William Wyles (1853-1917)
Papers re Chinese Maritime Customs Service
William Scott Wyles was born at Kirkaldy in Scotland in 1853. He arrived in China in 1869 as an apprentice on a sailing vessel and joined Messrs Butterfield and Swire as apprentice pilot on their river steamers. He subsequently piloted their vessels the Chefoo, the Tamsui and the Chinkiang and was known as one of the smartest men on the Tientsin run. He so impressed Sir Robert Hart, Inspector General of Customs, that he was offered the position of Commander in the revenue fleet. He was also appointed senior captain in bringing out three new revenue steamers (Chuentiao, Kaipan and Likin) from England in 1888.
In 1908 he was awarded the order of the Double Dragon, 3rd Division, 3rd Class, and in 1914 the order of the Chia Ho, 5th Class.
At the time of his death in 1917, Wyles was Captain of the Chinese Customs revenue steamer ‘Pingching'. On a visit from Shanghai to the Southern Lights he became seriously ill at Amoy. He was being transported to Shanghai Hospital on the Dutch steamer, the Tjikini, when the vessel was weatherbound by a typhoon and he relapsed and died.
The Chinese Maritime Customs Service, 'Hai guan zong shui wu si shu', is an international, yet predominantly British-staffed, bureaucracy which has been under the control of successive Chinese central governments since its founding in 1854 until January 1950. Established to collect taxes on maritime trade during the Taiping Rebellion, its functions quickly expanded to domestic customs administration (the Native Customs), postal administration, harbour and waterway management, weather reporting and anti- smuggling operations. It mapped, lit and policed the China coast and the Yangzi River and undertook loan negotiations, currency reform and financial and economic management. It was also involved in local, provincial and national politics, as well as international affairs.
This collection of personal papers and photographs relating to Wyles' service with the Chinese Customs Service was donated to the Library in 2013 by Wyles' great-granddaughter, Meredith Wyles.
Letter from the Coast Inspector [signature indecipherable] to Wyles' sister, Mrs T.L. Miller, 18 September 1917, re the death of her brother, with an extract from the Inspector General's despatch
Typed copy of the last will of William Scott Wyles (re the bequest of property in Paoshan, houses, furniture and household effects and money to his housekeeper Yang Tsze and subsequently to her daughter Maggie Jarley, with the residue to his sisters Isabelle Wyles and Annie Sophia Miller), 13 March 1915
- Capt Willie Wyles (photographer: James Bacon, Newcastle-on-Tyne)
- [Ship] Capt Willie Wyles ‘Ping-Ching'
- The ‘Ping-Ching' at Amoy [=Xiamen]
- Group photograph ‘down Hai Nan [Hainan?] looking for a good place for a light house'
- [Ship Nan Zing grounded on rocks] ‘The S.G. ... I went out to on the rocks'
- [Chinese crew on deck of Pingchin?] ‘Crew at station'
- [Group photograph, Europeans standing before tent, Chinese crew sitting in front] ‘A Xmas Tiffen, after Tiffen. Tent on tennis court right close to where the ship is at anchor, taken up Mt Graif(?) 2nd ...'
- [Group photograph of picnic] ‘Taken by Mt Graif(?) 2nd Engine(?) at a plain up the Canton River on a Picnic ... Oh but I wish you had been with me. W.W.'
- [Wyles standing beneath tree] ‘On the shore just where we land at West Baf(?)'
- [Four men climbing river wall below pagoda] ‘Canton River ... Pagoda'