MECH ENG 4101 - Biomechanical Engineering
North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2020
General Course Information
Course Code MECH ENG 4101 Course Biomechanical Engineering Coordinating Unit School of Mechanical Engineering Term Semester 2 Level Undergraduate Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 4 hours per week Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y Assumed Knowledge MECH ENG 2002 Course Description This course will provide an introduction to the fundamentals of the structure and mechanics of the musculoskeletal system with application of mechanics to bone, tendon, cartilage, ligaments and other biological materials. The structure and function of the major joints in the body will be covered, such as the hip, knee and spine as well as multiple joint systems such as the shoulder, wrist and hand. Experimental and analytical methods used to understand the function of joints and artificial joints will be discussed throughout the course. At completion of this course, students will understand the concept of joint biomechanics, and how artificial joints function, why they fail, as well as their limitations and emerging new technologies in the biomechanics field.
Course Coordinator: Associate Professor Paul Grimshaw
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.
Course Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this course students will be able to:
1 Define the general principles of joint biomechanics, and their function; 2 Recognise the concepts and theory of viscoelasticity as it applies to soft tissues, cartilage, and bone; 3 Explain how artificial joints function and why they fail, as well as their limitations; 4 Investigate emerging new technologies in the biomechanics field and appreciate the multi-disciplinary collaborative nature of biomechanics research; and 5 Evaluate the relevant literature and identify a clinical problem, and take the first steps towards formulating a research hypothesis and designing appropriate experimental methods/analytical models to test the hypothesis.
The above course learning outcomes are aligned with the Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standard for the Professional Engineer.
The course is designed to develop the following Elements of Competency: 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s) Deep discipline knowledge
- informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
- acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
- accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
1-3 Critical thinking and problem solving
- steeped in research methods and rigor
- based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
- demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
3-5 Teamwork and communication skills
- developed from, with, and via the SGDE
- honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
- encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
4, 5 Career and leadership readiness
- technology savvy
- professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
- forward thinking and well informed
- tested and validated by work based experiences
4, 5 Intercultural and ethical competency
- adept at operating in other cultures
- comfortable with different nationalities and social contexts
- Able to determine and contribute to desirable social outcomes
- demonstrated by study abroad or with an understanding of indigenous knowledges
4, 5 Self-awareness and emotional intelligence
- a capacity for self-reflection and a willingness to engage in self-appraisal
- open to objective and constructive feedback from supervisors and peers
- able to negotiate difficult social situations, defuse conflict and engage positively in purposeful debate
Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics and Mechano-biology, 3rd Edition by Mow VC & Huiskes R, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA, 2005. ISBN: 0-7817-3933-0. Extensive notes will also be provided.
Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal system – 3rd edition by Benno Nigg and Walter Herzog. John Wiley & Sons Publishers. Chichester, England. 2007. ISBN 978-0-470-01767-8. Extensive notes will also be provided.
Online LearningLectures, Home work and solutions and marks will be posted on MyUni.
Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching Modes
Lecturing will be used to convey the knowledge to the students with regular real-world examples of biomechanical challenges and solutions regularly discussed.
Combined tutorials/group work sessions will be used to reinforce the concepts covered in lectures by challenging the students with more open-ended questions designed to deepen their understanding and encourage critical thinking skills. Solutions to these questions will be discussed during tutorials. At least one session will be dedicated to conducting a critical review of a biomechanics research manuscript and formulating a hypothesis that will need to be tested during a series of practical sessions.
Practical sessions will be used to demonstrate the latest technologies employed in artificial joints, perform a mock joint replacement using artificial foam bones, measure the complex material properties of soft tissues/bone and experimentally test a hypothesis that was developed during tutorial/group work sessions.
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.
The required time commitment from the beginning of semester to the end of the final exam is 40 hours attendance at lectures/tutorials, 40 hours of self directed learning, 40 hours completing assignments and 40 hours of revising course material and preparing for the exam.
Learning Activities Summary
Analysis of muscle and joint Loads (10%)
Biomechanics of bone and osteoporosis (10%)
Structure and function of articular cartilage and meniscus (5%)
Viscoelasticity – intrinsic/biphasic and poroelasticity (5%)
Structure and function of ligaments and tendons (10%)
Muscle mechanics (5%)
Knee biomechanics (5%)
Hip biomechanics (10%)
Spine/disc biomechanics (20%)
Biomechanics of artificial joints: The Hip (10%)
Fracture fixation and healing (5%)
Imaging of soft tissues and joints (5%)
Review of a topical area/article in biomechanics
Specific Course Requirements
One field trip for practical sessions in the Biomechanical Materials Testing Laboratory at Flinders University will be undertaken (subject to availability)
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
- Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
- Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
- Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
- Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Assessment Task Weighting (%) Individual/ Group Formative/ Summative Due (week)* Hurdle criteria Learning outcomes Assignment 1 - statics and dynamics 20 Individual Summative Week 4 1. 3. Lab 1 - FEA or OpenSIM (modelling) 20 Individual Summative Week 7 1. 2. Draft Research Report 0 Individual Formative Week 8-9 3. 4. 5. Final Research Report 20 Individual Summative Week 12 3. 4. 5. Course Assessment 40 Individual Summative Week 10 1. 2. 3. 4. Total 100
This assessment breakdown is registered as an exemption to the University's Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy. The exemption is related to the Procedures clause(s): 1. b. 2.
This course has a hurdle requirement. Meeting the specified hurdle criteria is a requirement for passing the course.
Assessment Related RequirementsNONE
Assessment Task Content covered Homework #1 Static & Dynamic analysis of muscle and joint loads Homework #2 Bone and Ligament & Tendon Preliminary Research Report Identify research topic and brief report on literature reviewed and report objectives Homework #3 Cartilage and Spine Practical Assignment Data analysis of experimental results, development of Matlab programming skills, discussion, limitations and interpret findings Homework #4 Hip research methods and muscle and gait analysis Final Research Report Detailed literature review of topic and development of hypotheses and design of methods, anticipated results and significance Final Exam
Submission of all homeworks/practical/reports will be via a hard copy placed in the labelled box located on level 2 of Engineering South Building and must be accompanied by an assessment cover sheet available from room S116 or near the assignment submission area.
Work submitted late attracts a penalty of 10% of the total mark per working day. Extensions for other assignments will only be given in exceptional circumstances and a case for this with supporting documentation can be made in writing after a lecture or via email to the lecturer who set the assignment.
Return of marked assignments will be within three weeks after submission deadline and feedback will be provided where appropriate on each assignment and to the whole class.
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 1-49 Fail P 50-64 Pass C 65-74 Credit D 75-84 Distinction HD 85-100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending
Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.
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