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Dr Elizabeth Grant
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Dr. Elizabeth Grant is an architectural anthropologist and Senior Research Fellow in the Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor and Vice President (Academic) at the University of Adelaide with a distinguished record in the field of Indigenous architecture with specialist interest in the design of custodial environments for Indigenous prisoners.
She also researches in collaboration with the Centre for Housing, Urban and Regional Planning (CHURP) and the School of Architecture and Built Environment at the University of Adelaide. Elizabeth Grant's research interests include Indigenous architecture, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander architecture and environments, Aboriginal housing and homelessness, Indigenous children's learning and play environments, prison, court and other design for the criminal justice arena and culturally sustainable design. She is interested in ascertaining congruence or 'fit' between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' behaviours and cultural norms and the design of physical environments.
Dr Grant has three decades of experience of working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, in urban, rural and remote communities to achieve outcomes for the built environment. She continues to consult to national and international architectural and engineering firms, government and Indigenous organisations working with Indigenous users using participatory planning techniques, preparing Indigenous design briefs, providing recommendations based on evidence based research and working with design professionals for major and smaller infrastructure and planning projects to achieve award winning designed environments which are beautiful, exceptional and meet the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander users.
Elizabeth Grant is recognised as an international expert on the design of Indigenous custodial environments. Her doctoral research examined Aboriginal people's preference for prison environments and was the first empirical study of its type and examines preference and congruence as a mechanism to negative behaviours in prison environments. It was completed jointly through the School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design at the University of Adelaide and the Aboriginal Environments Research Centre at the University of Queensland. She has worked as a consultant on many Australian and international prison planning projects and her work has led to major changes in the way prisons, courts and other environments are conceptualised and designed for Indigenous users. Dr Grant is a recipient of a number of competitive grants and research excellence awards including being named as a Churchill Fellow (2008) and receiving the prestigious International Cprections and Prison Association Excellence in Research Award (2015) for her pioneering work.
Dr Grant has established an online resource - Indigenous Architecture - to freely share past and present Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander architectural, landscape architecture and design projects.
ORCiD ID - 0000-0001-6554-5288
Elizabeth Grant - Indigenous Architecture
Elizabeth Grant - Twitter
Elizabeth Grant - Academia.edu
Elizabeth Grant - Research Gate
Elizabeth Grant - Expert Guide
Doctor of Philosophy, School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, the University of Adelaide.
Dissertation Title: Towards safer and more congruent Prison Environments for Aboriginal Prisoners: A South Australian Study.
Master of Environmental Studies, Mawson Graduate Centre for Environmental Studies, the University of Adelaide.
Dissertation Title: Aboriginal Housing in South Australia, an Overview of Housing at Oak Valley, Maralinga Tjarutja.
Graduate Diploma Environmental Studies, Mawson Graduate Centre for Environmental Studies, the University of Adelaide.
Bachelor of Architectural Studies, School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, the University of Adelaide.
Awards & Achievements
Dr Elizabeth Grant's publications can also be accessed via this link
Gillespie, N., Benzier, G., Babie, Eszenyi, D. Foster, R, Grant, E. and Williams, C. (eds) (2007). Reflections: 40 Years on from the 1967 Referendum, Aboriginal Legal Rights Movement of South Australia, Adelaide.
BOOK CHAPTERS, REFEREED PAPERS & ARTICLES
Grant, E. and Harman, K. (2017). Inventing a colonial dark history: the Derby Boab 'Prison' Tree, In Wilson, J., Hodgkinson, S. Piché, J. and Walby, K. (eds). Palgrave Handbook of Prison Tourism, London: Palgrave McMillan.
Grant, E., Lulham, R., & Naylor, B. (forthcoming 2017). The use of segregation for children in Australian youth detention systems: An argument for prohibition, Advancing Corrections.
Grant, E., Zillante, G., Srivastava, A., Tually, S. and Chong, A. (forthcoming 2017). Lived experiences of housing and community infrastructure among Indigenous people with disability, AHURI Final Report, Melbourne: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.
Grant, E. & Harman, K. (2017). Dark tourism, Aboriginal imprisonment and the ‘prison tree' that wasn't, The Conversation, 28 March.
Grant, E. (2017). Statement for Ms. Dhu - Elizabeth Grant, Statements for Ms Dhu to mark Survival Day, First Nations Deaths in Custody Watch Committee.
Anthony, T. and Grant, E. (2016). Courthouse Design Principles to Dignify Spaces for Indigenous Users: preliminary observations, International Journal for Court Administration, 8(1): 43-59.
Grant, E. (2016). The architecture of detention: why design matters, in 'Dossier - Reporting from the (Australian) front: Housing in Extremis' (edited by Stead, N. & Greenop, K.), Architecture Australia, 105(5): 49-50.
Grant, E. (2016). Port Augusta Courts in Pieris, A. (ed.) Indigenous Cultural Centers and Museums: An Illustrated International Survey, Washington: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Grant, E. (2016). Designing Carceral Environments for Indigenous Prisoners: A Comparison of Approaches in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand, the US and Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat), Advancing Corrections, 1 (1): 26-47.
Grant, E., Zillante, G., Tually, S., Chong, A., Srivastava, A., Beilby, J. and Beer, A. (2016). Housing and Indigenous People living with a disability: Lived experiences of housing and community infrastructure AHURI Positioning Paper, Melbourne: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.
Grant, E. (2016). An International Overview of the Initiatives to accommodate Indigenous Prisoners, In Jewkes, Y., Crewe, B. and Bennett, J. (eds) Handbook on Prisons (2nd Edition), London: Routledge: 340 - 358.
Grant, E. (2016). Conveying sacred knowledge through contemporary architectural design: the Garma Cultural Knowledge Centre. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal 1 (1): 201-209.
Grant, E. (2015). The Garma Cultural Knowledge Centre, Australian Design Review.
Grant, E. and Anthony, T. (2015). Kununurra Courthouse, Australian Design Review.
Grant, E. and Jewkes, Y. (2015). Finally fit for purpose: the evolution of Australian Prison Architecture, The Prison Journal, 95 (2): 1-25.
Grant, E. (2014). Special Feature - Architecture for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children, Place: Architecture, Design and Placemaking South Australia, 45: 21 - 24.
Harman, K. and Grant, E. (2014). Impossible to Detain without chains? The Use of Restraints on Aboriginal People in Policing and Prisons, History Australia, 11(3) : 158-176.
Grant, E. (2014). The Incarceration of Aboriginal Women and Children In Ashton, P. and Wilson, J. (eds) Silent System: Forgotten Australians and the Institutionalisation of Women and Children, Melbourne, Australian Scholarly Publishing : 43 - 58.
Grant, E., Chong, A., Zillante, G, Beer, A., and Srivastava, A. (2014). The NDIS, Housing and Indigenous Australians living with a Disability, Parity Magazine Housing Homelessness and Disability Edition, June.
Grant, E. (2014). Approaches to the design and provision of prison accommodation and facilities for Australian Indigenous Prisoners after the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, Australian Indigenous Law Review, 77(1): 47 - 55.
Grant, E. and Jewkes, Y. (2013). More than Guns or Grog: the role of television in the health and wellbeing of Australian Aboriginal Prisoners, Current Issues in Criminal Justice 25(2): 667 - 683.
Grant, E. (2013). Innovation in meeting the needs of Indigenous Inmates in Australia: West Kimberley Regional Prison, Corrections Today, September 75(4): 52 - 57.
Grant, E. (2013). "Pack em, rack em and stack em": The appropriateness of the use and reuse of Shipping Containers for Prison Accommodation, Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building,13(2): 35 - 44.
Davidson, J., Memmott, P., Go Sam, C & Grant, E. (2012). Building new houses in remote Indigenous Communities, AHURI Research and Policy Bulletin Issue 152, Melbourne, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.
Grant, E., Hansen, A. and Williamson, T. (2012). Design issues for prisoner health: Thermal conditions in Australian custodial environments, World Health Design, 5(3): 80 – 85.
Davidson, J., Memmott, P. Go-Sam, C. and Grant, E. (2011). Remote Indigenous housing procurement and post-occupancy outcomes - a comparative study.Peer Reviewed Final Report, Melbourne, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.
Grant, E. (2010). Speaking from the Heart: Stories of Life, Family and Country(Book Review) Journal of Pacific Affairs October 83(1): 206 - 207
Grant, E. (2009). Port Augusta Courts, Architecture Australia, 98(5): 86 - 90.
Grant, E. (2009). The Shelter of Law, (Book Review) Architecture Australia, 98(5): 36.
Grant, E. (2009). Prison Environments for Australian Aboriginal Prisoners: A South Australian Case Study Australian Indigenous Law Review, 13(2): 35 - 44.
Grant, E. (2008). Gunyah, Goondie + Wurley: The Aboriginal Architecture of Australia (Book Review), Architecture Australia, January/February 2008.
Grant, E. and Memmott, P. (2008). The Case for Single Cells and alternative ways of viewing Custodial Accommodation for Australian Aboriginal Peoples, The Flinders Journal of Law Reform, 10(3): 631 - 646.
Grant, E. and Memmott, P. (2007). The Journey so Far: Aboriginal Housing in South Australia, Place; Architecture, Design and Placemaking in South Australia, 2(7): 6 - 12.
Grant, E. and Memmott, P. (2007). Forty Years of Aboriginal Housing: Public and Community Housing in South Australia from 1967 to 2007, In Reflections: 40 Years on from the 1967 Referendum Aboriginal Legal Rights Movement of South Australia, Adelaide: 79 - 98.
Grant, E. (2006). Mobilong Independent Living Units: New Innovations in Australian Prison Architecture, Corrections Today, 68(3): 58 - 61.
Grant, E. (2006). The Blackster Solution; Transient Aboriginal Camps, Place; Architecture, Design and Placemaking in South Australia, 2(2): 6 - 11.
Grant, E. (2005). Duplex Jail, Place; Architecture, Design and Placemaking in South Australia, 1(4): 12 - 15.
Wallis, J. and Grant, E. (2000). Indigenous Education for Future Design Professionals, Architectural Theory Review, 2(11): 65 - 68.
Naylor, B., Grant, E. & Lulham, R. (2017). The segregation & isolation of children and young people in the Victorian Juvenile Justice System: Rethinking a flawed system: Submission to the Inquiry into Youth Justice Centres in Victoria, Melbourne: RMIT.
Grant, E. (2016). The use of segregation for children in the Northern Territory Youth Detention System: Submission to the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory, Adelaide: The University of Adelaide.
Grant, E. (2016). Indigenous Considerations pertinent to the design process of the New Grafton Correctional Centre Project, Preliminary Report to Watpac Construction Pty Ltd, Adelaide: The University of Adelaide.
Grant, E., Colbung, M. and Green, I. (2015). Architecture for Aboriginal Children and Families: A post occupancy evaluation of the Taikurrendi, Gabmididi Manoo and Ngura Yadurirn Aboriginal Children and Family Centres, Adelaide: The University of Adelaide.
Grant, E. (2011). Whyalla Aboriginal Children and Family Centre: Indigenous Design Considerations. Report to Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure Adelaide: Department of Education and Children's Services.
Grant, E. (2011). Christies Beach Aboriginal Children and Family Centre: Indigenous Design Considerations. Report to Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure Adelaide: Department of Education and Children's Services.
Grant, E. (2011). Ceduna Aboriginal Children and Family Centre: Indigenous Design Considerations. Report to Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure Adelaide: Department of Education and Children's Servicesp.
Grant, E. (2011). Indigenous design considerations in the design of the Northern Territory Secure Facilities PPP Project, Report to Capella Capital Group.
Williamson, T. , E. Grant, A Hansen, D. Pisaniello and M. Andamon (2009). An Investigation of Potential Health Benefits from increasing Energy Efficiency Stringency Requirements Building Code of Australia Volumes One & Two. Report to the Building Code Board of Australia.
Grant, E. (2009). Report on 2008 Churchill Fellowship to investigate correctional facilities for Indigenous prisoners New Zealand, Canada & Denmark. Canberra: Winston Churchill Memorial Trust
Grant, E. (2009). Indigenous considerations to the design of the Royal Adelaide Hospital Redevelopment Project, Report to Biflinger Pty Ltd.
Grant, E. (2008). Aboriginal Considerations pertinent to the Design Process of the Eastern Goldfields Regional Prison Project, Stage One Report to the Secure Environments Design Alliance Design Team, Perth.
Grant, E. and J. Paget (2008). South Australian Prison Project Early Test Fit Identification of 20 Key Issues, Report to the SAFE Consortia, Melbourne.
Grant, E. (2008). Indigenous Issues in the South Australian Prison Project: Preliminary Report to the SAFE Consortia, Melbourne.
Memmott, P. and E. Grant (2007). Report of the Proceedings of Masterplanning Workshops for Northern Territory Prison Facilities, Report to the Northern Territory Department of Planning and Infrastructure and Northern Territory Correctional Services, Darwin.
Payne, P. and E. Grant (2006). Scoping Study – Adelaide Gaol. Report to the History Trust of South Australia, Adelaide.
Grant, E. (2003), Annotated Bibliography - Best practice models for effective consultation towards improving built environment outcomes for remote Indigenous communities. Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Project, Canberra.
PUBLIC, CONFERENCE + SEMINAR PRESENTATIONS
2016 Culture & architecture in the prison: Prison Environments for Indigenous Prisoners: International comparisons of prisons in Australia, Greenland, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand and the US, American Society of Criminology (ASC), November 16th - 19th 2016, New Orleans.
2016 (with K. Harman). ‘Inventing' a Colonial Dark History: The Derby Boab 'Prison' Tree, American Society of Criminology (ASC) November 16th - 19th 2016, New Orleans.
2016 Public Art within the Architecture of Prisons: A Discussion of National and International Public Art Projects, Prisons 2016, 23rd - 24th August, Sydney.
2015 (with T. Anthony) Recent developments in Australian place-based courts for Indigenous users, 28th Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) Conference, Adelaide 25th - 27th November, Adelaide.
2015 Determing cell size and overcrowding measures for custodial environments, The International Corrections and Prisons Association 17th Annual General Meeting and Conference, 25th - 30th October, Melbourne.
2015 Designing Carceral Environments For Indigenous Prisoners: A Comparison Of Approaches In Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States & Australia, The International Corrections and Prisons Association 17th Annual General Meeting and Conference, 25th - 30th October, Melbourne.
2015 Providing Custodial Environments for Australian Aboriginal People - a humane approach (Public Lecture), Human Geography Seminar Series, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, 6th October, Birmingham.
2015 (with T. Anthony), The development of Australian place based courts to respond to Indigenous Peoples Needs and engage First Peoples Worldviews. Eurocrim 2015, 15th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology (ESC), 2nd - 5th September, Porto, Portugal.
2015 The Design of Prisons for Indigenous Prisoners: A comparison of Approaches in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, US and Greenland. Eurocrim 2015, 15th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology (ESC), 2nd - 5th September, Porto, Portugal.
2015 Conveying sacred knowledge through contemporary architectural design: The Garma Cultural Knowledge Centre, Asia Pacific International Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, AicE-Bs2015, 30th August - 4th September, Barcelona, Spain.
2015 International Approaches to the accommodation of Indigenous Prisoners, 2015 Prisons Conference, 17th - 18th March, Melbourne.
2014 Prisons for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: Meeting Physical and Mental Health Needs. 5th Annual Correctional Services Healthcare Conference. 28th - 29th July, Melbourne.
2014 (with M. Colbung and I. Green) Case Studies of Inclusiveness: the planning and design of Gabmididi Manoo, Taikurrendi and Ceduna Aboriginal Children and Family Centres. 13th Annual Australia Institute of Family Studies Conference, 30th July - 1st August, Melbourne
2014 (with M. Colbung and I. Green) Taikurrendi Children and Family Centre. Inside Out Upside Down 14th Annual Conference of the Council of Educational Facility Planners International (CEPFI) Australasia, 25th - 28th May, Adelaide.
2013 The Importance of Thermal Comfort for Prisoner Health and Safety. 5th Prison Planning, Design, Construction and Maintenance Conference, Hilton on the Park, 8th and 9th December, Melbourne.
2013 The Design of Prison Environments for Indigenous Offenders, Australian Institute of Judical Administration Indigenous Justice - Current Issues in delivering Indigenous Justice Challenges for Courts 18th - 19th July, University of South Australia, Adelaide.
2012 Contemporary Prison Environments for Aboriginal Prisoners, Design and Crime Conference, University of Technology, 12th - 13th December, Sydney.
2012 Designing for Safety: Indigenous Custodial Environments. 4th Prison Planning, Design, Construction and Maintenance Conference, 29th - 30th November 2012, Hilton on the Park Melbourne.
2012 Not much like Home: Prison Environments for Aboriginal Peoples, Public Lecture, Critical Inquiry Research Group, The University of Ballarat. http://www.ballarat.edu.au/media-releases/presentation by-elizabeth-grant-at-ub.
2011 (with E. Rowden and M. Taitz). Evaluating the cultural responsiveness of the design of an Aboriginal Court Complex for Aboriginal Users: Post Occupancy Evaluation of the Port Augusta Court Complex. 24th Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) Conference “Crime and the regions: from the local to regional, national and international” 28th - 30th September 2011, Geelong, Australia.
2011 From Nagle to Now: Developments in Australian Prison Architecture. 24th Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) Conference “Crime and the regions: from the local to regional, national and international” 28th - 30th September 2011, Geelong, Australia.
2010 A prison system in crisis: Issues in South Australian prison accommodation, National Conference on Australian Prison Issues, The University of Western Sydney, 9th November, 2010, Sydney.
2010 Prison Accommodation for Aboriginal People in Australia: Designing prisons to support cultural needs. 23rd Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology ANZSOC Conference: Crossborder and Transnational Crime: Risks and Responses. 28th - 30th September, Alice Springs.
2010 Custodial Accommodation for Australian Aboriginal Peoples: Designing prisons to support cultural needs. John Jay School of Criminology International Conference: Societies in Transition: Balancing Security, Social Justice and Tradition, 2nd - 5th June, 2010, Marrakech, Morocco.
2009 Development and Innovation in Australian Prison Architecture, 3rd Annual Prison Planning, Design and Construction Conference ‘Analysing prison developments across Australia’ 28th & 29th September, Brisbane.
2009 A Prison System in Crisis? The need to implement appropriate standards and monitoring systems for the South Australian Prison System, South Australian Council of Social Services (SACOSS) Law & Justice Advocacy Day 11th September 2009, Adelaide.
2008 Aboriginal Prisoners in Australian Correctional Centres: Increasing Cultural Identity and Placemaking in the Prison Built Environment, Space + Interaction + Discourse International Conference, 12th – 15th November, 2008, Aalborg, Denmark.
2008 Design Processes for Aboriginal Architecture in Prisons (with Professor Paul Memmott), 2nd Annual Prison Planning, Design and Construction Forum, Innovative Procurement Solutions, 6th & 7th November 2008, Melbourne.
2007 The Case for Single Cells and alternative ways of viewing Custodial Accommodation for Australian Aboriginal Peoples, ‘Building Bridges’ 20th Annual Conference of Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, 23rd – 26th September 2007, Adelaide.
2007 Towards Sustainable Design: Safe, Suitable and Appropriate Prisons for Aboriginal Peoples, 1st Annual Prison Planning, Design and Construction Conference, 23rd & 24th October 2007, Melbourne.
2007 The Impact of Prison Environments on Prisoners, Northern Territory Prison Master Planning Workshop, June, Darwin.
2007 Needs and Preferences of Male Aboriginal prisoners – the South Australian Experience, Northern Territory Prison Master Planning Workshop, June, Darwin.
2006 Prison Environments to reduce Aboriginal Deaths in Custody – Designing custodial environments from a people-environments approach Suicide Prevention Australia Conference, ‘Connecting Pathways: Big Country, Big Picture’, 2nd - 4th November 2006, Adelaide.
2006 'Softening’ the Aboriginal prison experience through architecture: emerging trends in restorative or ameliorative Aboriginal prison environments, ‘People in Place’ 1st International Symposium on Environment, Behaviour and Society, 9th – 11th February, Sydney.
2006 The right to ‘safe’ accommodation: rights and obligations to a prison accommodation standard The Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, 19th Annual Conference of Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology Conference, 7th – 9th February 2006, Launceston.
2005 Looking Backwards, Moving Forward: Aboriginal Housing in Context Community Housing Ltd Victoria Aboriginal Housing Seminar, 2nd & 3rd November 2005, Melbourne.
2005 Safe, suitable, appropriate accommodation for Aboriginal prisoners in South Australian Prisons Presentation to Australian Federation of University Women, 23rd August, 2005, Adelaide.
2005 Victoria Square Tarndanyangga - A Contested Space in Adelaide Australia (with C, Lavorie) . in, Proceedings 46th Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, October 27th - 30th 2005, Kansas City, Missouri.
2005 Towards a Safe Model: the development of modern prison architectural types in South Australia Research Seminar Series, School of Architecture Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, The University of Adelaide 11th May 2005, Adelaide.
2004 Doing it Hard- Aboriginal peoples in the Australian Prison System, Presentation to the Health Ministers’ Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health: National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Custodial Health Working Group, 29th July 2004, Adelaide.
2004 ‘No Tjilpis Here’ Report on Pilot Study at Yatala Labour Prison on determining preference of Aboriginal prisoners for correctional environments, Research Seminar Series, School of Architecture Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, The University of Adelaide, 16th July 2004, Adelaide.
2003 Stemming the Flow: Designing Prisons – ‘Correctional Facilities’ for the Future, National Indigenous Custody Conference, 14th & 15th October 2003, Adelaide.
2003 Moving from the ‘Muirhead Cell’- Safe, suitable appropriate accommodation for incarcerated Aboriginal peoples in South Australian Prisons, Aboriginal Environments Research Seminar Series, 20th August 2003, St Lucia.
2002 Incorporating Indigenous Australia into Design Education, ‘Sharing the Space’ Conference Flinders University Australian Studies Program and Yunggorendi First Nations Centre, January 2002, Adelaide.
2001 Guest Speaker: Workshop Indigenous Cultures and Design Education, National Wine Museum of Australia, 26th November 2001, Adelaide.
2001 A Piece of the Story – the process of accessing records from Catholic Organisations caring for Children separated from Families, (with Vicky Walker) 2nd National Stolen Generations Conference ‘Healing the Pain’ 14th – 16th March 2001, Adelaide.
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