The PARD-P Model
The PARD-P is based on research into best practice in professional development. The PARD-P cycle has four recurring stages: focus, observe, reflect/set goals, implement/evaluate.
Stage 1: Focus
The first stage of the PARD-P process involves finding a focus for observation. This stage involves a facilitated training session which provides opportunities for you and your partner to:
- discuss the PARD-P model
- clarify a focus for your observations of teaching or teaching materials. Some work may be needed to ensure your partner has access to appropriate documents e.g. access to MyUni sites, assessment tools, etc.
- engage with guidelines for observing a colleague
- practice giving constructive feedback on teaching or teaching materials
Finding a focus will help you provide constructive feedback to your partner on their chosen focus for observation.
Stage 2: Observe
The second stage of the PARD-P process involves observing your partner in action either in one of their classes or by engaging with some of their teaching materials and providing them with some feedback. Take notes about your observations so that you can synthesise and share them with your partner. Once this has occurred, meet with your partner to discuss your observations and provide feedback. We recommend that this meeting be held face-to-face and is supplemented by some written feedback.
Stage 3: Reflect/Set Goals
The third stage of the PARD-P process is about reflecting upon the oral and written feedback from your partner and then setting goals for future implementation in your teaching. In this stage we encourage you to articulate, based on the feedback you have received from your peer partner, the three most important reflections you have made about your teaching practice. We encourage you to use these reflections to set at least one goal to work towards in your teaching. This goal might involve trialling a new technique, building your skills or knowledge in a particular area, and/or seeking more information from students or other staff.
Stage 4: Implement/Evaluate
The fourth stage of the PARD-P process is about implementing and evaluating your set goals. In this stage we encourage you to consciously try something new in your teaching and then evaluate how effective this change has been for both you and your students. It is important to be realistic about the level of change you and your students are able to cope with. It is better to make small, incremental and achievable changes over time rather than making large and stressful changes to every aspect of your curriculum.