.  Occasional Paper No. 6, Economic and Social Research Council, National Council for Research, Khartoum, 39 pp, 12 figs.

 

32. Williams, M.A.J. and Clark, J.D. (1976).  Prehistory and Quaternary environments in central Sudan.  Palaeoecology of Africa 9, 52-3.

 

33. Williams, M.A.J. and Clark, J.D. (1976).  Prehistory and Quaternary environments in southern Afar and on the Arussi-Harar plateau, Ethiopia.  Palaeoecology of Africa 9, 98-100.

 

34. Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1977).  Recent archaeological research in southeastern Ethiopia (1974-75): Some Preliminary Results.  Annales d'Ethiopie 11, 19-42.

 

35. Rognon, P. and Williams, M.A.J. (1977).  Late Quaternary climatic changes in Australia and North Africa: a preliminary interpretation.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 21, 285-327.

 

36. Williams, M.A.J., Bishop, P.M., Dakin, F.M. and Gillespie, R. (1977).  Late Quaternary lake levels in southern Afar and the adjacent Ethiopian Rift.  Nature 267, 690-693.

 

37. Williams, M.A.J. and Faure, H. (1977).  Quaternary palaeoclimates and water resources.  Bulletin de l'ASEQUA  51, 75-81.

 

38. Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Termites, soils and landscape equilibrium in the Northern Territory of Australia.  In:  Landform Evolution in Australasia, ed. by J.L. Davies and M.A.J. Williams, 128-141 (Australian National University Press, Canberra).

 

39. Williams, M.A.J., Street, F.A. and Dakin, F.M. (1978).  Fossil periglacial deposits in the Semien Highlands, Ethiopia.  Erdkunde  32, 40-46.

 

40.Talbot, M.R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Erosion of fixed dunes in the Sahel, Central Niger.  Earth Surface Processes 3, 107-113.

 

41. Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Late Holocene hillslope mantles and stream aggradation in the Southern Tablelands, NSW.  Search 9, 96-7.

 

42. Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Whither Australian geomorphology?  Australian Geographer 14, 63-4.

 

43. Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Water as an eroding agent.  In:  K.M.W. Howes, editor, Studies of the Australian Arid Zone.  III.  Water in Rangelands, 79-89.

 

44. Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Palaeogeography of the Afar lakes: a critique. Palaeoecology of Africa 10, 183-4.

 

45. Talbot, M.R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1979) Cyclic alluvial fan sedimentation on the flanks of fixed dunes, Janjari, central Niger.  Catena 6, 43-62.

 

46. Williams, M.A.J., Williams, F.M., Gasse, F., Curtis, G.H. and Adamson, D.A. (1979) Plio-Pleistocene environments at Gadeb prehistoric site, Ethiopia.  Nature 282, 29-33.

 

47. Williams, M.A.J. (1979).  Droughts and long-term climatic change:  recent French research in arid North Africa.  Geography Bulletin 11, 82-96.

 

48. Clarke, M.F., Wasson, R.J. and Williams, M.A.J. (1979).  Point Stuart Chenier and Holocene sea levels in Northern Australia.  Search 10, 90-92.

 

49. Clark, J.D., Williams, M.A.J., Dakin, F., Gasse, F., Assefa, G., Bonnefille, R. and Adamson, D. (1979) Plio-Pleistocene environments in south central Ethiopia.  Palaeoecology of Africa 11, 145-147.

 

50. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1980).  Late Quaternary depositional history of the Blue and White Nile rivers in central Sudan. In: The Sahara and The Nile. op. cit., 281-304.

 

51. Williams, M.A.J. and Williams, F.M. (1980).  Evolution of the Nile Basin.  In: The Sahara and the Nile, op. cit., 207-224.

 

52. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A., Williams, F.M., Morton, W.H. and Parry, D.E. (1980).  Jebel Marra volcano: A link between the Nile Valley, the Sahara and Central Africa.  In:  The Sahara and the Nile, op.cit., 305-337.

 

53. Gasse, F., Richard, O., Robbe, D., Rognon, P. and Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Évolution tectonique et climatique de l'Afar central d'après les sédiments plio-pléistocènes.  Bull. Soc. Géol. France (7) 22, 987-1001.

 

54. Barbetti, M., Clark, J.D., Williams, F.M. and Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Palaeomagnetism and the search for very ancient fireplaces in Africa: results from a million-year-old Acheulian site in Ethiopia.  Anthropologie 18, 299-304.

 

55. Adamson, D.A., Gasse, F., Street, F.A. and Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Late Quaternary history of the Nile.  Nature 287, 50-55.

 

56. Sanson, G.D., Riley, S.J. and Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  A late Quaternary Procoptodon fossil from Lake George, New South Wales.  Search 11, 39-40.

 

57. Williams, M.A.J., Williams, F.M. and Bishop, P.M. (1981).  Late Quaternary history of Lake Besaka, Ethiopia.  Palaeoecology of Africa 13, 93-104.

 

58. Kohen, J., Stockton, E. and Williams, M.A.J. (1981).  Where plain and plateau meet:  recent excavations at Shaws Creek rock shelter, eastern New South Wales.  Australian Archaeology 13, 63-8.

 

59. Williams, M.A.J. (1981).  Recent tectonically-induced gully erosion at K'one, Metehara-Wolenchiti area, Ethiopian Rift.  Sinet Ethiopian Journal of Science 4 (1),1-11.

 

60. Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  Quaternary environments in Northern Africa.  In: A Land between Two Niles, op. cit., 13-22.

 

61. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A. and Abdulla H. H. (1982).  Landforms and soils of the Gezira: A Quaternary legacy of the Blue and White Nile rivers.  In: A Land between Two Niles, op. cit., 111-142.

 

62. Obeid Mubarak, M., Bari, E.A., Wickens, G.E. and Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  The vegetation of the central Sudan.  In: A Land between Two Niles, op.cit., 143-64.

 

63. Adamson, D.A., Gillespie, R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  Palaeogeography of the Gezira and of the lower Blue and White Nile valleys.  In: A Land between Two Niles, op.cit., 165-219.

 

64. Assefa, G., Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  Late Cenozoic history and archaeology of the upper Webi Shebele basin, east-central Ethiopia.  Sinet Ethiopian Journal of Science 5 (1), 27-46.

 

65. Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  Economic significance of Cenozoic deposits in central Sudan.  Bulletin de l'ASEQUA 66-67, 41-49.

 

66. Williams, M.A.J. and Royce, K. (1982).  Quaternary geology of the middle Son valley, north central India: implications for prehistoric archaeology.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 38, 139-162.

 

67. Williams, M.A.J. (1982).  Alluvial stratigraphy and archaeology: three examples from prehistoric Africa, India and Australia.  In: W. Ambrose and P. Duerden (eds.), Archaeometry: An Australasian Perspective.  Australian National University Press, Canberra, 112-119.

 

68. Williams, M.A.J. and Royce, K. (1983).  Alluvial history of the middle Son valley, north central India.  In: G.R. Sharma and J.D. Clark (eds.), Palaeoenvironments and prehistory in the middle Son valley, Madhya Pradesh, north central India, 9-21, University of Allahabad.

 

69. Clark, J.D., Asfaw, B., Assefa, G., Harris, J.W.K., Kurashina, H., Walter, R.C., White, T.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Palaeoanthropological discoveries in the Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia.  Nature 307, 423-428.

 

70. Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Geology.  In: J.L. Cloudsley-Thompson (ed.), Key Environments:  Sahara Desert. Oxford, Pergamon Press, pp. 31-39.

 

71. Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Late Quaternary prehistoric environments in the Sahara.  In: J.D. Clark and S.A. Brandt (eds.), From Hunters to Farmers: The Causes and Consequences of Food Production in Africa, Berkeley, University of California Press, 74-83.

 

72. Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Palaeoclimates and palaeoenvironments:  (a) Quaternary environments.  In: J.J. Veevers (ed.) Phanerozoic Earth History of Australia. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 42-47.

 

73. Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Cenozoic evolution of arid Australia. In: H.G. Cogger and E.E. Cameron (eds.), Arid Australia, Sydney, Australian Museum, pp. 59-78.

 

74. Mawson, R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  A wetter climate in eastern Sudan 2,000 years ago?  Nature 308, 49-51.

 

75. Williams, M.A.J. and Clarke, M.F. (1984).  Late Quaternary environments in north central India.  Nature 308, 633-635.

 

76. Kohen, J.L., Stockton, E.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Shaws Creek KII rockshelter: a prehistoric occupation site in the Blue Mountains piedmont, eastern New South Wales.  Archaeology in Oceania 19, 54-73.

 

77. Williams, M.A.J. (1985).  Pleistocene aridity in tropical Africa, Australia and Asia, In: I. Douglas and T. Spencer (eds.), Environmental Change and Tropical Geomorphology, London, George Allen and Unwin, 219-233.

 

78. Williams, M.A.J. (1985).  On becoming human: geographical background to cultural evolution.  11th Griffith Taylor Memorial Lecture.  Australian Geographer 17, 175-185.

 

79. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A. and Baxter, J.T. (1986).  Late Quaternary environments in the Nile and Darling basins.  Australian Geographical Studies 24, 128-144.

 

80. Williams, M.A.J., Assefa, G. and Adamson, D.A. (1986).  Depositional context of Plio-Pleistocene hominid-bearing formations in the Middle Awash Valley, southern Afar Rift, Ethiopia.  In:  L. Frostick, R. Renaut, I. Reid and J.J. Tiercelin  (eds.), Sedimentation in the African Rifts, Geological Society Special Publication No. 25, 241-251.

 

81. Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1986).  Palaeoenvironments and prehistory in north central India:  a preliminary report.  In:  J. Jacobson (ed.) Studies in the Archaeology of India and Pakistan, Oxford, New Delhi, 18-41.

 

82. Williams, M.A.J. (1986).  The creeping desert: what can be done?  Current Affairs Bulletin 63, 24-31.

 

83. Adamson, D.A. and Williams, M.A.J. (1987).  Geological setting of Pliocene rifting and deposition in the Afar Depression of Ethiopia.  Journal of Human Evolution 16, 597-610.

 

84. Adamson, D.A., Williams, M.A.J. and Baxter, J.T. (1987).  Complex late Quaternary alluvial history in the Nile, Murray-Darling and Ganges basins: Three river systems presently linked to the Southern Oscillation.  In:  V. Gardiner (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Geomorphology, Manchester, September 1985, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, Part II, 875-887.

 

85. Williams, M.A.J., Abell, P.I. and Sparks, B.W. (1987).  Quaternary landforms, sediments, depositional environments and gastropod isotope ratios at Adrar Bous, Tenere Desert of Niger, south-central Sahara.  In: L. Frostick and I. Reid (eds.) Desert Sediments: Ancient and Modern. Geological Society Special Publication No. 35, 105-125.

 

86. Adamson, D.A., Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1987).  Pottery tempered with sponge from the White Nile, Sudan.  African Archaeological Review 5, 115-127.

 

87. Eberz, G.W., Williams, F.M. and Williams, M.A.J. (1988).  Plio-Pleistocene volcanism and sedimentary facies changes at Gadeb prehistoric site, Ethiopia.  Geologische Rundschau 77, 513-527.

 

88. Williams, M.A.J. (1988).  After the deluge:  The Neolithic landscape in North Africa.  In:  J. Bower and D. Lubell (eds.), Prehistoric Cultures and Environments in the Late Quaternary of Africa. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 26, BAR International Series 405, 43-60.

 

89. De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Williams, M.A.J. (1988).  Past environmental analogues.  In:  G.I. Pearman (ed.) Greenhouse: Planning for Climate Change.  E.J. Brill, Leiden, 473-488.

 

90. Abell, P.I. and Williams, M.A.J. (1989).  Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios in gastropod shells as indicators of palaeoenvironments in the Afar region of Ethiopia.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology  74, 265-278.

 

91. Whetton, P., Adamson, D.A. and Williams, M.A.J. (1990).  Rainfall and river flow variability in Africa, Australia and East Asia linked to El Niño - Southern Oscillation events. In: P. Bishop (ed) Lessons for Human Survival: Nature's record from the Quaternary.  Geological Society of Australia, Symposium Proceedings 1, 71-82.

 

92. Williams, M.A.J. (1990).  Contemporary issues in physical geography: challenges and opportunities. Interaction 18, 1-19.

 

93.Williams, M.A.J. (1990).  Desertification: human mismanagement or natural hazard?  Geography Bulletin 22, 129-141.

 

94. Clark, J.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (1990).  Prehistoric ecology, resource strategies and culture change in the Son valley, northern Madhya Pradesh, central India.  Man and Environment 15, 13-24.

 

95. Williams, M.A.J. (1991).  Evolution of the landscape. In: Haynes, C.D., Ridpath, M.G. and Williams, M.A.J., eds .  Monsoonal Australia: Landscape, ecology and man in the northern lowlands.  Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 5-17.

 

96. Haynes, C.D., Ridpath, M.G. and Williams, M.A.J (1991).  A torrid land.  In: Monsoonal Australia, op. cit., 207-221.

 

97. Williams, M.A.J., De Deckker, P., Adamson, D.A. and Talbot, M.R. (1991).  Episodic fluviatile, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentation in a later Quaternary desert margin system, central western New South Wales.  In: Williams, M.A.J., De Deckker, P. and Kershaw, A.P., eds (1991).  The Cainozoic in Australia: A re-appraisal of the evidence.  Special Report No. 18, Geological Society of Australia, pp. 258-287.

 

98. Williams, M.A.J. (1991).  Soil salinity in the central Sudan: a depositional legacy of the Pleistocene White Nile.  In: G. Brierley and J. Chappell (eds) Applied Quaternary Studies, Department of Biogeography and Geomorphology, ANU, Canberra, 95-99.

 

99. Zhou Liping, Peterson, J.A. and Williams, M.A.J. (1992).  Palaeoenvironmental interpretation from SEM examination of sand surface textures from a Late Quaternary aeolianite section, Fingal Beach, Nepean Peninsula, Victoria.  Quaternary Australasia 10 (2), 12-24.

 

100. Adamson, D., McEvedy, R. and Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  Tectonic inheritance in the Nile basin and adjacent areas.  Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 41, 75-85 (Ran Gerson Memorial Volume).

 

101. De Deckker, P. and Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  Lacustrine paleoenvironments of the Area of Bir Tarfawi-Bir Sahara reconstructed from fossil ostracods and the chemistry of their shells.  In: F. Wendorf, R. Schild, A.E. Close and Associates  Egypt  During the Last Interglacial.  The Middle Palaeolithic of Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara East.  Plenum, New York, 115-119.

 

102. Talbot, M.R., Holm, K. and Williams, M.A.J. (1994).  Sedimentation in low gradient desert margin systems: a comparison of the late Triassic of north-west Somerset (England) and the late Quaternary of east-central Australia. Geological Society of America Special Paper 289, 97-117.

 

103. Williams, M.A.J. (1994).  Cenozoic Climatic Changes in Deserts: A Synthesis.  In: A.D. Abrahams and A.J. Parsons (eds) Geomorphology of Desert Environments. Chapman and Hall, New York, 644-670.

 

104. Williams, M.A.J. (1994).  Climate change and Desertification: are they linked ? Climate Change Bulletin 3, 4-5.

 

105. Williams, M.A.J. (1994).  Some implications of past climatic changes in Australia.   Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 118(1), 17-25.

 

106. Zhou Liping, Williams, M.A.J. and Peterson, J.A. (1994).  Late Quaternary aeolianites, palaeosols and depositional environments on the Nepean Peninsula, Victoria, Australia.  Quaternary Science Reviews 13, 225-239.

 

107. Williams, M., McCarthy, M. and Pickup, G. (1995).  Desertification, drought and landcare: Australia's role in an International Convention to Combat Desertification.  Australian Geographer 26(1), 23-32.

 

108. Shane, P., Westgate, J., Williams, M. and Korisettar, R. (1995).  New geochemical evidence for the Youngest Toba Tuff in India.  Quaternary Research 44, 200-204.

 

109. Williams, M.A.J. and Balling, R.C., Jr. (1995).  Interactions of desertification and climate: An overview.  Desertification Control Bulletin 26, 8-16.

 

110. Williams, M.A.J. and Clarke, M.F. (1995).  Quaternary geology and prehistoric environments in the Son and Belan Valleys, north-central India. Geological Society of India Memoir 32, 282-308.

 

111. Williams, M.A.J. (1995). Interactions of desertification and climate: present understanding and future research imperatives.  Proceedings of the International Planning Workshop for a Desert Margins Initiative.  Nairobi, January 1995, 161-169. Reprinted in Arid Lands Newsletter (2001).

 

112. Williams, M.A.J. (1995).  Drought, desertification and climatic change.  Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on the Taklimakan Desert. Urumqi, China, September 1993. Arid Zone Research Supplement, 237-242.

 

113. Ayliffe, D., Williams, M.A.J. and Sheldon, F. (1996).  Stable carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of early- Holocene gastropods from Wadi Mansurub, north-central Sudan. The Holocene 6(2), 157-169.

 

114. Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  Indicators for better environmental management: An overview.  In: J.Venning (ed.) Indicators for better environmental management. South Australian Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Adelaide, South Australia, 63-70.

 

115. Shane, P., Westgate, J., Williams, M. and Korisettar, R. (1996).  Reply to Comments by S. Mishra and S.N. Rajaguru on "New Geochemical Evidence for the Youngest Toba Tuff in India".  Quaternary Research 46 (3), 342-343.

 

116. Williams, M.A.J. (1997).  Environmental futures and sustainable shares.  Current Affairs Bulletin 74(2), 4-12.

 

117. Westgate, J.A., Shane, P.A.R., Pearce, N.J.G., Perkins, W.T., Korisettar, R., Chesner, C.A., Williams, M.A.J. and Acharyya, S.K. (1998).  All Toba tephra occurrences across peninsula India belong to 75 ka eruption.  Quaternary Research 50, 107-112.

 

118. Clarke, M.F., Williams, M.A.J. and Stokes, T. (1999).  Soil creep: Problems raised by a 23 year study in Australia.  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24, 151-175.

 

119. Cock, B.J., Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1999).  Pleistocene Lake Brachina: a preliminary stratigraphy and chronology of lacustrine sediments from the central Flinders Ranges, South Australia.  Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46, 61-69.

 

120. Williams, M.A.J. (1999).  Desertification and sustainable development in Africa, Asia and Australia. Proceedings, International Conference on Desertification and Soil Degradation, Moscow, November 11-15, 1999, pp. 107-124.

 

121. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D., Cock, B. and McEvedy, R. (2000).  Late Quaternary environments in the White Nile region, Sudan.  Global and Planetary Change 26, 305-316.

 

122. Williams, M.A.J. (2000).  Desertification: general debates explored through local studies. Progress in Environmental Science 2 (3), 229-251.

 

123. Talbot, M.R., Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (2000).  Strontium isotopic evidence for Late Pleistocene re-establishment of an integrated Nile drainage network. Geology 28 (4), 343-346.

 

124. Williams, M.A.J. (2000).  Quaternary Australia: extremes in the Last Glacial-Interglacial cycle.  In J.J Veevers (ed), Billion-year earth history of Australia and neighbours in Gondwanalan (ISBN 1 876315 04 0).  GEMOC Press, Sydney, pp. 55-59.

 

125. Walshe, K., Prescott, J., Williams, F. and Williams, M. (2001).  Preliminary investigation of indigenous campsites in late Quaternary dunes, Port Augusta, South Australia.  Australian Archaeology 52, 5-8.

 

126. Williams, M., Prescott, J. R., Chappell, J., Adamson, D., Cock, B., Walker, K. and Gell, P. (2001).  The enigma of a late Pleistocene wetland in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia.  Quaternary International 83-85, 129-144.

 

127. Williams, M.A.J. (2001). Morphoclimatic maps at 18 ka, 9 ka, & 0 ka.  In: J.J.Veevers, Atlas of Billion-year earth history of Australia and neighbours in Gondwanaland (ISBN 0-646-40974-30.  GEMOC Press, Sydney, pp. 45-48.  [Includes text and 5 colour maps/diagrams].

 

128. Williams, M.A.J. (2001). Quaternary climatic changes in Australia and their environmental effects.  In: V.A.Gostin (ed), Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience  (ISSN 0072-1085).  Geological Society of Australia Special Publication No. 21, pp 3-11.

 

129. Williams, M. (2002).  Deserts. In: M.C. MacCracken and J.S. Perry (eds), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change (ISBN-0-471-97796-9) Volume 1: The earth system: physical and chemical dimensions of global environmental change, pp 332-343.  Wiley, Chichester.

 

130. Williams, M. (2002).  Desertification, Definition of.  In: I. Douglas (ed), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change (ISBN-0-471-97796-9) Volume 3: Causes and consequences of global environmental change, p. 282.  Wiley, Chichester.

 

131. Williams, M.A.J. (2002).  Desertification. In: I. Douglas (ed), Encyclopaedia of Global Environmental Change (ISBN 0-471-97796-9) Volume 3: Causes and consequences of global environmental change, pp 282-290.  Wiley, Chichester.

 

132. Williams, M.A.J. (2002).  Desertification Convention. In: Mostafa K. Tolba (ed), Encyclopaedia of Global Environmental Change (ISBN 0-471-97796-9) Volume 5: Responding to global environmental change, pp 183-186.  Wiley, Chichester.

 

133. Williams, M. (2003).  Changing land use and environmental fluctuations in the African savanna.  In: Bassett, T.J. and Crummey, D., editors, African Savannas: Global narratives and local knowledge of environmental change.  James Currey, Oxford, pp.31-52.

 

134. Yang, Xiaoping and Williams, M. (2003).  The ion chemistry of lakes and late Holocene desiccation in the Badain Jaran Desert, Inner Mongolia, China.  Catena 51, 45-60.

 

135. Ambrose, S.H., Hlusko, L.J., Kyule, D., Deino, A. amd Williams, M.  (2003).  Lemudong’o: a new 6 Ma paleontological site near Narok, Kenya Rift Valley.  Journal of Human Evolution 44, 737-742.

 

136. Luo, Q., Williams, M., Bellotti, W. and Bryan, B. (2003).  Quantitative and visual assessment of climate change impacts on South Australian wheat production.  Agricultural Systems 77 (3), 173-186.

 

137. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D., Prescott, J.R. and Williams, F.M.  (2003).  New light on the age of the White Nile.  Geology 31, 1001-1004.

 

138. Chor, C., Nitschke, N. and Williams, M. (2003).  Ice, wind and water: Late Quaternary valley-fills and aeolian dust deposits in arid South Australia. Proceedings of the Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape, Environment and Mineral Exploration (CRC LEME) Regional Regolith Symposia, edited by I.C.Roach, Adelaide, November 13-14, 2003, pp.70-73 (ISBN 0-7315-5221-0). (CD-ROM:ISBN 0-7315-4815-9).

 

139. Williams, F. M., Williams, M.A.J. and Aumento, F. (2004).  Tensional fissures and crustal extension rates in the northern part of the Main Ethiopian Rift. Journal of African Earth Sciences  38 (2), 183-197.

 

140. Williams, M.  (2004).  Desertification in Africa, Asia and Australia: Human impact or climatic variability?  Annals of Arid Zone 42, 213-230.

 

141. Lawrie, K. and Williams, M. (2004). Improving salinity hazard predictions by factoring in a range of human impacts in the context of climate change. Proceedings of the Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape, Environment and Mineral Exploration (CRC LEME) Regional Regolith Symposia 2004, edited by I.C.Roach, Canberra, November 2004, pp.199-203 (ISBN 0-9756895-0-9). (CD-ROM:ISBN 0-9756895-1-7).

 

142. Mee, A., McKirdy, D.M., Krull, E.S. and Williams, M. (2004). Geochemical anlaysis of organic-rich lacustrine sediments as a tool for reconstructing Holocene environmental conditions along the Coorong coastal plain, southeastern Australia. Proceedings of the Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape, Environment and Mineral Exploration (CRC LEME) Regional Regolith Symposia 2004, edited by I.C.Roach, Canberra, November 2004, pp.247-251 (ISBN 0-9756895-0-9). (CD-ROM:ISBN 0-9756895-1-7).

 

143. Williams, M. (2004). Environmental impacts of extreme events: The Toba mega-eruption, volcanic winter and the near demise of humans. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in History and Archaeology 1 (1), 118-120.

 

144. Pal, J.N., Williams, M.A.J., Jaiswal, M. and Singhvi, A.K. (2004). Infra Red Stimulated Luminescence ages for prehistoric cultures in the Son and Belan valleys, north central India. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in History and Archaeology 1 (2), 51-62.

 

145. Pillans, B., Williams, M., Cameron, D., Patnaik, R., Hogarth, J., Sahni, A., Sharma, J.C., Williams, F. and Bernor, R. (2005). Revised correlation of the Haritalyangar magnetostratigraphy, Indian Siwaliks: Implications for the age of the Miocene hominids Indopithecus and Sivapithecus, with a note on a new hominid tooth. Journal of Human Evolution 48, 507-515.

 

146. Luo, Q., Jones, R., Williams, M., Bryan, B. and Bellotti, W.D. (2005). Construction of probabilistic distributions of regional climate change and their application in the risk analysis of wheat production. Climate Research 29 (1), 41-52.

 

147. Luo, Q., Bryan, B., Bellotti, W. and Williams, M. (2005). Spatial analysis of environmental change impacts on wheat production in Mid-Lower North, South Australia. Climatic Change 72 (1-2), 213-228.

 

148. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W., Williams, M., Bryan, B.,  (2005). Potential impact of climate change on wheat yield in South Australia. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 132 (3-4), 273-285.

 

149. Williams, M. and Nitschke, N. (2005). Influence of wind-blown dust on landscape evolution in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. South Australian Geographical Journal 104, 25-36.

 

150. Williams, M. and Nottage, J. (2006). Impact of extreme rainfall in the central Sudan during 1999 as a partial analogue for reconstructing early Holocene prehistoric environments.  Quaternary International 150(1), 82-94.

 

151. Williams, M., Talbot, M., Aharon, P., Abdl Salaam, Y., Williams, F. and Brendeland, K.I. (2006). Abrupt return of the summer monsoon 15, 000 years ago: new supporting evidence from the lower White Nile valley and Lake Albert. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2651-2665.

 

152. Williams, M.A.J., Pal, J.N., Jaiswal, M. and Singhvi, A.K. (2006). River response to Quaternary climatic fluctuations: Evidence from the Son and Belan valleys, north central India. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2619-2631.

 

153. Williams, M., Nitschke, N. and Chor, C. (2006). Complex geomorphic response to late Pleistocene climatic changes in the arid Flinders Ranges of South Australia. Géomorphologie: relief, processus, environnement, 4, 249-258.

 

154. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Williams, M. and Jones, R. (2006) Probabilistic Analysis of Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Wheat Production in Contrasting Environments of South Australia. World Resource Review 17(4) 517-534.

 

155. Mee, A. C., McKirdy, D.M., Williams, M.A.J. and Krull, E.S. (2007). New radiocarbon dates from sapropels in three Holocene lakes of the Coorong coastal plain, southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences  54 (6), 825-835.

 

156. Woodward, J.C., Macklin, M.G., Krom, M.D. and Williams, M.A.J. (2007). The Nile: Evolution, Quaternary river environments and material fluxes. In: A.Gupta (ed.), Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp. 261-292.

 

157. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Williams, M., Cooper, I. and Bryan, B. (2007). Risk analysis of possible impacts of climate change on South Australian wheat production. Climatic Change 85 (1-2), 89-101.

 

158. Glasby, P., Williams, M.A.J., McKirdy, D., Symonds, R. and Chivas, A.R. (2007). Late Pleistocene environments in the Flinders Ranges, Australia: Preliminary evidence from microfossils and stable isotopes. Quaternary Australasia 24 (2), 19-28.

 

159. Ambrose, S.H., Bell, C.J., Bernor, R.L., Boisserie, J.R., Darwent, C.M., DeGusta, D., Deino, A., Garcia, N., Haile-Selassie, Y., Head, J.J., Howell, F.C., Kyule, M.D., Manthi, F.K., Mathu, E. M., Nyamai, C.M., Saegusa, H., Stidham, T.A., Williams, M.A.J. and Hlusko, L.J. (2007). The Paleoecology and paleogeographic context of Lemudong’o Locality 1, a Late Miocene terrestrial fossil site in Southern Kenya. Kirtlandia 56, 38-52.

 

160. Ambrose, S. H., Nyamai, C. M., Mathu, E. M.  and Williams, M. A.J. (2007). Geology, geochemistry and stratigraphy of the Lemudong’o Formation, Kenya Rift Valley. setting. Kirtlandia 56, 53-64.

 

161. Byrne,, M., Yeates,, D.K., Joseph,, L., Kearney, M., Bowler, J., Williams, M.A.J., Cooper, S., Donnellan,, S.C., Keogh, J.S., Leys, R., Melville,, J., Murphy, D.J., Porch, N., Wyrwoll, K.-H. (2008). Birth of a biome: insights into the assembly and maintenance of the Australian arid zone biota. Molecular Ecology 17, 4398-4417.

 

162. Williams, M., Glasby, P. and Blackwood, J. (2008). A note on an Acheulian biface from Adrar Bous, Tenere Desert, south central Sahara, Republic of Niger. Sahara 19, 85-90

 

163. Williams, M. A. J. (2008). Geology, geomorphology and prehistoric environments. In: D. Gifford-Gonzalez (editor) Adrar Bous: Archaeology of a Central Saharan Granitic Ring Complex in Niger. Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, 25-54.

 

164. Gasse, F., Chalié, F., Vincens, A., Williams, M.A.J. and Williamson, D.,  (2008). Climatic patterns in equatorial and southern Africa from 30, 000 to 10, 000 years ago reconstructed from terrestrial and near-shore proxy data. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 2316-2340.

 

165. Williams, M. A. J. and Adamson, D. A. (2008). A biophysical model for the formation of late Pleistocene valley-fills in the arid Flinders Ranges of South Australia. South Australian Geographical Journal 107, 1-14.

 

166. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Williams, M. and Wang E. (2009). Adaptation to climate change of wheat growing in South Australia: Analysis of management and breeding strategies. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 129, 261-267.

 

167. Williams, M.A.J. (2009). Cenozoic climates in deserts. In: A J.Parsons and A. D. Abrahams (eds.), Geomorphology of Desert Environments, 2nd edition. Springer: Berlin, pp.799-824.

 

168. Williams, M.A.J. and Talbot, M.R. (2009). Late Quaternary environments in the Nile basin. In: H. J. Dumont (ed). The Nile. Monographiae Biologicae 89, 61-72. Springer, Dordrecht.

 

169. Talbot, M.R. and Williams, M.A.J. (2009). Cenozoic evolution of the Nile basin. In: H. J. Dumont (ed). The Nile. Monographiae Biologicae 89, 37-60. Springer, Dordrecht.

 

170. Williams, M.A.J. (2009). Human impact on the Nile basin: Past, present, future.  In: H.Dumont (ed). The Nile. Monographiae Biologicae 89, 771-779. Springer, Dordrecht.

 

171. Patnaik, R., Sahni, A., Cameron, D., Pillans, B., Chatrath, P., Simons, E., Williams, M. and Bibi, F. 2009. Ostrich-like eggshells from a 10.1 million-yr-old Miocene ape locality, Haritalyangar, Himachal Pradesh, India. Current Science 96 (11), 1485-1495.

 

172. Williams, M., Cook, E., van der Kaars, S., Barrows, T., Shulmeister, J. and Kershaw, P. (2009). Glacial and deglacial climatic patterns in Australia and surrounding regions from 35 000 to 10 000 years ago reconstructed from terrestrial and near-shore proxy data. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 2398-2419.

 

173. Williams, M.A.J. (2009). Late Pleistocene and Holocene environments in the Nile basin. Global and Planetary Change 69, 1-15.

 

174. Williams, M.A.J., Ambrose, S.H., van der Kaars, S., Chattopadhyaya, U., Pal, J., Chauhan, P R. and Ruehlemann, C. (2009). Environmental impact of the 73 ka Toba super-eruption in South Asia.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 284, 295-314

 

175. Williams, M.A.J, Williams, F.M., Duller, G.A.T., Munro. R.N., El Tom, O.A.M., Barrows, T.T., Macklin, M., Woodward, J., Talbot, M.R., Haberlah, D. & Fluin, J. (2010). Late Quaternary floods and droughts in the Nile Valley, Sudan: New evidence from optically stimulated luminescence and AMS radiocarbon dating. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 1116-1137.

 

176. Glasby, P., O’Flaherty, A. and Williams, M.A.J. (2010). A geospatial visualisation of a late Pleistocene fluvial wetland surface in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Geomorphology 118, 130-151.

 

177. Philibert, A., Tibby, J. and Williams, M. (2010). A Middle Pleistocene diatomite from the western piedmont of Jebel Marra, Darfur, western Sudan, and its hydrological and climatic significance. Quaternary International 216, 145-150.

 

178. Bourman, R.P., Buckman, S., Pillans, B., Williams, M.A.J. and Williams F. (2010). Traces from the past: the Cainozoic regolith and intraplate neotectonic history of the Gun Emplacement, a ferricreted bench on the western margin of the Mount Loftly Ranges, South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 57, 577-595.

 

179. Haberlah, D., Williams, M.A.J., Halverson, G., McTainsh, G.H., Hill, S.M., Hrstka, T., Jaime, P., Butcher, A.R. and Glasby, P. (2010). Loess and floods: high-resolution multi-proxy data of Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) slackwater deposition in the Flinders Ranges, semi-arid South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 2673-2693.

 

180. Williams, M.A.J., Ambrose, S.H., van der Kaars, S., Ruehlemann, C., Chattopadhyaya, U., Pal, J., Chauhan, P. (2010). Reply to the comment on ‘Environmental impact of the 73 ka Toba super-eruption in South Asia’ by Martin A. J. Williams, Stanley H. Ambrose, Sander van der Kaars, Carsten Ruehlemann, Umesh Chattopadhyaya, Jagannath Pal, Parth R. Chauhan [Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 284 (2009), 295-314].

 

181. Singhvi, A.K., Williams, M.A.J., Rajaguru, S.N., Misra, V.N., Chawla, S., Stokes, S., Chauhan, N., Francis, T., Ganjoo, R.K., Humphreys, G.S., (2010). A ~200 ka record of climatic change and dune activity in the Thar Desert, India. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 3095-3105.

 

182. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Hayman, P., Williams, M. and Devoil, P. (2010). Effects of changes in climatic variability on agricultural productivity. Climate Research 42, 111-117.

 

183.  Williams, M. (2010). River response to climate change in the tropics: a three hundred thousand year history of the Nile. In: Advances in Environmental Research, Justin A. Daniels (ed). Nova Publications, New York, 1-21. ISBN: 978-1-61668-169-2.

 

184. Haberlah, D., Glasby, P., Williams, M.A.J., Hill, S.M., Williams, F., Rhodes, E.J., Gostin,V., O’Flaherty, A., Jacobsen, G.E. (2010). ‘Of droughts and flooding rains’: an alluvial loess record from central South Australia spanning the last glacial cycle. In: P. Bishop and B. Pillans (eds), Australian Landscapes. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 346, 185-223.

 

185. Williams, M., Jacobsen, G.E. (2011). A wetter climate in the desert of northern Sudan 9900-7600 years ago. Sahara 22, 7-14.

 

186. Williams, M.A.J. (2011). Environmental Change. Chapter 31 in: Gregory, K., Walling, D. and Goudie, A. (eds), Handbook of Geomorphology. Sage: London, pp. 535-554.

 

187. Williams, M. (2012). The Toba super-eruption: history of a debate. Quaternary International 258, 19-29; doi: 10.1016/j.quint.2011.08.025.

 

188. van der Kaars, S., Williams, M.A.J., Bassinot, F., Guichard, F., Moreno, E. (2012). The influence of the 73 ka Toba super-eruption on the ecosystems of northern Sumatra as recorded in marine core BAR94-25. Quaternary International, 258, 45-53.

 

189. Williams, M. (2012). River sediments. In: C. Vita-Finzi (ed.), River History. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, 370, 2093-2122; doi:10.1098/rsta.2011.0504.

 

190. Williams, M. (2012). Did the Toba super-eruption have an enduring effect? Insights from genetics, prehistoric archaeology, pollen analysis, stable isotope geochemistry, geomorphology, ice cores, and climate models. Quaternary International, in press.

 

191. Williams, M.A.J. (2012). Quaternary Geology and Environmental History of the Nile in the Sudan. Geological Research Authority of the Sudan Special Memoir, Ministry of Energy & Mining, Khartoum, Sudan, in press.

 

Reports and other items

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1964).  The Blue Nile east bank, Rahad-Dinder area.  Semi-detailed soil survey. Hunting Technical Services Limited, Report No. 3, Roseires Soil survey, c. 100 p and album of maps. (Ministry of Irrigation, Khartoum). (with W.L. Henderson).

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1964).  The White Nile east bank, Rabak to Khartoum.  Soils and engineering reconnaissance.  Hunting Technical Services Limited, Report No. 6, Roseires Soil Survey, 128 pp and album of maps.  P. 61-70 by P. Minor. (Ministry of Irrigation, Khartoum).

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1969).  Rates of slopewash and soil creep in northern and southeastern Australia: a comparative study.  Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Australian National University, 318 pp. [6]

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1973).  Erosion in the Alligator Rivers Area.  In: R. Story et al. Alligator Rivers region environmental fact-finding study, Part X. Physical features and vegetation, 1-22.  Report submitted to Federal Government by CSIRO Division of Land Research, Canberra.

 

Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A. and Abdulla, H.H. (1979).  Report on a workshop on applied Quaternary geology, Sudan; Khartoum, December 1976.  Bulletin de l'ASEQUA 54-55, 21-24.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1988).  Land degradation in Victoria.  In: Soil Conservation of Australia, 200 Years of Soil Use: Past Degradation, Future Improvement, Proceedings.  June 1988 Conference, Dookie, SCAV Melbourne, 4-11.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1989).  Is the greenhouse effect of any relevance to soil conservation and land management in Victoria?  The R.G. Downes Memorial Oration 1989.  In: Optimising Land Management.  Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Soil Conservation Association of Victoria Conference, Rawson, 27-28 July, 1989, SWCAV, Inc., Parkville.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  The UNEP-University of Adelaide International Graduate Certificate in Environmental Management.  Proceedings of the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL) Conference on "Sustainable Development: Challenges for the Asian-Pacific Region in the 21st Century", Griffith University, Brisbane, July 1993.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  Desertification and Drought in Africa.  African Studies Association of Australia and the Pacific Newsletter 16, 15-17.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  A landscape alive - and kicking.  Environment South Australia 5(4),7. (Special Issue on Biodiversity, invited contribution)

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  Attaining sustainability: Lessons from dryland degradation.  In:  Clarke, B., Dyer, K., Favier, D., Gray, B., McCarthy, M. and Williams, M.  Ecologically Sustainable Development.  Some Critical Perspectives. (Occasional Paper No. 10).  Mawson Graduate Centre for Environmental Studies, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, pp. 27-34.

 

Williams, M. (1998).  What causes an avalanche ? In P.Long and J.Phemister (eds), Why? Scientists answer children’s questions. ABC Books, Sydney,45-46. (Invited contribution)

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1999).  Report on desertification in Alashan league, Inner Mongolia. Desertification Specialist’s Report to ACIL, Melbourne (for AusAID, Canberra), August 8, 1999, 21 pp.

 

Williams, M. and Adamson, D. (2002).  Sudan 1973, Ethiopian Uplands 1977. In: J. Desmond Clark, An Archaeologist at Work in African Prehistory and Early Human Studies: Teamwork and Insight, an oral history conducted in 2000-2001 by Timothy Troy, Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, pp. 393-406.

 

Williams, M. (2002).  Central Sahara 1970, Nile Valley 1973, Ethiopian Rift 1974-75, 1977, Afar Rift, Middle Awash valley 1981, Son and Belan valleys, north-central India 1980 and 1982, Sudan 1983.  In: J. Desmond Clark, An Archaeologist at Work in African Prehistory and Early Human Studies: Teamwork and Insight, an oral history conducted in 2000-2001 by Timothy Troy, Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, pp.445-457.

 

Williams, M. (2003).  Donald Argyle Adamson: Biologist, Quaternary scientist, naturalist, explorer.  Quaternary Australasia 21, 16.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (2009). Climate change, El Niño-Southern Oscillation Events and Desertification in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Climate change and migration in the Asia and the Pacific, Report to the Asia Development Bank.

 

Book reviews

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1964).  Review of A. Pond (1964).  The Desert World.  Geography 49, 150.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1972).  Review of A. Pitty (1971).  An Introduction to Geomorphology.  Australian Geographer  12, 180-1.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1973).  Review of K.W. Butzer (1971).  Environment and Archaeology, second edition. Mankind 9, 55-6.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1975).  Review of M.F. Thomas (1974). Tropical Geomorphology.  Australian Geographer 13, 167-8.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1975).  Review of B.E. Butler et al. (1973).  A geomorphic map of the Riverine Plain of south-eastern Australia.  Search 6, 139.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Review of M.M. Mainguet (1972).  Le modelé des grès.  Australian Geographer 14, 60-1.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1978).  Review of E. Derbyshire.  Geomorphology and Climate.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology  24, 371-3.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1980). Review of G. Clarke (1977) World prehistory. Illustrated 3rd Edition (1977). Ancient Society 10, 55-6.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Review of B. Allchin et al.  The Prehistory and palaeogeography of the Great Indian Desert.  Australian Geographer 14, 323.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Review of A.B. Pittock et al.  Climatic change and variability: a southern perspective.  Australian Geographer 14, 323-4.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Review of J.A. Mabbutt (1977). Desert landforms. Progress in Physical Geography 4, 287-9.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1980).  Review of W.C. Brice (1978). The environmental history of the Near and Middle East.  Progress in Physical Geography 4, 285-7.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1981).  Prehistoric Sahara of Green and Plenty.  Review of F. Wendorf and R. Schild (1980).  Prehistory of the eastern Sahara.  Nature 292, 277.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Review of N. Petit-Maire (ed).  Le Shati.  Lac pléistocène du Fezzan (Libye) Palaeoecology of Africa 16, 439-441.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1984).  Review of Julius Büdel (1982) (translated from German by Lenore Fischer and Detlef Busche). Climatic Geomorphology.  In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 45, 375-381.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1987).  Review of J.C. Vogel, ed. (1984) Late Cainozoic Palaeoclimates of the Southern Hemisphere.  Episodes 10, 63.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1990).  Review of K.J. Tinkler (1985).  A short history of geomorphology.  Australian Geographer 21, 181.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1991).  Review of A.S. Issar (1990).  Water shall flow from the rock.  Hydrogeology and Climate in the Lands of the Bible.  Journal of Arid Environments 20, 125.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  Review of C. Ollier (1991).  Ancient Landforms. Australian Geologist Newsletter 86, 44.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1993).  Review of R.J.Huggett (1991). Climate, Earth Processes and Earth History.  Australian Meteorological Magazine 42, 132-133.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1994).  Review of N.J. Middleton and D.S.G. Thomas (1992). World Atlas of Desertification.  The Holocene 4(3), 335.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  Review of A.C. Millington and K. Pye (Eds) (1994). Environmental Change in Drylands. Biogeographical and Geomorphological Perspectives.  Australian Geographical Studies 34(2), 273-274.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  Review of T.R. Paton, G.S. Humphreys and P.B. Mitchell (1995). Soils; A New Global View.  Australian Geographical Studies 34(2), 278-279.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1996).  Review of M. Mainguet (1994). Desertification. Natural Background and Human Mismanagement, 2nd Edition.  Earth- Science Reviews 40, 309-310.

 

Williams, M.A.J. (1997).  Review of W.B. Meyer and B.L. Turner (Eds) (1994).  Changes in Land Use and Land Cover: A Global Perspective.  World Meteorological Organization Bulletin 46(1), 96.

 

Williams, M. (2003).   Review of ‘East of Wallace’s line: Studies of past and present maritime cultures of the Indo-Pacific region’, edited by Sue O’Connor and Peter Veth.  Australian Archaeology 56, 63-64.

 

Williams, M. (2004).   Review of ‘Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea Basin’, edited by M.H. Glantz. Earth-Science Reviews 66, 389-390Abstracts: 1985-2009

 

Abstracts (1985 -)

 

A 1. Williams, M.A.J.  (1985).  Aeolian inputs obscure the alluvial response to climatic change in the late Pleistocene Ganges, Nile and Darling basins. In: T. Spencer (ed), First International Conference on Geomorphology, Manchester, 650.

 

A 2. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A., and Baxter, J.T.  (1985).  Geological and historical drought frequency in the Darling and Nile basins.  CSIRO and Met. Bureau Workshop on Drought Research in Australia, Melbourne, October 21-22, 1985.

 

A 3. Adamson, D., Clark, J.D., Jamieson, P. and Williams, M.A.J.  (1986).  Pottery tempered with sponge from the White Nile, Sudan. Conference on African Prehistory, Berkeley, April 12-16, 1986.

 

A 4. Adamson, D.A. and Williams, M.A.J.  (1986).  A Pliocene reconstruction of Afar palaeogeography (1986) Conference on African Prehistory, Berkeley, April 12-16, 1986.

 

A 5. Holm, K., Talbot, M.R., Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A.  (1986).  Sedimentation in low relief desert margins: the Triassic of SW England and the Quaternary of New South Wales, Australia.  Geological Society of London, Conference on Desert Sediments: Ancient and Modern, London, May 20-21, 1985.

 

A 6. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A.  (1986).  The hominid-bearing formations of the southern Afar Rift, Ethiopia:  fluviatile or lacustrine?  3rd Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Conference, Napier, February, 1986, p. 34.

 

A 7. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A  (1986).  Late Cainozoic piedmont sedimentation in three tectonically constructed North African deserts:  the southern Afar Rift, Ethiopia; Jebel Marra volcano, Sudan; and the northern Air Mountains, Nigel.  Geological Society of London, Conference on Desert Sediments: Ancient and Modern, London, May 20-21, 1986.

 

A 8. Williams, M.A.J., Adamson, D.A., Abell, P., De Deckker, P. and Baxter, J.  (1986).  Glacial and interglacial environments in Africa: a re-appraisal of the evidence. Conference on African Prehistory, Berkeley, April 12-16, 1986.

 

A 9. Williams, M.A.J. and Williams, F.M.  (1986).  Late Cainozoic volcanism, tectonism and climatic change in the Ethiopian Afar Rifts.  3rd Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Conference, Napier, February, 1986.

 

A 10. De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Williams, M.A.J.  (1987).  Past Environmental Analogues.  Greenhouse 87:  Planning for Climate Change.  Monash University, November 1987.

 

A 11. Williams, M.A.J.  (1987).  Rates and Processes of Hillslope Erosion on Seasonally Wet Northern Australia.  Workshop on Erosion, Transport and Deposition Processes, International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Jerusalem, 1987.

 

A 12. Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A.  (1987).  Towards a reconstruction of the Late Cenozoic environments in S.E. Australia and N.E. Africa. Part 1: Fluvial response to climatic change: evidence from the Murray-Darling and Nile basins. The Cenozoic of the Australian Region: A Reappraisal of the evidence. Warnambool, December 1987. Conference Programme and Abstracts

 

A 13.  Clarke, M.F. and Williams, M.A.J.  (1989).  Soil creep: problems raised by a recent study in Australia.  4th Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Buchan, February, 1989, p. 49.

 

A 14. Williams, M.A.J.  (1991).  Late Quaternary erosion and sedimentation in a low gradient desert margin system, New South Wales, Australia.  XIII Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research, Beijing, August 1991.

 

A 15. Williams, M.A.J.  (1991).  Desertification: past, present, future.  International Conference on The Physical Causes of Drought and Desertification, Melbourne, December 1991.

 

A 16. Williams, M.A.J.  (1991).  Late Quaternary depositional environments in a low gradient desert margin system, western New South Wales, Australia.  International Conference on Desert Landscapes and International Geological Correlation Programme 252: Past and Future Evolution of Deserts.  Final Meeting, October 1991, Perth, Western Australia.

 

A 17. Williams, M.A.J. (1992). Albedo, desertification and climatic change. UNEP/UNDP/World Bank Workshop on Desertification, Nairobi, October 28-30, 1992.

 

A 18. Williams, M.A.J.  (1992).  Late Quaternary depositional environments in a low gradient desert margin system, western New South Wales, Australia.  Quaternary Palaeclimatic Mapping: A Protocol for Australia .Monash University, December 1992.

 

A 19. Williams, M.A.J.  (1993).  Late Quaternary desert margin systems in Africa, Australia and Asia: Can a study of the past help us to predict possible future change ? Abstracts, International Scientific Conference on the Taklimakan Desert.  Urumqi, China, September 1993, 141-142.

 

A 20. Williams, M.A.J.  (1993). Drought, desertification and climatic change. Abstracts, International Scientific Conference on the Taklimakan Desert.  Urumqi, China, September 1993, 151-152.

 

A 21. Williams, M.A.J.  (1993). The response of big rivers in semi-arid areas to environmental change. Three examples from Africa, Australia and India: the Nile, the Darling and the Son. Abstracts, International Scientific Conference on the Taklimakan Desert.  Urumqi, China, Sept. 1993, 319.

 

A 22. Williams, M.A.J.  (1995). Evidence of Late Quaternary monsoon variability along the southern margins of the Sahara, including Ethiopia and Somalia.  Abstracts, International Conference on Quaternary Deserts and Climate Change, International Geological Correlation Program Project IGCP-349. Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, December 1995.

 

A 23. Williams, M.A.J.  (1995). Climate and desertification.  Abstracts, Ninth Australia - New Zealand Climate Forum.  Wirrina Cove, February 1995.

 

A 24. Williams, M.A.J.  (1995). Palaeoenvironments of the White Nile region, Sudan. Abstracts, XIV Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research.  Berlin, August 1995, 297.

 

A 25. Williams, M.A.J. (1995).  Late Quaternary palaeohydrology of the Jubba River, Somalia. Abstracts, XIV Congress, International Union for Quaternary Research. Berlin, August 1995, 298.

 

A 26. Williams, M.A.J. (1995).  Late Quaternary alluvial histories of the Son and Belan Rivers, North-central India, the Jubba River, western Somalia, and the lower Blue and White Nile Rivers, central Sudan: A comparison.  Abstracts International Association of Geomorphologists Southeast Asia Conference.  Singapore, June 1995, 81.

 

A 27. Williams, M.A.J.,Cock, B., Prescott, J.R. and Adamson, D.A. (1996). Late Quaternary environments in the semi-arid Flinders Ranges, South Australia.  Abstracts, 6th Australia - New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference. Cairns, July 1996

 

A 28. Williams, M.A.J. (1997).  Blowing in the wind: the myth and reality of desertification.  (Plenary address).  Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change Conference, International Geological Correlation Program (IGCP - 349).  Wollongong, June-July 1997.

 

A 29. Williams, M.A.J. (1997).  Ambiguous response of desert rivers to climatic change.  Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change Conference, International Geological Correlation Program (IGCP - 349).  Wollongong, June-July 1997.

 

A 30. Williams, M.A.J. (1998).  Ambiguous response of desert rivers to climatic change: examples from Africa, Asia and Australia.  Third International Meeting on Global Continental Hydrology, GLOCOPH ’98. Abstracts of Conference Papers, edited by M.Grossman, T.Oguchi and H. Kadomura, Kumagaya, Japan, 4-6 September 1998, 112-113.

 

A 31. Williams, M.A.J. (1998).  Climatic history of the Nile Basin from the Last Glacial Maximum (20, 000 years ago) to present.  (Keynote address).  International Symposium on African Savannas: New Perspectives on the Environment and Social Change. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, April 1998.

 

A 32. Williams, M.A.J. (1998).  From the Nile Basin to the Flinders Ranges: Catchment response to environmental change.  (Plenary address).  8th Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Goolwa, December 1998.

 

A 33. Williams, M.A.J. (1998).  Did aeolian dust mantles alter the hydrological response of desert hillslopes to precipitation events during the late Quaternary?  Australian Quaternary Palaeoecology and Palaeoclimatology Conference, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, December 1998.

 

A 34. Talbot, M.R., Williams, M.A.J. and Adamson, D.A. (1999).  The late Quaternary strontium characteristics of lakes in the Upper Nile catchment: Implications for the history of the White Nile. Abstracts, International Limnogeology Congress, Brest, 25-29 May, 1999.

 

A 35. Williams, M.A.J. (1999).  Desertification and sustainable development in Africa, Asia and Australia. (Plenary lecture). Abstracts, International Conference on Desertification and Soil Degradation, Moscow, November 11-15, 1999.

 

A 36. Williams, M.A.J. (1999).  Late Quaternary environments in the White Nile region, Sudan. Abstracts, International Conference on Drainage Basin Dynamics and Morphology, Jerusalem, May 22-29, 1999.

 

A 37. Williams, M., Adamson, D., Talbot, M. and Aharon. P. (2000).  Quaternary lakes, palaeochannels and dunes in the White Nile valley. Abstracts, 9th Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Wanaka, New Zealand, December 11-15, 2000.

 

A 38. Williams, M., Prescott, J., Chappell, J., Adamson, D., Cock, B., Lawson, E., Walker, K., Symonds, R. and Gell, P. (2000).  Late Pleistocene wetlands in the semi-arid Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Abstracts, 9th Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Wanaka, New Zealand, December 11-15, 2000.

 

A 39. Ambrose, S.H., Kyule, M.D., Muia, M., Deino, A. and Williams, M.A.J. (2000).  Dating the MSA/LSA Transition in Southwest Kenya. Society for American Archaeology, 65th Annual Meeting, 2-5 April, 2000, Philadelphia. Abstracts, p.33.

 

A 40. Williams, M.A.J., Prescott, J. R., Adamson, D.A. , Lawson, E and  Cock, B (2000).  The enigma of a late glacial desert lake in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Regional analysis of Australian Quaternary studies: strengths, gaps and future directions. Quaternary Studies Meeting, Australian National University, Canberra, February 7-9, 2000.

 

A 41. Williams, M.A.J., Prescott, J. R., Adamson, D.A. , Lawson, E and  Cock, B (2000).  The enigma of a late glacial desert lake in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Regional analysis of Australian Quaternary studies: strengths, gaps and future directions. Quaternary Studies Meeting, Australian National University, Canberra, February 7-9, 2000.

 

A 42. Ambrose, S.H., Hlusko, L.J., Kyule, M.D., Deino, A. and Williams, M.A.J. (2002).  Lemudong’o: A late Miocene fossil site in southern Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 34, p. 37.

 

A 43. Ambrose, S.H., Deino, A., Kyule, M.D., Muia, M., Steele, I. And Williams, M.A.J. (2002).  The emergence of modern human behavior during the Late Middle Stone Age in the Kenya Rift.  Abstracts, Society for American Archaeology, 67th Annual Meeting, 19-20 March 2002, Denver, Colorado.

 

A 44. Williams, M., Prescott, J.R., Chappell, J. and Adamson, D. A. (2002).  A re-appraisal of late Quaternary environments in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia.  16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide, 1-5 July 2002, p.30.

 

A 45. Williams, F., Williams, M., Gibson, I. and Aumento, F. (2002).  A dividing continent: tectonism, volcanism and crustal spreading rates in the Ethiopian and Afar Rifts.  Abstracts, 10th Australia New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Kalgoorlie, 30 September-4 October 2002, p. 50.

 

A 46. Luo, Q., Bryan, B., Bellotti, W. D. and Williams, M. (2002) Spatial Analysis of Environmental Change Impacts on Wheat Production in Mid-Lower North, South Australia. Proceedings of the e-future: into the mainstream, the Joint Institution of Surveyors Australia and AURISA Conference. Adelaide, South Australia, 25-30 November 2002.

 

A 47. Williams, M. (2003). Environmental interactions in southern deserts.  Abstract in 23°S Archaeology and Environmental History of Southern Deserts, Canberra, 14-18 January 2003.

 

A 48. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Bryan, B. and Williams, M. (2003) Risk Analysis of Possible Environmental Change and Future Crop Production in South Australia. Proceedings of the 11th Australian Agronomy Conference. Geelong, Victoria, Australia, 2 - 6 February 2003.

 

A 49. Mee, Aija C., McKirdy, D.M., Krull, E.S. and Williams, M.A.J. (2004). Lacustrine organic matter as a proxy for mid-latitude Holocene environmental change in southeastern Australia – work in progress.  Australian Organic Geochemistry Conference & International Humic Substances Society Joint Meeting, Blue Mountains, 19-24 February 2004. [Poster].

 

A 50. Williams, M. (2004). Geomorphic evolution of the Nile basin. Abstracts, 11th Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Mount Buffalo, Victoria, 15-20 February 2004, p. 78. 

 

A 51. Williams, M. (2004). Quaternary geology of the White Nile basin. Poster, 20th Conference on African Geology, Orleans, France, June 2-7, 2004. (Nine maps, two tables, two photographs).

 

A 52. Williams, M. (2004). Geomorphic evolution of the Nile basin. Abstracts, 20th Conference on African Geology, Orleans, France, June 2-7, 2004, p. 423.

 

A 53. Williams, M. (2004). The geology, geomorphology and prehistoric environments of Adrar Bous, south central Sahara, Republic of Niger: a re-appraisal. Symposium Abstracts, Colloque International en Hommage au Professeur Hugues Faure, 20th Conference on African Geology, Orleans, France, June 3, 2004, p. 77.

 

A 54. Williams, M. (2004). Was pottery tempered with sponge from the White Nile coeval with a wetter phase in NE Africa and the Near East some 2 000 years ago? Abstracts, LIMPACS International Conference on Salinity, Climate and Salinisation, Mildura, Australia, September 30-October 3, 2004, p.47.

 

A 55. Luo, Q., Williams, M. and Bellotti, W. (2004). Integration of changes in climate variability into climate change scenarios. Abstract and Poster, 16th Australia New Zealand Climate Forum: Climate and Water. Lorne, Victoria, Australia, 8-10 November, 2004.

 

A 56. Mee, A.C., McKirdy, D.M., Krull, E.S. and Williams, M.A.J. (2005). Sapropels in shallow Holocene coastal lakes in southeastern Australia: An elemental and isotopic perspective. Abstract and Poster, 22nd International Meeting of Organic Geochemistry, Seville, Spain, 12-16 September, 2005, Volume 2, pp. 817-818.

 

A 57.  Luo, Q., Hayman, P., Bellotti, W. and Williams, M.A.J. (2005). Integrated impacts of change in climatic variability and in ‘mean’climate on wheat production.  Proceedings of ‘Greenhouse 2005: Action on Climate Change’, Melbourne, 13-17 November, 2005.

 

A 58. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Williams, M. (2005) Probabilistic Analysis of Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Wheat Production in Contrasting Environment of South Australia. Proceedings of the 16th Global Warming International Conference. New York, The United States, 19-21 April 2005.

 

A 59. Williams, M. (2006). Environmental impacts of an extreme event: the Toba mega-eruption, volcanic winter and the near demise of humans, with suggestions for future research. Australian Earth Sciences Convention 2006, Melbourne, 2-6 July 2006, p. 137.

 

A 60.  Mee, A.C., McKirdy, D.M., Krull, E.S. and Williams, M.A.J. (2006). Holocene environmental change recorded in shallow coastal lakes of the Coorong region, southeastern Australia. Australian Earth Sciences Convention 2006, Melbourne, 2-6 July 2006, Extended Abstracts.

 

A 61. Duller, G.A.T., Williams, F.M. and Williams, M.A.J. (2006). Analysis of sediments from the White Nile using single grain optically stimulated luminescence. UK Luminescence and ESR Meeting 2006, Liverpool, 6-8 September, 2006, Abstracts, p.24.

 

A 62. Vo, P. and Williams, M. (2006). An overarching approach to urban water resource management in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. 3rd APHW Conference, Bangkok, 16-18 October 2006, Abstract ST1-04-A14-099, pp. 141-2.

 

A 63. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Hayman, P. and Williams, M. (2006). The Importance of Changes in Climate Variability in Regional Agricultural Impact Assessment. Third International Conference on Climate Impacts Assessment. 24-27 July Cairns, Australia.

 

A 64. Luo, Q., Bellotti, W. D., Hayman, P. and Williams, M. (2006). Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Potential in the Context of Wheat Production in Southeast Australia. Living with Climate Variability and Change: Understanding the Uncertainties and Managing the Risks 17-21, July 2006, Espoo, Finland.

 

A 65. Ambrose, S.H., Williams, M.A.J., Chattopadhyaya, U., Pal, J.N. and Chauhan, P. (2007). Environmental impact of the 73 ka Toba eruption reflected by paleosol carbonate carbon isotope ratios in central India. INQUA 2007 Abstracts, Quaternary International 167-168, p.8.

 

A 66. Haberlah, D., Williams, M.A.J., Hill, S.M., Halverson, G. and Glasby, P. (2007).  A terminal Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) loess-derived palaeoflood record from South Australia? INQUA 2007 Abstracts, Quaternary International 167-168, p.150.

 

A 67. Mee, A.J., McKirdy, D.M., Williams, M.A., Smith, A. and Krull, E.S. (2007). New radiocarbon dates from sapropels in three Holocene lakes of the Coorong coastal plain, southeastern Australia. INQUA 2007 Abstracts, Quaternary International 167-168, p. 279-280.

 

A 68. Sylvestre, F., Gasse, F., Williams, M., Chalié, F., Vincens, A. and Williamson, D. (2007). Late Quaternary climates in Africa, South America and Australia. INQUA 2007 Abstracts, Quaternary International 167-168, p. 409.

 

A 69. Williams, M. (2008). Some problems raised by the Late Pleistocene valley-fills in the semi-arid Flinders ranges, South Australia. 13th Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Conference, Queenstown, Tasmania, 10-15 February 2008, Abstracts, p. 93.

 

A 70. Williams, M. (2008). Environmental significance of Late Pleistocene valley-fills in arid Australia and Africa. 3rd Southern Deserts Conference, Molopo Lodge, Kalahari Desert, Southern Africa, 16-19 September, 2008, Abstracts, p. 48.

 

A71. Williams, M. (2008). Late Quaternary Environments in the Nile Basin. (Farouk El-Baz Award for Desert Research Keynote Lecture). Geological Society of America Annual Conference, Houston, Texas, USA, 5-9 October 2008, Abstracts,  p. 429.

 

A 72. Williams, M. (2008). River and Desert in the Nile Basin. Keynote lecture. Australian Earth Sciences Convention 2008, Perth, July 20-24.

 

A 73. Williams M.A.J. , Williams F.M., Duller G.A.T., Munro R.N., El Tom O.A.M. (2008).

Late Quaternary floods and droughts in the Nile Valley, Sudan: New evidence from optically stimulated luminescence dating. 12th International Conference on Luminescence and Radiocarbon Dating, Beijing, China, 18-22 September 2008, Abstracts, p.172.

 

A 74. Williams, M.A.J.   (2008). A Tale of Two Rivers: Late Quaternary floods and droughts in the Son and Belan valleys, north-central India and implications for prehistoric human settlement.

 

A 75. Mee, A.C., McKirdy, D.M., Krull, E.S. and Williams, M.A.J. (2008). Atypical ‘sapropel events’ in three shallow Coorong lakes: manifestations of rapid Holocene climate change? Australian Conference on Inorganic Geochemistry.

 

A76. Williams, M., Williams, F., Duller, G., Munro, N., El Tom, O., Barrows, T., Macklin. M., Woodward, J., Talbot, M., Haberlah, D. and Fluin, J. (2009) Quaternary floods and droughts in the Nile Valley. INQUA-GLOCOPH Workshop, Israel, 25 October-3 November 2009, p. 16.

 

A77. Macklin, M.G., Woodward, J.C., Duller, G.A.A., Williams, F., Williams, M.A.J. and Welsby, D.A. (2009). When the Nile ran dry: changing hydrology in northern Sudan 2500 BC – AD 350. INQUA-GLOCOPH Workshop, Israel, 25 October-3 November 2009, p. 17.

 

A78. Williams M.A.J. , Williams F.M., Duller G.A.T., Munro R.N., El Tom O.A.M. (2009).

Late Quaternary floods and droughts in the Nile Valley. 7th International Conference on Geomorphology Conference, Melbourne, July 6-11, 2009. 126 pdf.

 

A79. Macklin, M.G., Woodward, J.C., Welsby, D.A., Duller, G.A.F., Williams, F. and Williams, M.A.J. (2010). Rethinking people river-environment interactions in Sudanese Nubia. International Colloquium on Geoarchaeology. Landscape Archaeology: Egypt and the Mediterranean World. Cairo, 19-21 September, 2011, Abstracts Volume, p. 84.

 

A80. Woodward, J.C., Macklin, M.G., Welsby, D.A., Duller, G.A.F., Williams, F. and Williams, M.A.J. (2010). Records of Holocene flooding in the Nile Valley of Northern Sudan. International Colloquium on Geoarchaeology. Landscape Archaeology: Egypt and the Mediterranean World. Cairo, 19-21 September, 2011, Abstracts Volume, p. 117.

 

A81. Williams, M. (2011). Geomorphic evolution of the Ethiopian tributaries of the Nile. International Association of Geomorphologists, Regional Conference 2011: Geomorphology for Human Adaptation to Changing Tropical Environments. Addis Ababa, February 18-22, 2011. Abstract and Keynote Lecture.

 

A82. Woodward, J.C., Macklin, M.G., Welsby, D.A., Duller, G.A.F., Williams, F. and Williams, M.A.J. (2011). New records of Holocene flooding in the Desert Nile. XVIII INQUA Congress, Bern, July 21-27, 2011. Abstract and talk.

 

A83. Barrows, T., Williams, M., Fifield, L.K. and Tim, S. (2011).  Age of mega floods of the White Nile River. ESF Research Conference, Obergurgl, Austria, August 8-13, 2011. Abstract/ Poster.

 

A84. Haberlah, D., Williams, M.A.J. and Hill, S.M. (2011). Loess and floods: late Pleistocene fine-grained valley-fill deposits in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. XVIII INQUA Congress, Bern, July 21-27, 2011. Abstract and talk.

 

Books in preparation

 

Climatic Change in Deserts: Past, Present, Future. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

 

 

 

 

Entry last updated: Friday, 14 Sep 2012

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