Legerton, Henry (1917-1999)
Correspondence and papers
Henry Legerton was born in Melbourne in 1917. He originally trained to be an actor but decided to take up dancing after seeing the de Basil Russian Ballet performances in Australia in the late 1930s.
His first performance was in the pantomime ‘Aladdin’ when he was 8 years old. He later trained at Nora Stewart’s ballet school and appeared in performances in 1937.
In 1939 Legerton travelled to England for further ballet training, arriving in London a few days before war broke out on 3 September. He planned to study with Madame Legat but, after she abandoned her studio to live in the country, Legerton took classes with Stansilaw Idzikowski and Vera Volkova. He also appeared in theatre performances to earn a little money, including at the Tavistock Little Theatre in Chatham in plays by Jean Marshall.
He joined Antony Tudor's London Ballet in 1940 for about 14 months but returned to Australia and joined the Kirsova Ballet for the company's 1941 and 1942 seasons (with special leave from the Army) and also appeared in Australia with Leon Kellaway's short-lived Ballet Nationale company. With Kirsova he appeared in Kirsova's own works, including A Dream - and a Fairy Tale, Les Matelots, Vieux Paris and Faust and also partnered Rachel Cameron in Les Sylphides.
In 1942 he was recalled to the Australian Army and spent a training year on the Atherton tableland in Northern Queensland, before serving for two years in New Guinea and one more in Ambon in Dutch East Indies. While at Ambon he and his friend Grant McIntyre produced the Ambon News and wrote and produced comic theatricals.
He was demobilised in 1946 and returned to England where he worked extensively with Leonide Massine, taking roles in A Bullet in the Ballet as an understudy for Massine and the main role for matinee performances on the provincial tour. He also appeared in La Boutique fantasque and Mam'zelle Angot with Sadler's Wells Ballet. At Sadler’s Wells Legerton made his mark as a character dancer of personality and impeccable timing and starred in many cameo roles.
In 1957 he became ballet master for the Touring Royal Ballet, conducting nearly all the rehearsals for all the ballets and travelling through Europe and America. In 1970, with the reorganisation of the Royal Ballet companies, Legerton returned to the Royal Ballet School at Covent Garden as regisseur.
He retired on his 65th birthday and died in London in 1999.
Henry Legerton was sponsored and supported by the Symon sisters during the early stage of his career. He wrote long and detailed letters to Angel Symon, her sister Mary Clark and their adopted niece, Perdita. Mary and Henry continued their correspondence after Angel’s death in 1976.
The collection also includes letters from Grant McIntyre, a long-time friend of Legerton with whom he served with at Ambon in New Guinea during World War II, and copies of the Ambon News and scripts for theatrical revues performed while on service.
These papers were transferred to the University Library by Perdita Eldridge in 2014 along with the remainder of the Theatre Collection bequeathed in 1976 by her aunt, Angel Symon.
Series 1. Correspondence from Henry Legerton to Mary Clark 1930s-80
With a folder of Christmas cards from Henry to Mary 1943-1970s(?)
Series 2. Biographical and career
Article written by Mary Clark on the occasion of Legerton’s retirement from the Royal Ballet
Scrapbook of programs, photographs and newspaper clippings re Legerton’s career, 1937-ca 1951. Includes programs and clippings from Nora Stewart’s ballet school (Adelaide), Sadler’s Wells Ballet, Tavistock Little Theatre, Unity Theatre Club, London Ballet / Arts Theatre Club, The Australian Ballet Nationale, Kirsova Ballet, war fundraising performances, programs for army revues and songs presented and written on service in Ambon and related letters, and Massine’s ‘A Bullet in the Ballet’
Also includes a receipt from the Stanislas Idzikowski Academy of Dancing signed by Idzikowski, clippings from the 1949-51 Sadler’s Wells Canadian/American tours, and a typescript “The Psychology of Colour as Applied to Shakespearean Costuming” by F. Hunter-Watts, inscribed F.A. Symon.
Series 3: Photographs
Framed pictures. IN MAP CABINET
Head shot, in costume for Petruschka, inscribed “To Mary, my love always, Henry”
‘Artistic’ head shot, inscribed “Dear Mary, Yes, it’s me!!! With love and admiration, Henry, 1941?
Black & white photographs
Head and shoulders photo “taken just after my first lesson with Idzikowski, which accounts for the rather green expression” 1939
Head and shoulders photo ‘taken in bathroom with ordinary lighting – make-up from Jardin aux Lilas’ [The London Ballet, 1940?]
‘Athletic’ poses x 5
Group photo. “A party just after I joined the Theatre Ballet” with Paddy (stage hand), Margaret Hill, Gordon Aitken, Pauline Barnes [1940?]
- Inscribed “For Mary, with my sincere love, Henry 1941” (Photographer: Nanette Kuen, Bellevue Hill)
- Small photo, side leap
Legerton as Faust with Kirsova? Inscribed “Christmas greetings to Mary”
- Studio head portrait
- Legerton with cigarette (photographer: Gordon Anthony, London) Inscribed “For Mary, with my love always, Henry Nov. 1948”
- Head portrait (photographer: Gordon Anthony, London) inscribed “Dear Mary. A bit odd, but still me. Love Henry, Nov. 1948”
- Proof sheet of head portraits, inscribed “Dear Mary, I thought this would amuse you. Henry”
Henry Legerton, ‘star’ leap in park
- Legerton on pointe, on rooftop
- Relaxed pose on rooftop
Legerton as the Rake in The Rake’s Progress [ca 1950?]
- Head portrait, inscribed “Christmas greetings to Mary from Henry”
- Full length, unsigned, x 2
- Head photo (photographer: Gordon Anthony, London), inscribed ‘Love to Mary, Henry, Nov. 1948’
- Sitting (photographer: Gordon Anthony, London), inscribed ‘A little more of me, Henry 1948
- Leaping to side
- Postcard photograph: Legerton as Hilarion
Legerton and Lynne Golding, inscribed “Dear Mary, This was taken just after a rehearsal …” [1941??]
At London flat
- [Legerton with cat] “The nicest person in London … held by a piece of no-good white trash.”
- Legerton on doorstep with “John’s mother and sister in the window”
On tour [1949-51?]
- On ship with Dorothy Zaynes, Anne Heaton, John Cranko and me
- ‘Me in Positano’ (Legerton in kyak)
- [group photo] ‘On the rocks at Positano’
- Group photo: with John Cranko, Rosemary Verlaine and Anne Heaton at a ristorante by Certozza [Certosa?] Monastery
- Group photo “Being soulful in Florence”
- Legerton with John Cranko in front of the Seine, Paris
- Legerton on the top of Notre Dame
- Group photo near “the stream we came across and went paddling”, with John Cranko, Rosemary Verlaine and Anne Heaton
- “Canada, last year” with Ray Powell, Michael Boulton, Paul Reynard.
- In Canada, on bus to Niagara Falls with Robert Irving (conductor), Gillian Lynne?, Ray Powell, Lorna Mossford (Photographer: Page Toles, Toronto)
- 2 photographs, head shot and sitting portrait, taken by Arto de Mirjian in New York (one inscribed to Mary)
- Henry Legerton, Maitre de Ballet at Covent Garden, Sadlers Wells Ballet and Royal Ballet
- Henry’s room in London
- Henry’s cat
Series 4. World War II
Pamphlet: Some facts and figures about Ambon, prepared for the information of members of the 33 Aust. Inf. Bde. By AAES Staff H.Q. …
Ambon News (published by the Australian Military Forces – Ambon) no. 1-2, 4, 7-8, 13-16, 19-24 (16 October-24 November 1945)
Grant is now editing the local paper – the first copy was produced yesterday – the Ambon News … The printing press is an old Japanese one, operated by Ambonese, few of whom know more than goodday or hullo in English, so you can imagine the panic ensuing when they start setting the type in what is to them a foreign language. The manager of the press, Mr Engels is partly Dutch I think, speaks English fairly well … (Letter from Legerton to Mary Clark 17/10/1945)
The Hindquarters Bulletin p. iii-iv (2 copies)
[Collection of stories written by members of “Q” Branch, HQ 1 Australian Corps, 1945] Stories by Grant McIntyre, Henry Legerton, Harry Jeffries, Ted Leeson, Geoff Smith, John Littler and John Hanson, based on a paragraph y James Agate. With an accompanying letter from Legerton to Mary Clark 27/6/1945
Typescript: Extracts from a Soldier’s Encyclopedia [comic definitions, possibly be Legerton or McIntyre] 3 p.
Proclamation of the surrender of the Japanese army (in English and Indonesian) issued to members of the Allied Forces at Morotai, 9th September 1945, With poster of photographs
Article: “Iwakumi Transit Camp, 1947” / Grant McIntyre, from ‘Stand-To’ January-February 1964. Includes a detailed biography of McIntyre to 1964.
Series 5: Grant McIntyre correspondence
Grant McIntyre was born in Brisbane in 1907, received his secondary education at Wesley College in Melbourne and then studied law at the University of Melbourne, graduating in 1932. He began to practice law during the Depression, but decided his heart was in the theatre. He travelled to England in 1935 where he performed in touring theatre companies and stayed at times in lodging with Henry Legerton. In 1939 he went to Paris to work with the English Players presenting plays which had been banned in England, and then conducting English broadcasts for the French Government before evacuation to England when war was announced. He unsuccessfully attempted to enlist in the Australian forces through Australia House, before deciding to return to Australia and finally securing passage on a ship in 1940. He attempted to join the RAAF but was deferred and he continued to appear in touring shows and revues. He was called up to the Army in 1942 and trained with Legerton in Queensland before serving at Morotai and then Ambon where he edited the Ambon News and (again with Legerton) wrote and presented satirical and comic plays and revues. He continued with the Army until 1951, participating in war crime trials against the Japanese and continuing to write and appear in theatre productions. He then toured in a touring play in Victoria for the Dept of Adult Education before becoming private secretary to Harold Holt, Minister of Education and transferring to the Dept of Education when Holt gave up the portfolio. In Canberra he became a well-known member of the Repertory Theatre, appearing in and producing numerous plays. McIntyre was a life-long friend of Legerton and also wrote numerous letters to Mary Clarke between 1941 and 1976.
Letters from McIntyre mainly to Mary Clark, with some letters to Angel Symon, from Ambon 1941-45, Singapore 1946, Sydney 1947, Tokyo 1949, and from Canberra 1963-67 and 1970, and London and Australia 1971-1976. Includes newspaper clippings
With an additional letter from Reg Livermore June 1976 [friend of McIntyre, refers to Betty Blokk Buster Follies]