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Psychiatric Rating Scales and Diagnostic Aids

Last update: 12 February 2014,
by Maureen Bell



I have included references to printed versions of scales as for some I cannot find electronic versions. References to print versions are in bold, whereas hyper links are in blue. All of the printed sources are available in the library. Under general resources you will find DSM-IV links, and a list of some books held by the library which describe a variety of tests and their uses, and in some cases reprint the tests themselves. There are further sources of information on psychological testing on my psychology page and the University's Psychology Department maintains a test library.

For a collection of scales and forms to measure recovery see my rehabilitation and recovery page.

Scales and questionnaires relating to service delivery and quality, as opposed to clinical issues, are here

Click here for an alphabetical list of individual scales.

In the last section of this page I'm creating a list of Medline searches on reviews of rating scales used for various specific conditions.


General Resources (including DSM and ICD) and Collections of Rating Scales

Black Dog Institute - Rating Scales List
The Mood Disorders Unit (MDU) research team at the Black Dog Institute has been responsible for developing a number of rating scales which are available from this site.

DSM-IV Diagnoses and Codes
From the Virtual En-psych-lopedia, by Dr Bob (Robert Hsiung, MD), two listings of diagnoses and codes - one alphabetical, and one numerical

DSM-5
On this page you will find links to articles in Psychiatric News, fact sheets, and videos that explain the new organization and features of the DSM-5 and the diagnostic differences between DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5. The links are updated with the publication of each bimonthly edition of Psychiatric News.

DSM-5 online assessment measures
These patient assessment measures were developed to be administered at the initial patient interview and to monitor treatment progress. Instructions, scoring information, and interpretation guidelines are included.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
ICD-10 is available at this WHO site.

Measuring the Promise: A Compendium of Recovery Measures, Volume II
By Theodora Campbell-Orde, Judi Chamberlin, Jenneth Carpenter, and H. Stephen Leff. Produced by the Evaluation Center@HSRI, in the United States, October 2005. This document offers a synopsis of the November 2004 invitational conference Measuring the Promise: Assessing Recovery and Self-Determination Instruments for Evidence-Based Practices. Reviews of the instruments themselves follow this section. The instruments are divided into two categories: measures of individual recovery and measures of recovery-promoting environments. It concludes with recommendations for further developments in the measurement of recovery

The Medical Algorithms Project
A Medical Algorithm is any computation, formula, survey, or look-up table, useful in healthcare.This site contains thousands of algorithms. Clicking on the algorithm link will open up a spread sheet which you can then save for future use. Algorithm documentation is available online in a separate window.
Chapters of particular interest are:-

National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - Assessment
This site provides clinicians and researchers with descriptive, reference, and contact information about child and adult measures of trauma exposure and responses.

Quality of Life Measurement Among Persons with Chronic Mental Illness : A Critique of Measures and Methods
Prepared by Mark J. Atkinson, and Sharon Zibin, for Systems for Health Directorate, Health Promotion and Programs Branch, Health Canada. Ottawa, Health Canada, 1996.

Stony Brook Attachment Measures
This site, from the Department of Psychology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, contains a number of instruments relating to the measurement of mother infant interaction.

TMdb (Tests and Measures in the Social Sciences: Tests Available in Compilation Volumes)
Compiled by Helen Hough, Health Sciences Librarian, University of Texas at Arlington, an excellent listing of tests published in compilation volumes of tests and measures. It has a useful author and keyword index.

Click here to check Library Search for books on rating scales and their use. The list will be displayed in relevance order, but you can re-sort it by author's name, title, or date of publication if you like.

For information on the use of individual scales you will need to search under the name of the scale in the alphabetical list below.

Many of the scales listed are also available on the CD which accompanies the Handbook of psychiatric measures / Task Force for the Handbook of Psychiatric Measures ; A. John Rush, Jr. ... [et al.]. 2nd ed. Washington, DC : American Psychiatric Association, c2008.

VTPU | Mental Health Instruments in non-English Languages
A useful resource containing mental health instruments in non-English languages, from the Victorian Transcultural Psychiatry Unit.

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Alphabetical List of Scales

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS)

Guy W. ECDEU assessment manual for psychopharmacology. Revised. (DHEW Publ No ADM 76-338). Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration, NIMH Psychopharmacology Research Branch, Division of Extramural Research Programs, 1976, pp 534-537

Munetz MR, Benjamin S.
How to examine patients using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale.
Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1988, 39:1172-1177
is a useful resource to consult for the application of this instrument.

Agitated Behavior Scale
This scale was developed to allow objective assessment of agitated behaviour, particularly serial assessments for the evaluation of interventions to reduce agitation.

Corrigan, J.D
Development of a scale for assessment of agitation following traumatic brain injury.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neurospychology, 1989, 11: 261-277.

Alarm Distress Baby Scale (ADBB)
The ADBB scale is a scale to assess social withdrawal behaviour in infants under 3 years of age.

Guedeney, Antoine
A validity and reliability study of assessment and screening for sustained withdrawal reaction in infancy: The Alarm Distress Baby scale.
Infant Mental Health Journal 2001, 22 (5): 559-575.
The scale is available her - see appendix B

ALDA Scale

Grof, P., Duffy, A., Cavazzoni, P., Grof, E., Garnham, J., MacDougall, M., O'Donovan, C., Alda, M.
Is response to prophylactic lithium a familial trait?
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 63 (10): 942-947
See Table 2. p. 944, Retrospective Criteria of Lithium Response in Research Subjects

AQoL

The Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) Instrument Construction, Initial Validation & Utility Scaling. By Graeme Hawthorne, Jeff Richardson, Richard Osborne, and Helen McNeil.
Centre for Health Program Evaluation. Working paper 76.
This paper is an update of CHPE Working paper 66
"The Australian Quality of Life (AQoL) Instrument: Initial Validation"
October, 1997.

Awareness of Illness Inventory (AII)

Cuffel BJ, Alford J, Fischer EP, Owen RR
Awareness of illness in schizophrenia and outpatient treatment adherence
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Nov 1996, 184: 653-659

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B

Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS)

Barnes TRE
A rating scale for drug-induced akathisia.
British Journal of Psychiatry 1989, 156: 672-676

Beck Depression Inventory

Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J
An inventory for measuring depression
Archives of General Psychiatry June 1961, 4: 561-571

For a selective list of journal articles on the Beck Depression Inventory and its use click here

Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS)
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a 20-item scale for measuring negative attitudes about the future. Research consistently supports a positive relationship between BHS scores and measures of depression, suicidal intent, and ideation.

Beck AT, Weissman A, Lester D, Trexler L.
The measurement of pessimism: the hopelessness scale.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1974 Dec;42(6):861-5
and
Beck AT, Steer RA, Kovacs M, Garrison B.
Hopelessness and eventual suicide: a 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation.
American Journal of Psychiatry. 1985 May;142(5):559-63.

Behavior pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (BEHAVE-AD)
This scale was developed to measure potentially remediable behavioural symptoms in people with Alzheimer's disease.

Reisberg B, Borenstein J, Salob SP, Ferris SH, Franssen E, Georgotas A
Behavioral symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: phenomenology and treatment.
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry May 1987, 48 Suppl: 9-15.

Behaviour and Symptom Identification Scale (BASIS-32)

Eisen SV, Grob MC, and Klein AA
BASIS: the development of a self-report measure for psychiatric inpatient evaluation
Psychiatric Hospital Fall 1986, 17(4): 165-71

Further information is available here

Behavioural Activity Rating Scale (BARS)
The Behavioural Activity rating Scale (BARS) was designed to measure the degree of agitated behavior in patients with psychosis.

Swift RH, Harrigan EP, Cappelleri JC, Kramer D, and Chandler LP.
Validation of the behavioural activity rating scale (BARS): a novel measure of activity in agitated patients.
Journal of Psychiatric Research Mar-Apr 2002, 36(2):87-95.

Behavioural Status Index
The Behavioural Status Index (BSI) is a behaviourally based instrument developed from previous research carried out by Mahgoub and Reed in the early 1980s. Originally known as the Behavioural Recovery Index, it was developed to assess therapeutic impacts during ‘bridging’ therapy as patients moved from hospital to community-based psychiatric care. Four areas of behaviour were assessed insight; communication and social skills; self and family care; and work and recreational activities. Substantial reworking of the existing four sub-scales has been undertaken and a new ‘risk’ sub-scale has been developed for inclusion in this forensic version. This development is described in:

Woods P, Reed V, and Robinson D
The Behavioural Status Index: therapeutic assessment of risk, insight, communication and social skills.
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing April 1999, 6: 79-90

Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire Revised (BAVQ-R)

Chadwik P, and Birchwood M
The omnipotence of voices. II: The Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ)
British Journal of Psychiatry 1995, 166:773-776

Chandwick P, Lees S, Birchwood M.
The revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R).
British Journal of Psychiatry 2000 Sep; 177:229-32

Bipolar Affective Disorder Dimension Scale (BADDS)

The Bipolar Affective Disorder Dimension Scale (BADDS) a dimensional scale for rating lifetime psychopathology in Bipolar spectrum disorders
By Nick Craddock, Ian Jones, George Kirov, and Lisa Jones.
BMC Psychiatry. 2004, 4: 19-

Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)
A copy of the 18 item scale is available at this site. The BPRS expanded version (4.0) is here.

Overall JE, and Gorham, DR
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
Psychological Reports 1962, 10: 799-812
and
Schutte, Nicola S.
Sourcebook of adult assessment strategies, by Nicola S. Schutte and John M. Malouff. New York: Plenum Press, c1995. (pp. 453-460)

For a selective list of journal articles on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and its uses click here

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C

The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia
The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia has been developed by Drs. D. and J. Addington at the University of Calgary, to assess the level of depression in schizophrenia. It has been evaluated in both relapsed and remitted patients.

For a selection of journal articles on the scale and its uses click here

Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale
The Cambridge Depersonalization Scale is meant to capture the frequency and duration of depersonalization symptoms over the 'last 6 months'.

Sierra M, Berrios GE.
The Cambridge Depersonalization Scale: a new instrument for the measurement of depersonalization.
Psychiatry Research 2000 Mar 6;93(2):153-64.

Camdex-R

Camdex-R: the Cambridge examination for mental disorders of the elderly, by Martin Roth ... [et al]. Rev. ed.. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York, NY, USA :, Cambridge University Press,. 1997.

For a selective list of journal articles on the Camdex and its uses click here

Child Behavior Checklist Web Site
The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is the centrepiece of a family of psychological assessment instruments developed by Dr. Thomas M. Achenbach and used by professionals in the mental health and education fields for evaluating emotional and behavioral problems and competencies of children and adolescents. You can view a sample copy here

Children's GAF see Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF)

Clinician Administered PTSD Scale(CAPS)
From the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, this scale was developed by the National Center for PTSD.

Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue (CSF) Test
See ProQOL

Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)
The CIDI is a structured instrument for the assessment of mental disorders according to the definitions and criteria of ICD-10 and DSM-IV. It can be used in epidemiological and cross-cultural studies as well as for clinical and research purposes. Further information is available from the CIDI Home Page on the WHO website. The Australian training centre is

Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression
St. Vincent's Hospital
Darlinghurst, NSW 2010
Australia
Tel: +61-2-9332-1013
Fax: +61-2-9332-4316
Contact: Dr Gavin Andrews or Dr Lorna Peters
Email: gavina@crufad.unsw.edu.au or lornap@crufad.unsw.edu.au

For a selective list of journal articles on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and its uses click here

Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia
The Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) is designed for use in elderly patients with underlying cognitive deficits. Because this patient population may give unreliable answers, the CSDD additionally uses information from a patient informant, someone who knows and has frequent contact with the patient, and can include family members or care staff.


Crown-Crisp Experiential Index (CCEI)
see Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire

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D

DemeGraph
The DemeGraph is an aid to assessing patients for dementia by combining standard cognitive testing with a formal means of assessing an informant's view of changes in the patient's memory and cognitive functioning.

DEMQOL and DEMQOL-Proxy

Measurement of health-related quality of life for people with dementia: development of a new instrument (DEMQOL) and an evaluation of current methodology
Health Technology Assessment 2005, 9(10)
Gold-standard psychometric techniques were used to develop DEMQOL and DEMQOL-Proxy. First, a conceptual framework was generated from a review of the literature, qualitative interviews with people with dementia and their carers, expert opinion and team discussion. Items for each component of the conceptual framework were drafted and piloted to produce questionnaires for the person with dementia (DEMQOL) and carer (DEMQOL-Proxy)

Depression Anxiety Stress Scales - DASS
The DASS is a 42 item self-report inventory.

Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)
This is a self-report scale that assesses the degree and types of dissociative experiences. There are two authorised versions:

Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)
Bernstein E, and Putnam FW
Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 1986, 174: 727-735
The 28 questions in the scale are listed as an appendix.
and
Dissociative Experiences Scale - II (DES-II)
Carlson EB, and Putnam FW
An update on the Dissociative Experiences Scale
Dissociation 1993 6: 16-27
This article serves as a manual, and summarises data on psychiatrically healthy and clinical samples. It also contains a reproducible copy of the DES-II

The DES and the DES-II contain the same 28 questions and differ only in response format. Copies can be ordered from

Sidran Institute
200 East Joppa Road
Suite 207
Baltimore, MD 21286-3107

A selective list of references on the Dissociative Experiences Scale is avilable here.

DPRS (Derogatis Psychiatric Rating Scale)
You will find a description and answers to some common questions about the scale here.

Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI)

Hogan TP, Awad AG, Eastwood R
A self-report scale predictive of drug compliance in schizophrenics: reliability and discriminative validity
Psychological Medicine February 1983, 13(1): 177-183

There appear to be two forms - a longer 30 item version, and a shorter 10 item version

E

Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
There is also a useful book on the use of the scale:

Perinatal psychiatry : use and misuse of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale / edited by John Cox, Jeni Holden. London : Gaskell : distributed in North America by American Psychiatric Press, c1994.

For a selective list of journal articles on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and is uses click here

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F

Fear Questionnaire

Marks IM, and Mathews AM
Brief standard self-rating scale for phobic patients
Behaviour Research and Therapy 1979, 17: 263-267

Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

This instrument is based on a factor analytic study of five independently developed mindfulness questionnaires. An online version is available.

Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L.
Using self- report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness.
Assessment 2006 , 13(1) 27-45.

Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)

Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmuller, V., Kleinknecht, N., Schmidt, S.
Measuring Mindfulness--The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI).
Personality and Individual Differences 2006, 40, 1543-1555.

G

GAD-7
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common mental disorders; however, there is no brief clinical measure for assessing GAD. The objective of this study was to develop a brief self-report scale to identify probable cases of GAD and evaluate its reliability and validity.

Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JB, Lowe B.
A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder: the GAD-7.
Archives of Internal Medicine 2006 May 22;166(10):1092-7.

General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)

Goldberg, David P.
The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire: a technique for the identification and assessment of non-psychotic psychiatric illness. London, New York, Oxford University Press, 1972
Maudsley monographs no 21, 1972
and
McDowell, Ian. Measuring health : a guide to rating scales and questionnaires, by Ian McDowell, and Claire Newell.2nd ed., New York, Oxford University Press, 1996. (pp. 225-236)

For a selective list of journal articles on the General Health Questionnaire and its uses click here

The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE)
This site provides details of the scale as well as a bibliography of references to it.

Geriatric Depression Scale
The original 30 item version of the scale appears in

Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey M, Leirer VO
Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report.
Journal of Psychiatric Research 1982-83, 17: 37-49

Geriatric Depression Scale (Short Form)
Also available from the site above, this is a 15 item scale, adapted from
Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA:
Geriatric depression scale (GDS): Recent evidence and development of a shorter version in Clinical Gerontology: A Guide to Assessment and Intervention, edited by TL Brink. Binghamton, NY, Haworth Press, 1986, pp 165–173.

Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) The GAF is a revised version of the Global Assessment Scale (GAS) that was used as an Axis V of DSM-III to assess a patient's overall functioning. There is now a modified version of the GAF:- Modiified Global Assessment of Functioning - (Revised mGAF-R)

Global Assessment Scale (GAS)

Endicott J, Spitzer RL, Fleiss JL, Cohen J
The Global Assessment Scale: a product for measuring overall severity of psychiatric disturbance Archives of General Psychiatry 1976, 33: 766-771

For a selective list of journal articles on the GAF and the GAS and their uses click here.

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H

HAMD-7 (a 7-item abbreviated version of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale)

Measuring the severity of depression and remission in primary care: validation of the HAMD-7 scale
By Roger S. McIntyre et al.
CMAJ. November 22, 2005 173(11): 1327-1334.

Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA)
This scale was originally developed by M.C. Hamilton in 1959.

For a selective list of articles on the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and its uses click here.

Hamilton Depression Rating Scale

Hamilton, M
A rating scale for depression.
Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 1960, 23: 56-62
and
Schutte, Nicola S
Sourcebook of adult assessment strategies, by Nicola S. Schutte and John M. Malouff. New York: Plenum Press, c1995. (pp.127-134)

For a selective list of journal articles on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and its uses click here

Harvard Department of Psychiatry and National Depression Screening Day Scale (HANDS)
The Harvard Department of Psychiatry and National Depression Screening Day Scale (HANDS) is an easy-to-use screening tool of 10 questions to identify patients with symptoms of recent depression.

Jacobs DG.
A 52-year-old suicidal man.
JAMA. 2000 May 24-31;283(20):2693-9

Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ)
There are six versions of this questionnaire. The Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian versions of the HTQ were written for use with Southeast Asian refugees. The Japanese version was written for survivors of the 1995 Kobe earthquake. The Croatian Veterans' Version was written for soldiers who survived the wars in the Balkans, while the Bosnian version was written for civilian survivors of that conflict.
Copies can be purchased from the

HoNOS
The HoNOS (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales) (4th version) for psychiatry are in the British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 174 May 1999, accompanied by a collection of articles examining their utility, validity and reliability.

For the most up-to-date information on all of the HoNOS scales for psychiatry - rating instructions, glossary, and score sheets, check the HoNOS web site
There are versions for different mental health service user groups:

HoNOS: working age adults
HoNOS65+: older adults
HoNOSCA: children and adolescents
There is also an independent HoNOSCA Project: Homepage
HoNOS-LD: learning disabilities
HoNOS-secure: HoNOS-secure is the latest version of HoNOS-MDO.
HoNOS-ABI: acquired brain injury

A review of the psychometric properties of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) family of measures
By Jane E Pirkis, Philip M Burgess, Pia K Kirk, Sarity Dodson, Tim J Coombs and Michelle K Williamson.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2005, 3:76

For a selective list of journal articles on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales and their uses click here

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I

IDS/QIDS
The Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS) and the sixteen item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) are available to download from this site.

Both the clinician rating version, and the self-report version of the QIDS appear as appendices in the article below

Rush AJ, Trivedi MH, Ibrahim HM, Carmody TJ, Arnow B, Klein DN, Markowitz JC, Ninan PT, Kornstein S, Manber R, Thase ME, Kocsis JH, and Keller MB.
The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression.
Biological Psychiatry 2003, 54(5): 573-83

Illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ)

Pilowsky, Issy, and Spence, Neil.
Manual for the illness behaviour questionnaire (IBQ) . 3rd ed. Adelaide: The Author, c1994.

For a selective list of journal articles on the Illness Behaviour Questionnaire and its uses click here

Impact of Event Scale (IES)

Horowitz M, Wilner N, Alvarez W.
Impact of Event Scale: a measure of subjective stress.
Psychosomatic Medicine May 1979, 41(3): 209-18.

Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R)

Weiss DS, and Marmar CR
The Impact of Event Scale - Revised, in Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD. Edited by Wilson JP, Keane TM. New York, Guilford Press, 1996, pp 399-411

The IES-R is copyrighted and is available free of charge from:
Daniel S Weiss
Director of PTSD Research
Department of Psychiatry
University of California - San Francisco
San Francisco, CA 94143

Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE)
The IQCODE is a short questionnaire designed to assess cognitive decline and dementia in elderly people. The questionnaire is filled out by a relative or friend who has known the elderly person for 10 years or more.

International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE)

Assessment and diagnosis of personality disorders : the International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE) / edited by Armand W. Loranger, Aleksandar Janca, and Norman Sartorius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, c1997.

Internet Mental Health Quality of Life Scale: A Quality of Life Questionnaire
This scale measures social and occupational functioning, mental health, physical health, and progress.

InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking (ISST)
The InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking (ISST) is a 12-item instrument for the assessment of current suicidal ideation in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders.

Lindenmayer JP, Czobor P, Alphs L, Nathan AM, Anand R, Islam Z, Chou JC; InterSePT Study Group.
The InterSePT scale for suicidal thinking reliability and validity.
Schizophrenia Research 2003 Sep 1;63(1-2):161-70.

Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS)
see
IDS/QIDS

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K

Kennedy Axis V
The Kennedy Axis V is published in:

Mastering the Kennedy Axis V: A New Psychiatric Assessment of Patient Functioning, by James Kennedy, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2003.
You can request a free copy from the site below
KennedyMD Consulting - Kennedy Axis V

Kennedy NOSIE (Nurses' Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation)
The Kennedy NOSIE is published in:

Fundamentals of Psychiatric Treatment Planning, Second Edition, By James Kennedy, MD, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2003.
You can request a free copy from the site below
KennedyMD Consulting - Nurse Observation Scale

Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)
This is a scale of psychological distress developed for use in epidemiological surveys. It is suitable for use as an outcome measure in people with anxiety and depressive disorders. The scale was developed by R. Kessler, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston.

Andrews, G., Slade, T . Interpreting scores on the Kessler Psychological Distress
Scale (k10).
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2001, 25: 494-497.

Information Paper: Use of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale in ABS Health Surveys, Australia, 2001

The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)
Population Research and Outcome Studies PROS Brief Reports 2002-14

The K10 scale was used in the study below
Which South Australians Experience Psychological Distress? Kessler Psychological Distress 10-item Scale July 2002 - June 2004
By Jodie Avery, Eleonora Dal Grande, Anne Taylor, and Tiffany Gill. Adelaide, Population Research and Outcome Studies Unit, South Australian Department of Health, June 2004.

Kiddie-SADS-PL
Version 1.0 of October 1996 of the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) is available from this site.

L

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale
Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a questionnaire whose objective is to assess the range of social interaction and performance situations that individuals with social phobia may fear and/or avoid. It is also a popular measurement tool used by researches to evaluate the efficiency of various social anxiety disorder treatments, including pharmacological trials.

Liebowits, M. R
Social phobia.
Modern Problems of Pharmacopsychiatry 1987, 22 : 141-173

Life Experiences Survey (LES)

Sarason IG, Johnson JH, and Siegel JM
Assessing the impact of life changes: development of the Life Experiences Survey
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1978, 46: 932-946

Life Skills Profile (LSP)
The .pdf provides a brief description of the three versions of the LSP; lists the items in them and how they can be scored; and gives a bibliography of articles citing the LSP. Contacts for further information are listed in the document.

Rosen A, Hadzi-Pavlovc D, and Parker G
The Life Skills Profile: a measure assessing function and disability in schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Bulletin 1989, 15: 325-337

(LIFE-RIFT)
see Range of Impaired Functioning Tool

LUNSERS
The Liverpool University Neuroleptic Side Effect Rating Scale. LUNSERS is a fully validated and comprehensive self-rating scale for measuring the distress from side effects of neuroleptics at any particular time.

Day JC, Wood G, Dewey M, and Bentall RP.
A self-rating scale for measuring neuroleptic side-effects. Validation in a group of schizophrenic
patients.
British Journal of Psychiatry 1995, 166: 650-653

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M

Major (ICD-10) Depression Inventory (MDI)
The MDI items cover the ICD-10 symptoms of depression. These symptoms also include the DSM-IV major depression symptoms, although in DSM-IV ' low self-esteem ' is incorporated in the item of guilt.

Maudsley Addiction Profile (MAP)
A brief instrument for treatment outcome research, by John Marsden and others. National Addiction Centre/Institute of Psychiatry, July 1998.

For a list of journal articles on the Maudsley Addiction Profile and its uses click here

Measure of Parental Style (MOPS)
The MOPS is a self-assessment tool used to measure perceived parenting styles.

Mental Health Inventory (MHI)

Veit CT,and Ware JE
The structure of psychological distress and well-being in general populations
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1983, 31(5):730-742

Mental State Examination (MSE)

Pridmore, Saxby.
The psychiatric interview. Amsterdam : Harwood Academic, c2000.
Subtitle on cover: A guide to history taking and the mental state examination
Location: Barr Smith Main collection
Call Number: 616.89075 P947p

Trzepacz, Paula T. and Baker, Robert W.
Psychiatric mental status examination. New York : Oxford University Press, 1993.
Location: Barr Smith Main collection
Call Number: 616.890751 T876p

Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire
(also known as the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index (CCEI))

Crown S, and Crisp AH
A short clinical diagnostic self-rating scale for psychoneurotic patients: the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire (M.H.Q.)
British Journal of Psychiatry 1966, 112: 917-923

For a selective list of journal articles on the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire and its uses click here

Millon Clinical Mutiaxial Inventory - III (MCMI-III)

Millon T, Davis R, and Millon C
MCMI-III Manual, 2nd. edition. Minneapolis, MN, National Computer Systems, 1997

The MCMI-III is copyrighted and can be purchased from
Pearson Assessments,
P.O. Box 1416,
Minneapolis, MN 55440

M.I.N.I (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview)
(English version 5.0.0)
The M.I.N.I. is an abbreviated psychiatric structured interview that takes approximately 15-20 minutes to administer. It uses decision tree logic to assess the major adult Axis I disorders in DSM-IV and ICD-10. It elicits all the symptoms listed in the symptom criteria for DSM-IV and ICD-10 for 15 major Axis 1 diagnostic categories, one Axis II disorder and for suicidality. Its diagnostic algorithms are consistent with DSM-IV and ICD-10 diagnostic algorithms.

There is also a print version
Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Sheehan KH, Amorim P, Janavs J, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Baker R, Dunbar GC.
The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10.
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1998, 59 Suppl 20:22-33; the complete M.I.N.I version 5.0.0 follows on pages 34-57

M.I.N.I - Plus Version 4.4
The M.I.N.I. Plus is a psychiatric structured interview that takes approximately 30-45 minutes to administer. It uses decision tree logic to assess the major adult Axis I disorders in DSM-IV and ICD-10. It elicits all the symptoms listed in the symptom criteria for DSM-IV and ICD-10 for 24 major Axis 1 diagnostic categories, one Axis II disorder and for suicidality. Its diagnostic algorithms are consistent with DSM-IV and ICD-10 diagnostic algorithms

Mini Mental State Examination

Folstein M, Folstein S, and McHugh PR
Mini-Mental State: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.
Journal of Psychiatric Research 1975, 12: 189-198
and
Schutte, Nicola S
Sourcebook of adult assessment strategies, by Nicola S. Schutte and John M. Malouff. New York: Plenum Press, c1995. (pp.13-18)

Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc. (PAR), is now the publisher of the Mini Mental State Examination ("MMSE").The MMSE is copyrighted and cannot be reproduced without permission from PAR.

For a selective list of journal articles on the Mini Mental State Examination and its uses click here

Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS)

Montgomery SA, and Asberg M
A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change
British Journal of Psychiatry 1979, 134: 382-38
Also in
Burns A, Lawlor B, and Craig S. Assessment scales in old age psychiatry. London, Martin Dunitz, 1999. p. 7

For a selective list of journal articles on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and its uses click here

MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36)
see
Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)

Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support

Zimet, G.D., Dahlem, N.W., Zimet, S.G. & Farley, G.K.
The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.
Journal of Personality Assessment 1988, 52: 30-41

 

Multi-dimensional Support Scale

Neuling, SJ & Winefield, HR
Social support and recovery after surgery for breast cancer: Frequency and correlates of supportive behaviours by family, friends and surgeon.
Social Science and Medicine, 27: 385-392.

Multnomah Community Ability Scale

Barker Sela, Barron Nancy, McFarland Bentson, Bigelow Douglas. Multnomah Community Ability Scale. Network Behavioral Health and Multnomah County, Oregon, 1994.
and
Dickerson FB, Origoni AE, Pater A, Friedman BK, Kordonski WM.
An expanded version of the Multnomah Community Ability Scale: anchors and interview probes for the assessment of adults with serious mental illness.
Community Ment Health Journal April 2003, 39(2): 131-7.

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Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI)

Cummings Jeffrey L, Mega M, Gray K, Rosenberg-Thompson S, et al
The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: Comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia.
Neurology 1994, 44: 2308-2314

For a selective list of journal articles on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory and its uses click here

Nurses' Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation NOSIE (30)
The Nurses' Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation (NOSIE) is a highly sensitive ward behavior rating scale. Final item selection includes the best 30 of an original pool of 100 items, tested on a sample of 630 chronic schizophrenic patients.

Honigfeld G, Gillis RD, Klett CJ.
Nurses' observation scale for inpatient evaluation: a new scale for measuring improvement in chronic schizophrenia.
Journal of Clinical Psychology 1965, 21: 65-71
and
Honigfeld G, Gillis RD, Klett CJ.
NOSIE-30: A treatment-sensitive ward behavior scale.
Psychological Reports. 1966, 19: 180-182

The NOSIE-30 is also available in

Lyttle, Jack.
Mental disorder : its care and treatment.
London : Balliere Tindall, 1986.
(Appendix 2, p 412-415)

For a selective list of journal articles on the NOSIE and its uses click here

O

Online Depression Screening Test
From the New York University Department of Psychiatry.

Overt Agitation Severity Scale

Yudofsky SC, Kopecky HJ, Kunik M, Silver JM, Endicott J.
The Overt Agitation Severity Scale for the objective rating of agitation
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 1997, 9: 541-548.
and
Kopecky HJ, Kopecky C R, Yudofsky SC
Reliability and validity of the Overt Agitation Severity Scale in adult psychiatric inpatients
Psychiatric Quarterly 1998, 69(4): 301-323

Owner-Pet Relationship scale
The Owner-Pet Relationship scale was developed in 2006 by Drs Helen Winefield and Anna Chur-Hansen, University of Adelaide, South Australia. The scale was developed to measure the attachment felt by pet owners towards their companion animals, using "attachment" in accordance with psychological theories and concepts.

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Parent-Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale (PIR-GAS)
A 90-point scale used to assess the quality of an infant-parent ( or caretaker) relationship based on a continuum from well adapted to grossly impaired.

Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire - 4
The PDQ-4 is an interactive program that determines the presence of personality disorders consistent with the DSM--IV, Axis II.. It can be used by psychologists, psychiatrists, counsellors and other mental health professionals to aid in the diagnosis or screening of patients.

Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)
Training is required in the use of PANSS to ensure inter-rater reliability. The scale itself is not available on the web.

Kay SR, Fiszbein A, and Opler LA
The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Bulletin 1987, 13: 261-276

For a selective list of journal articles on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and its uses click here

Present State Examination (PSE)

Wing, John Kenneth, Cooper, John Edward and Sartorius, N
Measurement and classification of psychiatric symptoms; an instruction manual for the PSE and Catego Program. London: New York: Cambridge University Press, 1974.
Location: Barr Smith Main collection
Call Number: 616.89 W769

Wing, John Kenneth, Cooper, John Edward and Sartorius, N
Present state examination : 9th ed. London : Cambridge University Press, 1973, c1974.
Barr Smith Main collection
Call Number: 616.89075 W769p

see also Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN) which is based on the 10th revision of the Present State Examination (PSE)

Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD)

Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Kroenke K, and others
Utility of a new procedure for for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care: the PRIME-MD 1000 study.
JAMA 1994, 272: 1749-1756

ProQOL 5
The ProQOL is the most commonly used measure of the negative and positive affects of helping others who experience suffering and trauma. The ProQOL has sub-scales for compassion satisfaction, burnout and compassion fatigue.

This page contains the most current version of the Professional Quality of Life Scales, the ProQOL. This revised version replaces the Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue Test, the Compassion Fatigue Test and the Compassion Fatigue Self-Test.

see also
Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue (CSF) Test

Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire

Zimmerman M, and Mattia JI
A self-report scale to help make psychiatric diagnoses: the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire.
Archives of General Psychiatry 2001, 58:787-94

Copies of the PDSQ are available from:
Western Psychological Services,
12031 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles,
CA 90025-1251
e-mail: CustSvc@wpspublish.com.

The Psychiatric Review of Symptoms: A Screening Tool for Family Physicians - November 1, 1998 - American Academy of Family Physicians
This was published in the November 1, 1998 issue of American Family Physician.

Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales
The Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales (PAS) provide an assessment of the clinical changes seen in dementia and depression. Three scales are derived from an interview with the subject (Cognitive Impairment, Depression, Stroke) and three from an interview with an informant (Cognitive Decline, Behaviour Change, Stroke). The PAS Summary Profile sheet indicates graphically correspondence between scale scores and clinical diagnoses and to aid the interpretation of individuals' results in terms of norms. The PAS is easy to administer and score and can be used by lay interviewers. The scales are suitable for application both in research and in services for the elderly.

Psychological General Well-Being Index - Short Form (PGWB-S)

Grossi, E., Groth, N., Paola, M., Cerutti, R., Pace, F., Compare, A., and Apolone, G.
Development and validation of the short version of the Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWB-S)
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2006, 4: 88.
Click on the Supplementary Material link to see the actual scale.

Psychosis Screening Questionnaire

Bebbington P, and Nayani T
The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire
International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 1995, 5(1): 11-19

PSYRATS (Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales)

Haddock G, McCarron J, Tarrier N, and Faragher EB.
Scales to measure dimensions of hallucinations and delusions: the psychotic symptom rating scales (PSYRATS).
Psychological Medicine 1999, 29(4): 879-89.

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QIDS (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology)
see
IDS/QIDS

Quality of Life Index (QLI)
The QLI was developed by Carol Estwing Ferrans and Marjorie Powers in 1984 to measure quality of life in terms of satisfaction with life. The QLI measures both satisfaction and importance regarding various aspects of life.

Quality of Life Interview (QOLI)
This scale was designed to assess the quality of life of people with severe and persistent mental illness.

Lehman AF
A Quality of Life Interview for the chronically mentally ill
Evaluation and Program Planning 1998, 11: 51-62

The Quality of Life Toolkit (1995) , which contains the full and brief versions of the QOLI is available free of charge from:

The Evaluation Center
Health Services Research Institute (HRSI)
2336 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02140

Qality of Life Scale (QLS)
This scale was developed to assess the quality of life of individuals with schizophrenia.

Heinrichs DW, Hanlon TE and Carpenter WT
The Quality of Life Scale [QLS]: An Instrument for Rating the Schizophrenic Deficit
Syndrome.
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 1984 10(3): 388-398

Quality of Life Scale (QOLS)
The QOLS is a 16-item domain-specific scale developed by John Flanagan and modified for use in chronic illness populations by Carol Burckhardt.

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Range of Impaired Functioning Tool (LIFE-RIFT)

Leon AC, Solomon DA, Mueller TI, Turvey CL, Endicott J, and Keller MB
The Range of Impaired Functioning Tool (LIFE-RIFT): A brief measure of functional impairment.
Psychological Medicine July 1999, 29(4): 869-878
The LIFE-RIFT is appended

Recovery Oriented Systems Indicators (ROSI)
The ROSI is developed from and grounded in the lived experiences of adults with serious and prolonged psychiatric disorders. Thus, the ROSI consumer self-report survey and administrative profile are designed to assess the recovery orientation of community mental health systems for adults with serious and prolonged psychiatric disorders.

Review of Diagnostic Screening Instruments for Alcohol and Other Drug Use and Other Psychiatric Disorders

Review of Diagnostic Screening Instruments for Alcohol and Other Drug Use and Other Psychiatric Disorders,. Report prepared by School of Applied Psychology Griffith University, Department of Psychiatry University of Queensland, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre for the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, August 2002.

Role Function Scale (RFS)

Goodman SH, Sewell DR, Cooley EL, and Leavitt N
Assessing levels of adaptive functioning: th Role Function Scale
Community Mental Health Journal April 1993, 29(2): 119-131

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
A full description of the original scale can be found in the Appendix of

Rosenberg, Morris
Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1965 (Chapter 2 discusses construct validity.)

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Salford Needs Assessment Schedule for Adolescents

Kroll L, Woodham A, Rothwell J, Bailey S, Tobias C, Harrington RC, and Marshall M
Reliability of the Salford Needs Assessment Schedule for Adolescents.
Psychological Medicine 1999, 29: 891-902

Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS)

Andreasen NC
Negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Definition and reliability.
Archives of General Psychiatry Jul 1982, 39(7): 784-8
and
Andreasen NC, and Olsen, S
Negative v positive schizophrenia. Definition and validation.
Archives of General Psychiatry Jul 1982, 39(7): 789-94

Schizophrenia : positive and negative symptoms and syndromes / volume editor, Nancy C. Andreasen. Basel ; New York : Karger, c1990.
Modern problems of pharmacopsychiatry vol. 24
and
Schutte, Nicola S
Sourcebook of adult assessment strategies, by Nicola S. Schutte and John M. Malouff. New York: Plenum Press, c1995. (pp.59-96)

For a selective list of journal articles about Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and their uses click here

Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS)

Endicott J, Spitzer RL.
A diagnostic interview: the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia.
Archives of General Psychiatry Jul 1978, 35(7): 837-44

There is also a children's version of this scale
See
Kiddie-SADS

Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS)
The Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS) is an instrument for categorizing patients with schizophrenia into those with and those without the deficit syndrome.

Kirkpatrick B, Buchanan RW, McKenney PD, Alphs LD, Carpenter WT Jr.
The Schedule for the Deficit syndrome: an instrument for research in schizophrenia.
Psychiatry Research 1989 Nov;30(2):119-23.

Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN)
(SCAN is based on the 10th revision of the Present State Examination (PSE))

There is a reference manual for SCAN:-
Diagnosis and clinical measurement in psychiatry : a reference manual for SCAN / edited by J.K. Wing, N. Sartorius, and T.B. Ustun. Cambridge: New York :, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Location: Barr Smith Main collection
Call Number: 616.89075 W769d

And a version 2:-
Schedules for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry: version 2: manual. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, Division of Mental Health, 1994.
A code book and a glossary were also published by the World Health Organization Division of Mental Health in the same year.

For a selective list of journal articles on the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry click here

Screen for Caregiver Burden

Vitaliano PP, Russo J, Young HM, and others
The Screen for Caregiver Burden.
Gerontologist 1991, 31: 76-83

Screening Assessment of Depression-Polarity (SAD-P)
Patients with bipolar I or II major depression are often misdiagnosed with unipolar major depression. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a brief instrument to screen for bipolar disorder in patients actively ill with major depression.

Solomon DA, Leon AC, Maser JD, Truman CJ, Coryell W, Endicott J, Teres JJ, Keller MB.
Distinguishing bipolar major depression from unipolar major depression with the screening assessment of depression-polarity (SAD-P).
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2006 Mar;67(3):434-42.

Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)
The SF-36 is is a set of generic, coherent, and easily administered quality-of-life measures.

The development of the scale and its purpose are described in the article below (the questions which comprise the scale are attached as an appendix)
Ware JE, and Sherbourne CD
The MOS 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) 1. Conceptual framework and item selection.
Medical Care June 1992, 30(6) 473-483

There is also an SF-12®: An Even Shorter Health Survey
The scale itself is available here

Social Readjustment Rating Scale

Holmes T H, and Rahe RH
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale.
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 1967, 11(2): 213-218

Social Support Questionnaire

Sarason, Irwin G., Levine, Henry M., and Basham, Robert B.
Assessing social support: The Social Support Questionnaire.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1983, 44(1): 127-139.

There is also a short version

Sarason, Irwin G., Sarason, Barbara R., and Shearin, Edward N.
A Brief Measure of Social Support: Practical and Theoretical Implications.
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 1987, 4(4): 497-510.

Both can be found online
Sarason Questionnaires. University of Washington Psychology
along with other questionnaires developed by Drs Irwin and Barbara Sarason.

Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS)
The Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is designed to assess children's report of anxiety. The scale assesses a wide range of anxiety symptoms, and provides information about specific childhood anxiety disorders.

Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
Developed by Dr. Robert Goodman at the Maudsley Hospital, London.

Goodman R The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A Research Note.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1997, 38, 581-586.
and
Goodman, R., Meltzer, H., & Bailey, V. The Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire: A pilot study on the validity of the self-report version.
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,1998, 7, 125-130

Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID)
There is a new SCID website with details of the various versions of the SCID and their availability.

Suicide Assessment Scale

Stanley, Barbara, Traskman-Bendz, Lil, and Stanley, Michael
The Suicide Assessment Scale: a scale evaluating suicidal behavior.
Psychopharmacology Bulletin 1986, 22(1): 200-205

Suicide Intent Scale (SIS)

Beck AT, Schuyler D, and Herman I.
Development of suicidal intent scales in Beck AT, Resnik HLP, and Lettieri D, eds. The Prediction of Suicide. Baltimore, Md., Charles Press Publishers, 1974, p45-56.

Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R)
This is a brief, multidimensional self-report inventory designed to screen for a broad range of psychological problems and and symptoms. It is copyrighted by Leonard R. Derogatis with all rights reserved, but a description of the scale and its uses is available at this site.

The measure, manual and computer versions can be purchased from:
Pearson Assessments,
P.O. Box 1416,
Minneapolis, MN 55440

For a selective list of journal articles on the Symptom Checklist-90 and its uses click here

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Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ)
The Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ) is a 30-item instrument designed to assess the effectiveness of strategies used for the control of unpleasant and unwanted thoughts.

Wells, A., and Davies, M.I
The Thought Control Questionnaire: A measure of individual differences in the control of unwanted thoughts.
Behaviour Research and Therapy 1994, 30: 871-878

Trauma Symptom Check-list 33 and 40
Measure Authors: John Briere and Marsha Runtz. This page contains a psychometric review of the TSC 33/40, with references up to mid-1998, followed by a free copy of the TSC-40 (at the end of the page)

W

Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS)

Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich , S., Parkinson, J., Secker, J., and Stewart-Brown S.
The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2007, 5: 63
Free full text from BioMed Central. This article describes the development and validation of a new scale, comprised only of positively worded items relating to different aspects of positive mental health. You'll find a link to the scale with the references at the end of the article.

WHO-Five Well-being Index
The WHO-Five Well-being Index was derived from a larger rating scale developed for a WHO project on quality of life in patients suffering from diabetes (WHO 1990).

WHOQoL (World health Organization Quality of Life)
World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) Project is an international collaboration which has developed quality of life (QoL) profile instruments designed to be cross-culturally valid and sensitive. The instruments have wide application in cross-sectional population studies as well as in intervention evaluations, particularly in the health field.

For a list of journal articles on WHOQoL click here.

Wisconsin Quality of Life Index(W-QLI)
This measure is designed to assess the quality of life of people with severe and persistent mental illness. It may also be of value in evaluating the effectiveness of treatment programs for the chronically mentally ill. There are separate versions for clients, providers, and family members.

Becker M, Diamond R, and Sainfort F
A new patient focused index for measuring quality of life in persons with severe and persistent mental illness
Quality of Life Research Aug 1993 2(4): 239-51

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Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS)

Goodman WK, Price LH, Rasmussen SA, Mazure C, Fleischmann RL, Hill CL, Heninger GR, Charney DS.
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. I. Development, use, and reliability.
Archives of General Psychiatry Nov 1989, 46(11):1006-11
and
Goodman WK, Price LH, Rasmussen SA, Mazure C, Delgado P, Heninger GR, Charney DS.
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. II. Validity.
Archives of General Psychiatry Nov 1989, 46(11):1012-6

Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)

Young RC, Biggs JT, Ziegler VT et al
A rating scale for mania: reliability, validity, and sensitivity.
British Journal of Psychiatry 1978, 133: 429-435

For a list of references on the Young Mania Rating Scale and its uses click here

Z

Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale
Presented by GlaxoWellcome

Zung WW, Durham NC
A Self-Rating Depression Scale
Archives of General Psychiatry Jan 1965, 12: 63-70
and
Schutte, Nicola S
Sourcebook of adult assessment strategies, by Nicola S. Schutte and John M. Malouff. New York: Plenum Press, c1995. (pp.123-126)

For a list of articles on the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and its uses click here

Medline(PubMed) Searches

These are not highly refined searches and are not intended as any sort of authoritative statement on what is available. Rather they are intended to give you a general overview of the area, which you can explore at greater depth by constructing your own more tailored searches. They are updated automatically as new data is loaded into the Medline database.

Search PubMed for reviews of rating scales for anxiety disorders (including PTSD)

Search PubMed for reviews of rating scales for bipolar disorder

Search PubMed for revies of rating scales for depressive disorder

Search PubMed for reviews of rating scales for schizophrenia

Search PubMed for reviews of rating scales for suicidal behavior