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Emeritus Professor Richard Keene

Telephone +61 8 8313 1025
Position Honorary Visiting Research Fellow
Email richard.keene@adelaide.edu.au
Fax +61 8 8313 4380
Building Johnson Laboratories
Floor/Room G 01a
Campus North Terrace
Org Unit Chemistry

To link to this page, please use the following URL:
http://www.adelaide.edu.au/directory/richard.keene

Biography/ Background

1972-74   Postdoctoral Fellow, A.N.U

1974-76   Research Associate, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)

1978   Appointed to James Cook University as Lecturer in Inorganic Chemistry.  Awarded Personal Chair 1997;  Nevitt Professor of Chemistry, 2000-2012; JCU Distinguished Professor 2012-2012; conferred as Emeritus Professor JCU on retirement (October 2012). 

1983-84  Visiting Scientist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York (USA)

1988   Visiting Professor, Stanford University (California, USA)

1988-89  Visiting Professor, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)

1992  Troisième Cycle Lecturer and Visiting Professor, Université de Fribourg (Switzerland)

1994  Visiting Professor, Université de Fribourg (Switzerland)

1994, 1998, 2000   Professeur Invité, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg (France)

2003   Visiting Scholar, University of Oxford (UK)

2003   Visiting Professor, University of Canterbury (Christchurch, New Zealand)

2009   Professeur Invité, CNRS/Université Paul Sabatier (Toulouse, France)

2009   Visiting Professor, Osaka University and Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

2002-07   Chairman, Division of Inorganic Chemistry, Royal Australian Chemical Institute

2012  Erasmus Mundus Research Fellow and Visiting Professor, Universität Leipzig, Germany

2012  Appointed Honorary Visiting Research Fellow, University of Adelaide

Qualifications

BSc (Hons I) PhD DSc (Adelaide) CChem FRACI FRSC

Awards & Achievements

1979   Rennie Medal of Royal Australian Chemical Institute

1983-84   Fulbright Scholar (Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York, USA)

1998   Commonwealth Scholar, Bede Morris Fellowship Scheme, Australian Academy of Science

1994, 2000 Professeur Invité, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg (France)

1995-98  Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Central Queensland University

1998-2000  Honorary Professor, Central Queensland University

2000   Erskine Visiting Research Fellow, University of Canterbury (Christchurch, New Zealand)

2002  Vice Chancellor's Award for Research Excellence, JCU

2003  Vice Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Research Supervision, JCU

2003  Recepient of Royal Society of Chemistry (UK) Travel Award for International Authors (at University of Oxford)

2005-present  Adjunct Professor, University of Canterbury (Christchurch, NZ)

2009  Professeur Invité, CNRS/Université Paul Sabatier (Toulouse, France)

2009 Recipient of Visiting Scientist Award (Australian Academy of Science/Japan Society for Promotion of Science), Osaka University and Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

2010  Conferred title of Distinguished Professor, James Cook University

2012  Recipient of Erasmus Mundus Research Fellowship (Universität Leipzig, Germany)

2012  Appointed Honorary Visiting Research Fellow, University of Adelaide

2012  Presented Les Power Memorial Lecture, James Cook University

2012  Conferred as Emeritus Professor, James Cook University

2013  Appointed Visiting Professor, UNSW Canberra (February-May)

2013  Presented Francis Lions Memorial Lecture, Sydney University Chemical Society, The University of Sydney

2015  Recepient of Royal Society of Chemistry (UK) Travel Award for International Authors (at University of Sheffield)

2015  Appointed Visiting Professor, UNSW Canberra (August-October)

2015  Presented Donald R. Stranks Memorial Lecture, Melbourne University Chemical Society, The University of Melbourne

Research Interests

Control of the stereochemistry in metallosupramolecular assemblies – with particular interest in ligand-bridged oligonuclear polpyridylruthenium(II) species – and applications in the following areas:

   Stereochemical aspects of intramolecular electron transfer in metallosupramolecular assemblies; 

   Structure- and sequence-selectivity in the interaction of metal complexes wirh nucleic acids;

   Mechanism of cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of lipophilic inert dinuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes to cancer cells and bacteria; and

   The selective toxicity of ruthenium(II) complexes to drug-resistant pathogens.

 

Publications

Full publication listing at URL

http://eprints.jcu.edu.au/view/jcu/9190CE359FDDA7CAFC0F7CA9CEF3D443.html 

2000 - present

Patent:

Patent applications (Antimicrobial Agents) were filed on 21/12/2011 with the Australian (2011265513), USA (13/334741) and Canadian (2762717) Patent Offices.

Chapters in Monographs:

“Non-covalent DNA binding of metal complexes”, J.A. Smith, F. Li, F.R. Keene and J.G.Collins, invited contribution to major reference series “Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry II”, Elsevier  (2013), pp. 709-750.

“Chirality”, F.R. Keene, invited chapter in “Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules To Nanomaterials’ (eds. P.A. Gale and J.N. Steed), published in 2012 by John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, pp. 217-236.

“Groove binding ruthenium(II) complexes as probes of DNA recognition”, J.A. Smith, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, in “Metal Complexes - DNA interactions” (Eds, N. Hadjiliadis and E. Sletten), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK (2009); pps. 319-346.

 

Reviews:

"Ruthenium complexes as antimicrobial agents", F. Li, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Chemical Society Reviews 2015, 44, 2529-2942, {Invited review article to Chemical Society Reviews} 

“The Shape of Metallosupramolecular Assemblies”, F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2011, 40, 2405-2418. {Invited review as a Dalton Perspective; front cover}

“Metal Complexes as Structure-Selective Binding Agents for Nucleic Acids”, F.R.Keene, J.A. Smith and J.G. Colllins, Coord. Chem. Rev. 2009, 253, 2021-2035.

“Stereochemical Effects on Intervalence Charge Transfer”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F. R. Keene, Pure Appl. Chem. 200880, 1-16.

“Intervalence Charge Transfer (IVCT) in Trinuclear and Tetranuclear Complexes of Iron, Ruthenium and Osmium”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Chem. Rev. 2006106, 2270–2298.

"Current trends and future challenges in the experimental, theoretical and computational analysis of intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) transitions", D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2006 , 35, 424-440.

 

Refereed Journal Papers

Interactions of Metal Complexes with Nucleic Acids, Cancer Cells and Bacteria

"Biological processing of dinuclear ruthenium complexes in eukaryotic cells", X. Li, K. Heimann, X.T. Dinh, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, Mol. BioSys. 2016, 12, 3032-3045. {Selected as "Hot Article" on Molecular BioSystems Website}

"Oligonuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes:  selectivity between bacteria and eukaryotic cells", A.K. Gorle, X. Li, S. Primrose, F. Li, M. Teterl, R.T. Kinobe, K. Heimann, J.M. Warner, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 2016, 71, 1547-1555.

Dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes containing one inert metal centre and one coordinatively-labile metal centre: syntheses and biological activities", X. Li, K. Heimann, F. Li, J.M. Warner, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, Dalton Trans. 2016, 45, 4017-4029.. 

"Differential anticancer activities of the geometric isomers of dinuclear iridium(III) complexes", M. Pandrala, M.K. Sundaraneedi, A.J. Ammit, C.E. Woodward, L. Wallace, F.R. Keene and j.G. Collins, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2015, 5694-5701.

"Mononuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes with high membrane permeability in Gram negative bacteria - in particular Pseudomonas aeruginosa", A.K. Gorle, M. Feterl, J.M. Warner, S. Primrose, C.C. Constantinoiu, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, Chem. Eur. J. 201521, 10472-10481.

"RNA and DNA binding of inert oligonuclear ruthenium(II) complexes in live eukaryotic cells", X. Li, A.K. Gorle, T.D. Ainsworth, K. Heimann, C.E. Woodward, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2015, 44, 3594-3603.  {Invited contribution to themed issue on 'Metal Interactions with Nucleic Acids'} {Front cover}

"Tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes as antimicrobial agents", A.K. Gorle, M. Feterl, J.M. Warner, L. Wallace, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, Dalton Trans. 2014, 43, 16713-16725.

"Multinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes as anticancer agents", A. Gorle, A. Ammit, L. Wallace, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, New J. Chem. 2014, 38, 4049-4059. {Front cover}

"Dinuclear ruthenium(II) antimicrobial agents that selectively target ribosomal RNA in vivo", F. Li, E. Harry, A. Bottomley, M.D. Edstein, G.W. Birrell, C.E. Woodward, F.R.Keene and J.G. Collins, Chemical Science 2014, 5, 685-693

“Iridium(III) Complexes containing 1,10-Phenanthroline and Derivatives – Synthetic, Stereochemical, and Structural Studies, and their Antimicrobial Activity against Bacteria”, M. Pandrala, F. Li, L. Wallace, P.J. Steel, B. Moore II, J. Autschbach, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Aust. J. Chem. 2013, 66, 1065-1073. 

“Dinuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes: flow cytometry studies of their accumulation in bacteria and the effect on the bacterial membrane”, F. Li, M. Feterl, J.M. Warner, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 2013, 68, 2825-2833.

"Protein binding by dinuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes and the effect of cucurbit[10]uril encapsulation", F. Li, M. Feterl, J.M. Warner, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, Dalton Trans. 2013, 42, 8868-8877.

“Chlorido-containing ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) complexes as antimicrobial agents” M. Pandrala, F. Li, M. Feterl, Y. Mulyana, J. M. Warner, L. Wallace,F. R. Keene, and J. G. Collins, Dalton Trans. 2013, 42, 4686-4694.

“In vitro susceptibility and cellular uptake for a new class of antimicrobial agents: dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes”, F. Li, M. Feterl, Y. Mulyana, J.M. Warner, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene,  J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 2012, , 2686-2695.

“An approach to therapeutic agents through selective targeting of destabilised nucleic acid duplex sequences”, F. Li, D.K. Weber, J.L. Morgan, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2012, 41, 6528-6535. {Invited contribution to themed issue on ‘Application of Inorganic Chemistry for non-Cancer Therapeutics’}.

” Nucleic acid binding and cytotoxicity of the labile oligonuclear ruthenium(II) complexes”, Y. Mulyana, J.G. Collins and F.R.Keene, J. Incl. Phenom. Macrocycl. Chem. 2011 71, 371-379. {Invited contribution to issue celebrating 75th birthday of Len Lindoy}

“The antimicrobial activity of inert oligonuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes against pathogenic bacteria, including MRSA”, F. Li, Y. Mulyana, M. Feterl, J. Warner, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2011, 40, 5032-5038.

“Mechanism of cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of lipophilic inert dinuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes”, M.J. Pisani, P.D. Fromm, R.J. Clarke, Y. Mulyana, K. Heimann, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, ChemMedChem 2011, 6, 848-858. {Selected as Very Important Paper (VIP); inside front cover}

“Oligonuclear Polypyridylruthenium(II) Complexes Incorporating Flexible Polar and Non-Polar Bridges:Synthesis, DNA-Binding and Cytotoxicity”, Y. Mulyana, D.K. Weber, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2011, 40, 1510-1523.

“Sequence and duplex structure determinants of the binding of flexibly-linked dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes to adenine-bulged DNA duplexes”, D.P. Buck, J.A. Paul, M.J. Pisani, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Aust. J. Chem. 2010, 63, 1365-1375.

“Selectivity at a Three-base Bulge Site in the DNA Binding of ΔΔ-[{Ru(phen)2}2(μ-dppm)]4+ {dppm = 4,6-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidine; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline}”, J.L. Morgan, D.P. Buck, A.G. Turley, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 11, 824-834.

“Cucurbit[10]uril binding of dinuclear platinum(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes: association/dissociation rates from seconds to hours”, M.J. Pisani, Y. Zhou, L. Wallace, C.E. Woodward, F.R. Keene, A.I. Day and J.G. Collins, Dalton Trans. 2010, 39, 2078-2086.

“Anionic PAMAM dendrimers as drug delivery vehicles for transition metal-based anticancer drugs”, M.J. Pisani, N.J. Wheate, F.R. Keene, J.R. Aldrich-Wright, and J.G. Collins, J. Inorg. Biochem. 2009, 103, 373-380.

“Binding of a dinuclear ruthenium(II) complex to the TAR region of the HIV-AIDS viral RNA”, D.P. Buck, C.B. Spillane, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Molecular BioSystems 2008, 4, 851-854.

“The Dichotomy in the DNA-Binding Behaviour of Ruthenium(II) Complexes Bearing Benzoxazole and Benzothiazole Groups”,C.B. Spillane, M.N.V. Dabo, N.C. Fletcher, J.L. Morgan, F.R. Keene, I. Haq, and N.J.Buurma, J. Inorg. Biochem. 2008, 102, 673-683.

“Dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes as potential probes for RNA bulge sites”, C.B. Spillane, J.A. Smith, D.P. Buck, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2007, 5290-5296.

“Benzothiazole bipyridine complexes of Ruthenium(II) with Cytotoxic Activity”, C.B. Spillane, N.C. Fletcher, S. Roundtree, H. van den Berg, S. Chanduloy, J.L. Morgan and F.R. Keene, J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2007, 12, 797-807.

“Dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes with flexible bridges as DNA bulge-selective probes”,J.L. Morgan, C.B. Spillane, J.A. Smith, D.P. Buck, J. G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2007, 4333-4342.

“DNA Affinity Binding Studies using a Fluorescent Dye Displacement Technique – the Dichotomy of the Binding Site” C.B. Spillane, J.A. Smith, J.L. Morgan and F.R. Keene, J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2007, 12, 819-824.

“Selectivity at a Three-base Bulge Site in the DNA Binding of ΔΔ-[{Ru(phen)2}2(μ-dppm)]4+ {dppm = 4,6-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidine; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline}”, J.L. Morgan, D.P. Buck, A.G. Turley, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 11, 824-834.

“Meso-[{Ru(phen)2}2(μ-HAT)]4+:a high-affinity DNA hairpin probe (HAT = 1,4,5,8,9,12-hexaazatriphenylene; phen = 1,10-phenantroline)”, J.A. Smith, J.L. Morgan, A.G. Turley, J.G. Collins, and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2006, 3179-3187.

“Separation of stereoisomers of dinuclear metal complexes by binding affinity chromatography using non-duplex DNA”, J.A. Smith and F.R. Keene, Chem. Commun. 2006, 2583-2585.

“Inert benzothiazole functionalised ruthenium(II) complexes; potential DNA hairpin binding agents”, C.B. Spillane, J.L. Morgan, N.C. Fletcher, J.G. Collins and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2006, 3122-3133.

“Meso-[{Ru(phen)2}2(μ-bpm)]4+:a high-affinity DNA bulge probe {bpm = 2,2’-bipyrimidine; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline}”, J.L. Morgan, D.P. Buck, A.G. Turley, J.G. Collinsand F.R. Keene, Inorg. Chim. Acta 2006, 359, 888-898.{Invited contribution in special issue on ruthenium chemistry}.

“Total Enantioselectivity in the DNA Binding of the Dinuclear Ruthenium(II) Complex [{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(μ-bpm)]4+ {bpm = 2,2'-bipyrimidine; Me2bpy = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine}”,J.A. Smith, J.G. Collins, B.T. Patterson and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2004, 1277-1283.

"Dinuclear Ruthenium(II) Complexes as Probes for DNA Bulge Sites ",B.T. Patterson, J.G. Collins, F.M. Foley and F.R. Keene, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 2002, 4343-4350.

"The DNA Binding of the ΔΔ-, ΔΛ- and ΛΛ-Stereoisomers of [{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(μ-bpm)]4+", F.M. Foley, F.R. Keene and J.G. Collins, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 2001, 2968-2974.

 

Intervalence Charge Transfer and related topics

"Metallosupramolecular Chemistry of Ag(I) Complexes with Azobis(2-pyridine) and its derivatives", S. Rajan, F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Aust. J. Chem. 2016, 69, 612-617.

"The synthesis and X-ray crystal structures of 1D coordination polymers with Cu(II) bridging nodes and 'extended-reach' heterocyclic bridging ligands", J.R.A. Cottam, F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Supramolecular Chemistry 2015, 27, 865-876. {Invited paper in special Australasian issue}

"Cooperative effects in homogeneous water oxidation catalysis by mononuclear ruthenium complexes", Y. Mulyana, F.R. Keene and L. Spiccia, Dalton Transactions 2014, 43, 6819-6827.

 “Microwave synthesis of rare [Ru2L3]4+ triple helicate and its interactions with DNA”, C.R.K. Glasson, G.V. Meehan, J.K. Clegg, L.F. Lindoy, J.A. Smith, F.R. Keene and C. Motti, Chem. Eur. J. 200814, 10535–10538.

“Synthesis, X-ray crystal structures, spectroscopy and electrochemistry of ruthenium(II) complexes of two chelating ligands containing [1,2,3]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine subunits”, C.M. Fitchett, F.R. Keene, C. Richardson and P.J. Steel”,Inorg. Chem. Commun., 200811, 595-598

“Ruthenium(II) Complexes of Chelating Ligands Containing Benzoxazole and Benzothiazole Subunits: Synthesis, X-Ray Crystallography, Spectroscopy and Electrochemistry”, C. Richardson, C.M. Fitchett, F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Aust. J. Chem.200861, 183-188.

“4,5-Di(2-pyridyl)-1,2,3-triazolate: the elusive member of a family of bridging ligands that facilitate strong metal-metal interactions”, C. Richardson, C.M. Fitchett. F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Dalton Trans. 2008, 2534–2537.

“The Influence of Anions on Intervalence Charge Transfer (IVCT) in Mixed-Valence Dinuclear Complexes”, E.A. Fellows and F.R. Keene, J. Phys. Chem. B 2007,111, 6667-6675.{Special issue to honour Norman Sutin}.

“Solid-State Anion Interactions in the Diastereoismers of Dinuclear Ruthenium Complexes based on 2.2’-Bipyrimidine”, D.M. D’Alessandro, F.M. Foley, M.S. Davies, P.C. Junk and F.R. Keene, Polyhedron 200726, 216-221 {Australasian issue}.

“Probing the Transition between the Localised (“Class II”) and Localised-to-Delocalised (“Class II-III”) Regimes using Intervalence Charge Transfer (IVCT) Solvatochromism in a Series of Mixed-Valence Dinuclear Ruthenium Complexes”, D.M. D’Alessandro, A.C. Topley, M.S. Davies and F.R. Keene, Chem. Eur. J. 200612, 4873-4884.

“The Underlying Spin-Orbit Coupling Structure of Intervalence Charge TransferBands in Dinuclear Polypyridyl Complexes of Ruthenium and Osmium”, D.M. D’Alessandro, P.H. Dinolfo,M.S. Davies, J.T. Hupp and F.R. Keene, Inorg. Chem. 200645, 3261-3274; Inorg. Chem. 200645, 4576-4576. {Addition/Correction}.

“The Effective Electron Transfer Distance in Dinuclear Ruthenium Complexes containing the Unsymmetrical Bridging Ligand 3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolate”, D.M. D’Alessandro, P.H. Dinolfo, J.T. Hupp, P.C. Junk and F.R. Keene,Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 772-783.

“Metal-metal Interactions in Dinuclear Ruthenium Complexes incorporating “Stepped-Parallel” Bridging Ligand: Synthesis, Stereochemistry and Intervalence Charge Transfer (IVCT)”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, New J. Chem. 200630, 228-237.

“Multi-site Effects on Intervalence Charge Transfer in a “Cluster-like” Trinuclear Assembly containing Ruthenium and Osmium”, D.M. D’Alessandro, M.S. Davies and F.R. Keene, Inorg. Chem. 200645, 1656-1666.

“Intervalence Charge Transfer in a “Chain-like” Ruthenium Trinuclear Assembly based on the Bridging Ligand 4,7-phenanthrolino-5,6:5',6'-pyrazine (ppz)”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2006, 1060-1072.

“Metal-metal interactions in dinuclear ruthenium complexes containing bridging 4,5-di(2-pyridyl)imidazolates”, J.W. Slater, D.M. D’Alessandro, F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Dalton Trans. 2006, 1954-1962.

“Stereochemical Influences on Intervalence Transfer Solvatochromism in the Diastereoisomers of [{Ru(pp)2}2(μ-bpm)]4+” (bpm = 2,2’-bipyrimidine; pp = bidentate polypyridyl ligand)”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Chem. Phys. 2006324, 8-25.{Invited contribution to special issue in honour of Professor Noel Hush on the occasion of his 80th birthday}.

“Driving the Localised-to-Delocalised Transition in Unsymmetrical Dinuclear Ruthenium Mixed-Valence Complexes”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R, Keene, Aust. J. Chem. 200558, 767-777.

“Differential ion-pairing and temperature effects on intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) in a series of dinuclear ruthenium complexes”, D.M. D’Alessandro, P.C. Junk and F.R. Keene, Supramolec. Chem. 200517, 529-542.{Invited contribution in special Australasian issue}.

“Intervalence Charge Transfer (IVCT) in Di- and Tri-nuclear Assemblies containing the Bridging Ligand HAT {1,4,5,8,9,12-hexaazatriphenylene}”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Chem. Eur. J. 200511, 3679-3688.

“Intervalence charge transfer in the stereoisomers of a dinuclear ruthenium complex containing the bridging ligand dibenzoeilatin”, D.M. D’Alessandro, F.R. Keene, S.D. Bergman, and M. Kol, Dalton Trans. 2005, 332-337.

“Diastereoisomeric dinuclear ruthenium complexes of 2,5-di(2-pyridyl)thiazolo[5,4d]thiazole”, J.A. Zampese, F.R. Keene and P.J. Steel, Dalton Trans. 2004, 4124-4129.

“A Cautionary Warning on the Use of Electrochemical Measurements to Calculate Comproportionation Constants for Mixed-Valence Compounds”, D.M. D’Alessandro and F.R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2004, 3950-3954.

“Ruthenium(II) Complexes of Multidentate Ligands Derived from Di(2-pyridyl)methane”, D.M. D’Alessandro, F.R. Keene, P.J. Steel, and C.J. Sumby, Aust. J. Chem. 2003, 56, 657-664.

“Synthetic and Stereochemical Studies of Dinuclear Ruthenium(II) with Mixed Terminal Ligands”, B.T. Patterson, F. M. Foley, D. Richards, and F. R. Keene, Dalton Trans. 2003, 709-714.

 

 

Entry last updated: Wednesday, 21 Sep 2016

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