Professor J. H. (Henry) Bennett (1926-2015)
Professor Henry Bennett’s love of mathematics was evident at an early age. He graduated from the University of Melbourne at age 20 with a BSc in Physics and a BA in Mathematics, coming first in his Mathematics Honours year. He was tutor in Maths at the University of Melbourne, and in 1949 was awarded an MA in Statistics.
He received an Australian National University scholarship and was invited to do his PhD at the University of Cambridge by the eminent English statistician and geneticist, Professor R.A. Fisher FRS. He completed his PhD in two years, received a Carnegie award to travel in the US and Canada, before returning to Cambridge to take up a Research Fellowship at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
In 1956, Henry moved to Adelaide to become Professor of Genetics and Head of Department at the University of Adelaide. In the early 60s, he was Dean of Science, and was a Visiting Professor at Ohio State University 1966-67. For 35 years he was Professor of Genetics, retiring in 1991 to become Emeritus Professor. Publishing into his early 80s, his most recent paper was published by the Royal Society in London.
Following the death of R.A. Fisher in Adelaide on 29 July 1962, Professor Bennett undertook the editing of Fisher’s Collected Papers which were published in five volumes by the University between 1971 and 1974 in an edition of 1000 copies. Two further collections were subsequently edited by Professor Bennett with selections from Fisher’s correspondence, Natural Selection, Heredity, and Eugenics: Including selected correspondence of R.A. Fisher with Leonard Darwin and others (Clarendon Press, 1983) and Statistical Inference and Analysis: Selected correspondence of R.A. Fisher (Clarendon Press, 1990). Royalties from the publications were used to fund substantial digitisation of the Fisher’s papers which were deposited with the Barr Smith Library in 1981.
Bennett also provided funds for The Sir Ronald Fisher Prize in Genetics and was instrumental in establishing the Sir Ronald Fisher Memorial Scholarships and the 1963 naming of the biological sciences R.A. Fisher Laboratories (built 1960 demolished 1997.)
In 2015 Bennett was made a member of the Order of Australia for significant service to tertiary education and research in the field of genetics, and to the analysis and preservation of science history.
Part adapted from University Engagement webpage: ‘From Cambridge to Adelaide with genetics’ / text by Andy Bennet and Nicki Somerville.
Professor Bennett began to deposit his papers to the Barr Smith Library in 2000 and continued lodging material up to 2009. In 2006 he requested that selected files be transferred from the R.A. Fisher papers to his own collection, but did not wish to have an online listing available until after his death.
Series 1. Biography and family 1 cm
Obituaries and other articles
Correspondence between Vera White [Mrs Lilian Bennett’s mother], Patricia Thomas and Dr Bernard Meyer re association of Joseph Conrad with Alfred Deakin [Vera White’s father] and Douglas Mawson [Patricia Thomas’s father]. 1976, 1981. 7 items (most are photocopies)
Book of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II: the Coronation 2 June 1953, with admission ticket for Miss Lilian White.
Series 2. Genetics Dept and the University of Adelaide 7 cm
Papers by D.G. Catcheside on teaching genetics for the BSc course and in Botany 1950-52; course outline for Genetics and Plant Breeding (Agriculture II) at University of Adelaide 1951; undated typescripts ‘Genetics and twentieth century thought’ and ‘Teaching and research in genetics’ / D.G.C.; Typescript (Roneo copy) of free public lecture ‘Heredity and modern civilization’ / Professor D.G. Catchside, 24/6/1953; Typescript ‘Report by Dr Karl Hamner, Chairman, Division of Botany, College of Agriculture, University of California at Los Angeles’ January 1950 (reporting on the lack of a plant breeding and genetics programme in Australia as observed during a 3 month trip to Australia)
Professor David Guthrie Catcheside was Professor of Genetics from 1952-1955
‘Failure rates in the University of Adelaide” / J.H. Bennett (1958) Typescript (carbon copy). 3 leaves + tables. Concerns failure rates of students admitted with School Leaving vs Leaving Honours qualifications.
Genetics Dept notes for demonstrators (1957); Notes for tutors (undated); The writing of a thesis (handout, undated); handout for Genetics and Human Variation 1H and Genetics 1H(M) ca 1975; handout ‘Genetics forfirst-year students’ / J.H. Bennett (February 1980); Background information / University of Adelaide, Dept of Genetics (1991?) – includes history of the dept., summary of teaching and research and list of staff publications; letters between Dr J.N. Timmis and Bennett 1992 re donation of volumes owned by Fisher to the Genetics Dept.; 2001 letter of invitation to symposium and dinner to celebrate achievements of Genetics upon merger into Dept of Molecular Biosciences
Genetics Department lecture notes, reading lists and examination papers, including complete notes for first year Genetics 1988. 1986-90. 2 folders
The University of Adelaide Long Term Planning Committee memo and Vice Chancellor’s Draft Introductory Note … 21/12/1953, with Bennett’s pencil notes on the implications for the Genetics Dept; Report on a Meeting of the Professoriate (26/3/1986) on senior academics service in major administrative roles, with Bennett’s pencilled notes on card; letter from Bennett and other professors to Dame Roma Mitchell 10/3/1986 re re-appointment of D.R. Stranks for a third term as VC
Correspondence between the University of Adelaide and Oliver & Boyd re royalties from Fisher publications to be paid into the Fisher Memorial Fund 1958-71; also related documents re the estate and royalty reports
Fisher memorials at the University of Adelaide: includes correspondence re provision of Fisher postgraduate scholarships in Genetics and Statistics 1962 & 1965; correspondence and rules for the Sir Ronald Fisher prize for Genetics 1962 (funded by Professor Bennett); correspondence re the naming of the Fisher Building 1963, and typescript ‘The R.A. Fisher Memorial’  leaves, with note on Fisher by Bennett
Note: the Fisher Biological Sciences Building was demolished in 1997
Letters re donations of Fisher books to the Barr Smith Library 1972, 19991-2000; also 1992 letter from Bennett re lodging a reproduction of the Leontine Campbrubi 1946 portrait of Fisher in Special Collections
Series 3. J.H. Bennett correspondence re electoral systems 0.5 cm
Correspondence of Bennett and F.J.D. Syer with the Prime Minister’s office and Minister for the Interior regarding proposed reform of the Senate electoral system. May-July 1946, February 1948. 8 items.
Correspondence and other papers re use of the Nanson-Baldwin system for Council elections at the University of Adelaide and the University of Melbourne. 1979, 1996.
Series 4. Publications of J.H. Bennett 4 cm
Publications on genetics: reprints and reviews. 1953-91. 3 cm.
Oxalis rosea. Bennett, J.H., C.R. Leach & I.R. Goodwins “The inheritance of style length in Oxalis rosea” Heredity 56 (1986); with ms notes and calculations; correspondence with David Symon re seeds from Kew Jan 1963; correspondence with Dan Lewis 1993; correspondence between Mrs V.C. Fyfe and Robert Ornduff re Oxalis sp. 1964; reprints on Oxalis valdiviensis by V.C. Fyfe (1950), Oxalis sp. By David L. Mulcahy (1965) and Oxalis priceae by David L. Mulcahy (1964)
Series 5. J.H. Bennett correspondence and papers related to R.A Fisher 9 cm
(Some files were transferred from the Fisher Papers Series 30-35 in April 2008)
Various correspondents re research interest in and permission to quote from Fisher’s letters: Mrs M.M. Bartley 1951, M.J.G. Cattermole 1989, Prof. M. Cowles 1989, Danel J. Kevles 1984
(later correspondence re research enquiries and permissions to reproduce from Fisher’s writings are held in the Special Collections manuscript administration files)
Professor P. Armitage re exhibition of and deposit of Fisher’s ms of C36 ‘On the distribution yielding the error functions of several well-known statistics in the archives of the Royal Statistical Society, 1984.’
Dr R, Baker 1975-77 re article by Fisher on freedom in scientific research; and 1940 in relation to the formation of the Society for Freedom in Science
S. Bartlett 1965 letter re his joint paper with Fisher on the pasteurisation of milk (Nature 1931)
Correspondence with Sir Walter Bodmer 1959-77, mainly personal and genetics; comments on genetics graduates 1971; invitation to Bennett to give the Sir Ronald Fisher Memorial Lecture in England in 1981 on ‘R.A. Fisher and the genetical theory of natural selection’; Bodmer lectures at the University of Adelaide in 197?; and correspondence re Fisher publications
Correspondence with Sir Walter Bodmer 1993-94 re the election of Bennett as consulting member of the Fisher Memorial Committee; minutes and agendas 1993-2003; 1997 email re proposed CD publication of Fisher’s Collected Papers; and associated correspondence re Fisher Memorial Lecture (G.B.)
Sir David Cox (editor of Biometika) 1984-66 re Neyman papers on applications of the theory of probability; Wishart/K. Pearson correspondence; W.F. Sheppard’s calculations for normal distribution; and Bowley/Edgeworth letter found in Fisher’s files
Professor Gertrude Cox 1963-64 re reproduction of Tintner portrait of Fisher for the Fisher Building at the University of Adelaide (demolished 1997)
Correspondence of J.H. Bennett with Sir Walter Crocker, C. Warren Bonython and Geoffrey B. Bean regarding nomination for the University Council 1971-72; and letters received from Sir Walter Crocker re Fisher 1993.
Correspondence with A.W.F. (Anthony) Edwards of the University of Cambridge 1958-2004: concerns Fisher publications, Medawar and Fisher, Fisher-Wright correspondence; copies of articles and lectures related to Fisher and genetics; correspondence re Edwards own publications and lectures, and Edwards’ Fisher lecture in Adelaide 1992
Eugenics Society re Fisher's official positions within the Society, 1979-80.
Professor David Finney (Biometric Society) 1962-96 re proposed publication of Fisher’s collected papers by Oliver & Boyd, and guarantee by the Biometric Society; other Fisher matters; Finney’s Distinguished Visiting Scholar in the Dept of Genetics at the U. of Adelaide in 1986; editing of Fisher’s published correspondence and Fisher’s correspondents; publication of further editions of Statistical Tables; and re Frank Yates
Professor E.B. Ford regarding comments by W.B. Provine on Fisher in article published in Lecture notes in Biomathematics 13 (1977) and on Bennett's proposed volume on natural selection and heredity, 1978-79. Also letter from E.B. Ford re death of R.A. Fisher 1982
John Ludbrook 1991-2002 re multiple comparisons, permutation tests for randomized experiment designs, and Fisher Digital Archive website
Professor T. Muraoka of the U. of Melbourne 1986 re deposit of Fisher’s cards on the study of Arabian genealogies in his early career
Dr D.A. Preece letter 1990 re copies of Fisher’s correspondence with staff of east Malling Institute of Horticultural Research
Dr W.B. Provine regarding his article in Lecture notes in Biomathematics 13 (1977), with draft of the article, 1978, 1981-82
Professor I.R. Savage 1975 re paper by L.R. Savage On Rereading R.A. Fisher [with a photostat copy of the paper]
Series 6. J.H. Bennett correspondence and papers related to Fisher’s publications 12 cm
Dr Frank Yates correspondence, principally relating to reprint of Fisher and Yates Statistical tables and Bennett’s publication of selected Fisher correspondence, 1964, 1974, 1977-94.
Correspondence with E.A. Cornish 1967 and 1971 re Oliver & Boyd’s publication of Fisher books, and between Cornish and E.S. Pearson 1967 re Fisher correspondence with Pearson’s father and Gosset.
Correspondence of Professor J.H. Bennett with Oxford University Press relating to the publication of Natural selection, heredity and eugenics (published 1983) and of Statistical inference and analysis: selected correspondence of R.A. Fisher and Statistical methods, experimental design and scientific inference (both published 1990), and with others regarding these projects and seeking permission to include letters. 1976-92. 10 cm
- Includes separate files of correspondence with George Barnard (1986-92) and with other correspondents - the latter arranged alphabetically in two sequences covering Natural selection (1976-82) and Statistical inference (1986-89)
Correspondence re Collected Papers of R.A. Fisher. 1965-2000. Includes 1968 listing of Collected papers; correspondence with Fisher's co-authors 1965 for permission to use papers; correspondence with the University of Adelaide; reviews 1973; 1973 correspondence with Dr John Tukey of Princeton University re Contributions to Mathematical Statistics index; and correspondence with the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada re sale of remaining copies 1992-2000.
Correspondence of Professor J.H. Bennett with Oxford University Press re proposed variorum edition of The Genetical theory of Natural selection. 1978, 1997-99. 2 cm.
Published works by Fisher donated by Professor Bennett have been catalogued separately.
Series 7. Correspondence and working papers re Fisher digitisation projects 4 cm
Letters to publishers, correspondence with the Barr Smith Library, working papers and users responses in regard to digitisation and on-line access to collections of Fisher's scientific papers and selected correspondence. 2000-2002
Notes compiled for the launch of the revised Fisher Digital Archive in October 2004, and list of invited guests.
Series 8. Mendeliana 4 cm
(many items concern the centenary celebrations in Brno of the publication of Mendel’s discoveries in 1965)
Professor Bennett edited an English translation of Mendel’s Experiments in plant hybridisation (Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1965) which included previously unpublished commentary and an assessment by R.A. Fisher, and W. Bateson’s biographical notice of Mendel. All royalties from the publication were given to the University of Adelaide for Fisher Memorial Scholarships etc. in Genetics.
Correspondence of Professor J.H. Bennett with Oliver & Boyd and others relating to the publication of Gregor Mendel’s Experiments in plant hybridisation (1965 reprint with introduction by R.A. Fisher), 1964-71. 2 cm.
Publications and reprints:
- Mendel, Gregor. “Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden” - negative photocopy of selected pages of original printing(?)
- Bateson, W. [Introductory note to] “Experiments in plant hybridisation by Gregor Mendel”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society 26 (1901) Typescript copy.
- “The birth of genetics: Mendel, De Vries, Correns, Tschermak in English translation” – Supplement to Genetics vol. 35 no. 5 pt 2 (Sept. 1950)
- Gregor Mendel August ’65 - [catalogue of an exhibition at Mendel Memorial Hall. Moravian Museum of Brno, 1965.
- Wellensiek, S.J. “Erwten toen en nu” [=Peas in former times and now] Typescript paper (Roneo copy) from Voordracht op Mendel-herdenking, 20/4/1965. With English translation in pencil.
- Orel, V. “Le souvenir de Gregor Mendel à Brno”, Tchécoslovaquie” Médecine et Hygiène no. 680 (March 1965) Reprint.
- Orel, V. “Gregor Mendel und sein Nachlaß in Brno”, Biologische Rundschau 3:1 (1965)
- Olby, Robert. “A memorial to Mendel in Brno”, New Scientist June 24, 1965.
- Weiling, Franz. “Entsprechen die von J.G. Mendel in den späteren jahren seiner Pisum-Versuche gewonnenen Daten seiner Erwartung besser als die Daten früherer jahre?” Biol. Zentralbl. 105 (1986)
Books presented by Professor J.H. Bennett concerning Mendel have been catalogued separately:
- Classic papers in genetics / ed. By J.A. Peters. 1959.
- Folia Mendeliana nos. 26-27 (1993)
- Fundamenta Genetica: the revised edition of Mendel’s classic paper … 1965
- Gregor Mendel and the foundation of genetics / ed. By V. Orel and A. Matalova. 1983
- Lamprecht, Herbert. Die Grundlagen der Mendelschen Gesetze. 1968.
- Mendel, G. Experiments in plant hybridisation: Mendel’s original paper … with commentary and assessment by the Late Sir Ronald A. Fisher … ed. J.H. Bennett. 1965.
- Orel, V et al. Mendel as a beekeeper. 1965.
- Stern, C and Sherwood, E. The origins of genetics: a Mendel source book. 1966.