OENOLOGY 7047WT - Winemaking at Vintage

Waite Campus - Semester 1 - 2017

This course involves teaching sessions that may be attended by both Undergraduate and Postgraduate students. This practical course provides students with the opportunity to gain hands on winemaking experience over the vintage period. The course introduces students to the planning and managing of winemaking strategies. It covers all aspects of grape processing, white juice preparation and red wine fermentation and is designed to complement the theory covered in the other wine technology courses for table wine production. This course also aims to help students make a considerable progression in the developments of their wine sensory evaluation skills.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code OENOLOGY 7047WT
    Course Winemaking at Vintage
    Coordinating Unit School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
    Term Semester 1
    Level Postgraduate Coursework
    Location/s Waite Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 7 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Prerequisites OENOLOGY 7028WT & OENOLOGY 7019WT
    Corequisites OENOLOGY 7022WT
    Restrictions Available to GradCertOenology, GradDipOenology, MOenology, GradDipViticult & MViticult students only
    Assessment To be advised
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Mr Stephen Clarke

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

    Please note that due to different climate/weather conditions and vintage period each year, students must check the course-specific detailed timetable, provided in PDF format in the Course Outline section on MyUni.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    On successful completion of this course, students will have:

    1 Enhanced their understanding of the winemaking processes.
    2 Become familiar with the operation of vintage machinery.
    3 Gained experience and attain a basic level of competence in routine cellar operations.
    4 Gained an appreciation of the necessity for routine chemical and microbiological analyses during the winemaking process.
    5 Gained experience in cellar safety procedures.
    6 Gained an awareness of the practical organisation required in winery, including the planning of daily winery operations and recording of all such activities.
    7 Gained an appreciation of the importance of organisational skills.
    8 Gained experience in functioning within a teamwork approach.

    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Deep discipline knowledge
    • informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
    • acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
    • accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
    Critical thinking and problem solving
    • steeped in research methods and rigor
    • based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
    • demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
    Teamwork and communication skills
    • developed from, with, and via the SGDE
    • honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
    • encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
    Career and leadership readiness
    • technology savvy
    • professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
    • forward thinking and well informed
    • tested and validated by work based experiences
    Self-awareness and emotional intelligence
    • a capacity for self-reflection and a willingness to engage in self-appraisal
    • open to objective and constructive feedback from supervisors and peers
    • able to negotiate difficult social situations, defuse conflict and engage positively in purposeful debate
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources


    The following laboratory manuals contain information that will be useful in planning and carrying out a wide range of cellar operations:

    Iland, P., Bruer, N., Edwards, G., Caloghiris, S. and Wilkes, E. Chemical analysis of grapes and wines: techniques and concepts 2nd Edition: Adelaide: Patrick Iland Wine Promotions Pty Ltd: 2013.

    Iland, P., Bruer, N., Ewart, A., Markides, A. and Sitters, J. Montoring the winemaking process from grapes to wine: techniques and concepts 2nd Edition: Patrick Iland Wine Promotions Pty Ltd, Adelaide: 2012.

    Iland, P. Grbin, P. Grinbergs, M. Schmidtke, L and Soden, A. Microbiological Analysis of Grapes and Wine: Techniques and Concepts: Adelaide: Patrick Iland Wine Promotions Pty Ltd: 2007.
    Recommended Resources

    General Reading List

    Articles from

    • Australian and New Zealand Grapegrower and Winemaker;

    • Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research;

    • Practical Winery;

    • Seminar Proceedings of The Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology;

    • The American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, and

    • Wine & Viticulture Journal

    Air Liquide Australia Ltd. Publication. Wine Technology and the Pursuit of Quality: A manual on the effective use of inert gas to achieve wine quality. Compiled by D.B. Allen: 1994.

    Boulton, R.B., Singleton, V.L., Bisson, L.F. and Kunkee, R.E. Principles and Practices of Winemaking: New York: Chapman & Hall: 1996.

    Fleet, G.H. Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology: Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers: 1993.

    Fugelsang, K.C. & Edwards, C. G. Wine Microbiology 2nd Edition: New York: Chapman & Hall: 2007.

    Ough, C.S. Winemaking Basics: New York; The Haworth Press: 1992.

    Schahinger, G. and Rankine, B. Cooperage for Winemakers: A manual on the construction, maintenance and use of oak barrels; Adelaide: Ryan Publications; 1992.

    Zoecklein, B.W., Fugelsang K.C., Gump, B.H. and Nury, F.S. Wine Analysis and Production: New York: Chapman & Hall: 1995.

    Other reference material, relating specifically to lectures will be included in lecture handouts.
    Online Learning
    MyUni: Teaching materials and course documentation may be posted on the MyUni website.

  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    This course has a strong practical nature that provides students with hands-on winemaking experience over the vintage period. Leactures, tutorial and practical classes are the main course components. Seminars presented by industry experts are also incorporated.

    During the course, students will be grouped to produce one red wines and a white juice, each from 700 kg of fruit, in the Hickinbotham Roseworthy Wine Science Laboratory on the Waite Campus, under supervision. Students may also have chances to participate in grape harvesting, sampling, processing, and various class tastings which demonstrate wine sensory characteristics associated with key winemaking procedures. The course introduces students to the planning and managing of winemaking strategies, and importantly, complements the theory covered in the other wine technology courses specific to table wine production.

    Students will work in small groups (maximum 4 students) to prepare white juice (for future vinification in the Semester 2 course Fermentation Technology) and red wine. All decisions concerning the proposed red wine style and the processes required for its achievement will be made collaboratively and following discussion with academic staff. Practical introductions to winemaking equipment in the Wine Science Laboratory will include competence-based assessment. Students will work in groups throughout the winemaking process; finished wines will be presented to the entire class in a structured seminar that includes sensory evaluation of the wine and analysis of the decisions and actions taken at each stage in the conversion of grapes to wine.

      Lectures, seminars and demonstrations have been arranged to complement the practical nature of this subject.


    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    A student enrolled in a 3 unit course should expect to spend, on average 12 hours per week on the studies required.
    Learning Activities Summary
    LECTURE TIME AND LOCATION The course has been allocated substantial time blocks each week. This is to ensure sufficient time is available to undertake the often time-consuming winemaking procedures. Furthermore, some flexibility exists for students to negotiate additional time periods with the academic staff or to allow for early morning grape picking, lengthy periods of cellar/laboratory work and emergency/priority winemaking operations to ensure wine quality is not compromised.

    Lectures, tutorials and tastings will take place in the following locations outlined in the timetable:

    Winery Tute Room (WSL), Level 1, Hickinbotham Roseworthy Wine Science Lab, Building 18, Gate 2D, Waite Campus

    Charles Hawker Building (CH), Room 107, Conference Centre, Waite Campus

    National Wine Centre (NWC), Corner of Botanic and Hackney Road, Adelaide, SA 5000

    NOTE: No winery work may take place during any scheduled lecture and tutorial times.


    Pre-semester programme 15th to 26th February

    Monday 15th February

    10.00 am – 11.00 am CH Lecture: Introduction to winemaking SC
    11.00 am – 12.30 pm CH Students assigned to groups and fruit is allocated SC, PG
    12.30 pm – 1.30 pm Coombe Vineyard Vineyard layout and management practices. PE


    2.00 pm – 5.00 pm CH Tour of Facility and Lecture: Wine Options SC

    Student group photos taken. Assessment of allocated vines and fruit

    Tuesday 16th February

    9.00 am – 10.00 am CH Lecture: Fermentation management RM
    10.00 am – 12.00 pm CH Lecture: Active dry wine yeasts PG


    1.00 pm – 2.00 pm Rotation WSL Group A: Discuss winemaking project Group B: Induction of Laboratory and Floor CF, SC, PG JB, AB
    2.00 pm – 3.00 pm Rotation WSL Group B: Discuss winemaking project Group A: Induction of Laboratory and Floor CF, SC, PG JB, AB

    Wednesday 17th February

    8.00 am-10.00 am Coombe Vineyard Ripening Tutorial SC
    10.00 am – 11.00 am Rotation WSL Group C: Discuss winemaking project Group D: Induction of Laboratory and Floor CF, SC, PG JB, AB 11.00 am – 12.00 pm Rotation WSL Group D: Discuss winemaking project Group C: Induction of Laboratory and Floor CF, SC, PG JB, AB

    Thursday 18th February

    10.00 am – 12.00 pm CH Lecture: Practical vineyard and winemaking issues SC


    1.00 pm – 3.00 pm CH Lecture: Control of malolactic fermentation PG
    3.00 pm – 4.00 pm CH Tutorial: Q and A SC, PG

    Friday 19th February

    9.00 am – 12.00 pm NWC Lecture and Tasting: Oxygenation of wines during fermentation Martin Day, Paul Smith, AWRI


    1.00 pm – 5.00 pm NWC Tasting of 2014/2015 student wines SC

    Monday 22nd February

    9:00am – 5:00pm CH Lecture: OHS – Winery Safety PG

    Tuesday 23rd February – Thursday 25th February 9:00am – 5:00pm WSL Fruit processing, Supergroup updates, Group meetings, Tutorial, Presentation preparation ALL

    Friday 26th February

    9:00 am – 1:30 pm CH Presentation: Red winemaking proposals SC, PG, RM BBQ LUNCH PROVIDED – at WSL

    Semester Weeks 1 - 12

    3rd March

    2.00 pm – 4.00 pm CH Causes of sluggish and stuck fermentations, Dr Paul Henschke The role of SO2 in winemaking, Steve Clarke

    10th March

    2.00 pm – 4.00 pm CH TBC 

    17th March

    2.00 pm – 4.00 pm CH OHS exam

    24th March 2.00 pm – 4.00 pm CH TBC

    31st March 9.00 am – 1.00 pm NWC Seguin Moreau Lecture and tasting: Oak production and Uses

    7th April WSL Practical Exam

    28th April 9.00 am – 5.00 pm NWC Tannin project

    5th May 9.00 am – 5.00 pm NWC Tasting of world red wine styles Sensory Exam

    12th May 10.00 pm – 12.00 pm 1.00 pm – 3.00 pm WSL Red pressings tastings – Groups A and B Red pressings tastings – Groups C and D

    19th May 9.00 am – 5.00 pm NWC Student Final Presentations

    26th May No Classes 12 2nd June No Classes
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary

    Assessment Task Task Type   Weighting Learning Outcome
    Red Winemaking proposal and presentation Formative and Summative

    Group mark

    10% 1,6,7,8
    OH&S examination Formative and Summative Individual mark 10% 5
    Sensory Practical Formative and Summative Individual mark 10% 1
    Red wine quality and final presentation Formative and Summative Group mark 10% 1,2,3,6,7
    Diary and Practical Competency Assessment Formative and Summative Individual mark 10% 6,7
    Final Examination Summative Individual mark 50% 1,2,3,4,6
    Assessment Related Requirements

    Our students are from many countries, and speak in many different languages. The language of tuition and assessment of all courses at the University of Adelaide is English. Our teaching and demonstrating staff work exclusively in English and it is vital therefore that all discussion and communication between students in all class situations is in English only. This is of particular importance considering the practical nature of this subject in which the Health, Safety and Well-being of all participants are at all times the most important consideration.
    Assessment Detail

    Red winemaking proposal and presentation (Group mark, 10%)

    Each student group is required to submit a winemaking proposal for presentation. The proposal should be of no more than 5 slides and describe how the group intends to produce the desired style from the grapes provided.

    Information that should be included:Background to Fruit and vineyard; Fruit parameters (ideal or actual) - TA, pH, Baumé, Flavour characteristics; Winemaking steps (flow chart); SO2 regime; Crushing; Fermentation vessel; Yeast and temperature (fermentation rate) ; Cap management; Pressing options; Yeast nutrition; Oak treatment. References must be included.

    Proposals must be submitted to Stephen Clarke via email by 5:00 PM on the date indicated in the  Course Handbook. A representative from each group will present that proposal on the final Friday of the pre-Semester session. Each presentation should be no longer than 5 minutes. 5 minutes will be allocated for discussion. Attendance by all group members is compulsory and members should be prepared to participate in discussions.

    OHS exam (Individual Mark, 10%) A 2 hour, short answer written exam based on Work Health and Safety principles and legislation as presented in lectures.

    Sensory exam (Individual Mark, 10%) A 2 hour tasting exam of wines selected directly from the European red wine tasting. The exam is marked based on the accuracy of sensory descriptors and their relevance to that specific style.

    Red winemaking final presentation (Group mark, 10%) Each student group is required to submit a presentation of their final wine. The presentation should go for no more than 15 minutes and describe the required style, vinification steps taken to produce the final product, a clear discussion about any vinification difficulties and clear logical solutions to any production faults. All groups must submit their presentations to Stephen Clarke via email by 5:00 PM on the date indicated in the Course Handbook. Each group will present that proposal at the National Wine Centre on the date indicated in the Course Handbook. Groups will be allocated a time randomly on the day. Attendance by all group members is compulsory and members should prepare to participate in their presentation and discussions.

    Diary and practical exam (Individual Mark, 10%) Diary: Each student must submit a personal diary divided into two sections, one each for the white juice and red wine production activities. In chronological order, the diary is to contain details of student’s individual participation/contribution in vineyard, laboratory and cellar operations, including calculations, analytical results and tasting notes. Personal diaries and fermentation record keeping will be randomly inspected by academic staff throughout the semester. This diary is to be submitted with the red wine presentation. Practical Exam: A 45-minute practical exam will test each student’s knowledge of three different pieces of winery equipment and/or winery process. Individuals will be asked to spend 15 minutes using and discussing each randomly selected piece of equipment or process.

    Final Exam (50%) A 2 hour final summative exam will be given at the end of the semester to ensure cumulative knowledge of all course material (lectures, and practicals). Due to the practical and industry focussed nature of this course, students must achieve at least 50% of the available marks in the final exam to pass the course. This is to ensure mastery of core discipline elements relevant to professional practice.
    Late submission of assessments

    If an extension is not applied for, or not granted then a penalty for late submission will apply. A penalty of 10% of the value of the assignment for each calendar day that is late (i.e. weekends count as 2 days), up to a maximum of 50% of the available marks will be applied. This means that an assignment that is 5 days or more late without an approved extension can only receive a maximum of 50% of the mark.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

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