Peter Martin (1923-1994)
Peter Gordon Martin was born in Adelaide in 1923, attending Unley Primary School and Prince Alfred College. He joined the Royal Australian Navy in 1940 aged 17 and quickly rose to the rank of Lieutenant. Following his training as a navigator and gunner at Portsmouth in England, Martin took part in the Allied landing in Sicily and was present in Tokyo Bay at the time of the Japanese surrender in 1943.
He continued in service until 1948 and then between 1949 and 1951 studied botany and genetics at the University of Adelaide, achieving First Class Honours in genetics in 1952 and his PhD in 1955. He was awarded the Gowrie Trust Scholarship (1950), the Elsie Marion Cornish Prize and the Ernest Ayres Scholarship (both in 1951) the William Culrose Prize (1955) and the Nuffield Dominion Scholarship (1958).
In 1956 Martin was appointed as Lecturer in Biology at the University of Adelaide and became Senior Lecturer in Zoology in 1959, Reader in Botany in 1967 and Professor of Botany in 1969. He took early retirement in 1985 at the age of 61 to devote his time to research on angiosperm molecular phylogeny.
Pete Martin was one of the most influential pioneers in the development of evolutionary studies using macromolecules. His research included work on microbial genetics, the role of the nucleus in the control of cell differentiation, marsupial chromosome structure and evolution and angiosperm phylogeny and biogeography using plant protein, RNA and DNA sequences. He was an early champion of evolutionary genetics, molecular phylogeny and continental drift.
He was also an inspirational teacher, insisting that the best lectures should introduce first-year students to botany, and was responsible for the introduction of genetics to the first-year botany curriculum.
These papers were donated to the University of Adelaide Library in March 2007 by Mrs Beryl Martin.
Peter Martin Prize
The prize is known as the "Peter Martin Prize for Excellence in Scientific Communication".
- The annual value of the prize is $250.00.
- The prize is awarded annually by the Faculty of Science to a research student (including PhD, Masters and Honours) enrolled in the Discipline of Environmental Biology in the field of Botany, who has submitted/presented the best poster, seminar or manuscript (accepted for publication) during that year. The medium of scientific communication to be assessed will be determined annually.
Series 1: Correspondence
Letter 22 November 1996 from Professor RN Richardson, Botany Dept, re departmental staffing
Series 2: Reprints and articles 1954-1993 12cm.
A list is available for consultation
Series 3: Reprints by other researchers
- Choi, WY
"Comparison of the DNA of six vicia soecies by the method of DNA-DNA hybridization" 1971
"Variation in a nuclear DNA content in the genus vicia" 1971
- Kadir, ZBA
"DNA values in the genus Phalaris (Gramineae)" Typescript copy
"DNA values in the genus Phalaris (Gramineae)" 1974
"DNA evolution in the genus Gossypium" 1976
- Kennedy, Jennifer A.
"The karyotypes of some Australian rodents (Rodentia: Muridae)" 1969
- Martin, NG
"Nuclear DNA content of the emu" 1974
- Shanks, Rae
"Differentiation in leaf epidermis" 1965