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More than $3 million has been awarded to the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Research Institute to identify the predisposing conditions and potentially modifiable factors that can substantially reduce the risk of congenital heart defects.
Before the world had heard of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was another pandemic spreading globally with insidious stealth, at an ever-increasing rate – diabetes. Globally, there are 415 million people living with diabetes and this disease is the fastest growing chronic health condition in the world today. Without significant change, by 2040 it is estimated that 642 million people will have diabetes.
There are fears parents will skip vital vaccinations for their children and that there may be disease outbreaks,because parents are concerned about taking their children to their GP during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In years gone by, women would rely on the calendar on the wall to work out when their next menstrual cycle might occur. They would look to physical signs to tell them when they might be ovulating, and therefore when they’d be most likely to fall pregnant.
A miscarriage is a devastating event. Those who experience them are suddenly and unexpectedly robbed of the promise of new life and the dream of an expanded family. The emotional toll can be even greater if conception was delayed, or if fertility treatments were required to achieve a pregnancy.
It is increasingly clear that genetics alone do not explain risks of developing allergies, and that environmental exposures before and around birth can program individuals to increased or decreased risk of allergies. Restricted growth before birth in preclinical studies appears to protect the offspring against allergic responses. However, whether prenatal growth predicts subsequent risk of allergy in humans is unclear. Many studies in humans use birth weight as a measure of fetal growth, but do not correct for gestational age, so effects of premature birth may confound those of fetal growth.
Professor David Haig from Harvard University presented the 2019 Lloyd Cox Memorial Lecture on the topic: When fetal and maternal interests collide – an evolutionary conundrum.
Michelle Clarke from the Robinson Research Institute traveled to Ljubljana, Slovenia in May to attend the ESPID conference, including plenary/invited talk sessions, e-poster viewing sessions and themed oral presentation sessions.