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Farmer Adaptation to Climate Change

This ACIAR project (ADP/2011/039) aims to design policy to mitigate the cost of adjustment by farmers to climate change and thereby to increase their livelihood.

Stage 1 of this project was conducted in 2012 under SRA- ADP/2010/070 focusing on assessing the capacity of farmers to respond to climate change involving in household and village surveys.

Project Objectives:

  • To identify those farmers at risk from climate change by using farm level survey data to assess the forms and costs of response to climate change by different types of farmers.
  • To develop the capacity to model the consequences through market processes for prices and outputs and therefore incomes of climate change and farmer responses to climate change.
  • To use that modelling capability alongside an assessment framework to assess the effects of policy options and to identify and promote the adoption of priority policy responses to assist farmer adaptation and adjustment to climate change.
  • The Key Output

    Development of and support for the analysis and adoption of policy options in response to climate change to raise farmer welfare via policy making process by engaging those responsible for the policy response to climate change

  • Key Activities
    Year 1
    • Design and conduct of new and follow-up household and village surveys. Guangdong province in China was the area of the survey where 540 households were surveyed. In Vietnam, surveys have been conducted in Ben Tre, Tra Vinh and Binh Dinh provinces where 670 households and 49 village heads were interviewed.
    • Advisory Boards have been established in each country to obtain expert advice on the communication activity. They are supposed to meet at least once in 12 months and discuss project results, outcomes and impacts.
    • Analyse data collected in Stage 1 of this project to identify significant distinguishing characteristics of farmers and,
      1. Classify them by their perceptions of climate change
      2. Classify them by their choice of adaptation
      3. Explain the choice of adaptation methods by different types of farmers
      The work included a production of a number of papers, which have extended the literature of our understanding of farmer responses to climate change.
    Year 2
    • Conducting a series of econometric analyses to examine the determinants of farmers’ climate change responses. The CCAP team is working on papers: (i) irrigation, rice productivity and management of environmental risk in adapting to extreme weather events in China; (ii) responses of cropping structure to extreme weather events and market price in rice production region (Guangdong); (iii) rice input response to extreme weather events and market price: labor and fertilizers; (iv) response of farmers’ consumption to extreme weather events in China; and (v) farmers’ irrigation investment and land property right in China. The papers being prepared by the CAP team include : (i) impacts of government’s policy supports on adaptation behaviours of farmers; (ii) impacts of household assets and community asset on adaptation behaviours of farmers; (iii) impacts of farmer’s social capital, farm assets and village’s infrastructure on farmer’s perception; (iv) impacts of household’s adaptation behaviours on rice yield; (v) Impacts of price change and climate change on agriculture production; (vi) impacts of disaster on crop diversification; and (vii) impacts of gender on household’s adaptation behaviours. The results of most of these works will be in the form of publications in international journals and will be discussed in national and international conferences.
    • Assessing long-term impacts of climate change on prices and rice production, trade and farmer’s income by using Domestic Policy Simulation Model (CAPSiM) and Global trade Analysis Project (GTAP) models.
    • Assessing interventions that have been designed to reduce the cost of farmer adjustment: Modelling capability will be used alongside an assessment framework to assess the effects of policy options and to identify and promote the adoption of priority policy responses to assist farmer adaptation and adjustment to climate change.
    • Distribution and discussion of results, and development of capacity for policy making.
  • Results and Applications

    The first year of the work of this project has included the production of a large number of papers, which have extended the literature of our understanding of farmer responses to climate change. More information on key results and their policy implications can be downloaded here.

  • Meetings

    The project team met first in Singapore for a two-day inception meeting in August 2014. Click here for the agenda.

    The team attended a writing workshop between 14 and 19 March 2015 in Guangzhou, China. The workshop involved a series of sessions in which team members presented their work to date, took comments from the participants to revise the econometric analysis. A number of different papers were reviewed in this way building a considerable capacity among participants.

    The project team met in Milan, Italy in August 2015 during the International Conference of Agricultural Economists (ICAE 2015). As a part of an Organized Symposium at 2015’s conference on "Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change on Agriculture in China and Vietnam" held on 12 August , the members of the team presented findings of research papers on (1) Impacts of Climate Change on Crop Yields in China; (2) Assessing the impacts of community’s and household’s assets on the adaptation behaviour of Vietnamese rice farmers against weather extreme events; (3) Adaptation Capacity of Irrigation Infrastructure against Extreme Weather Events and their Cost Evaluation in China; (3) Adaptation to Climate Change in Guangdong Province in China: Do Land Rights Matter?; (4) Early Warning Information, Farmers’ Perceptions of and Adaptations to Drought in China, and (5) Impacts of Climate Change on China’s Food Security.

    The team met in Hanoi -Vietnam for a two-day meeting in December 2015 to discuss and review the progress so far.

    Members of the Chinese team and the University of Adelaide team met in Canberra in February 2016 and presented their research findings at AARES annual conference 2016 as a part of a special session on ‘Farmers’ Adaptation to Climate Change’. The team members presented papers on (1) Impacts of Climate Change on Major Crop Yield in China; (2) Climate Change and China’s Agriculture: Impact and Adaptation; (3) Adaptation to Climate Change in Guangdong Province in China: Do Property Rights Matter?, and (4) The Economic Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Agriculture: the Role of Adaptation.

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