Oral Health and Chronic Disease
On this page:
- Chronic Conditions
- Dental Decay
- Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report on Chronic Conditions and Oral Health provides information regarding oral health and illnesses such as asthma, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, stroke, kidney disease, high blood pressure and depression.
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Oral Diseases document states that dental caries (tooth decay) is reportedly the most prevalent chronic conditions affecting the Australian population today. This publication discusses dental caries as an issue alone including risk factors and management, and discusses the relationship between dental caries and arthritis and osteoporosis.
The Dental Health Services Victoria website discusses the linkages between dental decay and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular (heart) disease, diabetes, respiratory illnesses, stroke, dementia and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
The website also links to a downloadable pdf document with further information.
This Heart Disease and Oral Health website discusses the relationship between Cardiovascular Disease and Periodontal (Gum) Disease.
The American Academy of Periodontology website discusses the relationship between Gum Disease and Heart Disease. The website contains many other resources relating to Periodontitis (Gum Disease).
Research has shown that the risk of Periodontal disease (e.g. Gum Disease) is higher among those who have smoked before or are currently smoking compared to non-smokers and increases from former to moderate to heavy smokers. In Australia, about 32% of moderate to severe periodontitis can be attributed directly to smoking.
The supporting research can be found in the following paper:
Do LG, Slade GD, Roberts-Thomson KF, Sanders AE J Clin Periodontol. 2008 May;35(5):398-404 Smoking-attributable periodontal disease in the Australian adult population. View abstract on PubMed.
SA Health provides information on dental care for people with diabetes.
The Oral Health and Diabetes publication is directed at Diabetes sufferers, and points out the link between the disease and Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease).
The Victorian Government Dental Health Services has among other resources general dental advice for a wide range of groups including people with diabetes.
The Cancer Council SA has information directed towards Oral Health During Cancer Treatments for cancer sufferers.
The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research provides information in English and Spanish for the General Public and Health Professionals regarding Cancer Treatment and Oral Health.
Oral complications of Cancer Treatment: What the Dental Team Can Do explains the interactions between cancer treatment and oral health for cancer sufferers and health professionals.
HIV/AIDS and Oral Health contains information about the interaction between HIV/AIDS and their treatments and oral health.
AIDS.gov contains information for AIDS sufferers about oral health.
Dental Problems Associated with HIV/AIDS discusses the signs of HIV/AIDS that may be present in the mouth and how HIV/AIDS can be contracted at the dentist.