Obtaining Permission From Copyright Owners
You will need to seek permission from the copyright owner to reproduce, communicate etc, material if:
- You wish to use more of the material than is allowed under a provision in the Copyright Act.
- You wish to use material for purposes other than for the educational purposes of the University, or under fair dealing, (e.g. for commercial use)
- The copyright owner has not already granted permission (e.g. via Creative Commons licence, on the terms and conditions of the website)
You do not need to seek permission if the University owns copyright in the material (even if it was created by a different Area or School from your own) and you wish to use the material for University purposes.
Locating the Copyright Owner or Party Authorised to Grant Permission
You should keep a record of all searches and attempts to locate the Copyright Owner, as well as all correspondence with the copyright owner and all documents related to seeking permission.
- Literary, Dramatic and Artistic Works
- Musical Works and Sound Recordings
- Films and T.V. Broadcasts
- Web Sites
- Government Publications
- Orphaned Workes
- Unpublished Material
- Contact the publisher. Most publishers will have a website which will include information about requesting permission.
- If the publisher cannot give permission, they may be able to direct you to the copyright owner. The Copyright Agency Limited may be able to provide contact details for a copyright owner.
- If the author owns copyright in the work, they can give permission. Try searching Google to locate contact details for the author.
- For artistic works, contact VISCOPY - the collecting society for visual artists - they may be able to give permission or assist in locating the copyright owner.
- For artistic works held in galleries or museums, contact the museum or gallery as they may be able to give permission or assist in locating the copyright owner.
- For additional information about seeking permission browse the information sheets available on the Australian Copyright Council website.
- In the first instance contact APRA/AMCOS as they are often able to give permission on the copyright owner's behalf. If they are not able to give permission they may be able to provide contact details for a copyright owner.
- PPCA licenses recorded music and music videos for public performance, communication or broadcast.
- Try searching Google for a webpage or contact details of a copyright owner.
- In order to copy a sound recording, you may need to obtain separate permissions as the following different copyrights subsist in it:
- Audio Recording
Copyright in the recording usually belongs to the relevant record company. ARIA (Australian Recording Industry Association) may be able to provide a licence on behalf of the copyright owner of the audio recording.
- Musical Work (Written Composition)
Copyright in the musical composition usually belongs to the composer or arranger or the music publisher. APRA/AMCOS may be able to provide a licence on behalf of the copyright owner of the musical work.
- Literary Work (Lyrics)
Copyright in the lyrics usually belongs to the songwriter or the music publisher. APRA/AMCOS may be able to provide a licence on behalf of the copyright owner of the lyrics.
- Audio Recording
- Contact the film production company. If they are not able to give permission, they may be able to provide contact details for the copyright owner.
- ScreenRights may be able to provide contact details for a copyright owner or a film production company.
- Try searching Google for a webpage or contact details of a copyright owner or a film production company.
Requests for permission to use copyright material owned by the Commonwealth, see Commonwealth Copyright Administration Where copyright is owned by a State or Territory, requests for permission are handled differently depending on what the material i.e. judgements/legislation or a government report, as well as the process used by each State or Territory.
- New South Wales - Allows non-commercial use.
- Northern Territory - No permission is required to reproduce NT legislation. For all other material email the Office of Information Commissioner
- South Australia - Allows non-commercial use only. For all other uses, permission is required from the relevant department, contact them via their website.
- Tasmania - Allows non-commercial use only. For all other uses, permission is required from the relevant department, contact them via their website.
- Victoria - Material made available under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0.
- Western Australia
When the copyright owner of a work cannot be identified or located, the material is called an orphaned work. Orphaned works are still subject to copyright and cannot be used without permission. Contact the Copyright Officer to discuss.