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Papers in Proceedings

Short papers were peer reviewed by a minimum of two peers, wth 80% reviewed by three peers from at least two countries.

Short papers are organised by conference stream and almost all are now available below.

Short Paper Themes

(click on each hyperlink to see relevant papers or scroll down to see all)

Academic Literacy and Writing              Applications              Authentic Learning

Critical Thinking                                   e-Learning                 Institution/system Level         

Partnerships                                        Problem Solving        Research skills   

Schooling                                            Work Skill Development and Employability                  

Workshop Short Papers

Into the sMELTer                        

Panel Discussion: Frameworks and Freedom

Frameworks and Freedoms: Supervising the Undergraduate Dissertation

Poster Abstracts and Short Papers

Melting Moments and rolling displays

Keynote Abstracts

Abstracts from the three keynote speakers

Work Skill Development and Employability Author(s)

The Work Skill Development Framework: Work-ready Competencies for Today and Tomorrow

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Sue Bandaranaike (James Cook University).

Adapting the Work Skill Development Framework for the Professional Skills and Values Required for Aspiring Professional Accountants

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Diane Mayorga (University of New South Wales).

The Work Skill Development Framework, Applied to Minerals Industry Employability

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Ernest Baafi, Ray Tolhurst & Kevin Marston (University of Woolongong).
Academic Literacy and Writing Author(s)

Learning-Teaching Autonomy in Accelerating Academic Literacy Development

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Ursula McGowan (University of Adelaide).

Method to their Madness: Analysing Students’ Writings Against the RSD Framework

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Imtiaz Bughio, Fizza Sabir & Faraz Ali Bughio (University of Adelaide).

Towards a More Cogent Curriculum for Experimental Writing: A Case Study

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Tim Wong & Esmael Yahya (Monash University). 
Applications Author(s)

A Systematic Method for Facilitating Curriculum Renewal and Transformation: Two Case Studies

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Lyn Torres, Georgina Willetts, Loretta Garvey, Tomas Zahora, Steven Yates & Anne Young (Monash University, Swinburne University).

Using the Research Skill Development Framework to Construct Marking Rubrics for Law Assessments

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Thaatchaayini Kananatu (Monash University).
Culturally Aware Author(s)

I-Talitali Framework: Developing a Model for Engaged Learning and Teaching in the Pacific

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Narsama Lingam, Lalia Sharma, Jiokapeci Qaloqiolevu, Waisale Ramoce, Sangita Lal & Rosarina Rafai (The University of the South Pacific).

The Work Skill Development Framework Applied to Students in Mexico

Abstract    Paper coming soon

E Patricia Orozco Quijano (Laurentian University) & Sue Bandaranaike (James Cook University).
Authentic Learning Author(s)

Let’s Make It Real! Approaching Engaged Learning from Authentic Contexts Across Disciplines

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Kristin den Exter, Jonathan Purdy, Adele Wessel, Liz Reimer, Pascal Scherer & Michael Whelan (Southern Cross University).

Developing a Practice-Based Approach to MELT for Higher Education in Business Management

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Kasun Chandrasekara (Australian Institute of Business).
Critical Thinking Author(s)

Achieving Constructive Alignment Using the Critical
Thinking Skills Pentagon and Reflective Practice

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Aurore Chow & Jack Bowers (Australian National University).

Using the Critical Thinking Pentagon to Assess Facets of Learning Within Management Studies at RMIT

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Susan Mate & Keith Toh (RMIT).

Scaffolding Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Katie Piper (Monash University).
e-Learning Author(s)

Evaluating Student Engagement and Learning Outcomes Through E-Learning in Biomedical Sciences

Abstract    Slides

Rebecca Donkin & Elizabeth Askew (University of the Sunshine Coast). 

Research Skill Development (RSD)-Integrated Online Report for Critical Thinking Skills

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Raissa Mataniari (The University of Adelaide).
Institution/system Level Author(s)

A MELTing Moment in UK Higher Education?

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Michael Wilmore (Bournemouth University).

Research Skills Development at The University of the South Pacific

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Shaiza Janif (University of the South Pacific).

Integrating the Research Skill Development (RSD) Framework into Master’s Curriculum at the Royal University of Phnom Penh

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Serey Sok & Vanny Sok (Royal University of Phnom Penh).
Partnerships Author(s)

Research-based Education Meets MELT: Co-created Classrooms for the 21st Century

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Beth Loveys, Cathy Snelling & Sophie Karanicolas (University of Adelaide).

Stages of Concern: A Facilitator's Reaction to Implementing the RSD in a Community of Practice

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Sylvia Tiala (University of Wisconsin-Stout).
Problem Solving Author(s)

Optimising Problem Solving: Students Adapting the RSD so that it Would Speak to Students

Abstract    Slides

Siddharth Shah & Dorothy Missingham (The University of Adelaide).

Keep Calm and Carry a Pentagon

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Penny Vervoorst (Holmesglen Institute).

Integrating Problem-Based Learning and Research Skill Development: An Example from a Master’s Teacher Leader Course

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Tara Shepperson (Eastern Kentucky University).

Teachers’ and Tutors’ Perceptions of the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) Framework for Solving Mathematical Problems

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Shinta Sari (The University of Adelaide).

Using the Optimising Problem Solving Pentagon as a Basis for Research Skills in Final Year Engineering

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Purush Karu, Hien Tran Minh & Belinda Sta Maria (Monash University Malaysia). 
Research Skills Author(s)

Rising to the Surface: Re-designing Curriculum to Accentuate Research Skills


Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Manisha Thakkar (Endeavour College of Natural Health).

Rediscovering the Added Value of Research in Undergraduate Formation: A Case-Based Reflection

Abstract    Paper PDF       

Ana Yévenes (Universidad Finis Terrae).

Research Skills Development in the MBA Capstone Project: Tools for Facilitating Student Engagement

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Colin Sharp (UniSA).

The Effectiveness of 'Bolted on' Research Training

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Emma Gyuris (James Cook University). 

Conceptual Catch-22 in RSD for Novice Learners

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Karey Harrison (University of Southern Queensland).

Using the RSD Framework to Address Equity Gaps in Undergraduate Research

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Jenny Shanahan (Bridgewater State University).
Schooling Author(s)

Investigating Refugee Secondary Student Perspectives on Models of Engaged Learning
& Teaching

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Judith Thomas & Fizza Sabir (University of Adelaide).

Multidisciplinary Approach to MELT use from Grade 5 to Year 12

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Jason Home (Coober Pedy Area School).

Reframing the Research and Work Skill Development Framework Facets to Support
Becoming a Teacher

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Deborah Heck (University of the Sunshine Coast).
Into the sMELTer

Author(s)

Using the Work Skill Development Framework to Build Rigour into WIL Programs

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Diane Mayorga, Suzanne Schibeci (University of New South Wales) & Ray Tolhurst (Wollongong University).

Envisioning the Future of Research-based Curriculum Design Using Lego Serious Play

Abstract    Paper PDF       

Chad Habel (University of South Australia).

Finding Employability Skills in the Curriculum: Are they there?

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Lyn Torres, Barbara Yazbeck, Sebastian Borutta (Monash University), Sue Bandaranaike (James Cook University).

Transforming Teaching Practices: A Model to Conquer Evidence Based Decision Making Skills

Abstract    Paper PDF    Slides

Manisha Thakkar, Jeanne Young Kirby, Jason Home, David Wilson & Roopa Howard.

(Endeavour College, Flinders University, Coober Pedy Area School, University of Adelaide & University of South Australia)

The Work Skill Development Framework: Work-ready Competencies for Today and Tomorrow

Sue Bandaranaike
College of Science & Engineering, James Cook University
suniti.bandaranaike@jcu.edu.au

The Work Skill Development [WSD] framework is a learning and teaching model applied in the context of Work Integrated Learning [WIL] to facilitate an understanding of a placement role, resource utilisation, planning and management, lifelong learning, problem solving and critical thinking, and communication in the workplace. It attempts to narrow the gap between the triad partnership of placement students, educators and employers. The primary focus of the WSD is in teaching and learning work skills through reflective practice, and identifying employability pathways. The objective of this paper is (1) to outline the WSD framework and its application and contribution to contemporary teaching and learning in WIL, and (2) to predict future use. The WSD methodology follows a logical extension of the Research Skills Development [RSD] framework (Willison & O’Regan, 2006), to work skills. The paper outlines the many-faceted applications of the WSD model - from employability to career management; from the cognitive focus to the affective (social, emotional, cultural intelligence), and its potential use in the changing workplace of the future.

Short paper

Adapting the Work Skill Development Framework for the Professional Skills and Values Required for Aspiring Professional Accountants

Diane Mayorga 
School of Accounting, Business School, University of New South Wales
d.mayorga@unsw.edu.au


Over the last decade, considerations about the changing skill set required of accounting graduates have grown
due to rapid changes in the work environment, technology and outsourcing of accounting tasks previously
undertaken by entry-level accounting graduates (e.g., Chaplin 2017; Hancock, Howieson, Kavanagh and Kent
2009; Jackling and De Lange 2009). In addition, employers are placing greater emphasis on soft skills such as
communication, collaboration, leadership and interpersonal skills (e.g., Jackling and De Lange 2009; Van
Akkeren, Buckby and MacKensie 2013). Recent semi-structured interview data suggests that employers also
believe that graduates should be comfortable making decisions under conditions of ambiguity as organisations
rely on larger volumes of data and analytics for their strategic decision-making. Given these latter expectations,
consideration should be given to providing more educational opportunities which cultivate accounting students’
ability to exercise appropriate professional skills and values. This paper describes how key professional skills and
values are integrated into the Work Skill Development (WSD) Framework. This modified WSD Framework is
called the “Professional Skills Growth” (PSG) Framework. The paper then briefly discusses how the PSG
Framework is currently being used in an accounting and business management work integrated learning (WIL)
program. It concludes by discussing challenges and opportunities in assessing professional skills and values.

Short paper

The Work Skill Development (WSD) Framework, Applied to Minerals Industry Employability - A Story of Practice

Ernest Baafi, Ray Tolhurst and Kevin Marston
School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong
ebaafi@uow.edu.au

The application of the Work Skill Development (WSD) Framework to the issue of minerals industry employability is outlined, including how an enhanced curriculum model is being used to help students develop independence (WSD level 3), self-actuation (WSD level 4) and self-determination (WSD level 5). The model is based primarily not on what the university or students want. Rather, through reverse-field analysis, the model is based on evidence of what minerals industry employers require and what students can do to meet these expectations. Some of the outcomes of this approach are presented, and recommendations for the future are suggested.

Short paper

Learning-Teaching Autonomy in Accelerating Academic Literacy Development

Ursula McGowan
School of Education, The University of Adelaide
ursula.mcgowan@adelaide.edu.au

Research in the area of supporting students’ academic literacy development has pointed to the inadequacy of generic approaches delivered as remedial support services, and called instead for the integration of the teaching and learning of academic literacy into discipline content courses. Successful models tended to involve collaboration between discipline and communication specialists. However, collaboration is resource-intensive and therefore unlikely to be sustainable unless mechanisms are in place that provide for progress from initial dependence on the adviser’s expertise towards learner and teacher autonomy. Two frameworks based on Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching (MELT) were designed for achieving this. The first uses the pentagon arrangement of the MELT facets to visualise the conceptual basis for a self-help tool for students to use for Accelerating Academic Literacy Development (AALD). The second, ALTA (Academic Learner and Teacher Autonomy) presents the MELT facets as a continuum of increasing learner-teacher autonomy. The ALTA framework is applied in my research to trace evidence of a STEM discipline lecturer’s autonomy in taking ownership of the collaboratively designed and implemented AALD pedagogy.

Short paper

Method to their Madness: Analysing Students’ Writings Against the Research Development Skill (RSD) Framework

Imtiaz Ali Bughio, Fizza Sabir and Faraz Ali Bughio
School of Education, The University of Adelaide
Institute of English Language and Literature, University of Sindh, Pakistan
imtiaz.bughio@adelaide.edu.au

This paper presents qualitative analysis of essays written by second-year Bachelor of Linguistics students in a public university in Pakistan, based on the Research Skill Development (RSD) Framework (Willison & O’Regan, 2006a). The RSD framework has been used at several universities outside Australia, (e.g., in Canada, Ireland and Holland) to help students at the undergraduate and graduate levels develop research skills (Willison & O’Regan, 2010). Despite the fact that 90% of Government schools in Pakistan use Sindhi and/or Urdu as a medium of instruction in schools and that only ten percent conduct classes in English (Mahboob, (in press)), English is taught as a compulsory subject from grades 1-12, as well as in most undergraduate degree programs. It is also a medium of instruction in the universities in Pakistan. This study focuses on the research skills of students based on the facets of the RSD Framework when the participants were not aware of the framework. The researchers analysed essays written by students as class assignments. Findings revealed that there was some ‘method to their (students’) madness’. That is, the students, despite their unfamiliarity with the RSD framework, were able to demonstrate evaluative and analytical research skills that matched the facets of the RSD framework. Based on the study, we propose that the formal introduction of the RSD framework through online or on-campus workshops can enhance students’ research skills.

Short paper

Towards a More Cogent Curriculum for Experimental Writing: A Case Study

Timothy Wong and Esmael Yahya
School of Arts and Social Sciences, Monash University, Malaysia
Research and Learning Unit, Monash University, Malaysia
tim.wwt@monash.edu

There is an increasing need for better curriculum and pedagogical support for teaching creative writing (Swander, Leahy and Cantrell, 2007), and more so, its subgenre, experimental writing. Using the Research Skill Development (RSD; Willison and O’Regan, 2007) framework, the curriculum document for a third-year varsity unit on experimental writing was mapped out to locate the different facets of the writing process. The exploration yielded these findings: (1) a lack of explicitly stated creative skills; and (2) an inclination towards a more serious and academic tone and mood, lacking in experimentation and risk-taking. Changes to the curriculum document hinged on (1) the number of assessment tasks; (2) the kind of assessment tasks; and (3) the rubric descriptors. The changes seemed to impact the classroom, resulting in more student engagement, and to inform another teaching and learning model for experimental writing.

Short paper

A Systematic Method for Facilitating Curriculum Renewal and Transformation: Two Case Studies

Lyn Torres, Georgina Willetts, Loretta Garvey, Tomas Zahora, Steven Yates and Anne Young 
Monash University Library, Monash University
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Swinburne University
lynette.torres@monash.edu

Background: The mapping of curriculum is particularly important for skills-based degrees with both internal and external accreditation. The MELT (Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching) frameworks, which have a theoretical foundation in Bloom’s Taxonomy, are proposed to provide a platform to assist in the process of curriculum mapping.

Aim: This paper presents two case studies showcasing a systematic process of mapping curriculum in respect to students’ research skill development and professional standards of practice.

Method: A qualitative design was used to collect and analyse data from two curricula. Data was coded in NVivo and themed according to elements of the MELT frameworks.

Results: Combined, the case studies detail (1) research skills identified and associated levels of student autonomy, (2) mapping process to assist curricula design, evaluation and renewal, and (3) the alignments between curriculum and professional standards of practice.

Conclusion: An evidence-based approach to mapping curricula can be achieved through the application of MELT frameworks in conjunction with NVivo qualitative data analysis software.

Short paper

Using the Research Skill Development Framework to Construct Marking Rubrics for Law Assessments

Thaatchaayini Kananatu
Business Law and Taxation Department, Monash University, Malaysia.
thaatchaayini.kananatu@monash.edu

This practice paper aims to document the utility of the Research Skill Development (RSD) framework in constructing (a) assignment marking rubrics for the in-semester assessment of International Trade Law, a core unit under the Master of International Business programme in Monash University Malaysia; and (b) paper marking rubrics for an undergraduate conference titled Genderworks: Dialogue and Action across Our Differences, organised by Monash University Malaysia. This paper is a story of “why” and “how” the RSD was aligned to the learning outcomes as well as the key assessment criteria for law assignments, particularly for units taken by non-law students. In using the RSD for either undergraduate or postgraduate law assignments for non-law students, this practice paper proposes that there is a need to obtain student feedback and reflection on the effectiveness of the RSD for research-based law assignments.

Short paper

i-Talitali Framework: Developing a Model for Engaged Learning and Teaching in the Pacific

Narsamma Lingam, Lalita Sharma, Jiokapeci Qaloqiolevu, Waisale Ramoce, Sangita Lal and Rosarine Rafai
Oceania Centre for Arts, Culture & Pacific Studies, The University of the South Pacific
lingam_n@usp.ac.fj

Weaving is not only an art that is significant, but it is a figurative term that might have different connotations for Pacific People. In the search to enhance research skills and knowledge relating to Higher Education, academics and students alike are at the juncture of searching for a framework that best represents Pacific Research Skills. The UU204 Pacific Worlds Teaching Team has embarked on a project that illustrates Research Skills Development using a weaving metaphor. This paper proposes the metaphor of weaving a mat to describe the research process from a Pacific world-view that is underpinned by Pacific knowledge, skills and research values. It outlines the various methods and analysis of how a Pacific Research Framework that is appropriate to the pacific context should be constructed and developed. The Pacific students are taken through the basic essence of Pacific Research Framework through the i-Talitali Framework that the Pacific Worlds, i-Talitali Team of the University of the South Pacific has embarked on.

Drawing on the weaving metaphor, we aim to use a common item in many Pacific cultures which is the mat. To sit on a mat represents preparation for learning. Thus, while our students are seated on a mat, we then take them on a journey from harvesting the raw materials to the finished product. This is the approach that we are proposing towards the Pacific Research Skills Development.

i-Talitali - an itaukei term for weaving. This is also the name that is given to this UU204 Teaching Staff who will be “team-presenting” this framework.

Short paper

The Work Skills Development Framework Applied to Business & Management Studies in Mexico

E. Patricia Orozco Quijano and Sue Bandaranaike
Laurentian University, Canada
College of Science & Engineering, James Cook University
suniti.bandaranaike@jcu.edu.au

Student experiences and perceptions of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) represent a powerful source of feedback for educators and employers. A study conducted in the Faculty of Management, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico, explored the differences in perceived levels of autonomy in student work skills at the beginning (pre) and completion (post) of their placement. The research replicated an Australian study using The Work Skill Development Framework model (Bandaranaike & Willison, 2009/2016), translated into Spanish, among a random sample of 48 students in Business and Management studies. Student perceptions were assessed through a set of survey questions that identified Levels of Autonomy for work skills, from highly structured direction and guidance from the supervisor to working within self-determined guidelines. The study is a preliminary investigation using basic descriptive statistics to compare pre and post placement performance of Mexican students. This study is useful to educators and employers in that it highlights the status of WIL in Mexico and focuses on the strengths and weaknesses among a particular group of placement students.

Let’s Make It Real! Approaching Engaged Learning from Authentic Contexts Across Disciplines, Emerging Case Studies from Southern Cross University

Kristin den Exter, Jonathan Purdy, Adele Wessel, Liz Reimer, Pascal Scherer and Michael Whelan
School of Environmental Science and Management, Southern Cross University
Centre for Teaching and Learning, Southern Cross University
School of Arts and Social Sciences, Southern Cross University
School of Business and Tourism, Southern Cross University
School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University
kristin.denexter@scu.edu.au

This paper describes the initial development of three models of engaged learning and teaching (MELT) across a range of disciplines and pedagogical approaches at Southern Cross University, arising from a codesign process as part of the Engaged Learning Incubator Project. What links these approaches is that they are all underpinned by experiential learning and learning that is situated in authentic community and industry contexts. There is a continuum of possibilities for student autonomy within these contexts. The integration of community and student engagement, and identifying the explicit skills required, is being explored in some units via the use of models of engaged teaching and learning during curriculum renewal. Existing MELTs have been drawn upon when developing these new models. This presentation will explore the next steps for the Collaboration MELT where Action Learning has begun to emerge as a way to engage students and community partners as co-learners in the collaborative process. While these MELTs are yet to be tested in the classroom, it is timely to explore our initial models with others and increase our co-design capacity for engaging others who may, as part of the ‘Engaged Learning Incubator’ project, want to develop their own MELTs.

Short paper

Developing a Practice-Based Approach to MELT for Higher Education in Business Management

Kasun Chandrasekara
Australian Institute of Business
kasun.chandrasekara@aib.edu.au

Perhaps no other discipline has experienced more persistent criticism during the last decade for irrelevance of teaching practices than business and management education. Among the many challenges faced by business educators, this paper highlights the inadequacy of the curriculum and assessment design approaches adopted by educators in developing the expertise and soft skills required by today’s managers and entrepreneurs. By synthesising practice-based theories in management science with MELT frameworks, it presents a new curriculum and assessment design framework so as to better facilitate adult learning in business education. It also shows how some limitations of current MELT frameworks for business education can be successfully overcome by adopting practice-based theories in management science. Finally, it demonstrates the applicability of the proposed framework to four major sub-disciplines in business, and opens up the opportunity for future research to further expand and evaluate its effectiveness in developing expert practitioners in the business discipline.

Short paper

Achieving Constructive Alignment Using the Critical Thinking Skills Pentagon and Reflective Practice

Aurore Chow and Jack Bowers
Strategic & Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University
aurore.chow@anu.edu.au

The Australian Command and Staff College (Joint) sets ‘applying critical thinking, research, and analytical skills to solve complex problems’ as one of its five core course objectives. Yet, as for many tertiary courses, there is anecdotal but not objective evidence that the course achieves constructive alignment with that objective. The Critical Thinking Skills (CTS) pentagon is a tool for enhancing critical thinking by “making thinking visible,” giving learners the vocabulary to analyse and reflect on their skills as critical thinkers. In a group-based, problem-based learning (PBL) exercise, this paper applies the CTS pentagon in two ways: Firstly, students engaged in a scaffolded exercise of critical reflection on their execution of group-based critical thinking skills; this exercise took place in the middle and at the conclusion of the exercise. Secondly, researchers helped course designers use the CTS pentagon to modify an existing assessment rubric to strengthen the rubric’s focus on critical thinking skills. This paper provides evidence for the utility of combining the CTS pentagon and student reflective practice to achieve constructive alignment in critical thinking course objectives.

Short paper

Using the Critical Thinking Pentagon to Assess Facets of Learning Within Management Studies at RMIT

Susan Mate and Keith Toh
College of Business, RMIT University
College of Science, Engineering and Health, RMIT University
susan.mate@rmit.edu.au

In this paper, we will explore how we have adapted and tailored the Critical Thinking Pentagon and the Research Skill Development (RSD) frameworks to assess students’ work. We also provide an overview of our research design to evaluate the outcomes of the changes made in two key subjects in the management curriculum. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how technologies were integrated into two management subjects to provide greater clarity about the way students apply critical thinking skills and how these are assessed by drawing on an adaption of the RSD framework. We conclude that historical and/or cultural constructs of knowledge acquisition affect student experience in management subjects, and how staff evaluated the redesign was considered in internationalised curriculum. Finally, we propose that Willison and O’Regan’s (2006) Research Development framework (RSD) provides an effective pedagogical focus to reframe the way students are assessed and a framework to inform digitally designed assessment tools.

Short paper

Scaffolding Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making: Clinical Handover

Katie Piper
Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University
katie.piper@monash.edu

Clinical handover is a dangerous time for patients. Poor communication during handover is widely thought to contribute to poorer patient outcomes. In Australia, tools such as ISBAR have been introduced in an attempt to provide a shared framework and consistent handover format. Despite the introduction of ISBAR, errors are still a prevalent issue. This paper introduces a potential solution. The Research Skills Development (RSD) framework was used as a tool for final year nursing students to apply clinical judgement and critical thinking during handover. Identifying handover as an active process will stimulate the provision of rationales for patient management, and earlier recognition of clinical deterioration.

Short paper

Evaluating Student Engagement and Learning Outcomes Through e-Learning in Biomedical Sciences

Rebecca Donkin and Elizabeth Askew
Discipline of Biomedical Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast
Faculty of Sports, Health, Education and Engineering, Sunshine Coast
rdonkin@usc.edu.au

Formative learning activities integrated into curriculum design that include timely and useful feedback are recognised to have a positive effect on learning outcomes. Nonetheless, there is limited evidence that activities involving e-learning also have this positive effect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of e-learning formative activities in a biomedical science course to assess whether learning is enhanced by using this resource. To address the research question, the MELT framework was adapted to determine whether the research significantly increased knowledge, as measured by improved assessment grades. Results showed a statistically significant increase in mean summative assessment score and final grade for students who completed the formative e-learning module. E-learning resources are an option for all educators but are particularly suitable for those who have reduced face-to-face contact hours and follow the MELT framework to teach the basic sciences.

Full paper now published: R Donkin, E Askew. ‘An Evaluation of Formative “In-Class” versus “E-Learning” Activities to Benefit Student Learning Outcomes in Biomedical Sciences’ Journal of Biomedical Education (2017). Volume 2017, Article ID 9127978, 7 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9127978

Research Skill Development (RSD)-Integrated Online Report for Critical Thinking Skills

Raissa Mataniari
School of Education, The University of Adelaide
raissa.mataniari@student.adelaide.edu.au

This study aims to examine the use of a Research Skill Development (RSD)-integrated online report in an Indonesian context for the teaching of critical thinking skills. Action research was adopted as the methodology, because it enables researchers to apply and evaluate the initiative directly in the targeted populations. The action research was conducted in one class, to provide a rich and detailed understanding of the factors involved. The project was undertaken in a Plant Physiology class in the Biology Education Department at the University of Jambi, Indonesia. Questionnaires and interviews were conducted to analyse the effectiveness of RSD-structured laboratory reports in developing student critical thinking. Student participants were asked to answer a questionnaire after using RSD-integrated online reports at the end of the semester. Additionally, the lab tutors were interviewed about their perspectives on student engagement with the online laboratory reports.

Short paper

A MELTing Moment in UK Higher Education?

Professor Michael Wilmore
Faculty of Media and Communication, Bournemouth University, UK
mwilmore@bournemouth.ac.uk

The advent of the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) and proposed changes to the Research Excellence Framework (REF) provide added incentives to the integration of research and education in UK universities. MELT and RSD frameworks are ideally suited to meet these needs. However, these opportunities will not be realised in practice unless leaders in higher education are able to develop approaches to professional development that not only foster academic interest, but also lead to sustained changes in teaching practice that incorporate these frameworks for research-integrated education. This paper briefly summarises one approach to academic professional development that was inspired by MELT-style approaches to education, and identifies university leadership practice as a new focus for RSD/MELT research.

Short paper

Research Skills Development at The University of the South Pacific

Shaiza Janif
Research Office, The University of the South Pacific, Fiji
shaiza.janif@usp.ac.fj

The University of the South Pacific adopted the Research Skills Development (RSD) framework in 2012 in its efforts to lift the research capacity of the region following its Strategic Total Academic Review (STAR) process. The adaptation was aimed at explicitly teaching critical research skills to university graduates and ultimately lifting the research capacity of the Pacific. The implementation process saw curriculum reform, which included the explicit development and assessment of research skills from the first year of study and flowing through to all subsequent years. Now, six years since the initial implementation, this paper looks at what worked, what didn’t, and what must evolve. The paper outlines the project implementation process, challenges, and associated costs.

Short paper

Integrating the Research Skill Development (RSD) Framework into Master’s Curriculum at the Royal University of Phnom Penh

Serey Sok and Vanny Sok
Research Office, Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia
sokserey@gmail.com

The Research Skill Development (RSD) Framework was developed by John Willison in 2006, and it has been widely applied by faculty at the University of South Pacific in Fiji. In late 2016, the Australian Government Department of Education and Training funded Dr. John Willison to introduce this framework to the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP). This paper illustrates awareness and capacity building, integration means, potentials and challenges for applying the RSD at RUPP. In order to build capacity at RUPP, various events, i.e., training sessions, workshops and international exchanges, are arranged to raise awareness and to share experiences and examples of good practice related to the framework. At RUPP, the RSD framework could probably be integrated by starting from Masters level; good practice and experience may later help to spread this to bachelor degrees. Interest from the management team at RUPP is promising; however, insufficient internal resources and faculty participation present constraints to the implementation of the framework.

Short paper

Research based education meets MELT: co-created classrooms for the 21st century

Beth Loveys, Catherine Snelling and Sophie Karanicolas
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide
Adelaide Dental School, The University of Adelaide
beth.loveys@adelaide.edu.au

“Partnership in learning and teaching is a way of staff and students learning and working together to foster engaged student learning and engaging learning and teaching enhancement.” (1) p.15

This paper focuses on emerging practices in co-creating curriculum at the University of Adelaide. Our three case studies will demonstrate different aspects of the research-teaching nexus: course design, learning and teaching activities, assessment tasks, and learning outcomes (2). These activities have been identified as key to infusing research practices and experiences into student learning (3). The University of Adelaide has made substantial progress in incorporating research-based education (RBE) into the curriculum across all undergraduate programs and thus the Research Skills Development Framework (RSD) has been central to scaffolding undergraduate students’ experience of research. Since 2014, all students have undertaken small group discovery experiences (SGDE) in every year of their program (4). Use of flipped classroom techniques makes space in the curriculum for enquiry-based and self-regulated learning (5). A focus on career readiness has seen increased attention given to the development of generic graduate attributes alongside deep content knowledge and skill acquisition (6). We are seeking to engage more meaningfully with students as partners in their learning, which has led to the emerging practice of co-created curricula. In this paper, we will discuss our experiences in using curriculum co-design across different aspects of RBE using a fusion of Design Based Thinking (7) and the Active Cognitive Engagement (ACE) Pentagon (Fig. 1). Three diverse case studies will be discussed and key common features of these co-creation exercises will be presented.

Short paper

Stages of Concern: A Facilitator's Reaction to RSD Implementation in a Community of Practice

Sylvia Tiala
Teaching, Learning and Leadership, University of Wisconsin – Stout
tialas@uwstout.edu

This case study examines one faculty-leader’s change in concerns as Willison and O’Regan’s (2007) RSD framework was introduced, via a community of practice, across four colleges at a university in the Midwestern United States. George, Hall and Stiegelbauer’s (2006) Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) was used to measure the faculty-leader’s awareness of the RSD framework; concerns about themselves relative to the RSD framework; concerns about managing tasks related to adoption of the RSD framework; and concerns about the impacts of the RSD framework at the university. George et al.’s (2006) “Stages of Concern Questionnaire” (SoCQ) was used to capture changes in the facilitator’s concern levels over time but, as Kwok (2014) asserts, the measures needed to be contextualized within the facilitator’s experience to make sense of the results. A more holistic model, like that described by McKinney, Sexton and Meyerson (1999), may be needed to provide a more accurate picture of faculty’s willingness to embrace new initiatives such as integrating the RSD and undergraduate research into classrooms.

Short paper

Optimising Problem Solving: Students Adapting the RSD so that it Would Speak to Students

Siddharth Shah and Dorothy Missingham
School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide
dorothy.missingham@adelaide.edu.au

Undergraduate student tutors working with first year students in a core Mechanical Engineering course have been leading an active, democratic, student-centred learning approach for a number of years. As part of their tutor training (a process which they initiated) tutors were introduced to the Research Skill Development (RSD) framework in 2012. Commenting on the RSD, one tutor stated, “This is what has been missing from our own engineering (education) … we can help our first years better with this understanding”. Approximately 18 months later, tutors revisited the RSD to reflect on adapting its use so that it would speak to students working within constructs of the engineering method. Over a series of intensive workshops, tutors developed the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) pentagon that, whilst respectful of and consistent with the RSD, has introduced a multi-directional, iterative approach reflective of mechanical engineering. Each year, as some of the student tutors graduate, new members join the group of tutors, and the use of OPS is applied and refined to promote learning amongst the subsequent cohort of first year students. In this session, tutors will discuss the development of OPS, their experience of engaging students in collaborative exercises, and of peer teaching and student leadership of students.

Keep Calm and Carry a Pentagon

Penny Vervoorst
Internal auditor, Holmesglen Institute
Penny.Vervoorst@holmesglen.edu.au

This MELT-in-your-mouth paper introduces a variation to the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) pentagon. Low numeracy skills in adults are widely recognised as a significant concern. Addressing this issue is essential in Vocational Education and Training (VET). The context of this paper is numeracy skills support within the VET sector. Programs which increase numeracy skills of adults, delivered by adequately experienced and qualified practitioners, are needed. The Innovative High Achieving Template Enhancing Maths (Maths Template) was created as a tool for enhancing learning and supporting numeracy skills. Being adaptable to suit diverse environments, it has a broad range of uses. In a user-friendly, uncomplicated practical way, it provides a calm step-by-step approach to skills development. The three key concepts of the Maths Template are familiarity, confidence and competence.

Short paper

Integrating Problem-Based Learning and Research Skill Development: An Example from a Master’s Teacher Leader Course

Tara L. Shepperson
Educational Leadership, Eastern Kentucky University
tara.shepperson@eku.edu

This paper presents an exploratory analysis of a course that integrated Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) version of the Research Skills Development (RSD) model. Data were drawn from course assignments and end-of-course evaluations of 86 students who participated in four separate sessions from fall 2016 to summer 2017. This leadership master’s course was designed for working teachers who built problem-to-solution projects based on their actual school experiences. Descriptive analyses found that the PBL and OPS frameworks aligned not only conceptually, but in the steps of the problem-to-solution process. Most valuable, however, was the application of the OPS framework in the student evaluations of the course. Findings suggest that PBL and OPS successfully integrated to scaffold authentic learning and provided a means to gauge course outcomes.

Short paper

Teachers’ and Tutors’ Perceptions of the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) Framework for Solving Mathematical Problems

Shinta Sari
School of Education, The University of Adelaide
shintasari013@gmail.com

At the point when this study was conducted, the OPS framework had already been implemented for some time by tutors in the University of Adelaide’s Mechanical Engineering program. The framework helps tutors in teaching problem solving and improves students' problem-solving abilities. (Willison et al., 2016, pp. 8-9). This study aims to investigate and critically analyse teachers' and tutors' perceptions regarding the implementation of the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) framework in mathematical contexts. This research is an ethnography study with a thematic content analysis approach. It found three aspects of the OPS framework to be important in the context of mathematics teaching; concept, structure, and the holistic nature of the framework. Further studies should use actual academic results as outcomes.

Short paper

Using the Optimising Problem Solving Pentagon as a Basis for Research Skills in Final Year Engineering

Karu Purush, Tran Minh Hien and Belinda Sta Maria
Research and Learning Department, Library and Learning Commons (LLC), Monash University Malaysia
purusothaman@monash.edu

This paper describes a collaboration between the library and the Engineering Faculty at Monash University Malaysia, using one of the Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching (MELT) known as the Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) pentagon. The setting where the OPS has been applied is in a Final Year Engineering Project (FYEP) where students are required to complete a research project relevant to the discipline. To complete the research project successfully, students need to acquire research skills. This paper focuses on describing a targeted library program for students undertaking this unit, which contributes essential research and academic skills to enable students to complete their project paper. The program covers thesis formatting using Microsoft Word, management of references and citations using EndNote, literature review writing, writing and structuring the report and giving an oral presentation of the report. All the component skills contributed by the library can be mapped to the six Facets of Research described in the OPS pentagon – a distilled version of the Research Skill Development (RSD) framework. The research skill facets within the OPS pentagon may vary in positioning, which provides fluidity when applied to the context of different research projects. Using the OPS pentagon with students can help with explaining research skills in a way that is more digestible than the grid format of the RSD framework. This paper recommends the use of the OPS pentagon for unpacking the problem solving aspect of research projects undertaken during the final year of engineering studies.

Short paper

Rising to the Surface: Re-Designing Curriculum to Accentuate Research Skills in Second Year Pathology and Clinical Science

Manisha Thakkar
Endeavour College of Natural Health 
Manisha.Thakkar@endeavour.edu.au

This paper acknowledges that research and inquiry-based curriculum must commence with the foundational undergraduate years in order for students to acquire research skills and applied knowledge for professional practice. However, whole-of-program realities entailed beginning with a second-year bioscience subject of complementary and alternative medicine degree programmes at Endeavour College of Natural Health. A Model of Engaged Learning and Teaching (MELT) named the ‘Clinical Management Pentagon’ was integrated into the second year Pathology and Clinical Science 2 & 3 subject to improve students’ research and clinical analysis skills through the curriculum re-design approach. The case study assessment and related study materials were modified to incorporate the Clinical Management Pentagon. Improvement in students’ perceptions of research and clinical analysis skills was achieved after semester-long exposure to the Clinical Management Pentagon. This study demonstrates the need for long-term exposure to the research framework through whole-of-curriculum re-design, in order to accentuate research skills and enable their transfer and applicability upon graduates’ employment.

Short paper

Rediscovering the Added Value of Research in Undergraduate Formation: A Case-Based Reflection

Ana María Yévenes
Family Science Department, Finis Terrae University, Chile
ayevenes@uft.cl

The Research Skill Development Framework constitutes the basis of the preparatory courses of the Bachelor’s Degree in Social Science offered by Finis Terrae University (Chile). This pedagogic strategy, established in initial theoretical courses, is aimed at strengthening cognitive skills in students right from the beginning of the Social Science program. This short paper provides hints about the usefulness of incorporating research skills in different areas of undergraduate education that have traditionally lacked a scientific approach.

Short paper

Research Skill Development in the MBA Capstone Project: Tools for Facilitating Student Engagement

Colin A. Sharp
School of Management and Business, University of South Australia 
colin.sharp@unisa.edu.au 

The paper presents the preliminary findings of an ongoing research project which follows up with MBA students on the introduction of the Research Skill Development (RSD) framework. It considers the RSD as a basis for explaining to these students how their studies were enabling them to meet the AQF 9 requirements for a research (capstone) experience in the masters coursework degree. It is based on working papers presented at two professional association meetings pertaining to the use of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) as a student engagement tool in learning, teaching and evaluation (Sharp, 2016a; 2016b).

Evidence is presented concerning the efficacy of two tools of engagement: GAS can be used in facilitating evaluation of effectiveness of student engagement in students’ own goal setting and measurement of the learning outcomes (Sharp, 2014) in research skill development (Willison & O’Regan, 2007) for their Masters Coursework capstone project development. Also, based on these data and anecdotal consultation with MBA students, an adaptation of Willison’s RSD pentagon can be used to facilitate student engagement in strategic thinking.

Short paper

The Effectiveness of 'Bolted on' Research Training

Emma Gyuris
College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University 
emma.gyuris@jcu.edu.au

This research considers the alignment of the curriculum and assessment design of the subject Research and Communication Skills for the Natural Sciences (SC5055) against the RSD matrix and asks which students benefit most from training in research and communication skills. The impact of SC5055 on students’ achievement and their ability to self-evaluate the development of their skills and understanding is also explored. Potential improvement for the RSD framework is highlighted.

Short paper

Conceptual Catch-22 in RSD for Novice Learners

Karey Harrison
School of Arts & Communication, University of Southern Queensland 
Karey.harrison@usq.edu.au

This paper is based on a case study analysing students’ capacity – in terms of Research Skill Development (RSD) facets related to ‘conceptualising’ and ‘finding’ relevant information – in their first assignment for an introductory (first year) social science course. The analysis of their performance exposes a Catch-22 in the Australia & New Zealand Information Literacy (ANZIL) standards, such that ‘conceptualising’ and ‘finding’ require an understanding of concepts in the context of the discipline, an understanding that is not available to novice researchers. An analysis of what is required to effectively conceptualise and find relevant information shows that locating information is a complex task that requires research skills, not just technical search skills. Each assignment submitted for an initial first year social science assessment task was analysed for textual indicators of the approach used by the student to conceptualise key concepts, and the results were tabulated and quantified. This paper will argue that insufficient attention has been given, within RSD and sister frameworks, to the conceptual difficulties associated both with determining what information is required and in finding that information.

Short paper

Using the RSD Framework to Address Equity Gaps in Undergraduate Research

Jenny Shanahan
Director, Undergraduate Research, Bridgewater State University, U.S.A.
jshanahan@bridgew.edu

The benefits of participating in undergraduate research (UR) are most pronounced for students from traditionally underserved groups (underrepresented minority, Aboriginal, low-income, and/or first-generation students), yet access to UR in many parts of the world favors economically advantaged students with family legacies of higher education. Scaffolding research throughout required components of the curriculum is key to addressing those equity gaps. A professional development workshop with the goal of broadening access to UR was offered at eight diverse universities and three national conferences in the United States. Participants were introduced to the Research Skill Development (RSD) Framework as a means of developing students’ research skills in fair and transparent ways. They used the model to draft learning outcomes and pedagogical strategies that would apply universally across their programs. Using the RSD Framework impelled the participants to make evident how the process of inquiry and research can be undertaken by all students in their program, thereby breaking down the divide in access to UR.

Short paper

Investigating Refugee Secondary Student Perspectives on Models of Engaged Learning & Teaching

Judith Thomas and Fizza Sabir
School of Education, University of Adelaide
judith.thomas@adelaide.edu.au

How should schools engage with South Sudanese refugee secondary students and enhance their teaching and learning? A recent doctoral thesis with ethics-approved research investigated South Sudanese refugee secondary students’ learning experiences in Adelaide, South Australia. Whilst the RSD (Research Skills Development) Framework and the subsequent family of models called MELT (Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching) were not applied in the original analysis, the interview data displayed clear signs of the students’ strong affective and cognitive acets of learning (A-F). These different facets have been called “facets of research” in the Research Skill Development framework. The classic MELT model pentagon was used to create a distinctive and new MELT model of engaged learning and teaching to provide learning signposts, insights and understandings for teachers of refugee secondary students. Examination of the students’ perspectives did not reveal a linear progression of the facets, from A to F, but rather a movement back and forth with certain facets being mentioned more frequently by the participants. Such findings can help teachers become more aware of the unique journey of refugee secondary students towards achieving their own learning autonomy.

Short paper

Multidisciplinary Approach to MELT use from Grade 5 to Year 12: Exploring Applications of the RSD Pentagon in Middle and High School Classrooms

Jason Home
Coober Pedy Area School
Jason.Home553@schools.sa.edu.au

A 2009 study found that about 40 per cent of school students displayed unproductive behaviours regularly, with over half of these students “compliant but disengaged – they were inattentive or lacked motivation.” A 2014 South Australian study similarly reported “widespread problems with a lack of engagement.” Overcoming student disengagement is complicated. What is taught and the way it is taught are crucial. The Australian Curriculum provides the what, but the teachers are left to their own devices to provide the way in which to teach the curriculum. This author believes that using the facets of the RSD pentagon provides sufficient guidance to develop meaningful and engaging lessons for both the teacher and students, which, by reengaging the passively disengaged students, could translate to a 20% increase in student engagement in lessons.

Short paper

Reframing the Research and Work Skill Development Framework Facets to Support Becoming a Teacher

Deborah Heck
School of Education, University of the Sunshine Coast
dheck@usc.edu.au

Attrition in the education profession is increasing, and this is putting pressure on teacher education programs to adapt and focus on work-ready graduates. Professional experience placements have a long history in teacher education, and there has often been a focus on assessing the cognitive aspect of professional practice. This emphasis has emerged in response to the requirement for graduates to achieve a set of largely cognitive standards as a measure of their readiness for the profession. The purpose of this paper is to reframe the facets of the Research Skills Development (RSD) and Work Skill Development (WSD) frameworks to integrate and identify the connections between the cognitive and affective domain within the context of teacher education. The facet reframing will draw on the Work Readiness Scale (WRS) currently used to assess health professionals for entry into the workforce. The current framing of language within the RSD, WSD, and WRS lacks the connectedness required to support teacher educators to develop cognitive and affective aspects required for work ready graduates. Hence, a hybrid reframing of the six facets has been developed to support teacher educators to develop programs that evidence a fluid connection between cognitive and affective aspects of becoming a teacher. Further research will explore the breadth of student journeys to becoming a teacher and developing their work readiness from the commencement of their program through to graduation.

Short paper

Using the Work Skill Development Framework to Build Rigour into WIL Programs

Diane Mayorga, Suzanne Schibeci and Ray Tolhurst
School of Accounting, Business School, University of New South Wales
Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales
School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong
rayt@uow.edu.au

This workshop aims to help participants apply the WSD Framework  to WIL programs. The growing importance of "soft" or generic" skills is acknowledged. The workshop is based on developing techniques that identify the work skills that students require for employment and then how to develop learning and assessment activities to enable students to build a portfolio of evidence to demonstrate that they have key employability skills valued by employers, To assist workshop participants, examples of practice will be provided.

Short paper

Go to https://reskidev.wordpress.com/ to discuss

Envisioning the Future of Research-based Curriculum Design Using Lego Serious Play

Chad Habel
Teaching Innovation Unit, University of South Australia
Chad.Habel@unisa.edu.au

All too often, curriculum design operates as in a vacuum: it is the grand achievement of a single teacherly genius, an ivory tower disconnected from all else and as autonomous as academic culture itself. No doubt there are political, institutional, and interpersonal forces at play that help shape this paradigm. In this conception curriculum works as a closed system: isolated, Newtonian, subject to unchangeable laws and amenable to a controlling design methodology from which student learning outcomes are evacuated as predictably as waste (Katz & Kahn 1966). Frameworks such as MELT or the RSD go some way towards addressing this closed design thinking, but if implemented as top-down models they may serve to reinforce the problem.

Short paper

Finding Employability Skills in the Curriculum: Are they there?

Lyn Torres, Barbara Yazbeck, Sebastian Borutta and Sue Bandaranaike
Monash University Library, Monash University
College of Science & Engineering, James Cook University
lynette.torres@monash.edu

The pedagogy of employability relates to the teaching and learning of a range of skills, knowledge and qualities that support sustained teaching and career development, a desired outcome of higher education. Employability skills include: “a set of achievements – skills, understandings and personal attributes – that makes graduates more likely to gain employment and be successful in their chosen occupations, which benefits themselves, the workforce, the community and the economy” (Yorke, 2006, p. 8). To monitor the growth and application of work skills in a placement environment, the Work Skill Development (WSD) framework (Bandaranaike & Willison, 2009; 2013) was originally conceived and introduced through Work Integrated Learning Programs (WIL) at James Cook University. Subsequently in 2015, Monash University librarians and learning advisers applied the WSD to guide and make employability skills explicit in the library’s research and learning skill programs in a response to the employability skills agenda.

Short paper

Transforming Teaching Practices: A Model to Conquer Evidence Based Decision Making Skills

Manisha Thakkar, Jeanne Young Kirby, Jason Home, David Wilson and Roopa Howard
Biosciences, Endeavour College of Natural Health
Biological Sciences, Flinders University
Coober Pedy Area School
Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide
Information Technology Engineering and the Environment Divisional Office, University of South Australia
Manisha.Thakkar@endeavour.edu.au

Evidence based decision making (EBDM) skills are central to teaching and learning practices, and are considered to be key competencies in the educational system. Various teaching approaches and frameworks have been implemented at different educational institutes to embed EBDM skills in the course curriculum. Research Skill Development (RSD) is one such framework that supports transformation of teaching practices and fosters accessible understanding of EBDM skills and students’ autonomy through Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching (MELT). This workshop will look at different EBDM approaches and identify how shared parameters of MELT can drive students to conquer Evidence Based Decision Making skills.

Short paper

Panel Discussion: Framewoks and Freedom
Frameworks and Freedoms: Supervising the Undergraduate Dissertation

Gina Wisker
Contemporary Literature and Higher Education, University of Brighton, UK
G.Wisker@brighton.ac.uk

Much of the current debate about undergraduate student research and particularly the final dissertation or project can be theorised considering a focus on students as partners and co-constructors of knowledge (Healey, Flint, & Harrington, 2014, 2016). This emphasises interesting tensions between freedom – to develop autonomy, problem identification and solving, research and writing skills and creating knowledge, and the role of structuring frameworks, supervision relationships, and practices. Undergraduate research supervisors might feel we are in a bit of a quandary. How far can we help manage a balance between frameworks of development and support, and the kind of independence undergraduate student researchers need to develop? If we use the RSD (Willison, 2009, 2012; Willison, Sabir, & Thomas, 2017) and other frameworks at every step of the undergraduate research journey, will this be a straitjacket? Or an essential, supportive scaffold? This paper explores some of the issues and practices of supervisors working with students. It looks at frameworks, scaffolds and the need for freedom, creative co-construction of knowledge to enable the success of undergraduate research and researchers when engaged with the dissertation, at undergraduate third year (UK) or honours (Australia).

Short paper

Poster Abstracts
Adoption of the Research Skills Development Framework and Pentagon in Weekly Undergraduate Research Mentoring Sessions: A Case Study from the Geosciences

Harry Jol
Department of Geography and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
jolhm@uwec.edu

There are numerous efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education that focus on increasing the active engagement of students (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017). This project focuses on the adoption of the Research Skills Development (RSD) Framework and associated pentagon in student-faculty research collaborations at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. Ten undergraduate students (including underrepresented minorities), who completed an intensive field data collection program at various locations worldwide, were provided with an overview of the RSD. During weekly individual research mentoring sessions, students came prepared to discuss their research progress using their completed RSD Pentagon as a guide. The intentionality of introducing the students to the RSD process also aided in “demystifying the system of research” as well as challenging students to take controlled risks.

After students reflected on their research experience and presented their research results at a regional or national professional conference, they noted that they had moved at a minimum of “one block” in the RSD grid, were able to recognize an improvement in time management, could use appropriate terminology for updating their resumes/cover letters, were able to apply these newly acquired skills in other settings, and had become more actively engaged as they progressed through the “research process”.

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E-Assessment Evaluation of Preclinical Skills in an Online Postgraduate Sonography Course

Sandyha Maranna, Marsole Greyvensteyn and Nayana Parange
Medical Sonography, University of South Australia
Sandy.Maranna@unisa.edu.au

A completely online postgraduate sonography course underwent curriculum redevelopment in 2015. Based on accreditation guidelines, gaps were identified in the summative assessments used previously. The fundamental challenges involved aligning learning outcomes with AQF level-8 criteria and introducing research awareness.

The detailed version of the Research Skill Development framework (RSD) was modified to suit discipline-specific needs. The RSD level used here was bounded researching (level 2) to suit first year students. A clinical case scenario was developed to help students embark on inquiry into an assigned topic, generate needed information, critically evaluate the information, organise, apply and communicate the new knowledge. A detailed marking rubric based on the RSD was then developed for lecturers to provide online feedback to students.

The RSD has been effectively implemented to develop research awareness, application of theory in practice and application of evidence-based thinking in sonography students. Over the past four semesters, there has been a sustained increase in the proportion of students stating that assignment items assisted in their learning and that “appropriate constructive feedback was provided”. Scores on these items by students in the online sonography course are now above division and university average values.

This poster will provide a snapshot of the case scenario assignment, the modified rubric and outcomes achieved by the student co-author.

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eLearning Activities Browser - A New Tool for Educational Design

Amy Han, Mervyn Lim, Melissa Santoso, Laura Honing, Marcus Chester and Steven Yates
Monash University Library, Monash University
amy.han@monash.edu

The eLearning Activities Browser (eLAB) is an educational design tool developed by Monash University Library to help staff design blended learning activities. Users can browse the collection of example activities from different starting points, such as Bloom’s taxonomy dimensions, action verbs, and technologies, which can be downloaded, modified and incorporated into other projects. Next, the Research Skill Development (RSD) and Work Skill Development (WSD) frameworks will be mapped as new entry points contributing to staff use of the RSD and WSD and potentially enhancing understanding and uptake of the two frameworks and their application in learning and teaching contexts.

The eLAB is built on a Drupal server with content created using platforms and tools such as Adobe Captivate, Adobe Presenter, Moodle, Google suites, social media, videos and more. Detailed site structures enabled by taxonomies and schema have been mapped and constructed in order to allow for the flexible display of objects in different views allowing for additional frameworks to be incorporated.

Focus groups, surveys and usability testing are underway to gather feedback for improvement. Projects integrating the use of eLAB into assessment design are also in progress. This poster describes the purpose and visually depicts the use of eLAB.

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‘MELTing’ Away the Stigma of a Dry Finance Subject: The Case of Implementing the Australian Share Market (ASX) Simulation as a Tool to Improve Student Engagement at a Private Higher Education Provider

Amir Gholami and George Brown
Finance and Accounting, International College of Hotel Management

The overarching aim of all teaching and learning activities is to actively engage students in a dynamic environment which nurtures and supports a variety of learning activities. In the educational environment, engagement is highly important because it acts as a behavioural pathway in which students contribute to their learning and improvement, including their skills and the final marking results (Finn and Rock, 1997, Skinner and Belmont, 1993). Despite lecturers’ intentions for improving learning environments, the teaching of finance presents some challenges, even before the teacher walks into the room. Finance lecturers may find students scared of big numbers once they start engaging in calculations. Those students who are at the other end of the spectrum often question the relevance of some topics, such as the company’s performance evaluation based on financial statements and share price in the market, and relevance of these to real-world activities.

As new lecturers in finance at a private higher education provider, we were faced with the following challenges:

  • How could we make our finance topics more interesting and, above all, engaging for students?
  • How could we encourage students to link the relevance of each topic, and in particular, link the outcomes of each topic to real-world examples?
  • How could we cater to different learning styles and, in particular, to those students at opposite ends of the financial numeracy spectrum?

Research suggests that game theory, also known as Competition-based Learning (CnBL), when used with other traditional andragogical techniques, can improve the learning performance of students and can provide a strong motivator for learning (Burguillo, 2010, Hwang et al., 2012b, Hwang et al., 2012a, Chen and Hwang, 2017, Lin et al., 2017, Sanchez, 2017, Chen et al., 2017, Sailer et al., 2017). To this end, the authors piloted the implementation of the Australian Share Market (ASX) “Trading simulation game” into a third-year finance topic at a private higher education provider.

Preliminary qualitative results suggest that students are engaging more deeply with the presented topics. The authors aim to quantify these initial findings with a survey, which may support results in the literature.

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MELT in the Materials Evaluation and Development Process

Nguyên Bùi
Department of English Studies, Hanoi University, Vietnam
nguyen081705@gmail.com

Over the course of around ten years working as an English teacher, one of the ideas I have internalised is that materials evaluation and development are essential in a teaching career.

According to Tomlinson (1998), anything can be used for teaching and learning. This pragmatic concept of materials may give teachers a sense of freedom in their collection of materials for lessons. However, the question of which materials to adopt for a lesson can be a perplexing one for teachers. In the hope of providing teachers with better materials evaluation and development for their lessons, I would like to apply the six facets of MELT in the process of evaluating and developing teaching materials for a specific lesson. Due to the purposes of my application, I will shift facets 3, 5 and 6 to 6, 3 and 5 respectively.

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Teaching Evidence-Based Practice Online Using a Programmatic Approach in a Postgraduate Program

Nayana Parange, Brooke Osborne, Sandy Maranna, Jessie Childs, Kate Lamb and Kerry Thoirs
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia
nayana.parange@unisa.edu.au

The postgraduate medical sonography programs delivered by the University of South Australia are delivered flexibly, externally and online.

Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) requirements and Australian Sonographer Accreditation Registry (ASAR) accreditation standards now emphasise the need to build research capacity in medical sonography graduates. There is an industry need to develop evidence-based decision-making and evidence-based practice (EBP) for diagnosis. Students have to learn the basic principles of EBP and critical appraisal of work practice protocols in context with national and international guidelines and protocols to be able to deliver best practice, patient-centred care.

We adopted the detailed and simpler (pentagonal) versions of the Research Skills Development (RSD) Framework as a pedagogical framework to address this challenge. An effective, research-embedded curriculum utilising the six facets of enquiry described in the RSD framework now provides students with an explicit scaffold to develop their skills in EBP and clinical reasoning skills. Students learn research principles and methodology including research question/s, literature review and critique, sampling procedures and selection, qualitative and quantitative research methods and EBP across the program.

The poster illustrates this programmatic approach to innovation in curriculum renewal with specific focus on developing EBP skills and knowledge in an online program.

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The Use of Very Simple Poster Production to Engage Students

Pam Megaw and Monika Zimanyi
College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Science, James Cook University
College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University
pam.megaw@jcu.edu.au

We co-teach first year anatomy and physiology to 320 allied health students studying four different programs. Just over half of the cohort are first-in-family students, with diverse academic backgrounds, and ATAR scores ranging from 35 - 99.95. Historically, the subject has been characterised by a high level of student under-performance, attrition and disengagement.

We introduced activity-intensive workshops where one of the components had student groups engage with case study materials by producing a simple poster explaining the content. Each group was provided with a sheet of butchers paper and marking pens, encouraged to use resources at hand, and given up to 30 minutes to complete the activity. The students then discussed their posters with instructors and the class. Photos of the posters were made available on the Learning Management System for all students to use as learning tools. Here we show how students applied the principles of the MELT RSD in completing their posters.

Students readily engaged with this activity and often competed for ‘best poster’ recognition. It was clear that the students enjoyed the session. This is a very simple activity, and requires few resources. It is an effective way to engage the students to become active in their learning, with 84% of students agreeing that the case studies were helpful when surveyed at the end of the semester.

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Towards a Framework for Work Skills Development in Biometrics in the Era of Digital Agriculture in Australia

Wendy Li, Sam Rogers and Olena Kravchuk
Biometry Hub, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide
wendy.li@adelaide.edu.au

Decision-making in Agriculture is intrinsically evidence-based. The evidence presented to stakeholders must adequately reflect reality to avoid misleading or biased decisions. The quality of data collected in experimental trials is of paramount importance. Worldwide, in developed and developing nations, the agricultural research and development and extension sector is rapidly moving towards widely accepting digital elements in data acquisition from the pre-breeding research to the logistics in market chains. To best utilise advances in the agricultural and information technologies, a new and efficient platform for work skills development is required in relation to designing trials and data acquisition. Similar to many other industries experiencing the pressure of the digital shift, the agricultural workforce is looking for ways of continuous education alternative to secondary, post-secondary and higher education. The current demand is high for professional development training presented by practicing statisticians and data scientists to research workers and agronomists. For this type of training, we are investigating a suitable model of engaged learning and teaching amongst new education frameworks for work skills developments in the 21st century.

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Using the Colours of the Research Skills Development Framework as Cues for Feedback in a Postgraduate Coursework Subject

Suzanne Schibeci
Faculty of Science; Faculty of Arts and Social Science, University of New South Wales
suzanne.schibeci@unsw.edu.au

The Master of Environmental Management is a coursework program offered by the School of Humanities and Languages at UNSW Sydney. As a multidisciplinary degree, it attracts students from a range of backgrounds. Field Ecology, a knowledge base subject in the program, covers theoretical and practical ecology and its application in environmental management. The Research Skills Development (RSD) Framework was employed for the first time in this subject in Semester 2 of 2017, because of its focus on the ‘development’ of the student’s capabilities from dependence to autonomy. Setting clear expectations and stepwise feedback is important in nurturing learner engagement (Biggs & Tang, 2011). While it was felt that this MELT would provide clear structure to assist with these aims, it was uncertain whether postgraduate students (both international and local), sitting between research and its professional application, would find this framework useful in identifying areas in their practice needing attention. A short survey at the end of the course was used to determine students’ opinions on the framework’s effectiveness.

Tasks were assigned to develop the students’ skills through the course: from a research task in the student’s particular area of interest, to a field-based study, where the application of theoretical ecology was demonstrated. The RSD framework colours were used in feedback to enable the course participants to understand their achieved level of competency at a glance. Supplementary written and/or verbal feedback specified areas needing attention and of noteworthy achievement.

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Implementing a MELT-based Paraxial and Simultaneous Music Learning model for Piano Teaching

Maggie Mei-Ki Chan
Department of Education, University of Adelaide
maggie.chan@student.adelaide.edu.au

The traditional one-to-one master-apprentice teaching model, which dominates music instrumental education in music conservatories and private studios, is still a common mode of instruction to this date. In recent years, new teaching models such as the paraxial and simultaneous models have been advocated that steer away from this old model of music being regarded as merely aesthetic. A broader aim of humanistic education in new teaching models is emphasized where music making is both a product and process. In this study, a MELT-adapted Paraxial and Simultaneous piano learning model is presented with a 21st-century learning theme. The study involves two phases with action research in the first phase on one-to-one piano students to observe how best to test pilot the model. Phase two will involve more empirical data collection with case studies on small-group instrumental learning classes using the new model, and to study how student motivation and students’ music conceptual understandings are influenced.

Short Paper

Short video

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MELTing Diverse Faculty Backgrounds to Form a Culture of Inquiry

Jacqueline DiSanto, Nelson Nunez-Rodriguez and Antonios Varelas
Early Childhood Education; Natural Science Department; Behavioral Science, Hostos Community College, City University of New York
jdisanto@hostos.cuny.edu

Four faculty members, with diverse research experience and varied content specialties, formed an initiative based on the scholarship of teaching and learning in 2016. Their purpose was threefold: 1) to foster a culture of scholarship among faculty across rank, tenure, and academic background; 2) to communicate the value of scholarly endeavours rooted in daily classroom life for reappointment, tenure, and promotion; and 3) to create a venue through which faculty could develop pedagogy, teaching identity, and scholarship. Four seminars were held during the past academic year; the first two were designed to assist participants as they posed research questions and defined their aim for embarking on this project. The emphasis was on having faculty conduct pedagogical research within their classroom on the effect their strategies had on their students’ complex-learning skills and academic progress. Through reflection and shared narrative, attendees posed questions, defined the problem, and stated their aim. Participants outlined their strategy and data protocol, and generated the requisite application to conduct research during the last two events. Faculty, in pursuit of more effective teaching, will conduct these purposeful assessments in their classroom this year, share their findings with peers through presentations and publications, and repeat the cycle.

Short video

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Peer Assisted Study Sessions - Pillars in Evaluation: A Session Planning Framework for PASS Leaders

Chantalle Narayan, Andrea Stiglingh and Valentin Stoica
Peer Assisted Study Scheme Leaders, The University of Adelaide

https://www.adelaide.edu.au/pass/passleaders/pie-model/

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Keynote Abstracts
Engaged Learning and Teaching through Student Partnership

Mick Healey
Centre for Active Learning, University of Gloucestershire, UK
mhealey@glos.ac.uk

Ways of engaging students in higher education as partners in learning and teaching is arguably one of the most important issues facing higher education in the 21st Century. The family of Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching (MELT) provides one example of this. This interactive keynote will situate the MELT approach in the broader context of other models of engaged learning, which also adopt a ‘students as partners’ approach. We will explore four ways in which students may be engaged in partnership through: a) Learning, teaching and assessment; b) Subject-based research and inquiry; c) Scholarship of teaching and learning; and d) Curriculum design and pedagogic advice and consultancy. We will focus particularly on the second and third ways, which most closely relate to the MELT model. The argument will be illustrated by numerous mini case studies of practices from a wide range of disciplines in Australasia, Europe, and North America. The session will end with a discussion of the implications of a ‘students as partners’ approach to the development of the MELT model.

The University of the South Pacific and the RSD

Jito Vanualailai
School of Computing, Information & Mathematical Sciences, University of the South Pacific, Fiji
vanualailai@usp.ac.fj

The University of the South Pacific (USP) is a premier provider of tertiary education in the Pacific region and jointly owned by the governments of 12 Pacific Island Countries. In 2011, in response to a review during its 40th Anniversary, USP decided to implement the Research Skill Development (RSD) framework into all its academic programs. As a curriculum initiative, an unusual feature of the implementation is that the RSD is administered by the Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Research, in a top-down approach. In this talk, I explore the rationale behind the adoption of the RSD, discuss the process of implementation, and address the advantages and disadvantages of the approach. As the University prepares for its 50th anniversary in 2018, the member nations are looking to the University to provide the region with graduates who have the skills to make a difference socially, economically, educationally and environmentally.

Presentation slides

MELTing Zombies, Toasting Bats: Using the RSD to Communicate Across Contexts

Sylvia Tiala
College of Education, Hospitality, Health and Human Sciences, University of Wisconsin Stout, USA
tialas@uwstout.edu

Context, collaboration and a sense of community combined with the RSD/sister frameworks have the power to create cultural shifts in educational institutions. A template for facilitating shifts in thinking is created when these elements are combined with strategies that make thinking visible and stories that resonate with learners. Context, collaboration, community, stories and visible thinking have helped integrate research practices and engaged learning/teaching across contexts in classrooms, universities, at state and nationwide levels. MELTing Zombies, Toasting Bats, and geocaching the RSD, are a few examples that illustrate the successful integration of these elements.

Presentation slides

Expired Submission details

Submissions are now closed for 200-word abstracts for poster presentations since 6 September 2017. These were submitted to:

research-advice@i-melt.edu.au

Posters will be an opportunity for creatively representing to the I-MELT audience aspects such as:

  • your own adaptation of MELT that suits your context
  • what happened when you implemented MELT
  • MELT in the design of:
    • individual activities
    • components of a subject such as the laboratory stream
    • a whole subject
    • assessment activities, marking and feedback
    • a whole program

Abstracts will be reviewed by the I-MELT committee and you will be informed by 13 September about acceptance and given feedback.

Posters will be digital, preferably in Powerpoint.

The poster session is called ‘MELTing Moments’ and will involve two minute presentations to the whole audience.

In addition posters will be on rolling display on large screens during the conference.

Posters should be static (no transitions); brevity and visual communication should be emphasised with large font and graphics the focus.

The actual e-poster may be emailed one week before the conference.

Abstract structure (submitted as a word document)

Title

Authors/institutions/contact details

The 200-words should outline:

  • the issue you were or are dealing with
  • outline the MELT used or modified
  • outcomes, results or plans for the future

You may have one or two references (in addition to the 200 words).

Closed: Short papers for I-MELT presentations and workshops

Short papers were peer reviewed, and provided a substantial background to presentations and workshops in advance of the conference, and into the future.

Short papers of 1500 - 2000 words were submitted for:

Presentations of 15 + 10 minutes Q&A. All presentations began with an 'audio abstract' i.e., told the whole story in brief, like an abstract, then used a standard presentation structure.

Workshops of 1.5 hours. These involved lots of 'work' for the participants.

Two types of submission were welcome for presentations

  • short papers based on research; and
  • short papers based on practice.

Link to Review criteria

Link to Support for your research

The research papers typically had ethics approval and captured qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods evidence. Practice papers were based on accounts of practice, supported by some data, such as student evaluation data.

Short papers submitted for I-MELT shared the common ground of using the Models of Engaged Learning and Teaching as the conceptual framework for our shared conversations. All accepted presentations used, adapted, connected or critiqued one or more of this family of models:

  • Research Skill Development (RSD and RSD7) frameworks,
  • Work Skill Development (WSD) framework,
  • Optimising Problem Solving (OPS) pentagon,
  • Clinical Reflection Skills (CRS) framework,
  • Critical Thinking Skills (CTS) framework and
  • Research Mountain (for kids).

Each short paper indicated one or more of the conference themes that it addressed:

Short Paper Structure (1500- 2000 words)

  • Abstract of 100-150 words, including the MELT framework(s) used
  • Introduction of the context and why the specific MELT framework(s) were used.
  • What practice or theory gap were you addressing?
  • What was your methodology (empirical paper) or approach (practice paper)?
  • Work in progress/ results or outcomes
  • Discussion
  • Three sentence conclusion- 'so what?' or 'where to from here?'
Special Issue of JUTLP on RSD connections, critiques and curricula

Authors of some of the short papers that were accepted through the peer review process have been invited to submit a full paper for a Special Issue of the Journal of Teaching and Learning Practice: Research Skill Development spanning Higher Education: Connections, critiques and curricula. In addition to I-MELT papers, a call for Expressions of Interest has gone out for this special issue of JUTLP http://ro.uow.edu.au/jutlp/latestnews.html. If you submitted a short paper to I-MELT, there is no need to submit an EoI for the journal article on the same topic.

International Conference on Models of Engaged Learning & Teaching
Established 2016
School of Education

6.22, 10 Pulteney Street
The University of Adelaide
SA 5005

Contact

Dr John Willison
T: +61 8 8313 3553
john.willison@adelaide.edu.au