ANAT SC 2501 - Comparative Anatomy of Body Systems II
North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2017
General Course Information
Course Code ANAT SC 2501 Course Comparative Anatomy of Body Systems II Coordinating Unit Medical Sciences Term Semester 2 Level Undergraduate Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 6 hours per week Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y Incompatible ANAT SC 2008 Assumed Knowledge BIOLOGY 1202 or equivalent Restrictions Available to BSc, B.Arts/BSc students only Course Description This course studies structure and the basic functions of the body systems of vertebrates (i.e. cardiovascular, respiratory, musculoskeletal, digestive, reproductive, urinary and nervous systems), with special focus on how the structure has adapted in response to the functional requirements of the different habits and habitats (i.e. way of life and environment). Mammalian body systems are taught with reference to human systems.
The course consists of lectures (3 per week) and practicals (1 per week), in practicals, human and animal bones, dissected bodies or body parts will be used. In addition, animals (i.e. different vertebrate groups) will be dissected to learn the comparative anatomy of body systems.
This course has been recognised as part of the selection process for entry to certain courses, such as postgraduate medicine.
Course Coordinator: Dr Jaliya KumaratilakeCourse Coordinator: Dr Jaliya Kumaratilake
Phone: +61 8 8313 5478
Location: Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, Room N125, North Wing, Medical School
Lecturer: Professor Maciej Henneberg
Phone: +61 8 8313 5479
Location: Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.
Course Learning Outcomes
1 Understand the basic concepts associated with each system of the body. 2 Identify structures that are in place in the body systems to perform the functions according to the habits or habitats of the animals. 3 Understand how the components of the body systems evolved when the animals moved from one habit and/or habitat to another to meet the requirements of the new environment. 4 Examine a body part and identify it and then state to which animal/animal group it belongs to. 5 Describe the basic structure and functioning of the body systems of different animal groups living in different habitats or with different habits. 6 Demonstrate basic dissection skills.
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s) Deep discipline knowledge
- informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
- acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
- accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
1-6 Critical thinking and problem solving
- steeped in research methods and rigor
- based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
- demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
2-5 Teamwork and communication skills
- developed from, with, and via the SGDE
- honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
- encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
1-6 Career and leadership readiness
- technology savvy
- professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
- forward thinking and well informed
- tested and validated by work based experiences
Required ResourcesTextbook – Vertebrates, Comparative anatomy, Function, Evolution; K.V. Kardong, 5/6 edition, dissecting instruments, lab-coats, safety glasses.
Recommended ResourcesTextbooks, dissecting instruments, lab-coats, safety glasses.
Online LearningStudents are provided via MyUni lecture notes, lecture presentations, audio recordings of lectures, auodio-visual recordings of lectures, practical guides, dissection guides, pass examination papers and e-tests. In addition, when required students are contacted and also provide with additional informations via MyUni.
Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching ModesLectures are supported by practicals and dissection projects. Practicals and dissection projects are extensions of the lectures for students to learn and consolidate the knowledge of the materials they learned during the lectures. In practicals students get the opportunity to learn by handling and dissecting of real specimens (i.e. bones, prosections and dissections). Practicals are run like small-group practical-tutorials.
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.3X1 hour lectures and a three hour practical per week. In addition 2-3 hours of learning/preparation per week.
Learning Activities Summary
Introduction to the course
Introduction to comparative anatomy
Systematics of vertebrates
Principles of the evolution of vertebrates
Embryonic development of body systems
Axial skeleton and trunk muscles
Limbs and locomotion
Musculoskeletal adaptations to various life-styles
Practical-tutorial - embryology
Mammalian skull and head: Basic anatomy
Evolution of vertebrate skull
Comparison of mammalian skulls
Practical-tutorial – musculoskeletal system
e-test – musculoskeletal system
Vertebrate skull and dentition
Comparative anatomy of mammalian skulls
Vertebrate teeth: Evolution of the mammalian molar, dental adaptations to diet.
Evolution of human skull and dentition
Practical-tutorial – Comparative anatomy of mammalian skull
e-test feedback – musculoskeletal system
Skull and dentition
Adaptation to diet
Practical-tutorial – digestive system
Origin of lung
Practical-tutorial – Dentition
e-test – Skull and dentition
e-test feedback – skull and dentition
Practical-tutorial and dissection project
Comparison of arterial and venous systems between groups of vertebrates
Evolution of aortic arches
Practical examination (spot test) – digestive system
Feedback – Digestive system spot test
Evolution of vertebrate heart
Structure and function of mammalian heart
Practical-tutorial and dissection project
Mammalian kidney and its embryonic development
Practical-tutorial and dissection project
Evaluation of the dissections and feedback on dissection projects.
General introduction to brain, cranial and spinal nerves.
Meninges and comparative anatomy of Cerebra hemispheres.
Speech, limbic system and diencephalon.
Midbrain, hindbrain, autonomic nervous System.
Comparative anatomy of sensory systems.
Practical examination – spot test
Comparative anatomy of the male gonads, genital ducts, and external genitalia of vertebrates.
Comparative anatomy of female gonads, genitals, ducts and external genitalia of vertebrates.
Evolution of adaptation to viviparity.
Fertilisation and early embryonic development.
Comparative placental structure and function in mammals.
Embryology – formation of general body form.
Feedback – nervous system spot test.
Lecture by a visiting Scientist
Test – e-test.
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
- Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
- Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
- Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
- Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Assessment Task Assessment Type Weighting Learning Outcome(s) being addressed Musculoskeletal e-test Summative 4% 1-3 Skull and dentition e-test Summative 4% 1-4 Digestive system spot test Summative 4% 1-5 Respiratory system – dissection project Summative 5% 1, 2 Circulatory system - dissection project Summative 7% 1, 2 Urinary system – dissection project Summative 4% 1, 2 Evaluation of dissection Summative 4% 6 Nervous systme spot test Summative 4% 1-5 Genital system e-test Summative 4% 1-5 End of the Semester theory paper Summative 60% 1-5
1) Musculoskeletal system e-test – students do the test electronically, outside the scheduled University learning time, marked by the lecturer, marks and feedback presented to students via MyUni.
2) Skull and dentition e-test – students do the test electronically, outside the scheduled University learning time, marked by the lecturer, marks and feedback presented to students via MyUni
3) Digestive system spot test – This is a spot test, where each station is given 2-3 minutes. In each station, real specimens or photographs of specimens are used. Marks are presented in MyUni, Feedback given via MyUni and during subsequent practical students are given the opportunity to review their answer books and the feedback is given. Number of stations in the test depends on the number of students enrolled in the course.
4) Respiratory system, dissection project – A group of 4-5 students dissects a Koala according to the instructions provided and then each student draw and labels the dissection. The drawing is used for the assessment. Marks are presented via MYUni and in a subsequent practical session students are given the opportunity to review their drawings and the feedback is given.
5) Circulatory system, dissection project – A group of 4-5 students dissects a Koala according to the instructions provided and then each student draw and labels the dissection. The drawing is used for the assessment. Marks are presented via MYUni and in a subsequent practical session students are given the opportunity to review their drawings and the feedback is given.
6) Urinary system, dissection project – A group of 4-5 students dissects a Koala according to the instructions provided and then each student draw and labels the dissection. The drawing is used for the assessment. Marks are presented via MYUni and in a subsequent practical session students are given the opportunity to review their drawings and the feedback is given.
7) Evaluation of dissections – The dissection of each group is evaluated and a mark given. The marks are presented via MyUni.
8) Nervous system spot test – This is a spot test, where each station is given 2-3 minutes. In each station, real specimens or photographs of specimens are used. Marks are presented in MyUni, Feedback given via MyUni and during subsequent practical students are given the opportunity to review their answer books and the feedback is given. Number of stations in the test depends on the number of students enrolled in the course.
9) Genital system e-test - students do the test electronically, outside the scheduled University learning time, marked by the lecturer, marks and feedback presented to students via MyUni.
SubmissionAny potential difficulties in meeting assessment deadlines should be discussed with the course coordinator. Extensions for due dates will only be granted in accordance with University of Adelaide policy. http://www.adelaide.edu.au/student/exams/supps.html
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 1-49 Fail P 50-64 Pass C 65-74 Credit D 75-84 Distinction HD 85-100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending
Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.
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