MECH ENG 3028 - Dynamics & Control II

North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2015

Dynamic systems are found everywhere, from musical instruments to transportation vehicles such as automobiles and aircraft. Even static civil structures such as bridges and buildings exhibit a dynamic response, which must be considered during design and construction of such systems. This course introduces the fundamental concepts of vibrating dynamical systems, from single degree of freedom systems through to continuous and multi-degree of freedom systems. Design of vibration control devices, such as vibration isolators and vibration absorbers, is also considered. Concurrently with the introduction to vibratory systems described above, this course also addresses how to control such dynamic systems using modern state-space control. This involves time domain descriptions of dynamic systems using state-space system models. The characteristics responsible for the dynamic response (poles, zeros, eigenvalues) are presented. Control laws using state-space are introduced, including specification of controller characteristics, controller design using pole placement and optimal (LQR) control (introduction). State observers are presented, including observer design using both pole placement and optimal (Kalman) observers (introduction). Finally, a computer aided control system design methodology is applied to a real MIMO Aerospace platform and several other unstable MIMO systems.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code MECH ENG 3028
    Course Dynamics & Control II
    Coordinating Unit School of Mechanical Engineering
    Term Semester 2
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 7 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Assumed Knowledge 6 units of Level II Applied Maths courses, MECH ENG 1007, MECH ENG 2019
    Restrictions Available to BE(Mechanical & Aerospace), BE(Computational), BE(Mechanical), BE(Mechatronic), BE(Mechanical & Sports), BE(Mechanical & Sustainable Energy) and associated double and combined degree students only
    Course Description Dynamic systems are found everywhere, from musical instruments to transportation vehicles such as automobiles and aircraft. Even static civil structures such as bridges and buildings exhibit a dynamic response, which must be considered during design and construction of such systems.
    This course introduces the fundamental concepts of vibrating dynamical systems, from single degree of freedom systems through to continuous and multi-degree of freedom systems. Design of vibration control devices, such as vibration isolators and vibration absorbers, is also considered.
    Concurrently with the introduction to vibratory systems described above, this course also addresses how to control such dynamic systems using modern state-space control. This involves time domain descriptions of dynamic systems using state-space system models. The characteristics responsible for the dynamic response (poles, zeros, eigenvalues) are presented. Control laws using state-space are introduced, including specification of controller characteristics, controller design using pole placement and optimal (LQR) control (introduction). State observers are presented, including observer design using both pole placement and optimal (Kalman) observers (introduction). Finally, a computer aided control system design methodology is applied to a real MIMO Aerospace platform and several other unstable MIMO systems.
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Professor Ben Cazzolato

    NameRoleBuilding/RoomEmail
    Mr Gareth Bridges Lecturer Eng.&Maths .Sciences Building,EM206/207 gareth.bridges@adelaide.edu.au
    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes

    On completion of the course, students should:

    1 Have a good understanding of the principles of vibrations;
    2 Understand the concepts of vibration modes and natural frequencies;
    3 Be able to calculate estimates for the lowest natural frequencies for single and multiple degree-of-freedom, continuous, and combined systems for both rectilinear and rotational motion;
    4 Understand the influence of mass, stiffness and damping on the motion of vibratory systems;
    5 Have a good understanding of how to measure the damping of simple vibratory systems;
    6 Understand the principles controlling the response of forced vibratory systems;
    7 Understand principles of vibration isolation, and be capable of specifying vibration isolators for a range of applications;
    8 Be capable of designing single degree-of-freedom tuned vibration absorbers;
    9 Have a basic understanding of the modes and natural frequencies of simple, idealized continuous systems;
    10 Understand the fundamentals of modelling complex continuous systems with discrete lumped-masses and springs.
    11 Have an understanding of basic control concepts such as controllability, observability, poles and zeros, stability;
    12 Be able to construct state space models of a given dynamic system;
    13 Be able to design a full-state control system;
    14 Be able to design an optimal control system and understand the balance that is achieved when designing for optimality;
    15 Be able to design an observer to estimate system states;
    16 Have had some exposure to stochastic state estimation;
    17 Be able to design a controller for command tracking;
    18 Have had experience with designing real control systems.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Knowledge and understanding of the content and techniques of a chosen discipline at advanced levels that are internationally recognised. 1-18
    The ability to locate, analyse, evaluate and synthesise information from a wide variety of sources in a planned and timely manner. 1-18
    An ability to apply effective, creative and innovative solutions, both independently and cooperatively, to current and future problems. 1-18
    Skills of a high order in interpersonal understanding, teamwork and communication. 1-18
    A proficiency in the appropriate use of contemporary technologies. 1-18
    A commitment to continuous learning and the capacity to maintain intellectual curiosity throughout life. 1-18
    A commitment to the highest standards of professional endeavour and the ability to take a leadership role in the community. 1-18
    An awareness of ethical, social and cultural issues within a global context and their importance in the exercise of professional skills and responsibilities. 1-18
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources

    Course Notes available from Image & Copy Centre or softcopy on MyUni.

    Recommended Resources

    Inman, D.J., Engineering Vibration, Prentice Hall, Second Edition, 2001; or Thompson W.T., 1993, Theory of Vibration with Applications, Fourth Edition, Stanley-Thornes.

    Dorf and Bishop “Modern Control Systems”, Chapt 3; Franklin, Powell and Emami-Naeini Feedback Control of Dynamic Systems”, Chapt 2.2, Chapt 7.1-7.2; Nise “Control Systems Engineering”, Chapt 3.

    Online Learning

    Significant links available to online resources available on MyUni.

  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes

    Lectures supported by computer-based tutorials and two laboratories.

    Workload

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    As per university recommendations, it is expected that students spend 48hrs/week during teaching periods, and that a 3 unit course has a minimum workload of 156 hours regardless of the length of the course. Additional time may need to be spent acquiring assumed knowledge, working on assessment during non-teaching periods, and preparing for and attending examinations.

    Learning Activities Summary

    Below is a breakdown of the scheduled learning activities for this course:

    Vibrations
    • Free vibration of single degree-of-freedom systems (2 lectures)
    • Forced vibrations (3 lectures)
    • Damped vibrations (2 lectures)
    • Vibration isolation (3 lectures)
    • Multi-degree of freedom systems (4 lectures)
    • Vibration of continuous systems (2 lectures)
    • Determination of natural frequencies and mode shapes (5 lectures)
    • Two laboratories: Balancing machinery and Vibrating beam
    Control
    • Introduction to State Space Modelling (1 lecture)
    • Construction of State Space Models (1 lecture)
    • Modelling Multiple DOF Systems (1 lecture)
    • Modelling Distributed Parameter Systems (1 lecture)
    • Conversion between SS to TF and back again: Control canonical, observer canonical, Jordan form (1 lecture)
    • Solution to state equations, poles, zeros and stability (1 lecture)
    • Controllability and Observability (1 lecture)
    • Feedback Control & Pole Placement (1 lecture)
    • Optimal Control (LQR) (1 lecture) (1 lecture)
    • Observers (Estimators) (1 lecture)
    • Optimal Observers (Kalman-Bucy Filters, LQG) (1 lecture)
    • Reduced Order Observers (1 lecture)
    • Compensators (1 lecture)
    • Reference Input & Command Tracking (1 lecture)
    • Summary (1 lecture)
    • Optional course content includes Linearisation of Non-linear Differential Equations & Lagrangian Mechanics
    • Tutorials using MATLAB (10 tutorials)
    • State Control of a MIMO Aerospace System and at least one other unstable MIMO plant (topic covered via assignments)
    Specific Course Requirements
    Nil.
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary

    Assignments and tutorials 20%, laboratories 10%, final exam 70%.

    Assessment Rationale: Assignments are provided as part of the learning experience. Students are expected to enhance their knowledge and understanding of the subject matter through completing the assignments, so they are regarded as formative rather than summative.

    Controls

    It should be noted that all assignments for the control part of the course (only) are optional. If a student chooses to undertake an assignment, then this will contribute to their overall summative assessment, otherwise, the proportion of the mark will be added onto the final exam. The rationale behind this approach is it gives the students the responsibility to direct their learning, and in doing so hopefully lead to the situation in which the continuing assessment is seen as enhancing learning rather than simply providing summative assessment.

    An assignment will be set approximately every three weeks. Solutions are provided on MyUni within 1 week of the submission date and relevant issues will be discussed in the lectures. Assignments are also used to help assess whether the required graduate attributes are being developed.

    The computer tutorials are designed to provide instruction of Matlab and Simulink while simultaneously developing the understanding of the students’ control knowledge through simulation.

    The examination is a summative assessment and is intended to assess the student’s knowledge and understanding of the course material and how it fits into the global engineering context.

    Vibrations

    ‘Vibrations’ comprises a 50% component of the overall course. The Vibrations component is split into assignments (20%), laboratories (10%) and final examination (70%).

    Assessment Related Requirements

    Note that the laboratory experiments are compulsory and it is a requirement to pass the laboratory experiments to pass the course.

    Assessment Detail

    Controls

    Four optional assignments spaced approximately 3 weeks apart, each worth 2.5% of overall assessment. 13 computer tutorials, each worth 0.25% of overall assessment. One optional discussion board entry worth 0.25%.

    Vibrations

    Four (assessed) assignments provide 20% of the overall Vibrations mark, with each assignment equally weighted. These assignments are set during the semester, each one released at least 2 weeks in advance of the submission deadline. The turnaround time for the return of marked assignments is weeks after the submission deadline. Late assignments are NOT accepted. Extensions are not granted, although exemptions to individual assignments may be granted on medical or compassionate grounds.

    Two equally weighted laboratory classes through the semester provide 10% of the overall mark. Students must achieve 35% of the maximum possible Vibrations laboratory mark in order to be eligible to pass the course. Students who have successfully completed the labs in a previous attempt at the course are exempt.

    The final, open book examination provides 70% of the overall Vibrations mark.

    Variations in the assessment scheme are negotiable on medical and compassionate grounds.

    Submission

    All assignments and practical report must be submitted as a hard copy in the labelled box in the Mechanical Engineering submission area on Level 2 of Engineering South Building. Any assessment submitted as a hard copy must be accompanied by an assessment cover sheet available on the window ledge of room S116. Late assignments and reports will be penalised 10% per day. Extensions for assignments will only be given in exceptional circumstances and a case for this with supporting documentation can be made in writing after a lecture or via email to the lecturer. Hard copy assignments will be assessed and returned in 2 weeks of the due date. There will be no opportunities for re-submission of work of unacceptable standard. Due to the large size of the class feedback on assignments will be limited to in-class discussion resulting from questions from students.

    All tutorials are submitted online using MyUni. Late tutorials and extensions for numbers 2 and 3 cannot be accepted as they are submitted electronically via MyUni which automatically prevents submission after the due time on the due date.

    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

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