Body Paragraphs Example with References - Text Description

Below is a text description of the body paragraph image under the writing the body paragraphs section on the essay writing page.

Explanation Sentence

The topic sentence outlines the main point of the paragraph and is linked to the overall thesis of the essay.

Example and evidence included in topic sentence e.g. (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006)

Consumption of chocolate is something that many enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as chocolate do have a 'feel good' effect.
Elaboration of main point, which adds more detail and, in this case, evidence for the main claim in the topic sentence. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013), in a systematic review of the literature in the field, point to several studies such as Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which appear to confirm this effect.
Evidence relating to the main point but questioning the validity of the point. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006) note, the mood effects of chocolate do not last long.
Further evidence which questions the validity of the main point. In addition, mood is something that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there appears to be little research focus on any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate.
Further broadly supportive, evidence in relation to the main point. Another point to consider is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study found that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt was also a statistically significant factor for many, for whom the 'feel-good' effect would be minimalised.

Concluding sentence relating back to the main issue of the 'feel good' factor and suggesting further studies would help.

Topic sentence of following paragraph thematically linked (the benefits of chocolate) to previous paragraph.

Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, can be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) which help in delaying blood clotting and reducing inflammation (Schramm et al,m 2001).

As these authors stress, "temporal tracking of [both] positive and negative emotions" (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding the 'feel good' effect and more negative emotions.