MECH ENG 2021  ThermoFluids I
North Terrace Campus  Semester 1  2023

General Course Information
Course Details
Course Code MECH ENG 2021 Course ThermoFluids I Coordinating Unit School of Mechanical Engineering Term Semester 1 Level Undergraduate Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 7 hours per week Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y Assumed Knowledge MATHS 1011 & MATHS 1012, C&ENVENG 1010 or CEME 1004 & MECH ENG 1007 Restrictions Available to Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical), Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mining), Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Petroleum) & associated double degree students only Course Description This course has two components:
In Thermodynamics I students are introduced to engineering thermodynamics, dealing with the application of the first and second laws of thermodynamics to the thermodynamic performance analysis of typical thermomechanical plant components, using condensable vapours or gases as the working fluid. The course includes energy and entropy balance for closed and open systems
In Fluid Mechanics students are introduced to basic fluid mechanics including: kinematics and dynamics of fluid flows; conservation laws applied to fluid flow; Euler, Bernoulli, NavierStokes equations; dimensional analysis; differential and integral flow analysis; flow visualisation and other experimental techniques.Course Staff
Course Coordinator: Mr Eyad Hassan
Name Role Building/Room Email A/Prof Eric Hu
LecturerThermodynamics Engineering South, S105 eric.hu@adelaide.edu.au Eyad Hassan Lecturer Fluid Mechanics Engineering South, S324G eyad.hassan@adelaide.edu.au Course Timetable
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

Learning Outcomes
Course Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this course students will be able to:
1 Explain the concepts and definitions used in fluid mechanics and thermodynamics; 2 Apply fundamental concepts and equations to practical problems; 3 Explain basic thermodynamics and its importance in thermal systems; 4 Explain basic gas laws and phase change processes; 5 Discuss the different forms of energy, its transfer and the laws that controls this transfer; 6 Discuss basic ideal thermal cycles and their application to daily life; 7 Recognise environmental responsiblity and current best practice for the design of efficient thermal system and cycles; and 8 Apply analytical cognitive skills and problem solving skills in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.
The above course learning outcomes are aligned with the Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standard for the Professional Engineer.
The course is designed to develop the following Elements of Competency: 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.4
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s) Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth
Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multidisciplinary or multiprofessional contexts.
18 Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving
Graduates are effective problemssolvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidencebased thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.
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Learning Resources
Required Resources

Two parts of ThermoFluids 1 Lecture Notes: Thermodynamics part and Fluid Mechanics parts, and Level 2 Labbook – all available from the Image & Copy Centre.
 Moran, M.J., Shapiro, H.N., D. D. Boettner & Bailey, M. B., Principles of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons Inc, 8th Edition 2015 Wiley or

Moran, M.J., Shapiro, H.N., D. D. Boettner & Bailey, M. B., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons Inc, 7th Edition 2011 Wiley
Recommended Resources

Munson, Young, Okiishi & Huebsch, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons Inc, 6th Edition 2009 (or earlier editions)
The Barr Smith library has many books which are concerned with Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics. Students are encouraged to consult these books to enrich their knowledge in both topics.
Online Learning
The material available through MyUni:
 Course Outline and Introduction
 Course Content
 Timetable
 Lecture Notes
 Assignments
 Tutorials
 Solutions
 Past exams
 Level II Lab book
MyUni is also used to communicate important announcements.


Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching Modes
Lectures supported by modes developing material covered in lectures. These modes include problemsolving tutorials and a laboratory.
Workload
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.
Course workload includes 48 hours lectures and tutorials, and 3 hours laboratory.
Learning Activities Summary
This course consists of combination of lectures and tutorials:
Thermodynamics: Introductory Thermodynamic Concepts
 Energy Model
 Definitions
 Problem Solving Methodology
 Engineering Design
(2 hrs lectures) Energy
 Mechanical Concepts of Energy: KE, PE, Work
 Energy of a System
(1 hr lectures) Energy Transfer and the First Law of Thermodynamics
 Energy Transfer by Heat
 Heat Transfer Modes
 Energy Balance of Closed Systems
 Energy Analysis of Cycles
(1 hrs lectures, 1 hr tutorial) Properties of a Pure, Simple Compressible Substance
 State Principle
 pvT Relation
 Thermodynamic Property Data
 pvT Relation for Gases
 Ideal Gas Model
(3 hrs lectures, 1 hr tutorial) Control Volume Analysis
 Conservation of Mass for a Control Volume
 Conservation of Energy for a Control Volume
 Analysis of Control Volumes at Steady State
 Examples of Several Important Devices
 Nozzles and Diffusers
 Turbines
 Compressors and Pumps
 Heat Exchangers
 Throttling Devices  Throttling Calorimeter
 Transient Analysis
(2 hrs lectures, 1 hr tutorial) Second Law of Thermodynamics
 Work and Processes
 Statements of the Second Law
 Reversible and Irreversible Processes
(1 hr lecture) Second Law Corollaries for Thermodynamic Cycles
 Energy Analysis of Thermodynamic Cycles
 Limitations on Power Cycles
 Limitations on Refrigeration and Heat Pump Cycles
 Kelvin Temperature Scale
(1 hr lectures) Cycle Performance Measures and the Carnot Cycle
 Maximum Performance of Power Cycles
 Maximum Performance of Refrigeration and Heat Pump Cycles
 The Carnot Cycle
(1 hr lectures, 1 hr tutorial)) Entropy
 Clausius Inequality
 Definition of Entropy Change
 Entropy of Pure, Simple Substances
 Entropy Change in Internally Reversible Processes
 Entropy Balance for Closed Systems
 Entropy Rate Balance for Control Volumes
 Isentropic Processes
 Isentropic Efficiency
 Heat Transfer and Work in Internally
 Reversible Steady Flow Processes
(4 hrs lectures, 1 hr tutorial) Exergy (Availability)
 Introduction to Exergy
 Evaluation (Derivation)
 Exergy Balances for Closed Systems
 Flow Exergy
 Exergy Rate Balance for Control Volumes
 Second Law Efficiency
(2 hrs lectures, 1 hr tutorial) Fluid Mechanics: Introduction & Basics
 Definitions
 Fluid Properties
 Units
 Problem Solving Methodology
1 hr lecture Hydrostatics
 Introduction and Pascal's Law
 Pressure  A Scalar Term
 Pascal's Law for Pressure at a Point
 Pressure Variation with Depth
 Gauge Vs Absolute Pressure
 Manometry
 Forces on Plane Submerged Surfaces
 Subjected to Uniform Pressure
 Forces on Plane Submerged Surfaces
 Definitions of Centroid & Centre of Pressure
 Forces on Curved Surfaces
 Buoyancy
2 hrs lectures + 1 hr tutorial Kinematics, Continuity & C.V. Analysis
 Flow Regimes: Laminar & Turbulent Flow in Pipes
 Describing Fluid Flow: Lagrangian Description, Eulerian Description
 Steady & Unsteady Flow
 Reference Frame and the Galilean Transformation
 Flow Lines
 Streamline Coordinate System
 Flow Dimensionality and Directionality
 Intensive and Extensive Parameters
 Material (Total/Lagrangian/Substantive) Derivative – Acceleration
 The Helmholtz Theorem
 Rotation, Angular Velocity and Vorticity
 Rate of Shear Deformation
 Rate of Volumetric Strain
 Control Volumes and Systems
 Reynolds Transport Theorem
 Conservation of Mass: Integral & Differential Continuity
 Flow Rate and Average Velocity
3 hrs lectures + 1 hr tutorial Energy & Bernoulli Equations, Equations of Motion
 The General Energy Equation
 Average Properties and Velocities
 The General Energy Equation for a Streamline
 The Mechanical Energy Equation
 Bernoulli's Equation
 Pressure Coefficient or Euler Number
 Stagnation Pressure
 PitotStatic Tubes
 Yaw Meters
 Venturi Flow Meters
 Equations of Motion:Euler's, Cauchy &NavierStokes Equations
3 hrs lecture + 1 hr tutorial Dimensional Analysis, Similitude & Modelling
 Dimensional Homogeneity
 Buckingham's ΠTheorem
 Standard Π Groups
 Dimensional Reasoning
 Dimensional Analysis by Inspection
 Physical Similarity: Geometric ,Kinematic &Dynamic
 Complete & Incomplete Physical Similarity
2 hrs lecture + 1 hr tutorial Linear Momentum, Angular Momentum
 Derivation of the Linear Momentum Equation
 Terms in the Linear Momentum Equation
 Problem Solving
 Moving and Deforming Control Volumes
 Relative Velocity
 Derivation of the Angular Momentum Equation
2 hrs lecture + 1 hr tutorial Turbomachinery and Turbomachine Performance
 Classes of Turbomachines
 Derivation of Euler's Pump and Turbine Equation
 Centrifugal Pumps and FansSimplifications
 Axial Flow Fans, Pumps and Turbines
 Departures from Euler's theory
 Threedimensionalities
 Losses
 Energy Balance for Turbomachines
 Performance Curves of Turbomachines
 Performance Characteristics of Turbomachines
2 hrs lecture + 1 hr tutorial Summary & Exam
1 hr lecture Specific Course Requirements
Laboratory: This course includes a laboratory: Flow Visualisation – 3 hrs. Details provided in level 2 Labbook.

Assessment
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
 Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
 Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
 Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
 Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Assessment Summary
Assessment Task Weighting (%) Individual/ Group Formative/ Summative Due (week)* Hurdle criteria Learning outcomes Fluid dynamics assignments (4) 20 Individual Summative Weeks 212 1. 2. 8. Fluid dynamics lab 5 Individual Summative Week 210 Min 35% 1. 2. 8. Thermodynamics assignments (4) 30 Individual Summative Weeks 212 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Final exam 45 Individual Summative Exam period 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Total 100
This assessment breakdown is registered as an exemption to the University's Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy. The exemption is related to the Procedures clause(s): 1. b. 2.
This course has a hurdle requirement. Meeting the specified hurdle criteria is a requirement for passing the course.
Assessment Related Requirements
The Laboratory is compulsory part of a course. If a lab session is missed or a lab report not handed in or a student fails to get at least 35% of the total possible lab marks, then that is grounds for FAILURE of the entire course.
Assessment Detail
Assignments – individual, distributed through the semester at least two weeks prior to a submission date
Laboratory – assessment based on lab participation and a report (COMPULSORY component)
Final exam – openbook, 3 hours,
Submission
Assignments and lab reports should be submitted via corresponding Course Submission Box located on Level 2 of Engineering South. No late submissions are accepted although in special cases exemptions can be granted on individual basis. A “turnaround” timeline on assessments and the provision of feedback to students is approximately 2 weeks. Resubmission of work is not allowed.
Course Grading
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 149 Fail P 5064 Pass C 6574 Credit D 7584 Distinction HD 85100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

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