C&ENVENG 7037 - Water Distribution Systems & Design
North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2015
General Course Information
Course Code C&ENVENG 7037 Course Water Distribution Systems & Design Coordinating Unit School of Civil, Environmental & Mining Eng Term Semester 1 Level Postgraduate Coursework Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 4 hours per week Available for Study Abroad and Exchange N Course Description Water distribution systems analysis. Steady state analysis of pipe networks. Alternative formulations of equations for pipe networks - the Q-equations, the H-equations, the LF-equations, the Q+H equations, the Global Gradient Algorithm formulation, and Numerical solutions based on Newton Raphson solution technique. Computer solution techniques in Excel and FORTRAN. The Global Gradient Algorithm of Todini and Pilati for solving the pipe network equations in EPANET. Optimisation of pipe networks/design. Pumping operations optimisation. Consideration of sustainability criteria (economic, environmental, technical, social, temporal) using multi-objective genetic algorithms. Water hammer analysis. Pump transients. Air vessel sizing. Water hammer control methods. Flywheels and one-way surge tanks for water hammer protection. Non-invasive pipe condition assessment using transients. Leak detection, valve sealing status assessment, blockage detection and pipe wall deterioration detection using transient analysis. Inverse transient analysis for pipe condition assessment. Description of traditional methods of optimization.
Includes Masters level project.
Course Coordinator: Emeritus Professor Angus Simpson
Course Coordinator: Professor Angus Simpson
The coordinator for this course is:
Professor Angus Simpson
Phone: +61 (0) 8 8313 5874
Room: N142b, Engineering North Building
Tutors will be available for assistance during the tutorials, computer
practical sessions and the design project.
Office Hours 2015 (starting in Week 2) - Room N142b Engineering North
Tuesday 10-11am Office Hour (starts 10 March 2015 and last session is 12 May 2015)
Thursday 11am-12noon Office Hour (starts 12 March 2012 and last session is 7 May 2015)
Except mid-semester break 2015.
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.Please note that the course timetable is subject to change, because of public holidays. The final timetable will be confirmed before the beginning of the semester.
Course Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this course in Water Distribution Systems and Design students will be able to:
A. Technical knowledge and application of knowledge skills
1. To develop competence in the engineering fundamentals of (a) the formulation of the underlying governing equations for behaviour of flows and pressures in piped water distribution systems; (b) optimisation of water distribution systems design and operations (c) multi-objective optimisation of water distribution system design for both life cycle cost and life cycle greenhouse gas minimisation and (d) water hammer control in piped systems using air vessels and other water hammer control devices.
2. To develop competence in the analysis, design and optimisation of water distribution systems.
3. To develop competence in using computers and information technology effectively in (a) simulating and optimisation of water distribution systems and (b) preparing reports to present results of designs.
4. To develop the ability to apply an integrative or systems approach to solving water distribution system design problems.
5. To develop the ability to prepare and interpret engineering sketches and drawings of water distribution systems.
6. To become aware of uncertainty (e.g. in the estimation of peak day water demands and pipe roughnesses) and recognising limitations of engineering approaches and systems.
7. To become aware of the need for sustainable systems and principles of sustainable design by taking into account greenhouse gas emission as a result of construction and pumping operations of water distribution systems.
8. To be aware of methods for determination of the carbon footprint or pipe systems including pumping operations.
9.To become aware of the assessment and the management of risk in design of water distribution systems.
B. Thinking skills
10. To develop competence in critical and independent thinking for problem identification, formulation and solution for water system design and operations.
11. To develop competence in critical and independent thinking in assessing water distribution system designs and analysis methods.
12. To develop competence in creative and innovative thinking in proposing alternative water distribution system designs.
13. To develop the ability to effectively synthesize information and ideas in relation to issues relating to water distribution system design – assumptions, design criteria, reliability.
14. To develop the ability to conduct investigations into water distribution system planning and design problems.
C. Personal skills and attitudes
15. To develop the ability to act in a professional manner while working in groups on water distribution analysis and design.
16. To develop the ability to communicate effectively with others in small groups working on assignments and projects – written, oral and listening skills.
17. To develop the ability to work effectively as a member of a team working on assignments and projects.
18. To develop the ability to manage effectively the allocation of time in performing tasks by meeting the deadlines for submission of assignments and projects.
19. To develop life long learning skills.
20. To become aware of your ethical responsibilities as an engineer.
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s) Knowledge and understanding of the content and techniques of a chosen discipline at advanced levels that are internationally recognised. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 The ability to locate, analyse, evaluate and synthesise information from a wide variety of sources in a planned and timely manner. 10, 11, 12, 13 An ability to apply effective, creative and innovative solutions, both independently and cooperatively, to current and future problems. 11 Skills of a high order in interpersonal understanding, teamwork and communication. 12, 14, 15, 16 A proficiency in the appropriate use of contemporary technologies. 3, 5 A commitment to continuous learning and the capacity to maintain intellectual curiosity throughout life. 17, 18 A commitment to the highest standards of professional endeavour and the ability to take a leadership role in the community. 19 An awareness of ethical, social and cultural issues within a global context and their importance in the exercise of professional skills and responsibilities. 7, 20
Required ResourcesLecture notes: These notes are from a book prepared by Professor Simpson on "Water Distribution Systems Engineering".
The lecture notes are available for purchase from the Unified Online Shop https://shop.adelaide.edu.au/konakart/Welcome.action.
These notes will be able to be taken into the exam.
Course Profile: The Course Profile is a required resource. It can be downloaded from the course MyUni site.
Recommended ResourcesChaudhry: Applied Hydraulic, Elger and Roberson: Engineering Fluid Mechanics. 9th Edition
Rouse and Ince: History of Hydraulics
Streeter and Wylie: Fluid Mechanics. SI Version
Wylie and Streeter: Fluid transients
Online LearningOnline resources (MyUni):Material such as lecture slides, assignments, the design projects, reference material and papers will be provided on MyUni.
Students are expected to regularly check on MyUni for course announcements and utilise the Discussion Board for additional contact.
Other Resources: If required, other relevant resources will be made available in the “Resources” or “Project” sections of the course MyUni site.
Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching ModesLearning & Teaching Modes
This course uses a number of different teaching and learning approaches (in a set of integrated learning activities) including:
· Lectures (usually two or three 1 hour lectures weekly)
· Tutorials (one 1 hr tutorial, weekly)
· Design sessions - computer suites (aproximately 8 hours design/computer suite sessions during the semester)
· Lecture Participation
This course is aimed to provide you with the opportunity to achieve the course learning objectives in a supportive and motivating context.
The centrepiece of the course are the two Design Projects on water distribution systems. You will learn the fundamental principles/ underlying theory required to complete these designs.
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.Workload
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements. Please note that University guidelines suggest that the average student should spend 48 hours per week to achieve a Credit. Consequently, the total workload for this course is 12 hours per week (144 hours in total over 12 weeks) for an average student to achieve a Credit.
Breakdown of Hours Activity
Contact hours/Private study hours/Total hours (listed below each item)
Review of previous lecture for Lecture Participation
Design (Part 1) (per person hours)
Design (Part 2) ) (per person hours)
Learning Activities SummaryLearning Activities Summary
A summary of the learning activities for this course are given below (L = face-to-face lectures; T = tutorials and design sessions)
A final week by week schedule will be issued closer to the beginning of the semester.
L T Topic
L1 - Introduction/Review
L2 - Solving the Water Distribution System Equations - Graph theory + Q formulation + H formulation-
T1 - Assign. No. W1: Tutorial: Data needs
L3 - Solving the Water Distribution System Equations - LF formulation + Newton solution of Q-equations
L4 - Numerical solution of the water distribution system equations for Q-equations + Two Pipe Problemfor Q-equations
T2 - Assign. No. W2: Tutorial: Equation Formulation
L5 - Solving the water distribution system equations - H and LF formulations
L6 - Solving the water distribution system - The Global Gradient Algorithm + Two Pipe Example H-equations
T3 - Assign. No. W2: Tutorial: Equation Formulation
L7 - Solving the water distribution system equations - Two Pipe Problem for H-equations and Two Pipe Problem for LF equations
L8 - Solving the water distribution system equations - the Q+H-equations formulation and the Two Pipe Problem
T4 - Assign. No. W3- Tutorial: Design 1 - Numerical Solution
L9 - Global Gradient Algorithm method for the two pipe example AND Analysis of Efficiency of Solvers
L10 - GGA improvements
T5 - Assign. No. W3- Tutorial: Design 1 - Numerical Solution
L11 - Pressure regulating valves
L12 - Genetic algorithm optimization of water distribution systems Part #1
T6 - Assign. No. W4 - Tutorial: PRVs
Mid-semester break Week # 1
Mid-semester break Week # 2
L13 - Genetic algorithm optimization of water distribution systems Part #2
L14 - Optimization of pumping using genetic algorithms
T7 - Assign. No. W5 Tutorial: GA by hand
L15 - GA sustainability- Multiobjective optimisation Part #1
L16 - Multiobjective optimisation - Part #2
T8 - Assign. No. W6a- Tutorial: Design 1 - Genetic algorithm design No. 6a
T9 - Assign. No. W6a- Tutorial: Design 1 - Genetic algorithm design No. 6a
L17 - Review of water hammer
L18 - Water hammer Air Vessels Part 1a
T10 - Assign. No. W6a- Tutorial: Design 1 - Genetic algorithm design No. 6a
T11 - Assign. No. W6a- Tutorial: Design 1 - Genetic algorithm design No. 6a
L19 - Water hammer - Air Vessels #1b
L20 - Running Hytran
T12 - Assign. No. W6b- Tutorial: CATS Design 2 - Genetic algorithms versus manual design
T13 - Assign. No. W7- Tutorial: CATS Air vessel Hytran
L21 - Water hammer - Air Vessels #2
L22 - Column separation and flywheels
L23 - Reflux valve slam
T14 - Assign. No. W6b- Tutorial: CATS Design 2 - Genetic algorithms versus manual design
T15 - Assign. No. W6b- Tutorial: CATS Design 2 - Genetic algorithms versus manual design
L24 - Review of Course - Exam overview
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
- Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
- Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
- Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
- Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Submission of Assignments and Designs
Please find below details of all assessment tasks for the course.
Hardcopy submissions must be made in the appropriate submission box outside the School Office (N136).
Weighting of Marks for Tasks
TASK WEIGHTING LEARNING OUTCOMES (LO)
Assignments (Group work) 5% LO=1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 17, 18
Design (Part 1)(Group work) 12.5% LO=1-19
Design (Part 2)(Group work) 12.5% LO=1-19
Exam 70% LO=1, 2, 10, 13, 18
Assessment Related RequirementsExpected Course Workload
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.
Please note that University guidelines suggest that the average student should spend 48 hours per week to achieve a Credit.
Consequently, the total workload for this course is 12 hours per week (144 hours in total over 12 weeks) for an average student to achieve a Credit.
For assessment tasks requiring group work, groups will be partly self selected (for assignments only). You will pair up with one other person with whom you will work in group work forthe entire semester. Pairs will rotate to form a new group of four for each new groupwork task. The same mark will be allocated to all group members and will be based on group output only. Group processes are not assessed explicitly in this course. All members in a group are expected to contribute equally to the overall task. In cases of perceived unequal contributions to groupwork, students should come and discuss the matter with the teaching staff.
In order to pass this course, students must obtain at least:
. 40% for the exam
If the above requirements are not met, students will receive a 39 F (fail) for this course OR the weighted mark forthe course (whichever is lower mark).
Assessment DetailA. Designs Objectives:
The objective of the Designs is to provide students with the opportunity to apply the course material in a realistic context in order to achieve higher-order learning outcomes.
There will 3 components to the design including:
. Design 1. numerical methods for solving pipe network equations
. Design 2 (a) manual trial-and error design of a water distribution system using computer simulation and (b) genetic algorithm
optimisation of a water distribution system using a computer software program called “Optimizer ” developed by an Adelaide company called Optimatics Pty Ltd.
Objectives: The objective of the Assignments is to provide students with the opportunity to apply the course material to problems.
There will be a number of assignments - while working in groups of four (sometimes 3 if necessary).
C. Exam Objectives:
The objective of an Exam is to provide an independent test of whether students have gained an understanding of the key learning objectives. Details of which course learning objectives are addressed by the Exam are given above.
A 3 hour examination will be held at the end of Semester I. It will be a restricted open book exam.
Notes provided by Prof Simpson for the course may be brought into the examination. This is explicitly restricted to the textbook by Crowe and Prof Simpson's book and Powerpoints of material not in Prof. Simpson's book.
NO OTHER BOOKS OR MATERIAL may be brought into the examination.
Information relating to Fluid Properties will be permitted.
· The design, tutorial solutions and worked problems including solutions to old examination problems, may NOT BE brought into the examination.
A check of the material brought in by each student will be made at the beginning of the examination.
· Use of dictionaries is permitted.
. The use of calculators is permitted. Ensuring the calculator batteries are sufficient for the duration of the examination is the
responsibility of the student.
Supplementary exams awarded on academic grounds will only be given in extraordinary circumstances. If a student sits for a supplementary exam on academic grounds, the final mark will be based on the examination only.
SubmissionSubmission deadlines will be given on each assignment and on the lecture and tutorial schedule.
Details about the submission process for the Homework Exercises will be given at the beginning of the semester and details of the submission process for the Designs will be given in separate handouts.
All submissions should be accompanied by a signed assessment cover sheet - available at:
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 1-49 Fail P 50-64 Pass C 65-74 Credit D 75-84 Distinction HD 85-100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending
Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.
The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.
SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.
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This section contains links to relevant assessment-related policies and guidelines - all university policies.
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