ANAT SC 2109 - Cells, Tissues & Development II

North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2015

Cells, Tissues and Development builds upon the knowledge of basic tissues gained in Human Biology I. The course investigates the microscopic structure-function relationships of cells and tissues in blood and haemopoiesis, the respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphoid, renal, digestive, and endocrine systems. Topics in reproductive biology include the development of gametes, fertilization, early embryonic and placental development, assisted reproductive technology and contraceptive methods. Practical and tutorial sessions provide opportunities for visual investigation of material and expansion of concepts presented in the lectures as well as developing student skills in oral and written scientific presentations of topics in biomedical research.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code ANAT SC 2109
    Course Cells, Tissues & Development II
    Coordinating Unit Anatomy and Pathology
    Term Semester 1
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 6 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Incompatible ANAT SC 2500
    Assumed Knowledge ANAT SC 1102 & ANAT SC 1103
    Restrictions Available to B Health Sci, B Psych (Hons) & B Psych Sci students only
    Assessment Mid-semester test, tutorial papers, seminars, slide description 40%, final written & practical exams 60% - details provided at commencement of course
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr Julie Haynes

    Course Coodinator: Dr Julie Haynes
    Phone: +61 8 8313 5769
    Location: Room N127, Level 1, Medical School North

    Lecturer: Dr Eleanor Peirce
    Phone: +61 8 8313 5192
    Location: Room N131b, Level 1, Medical School North

    Lecturer: Associate Professor Rachel Gibson
    Phone: +61 8 8313 1023
    Location: Room N322a, Level 3, Medical School North

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    1 Demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function relationships of cells and tissues in myeloid and lymphoid tissues, and selected components of the cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, renal, endocrine, and reproductive systems.
    2 Demonstrate a knowledge of how cells, tissues and organs are prepared for light and electron microscopy and how to recognise artefactual changes in histological preparations.
    3 Recognise and inter-relate the normal two dimensional appearance of cells and tissues at the light & electron microscopic levels with the in vivo three dimensional state
    4 Demonstrate an understanding that histological structure is interpreted from a series of still representations taken at different functioning stages of the organism.
    5 Demonstrate competency in using electronic data bases to collect, process & analyse scientific information.
    6 Demonstrate competency in compiling scientific information for delivering an oral presentation and writing a scientific summary on a histopathological topic.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Knowledge and understanding of the content and techniques of a chosen discipline at advanced levels that are internationally recognised. 1-4
    The ability to locate, analyse, evaluate and synthesise information from a wide variety of sources in a planned and timely manner. 5-6
    An ability to apply effective, creative and innovative solutions, both independently and cooperatively, to current and future problems. 1-6
    Skills of a high order in interpersonal understanding, teamwork and communication. 5-6
    A proficiency in the appropriate use of contemporary technologies. 2-5
    A commitment to continuous learning and the capacity to maintain intellectual curiosity throughout life. 5-6
    A commitment to the highest standards of professional endeavour and the ability to take a leadership role in the community. 5-6
    An awareness of ethical, social and cultural issues within a global context and their importance in the exercise of professional skills and responsibilities. 5-6
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    Cells, Tissues and Development Manual
    Students are provided with a hard copy of the CTD manual in the first practical session. A pdf version is also available on MyUni. The manual has essential information relating to the course and notes for all the practical and tutorial sessions.

    Essential Textbook
    Equal first choices:

    Pawlina, W; Ross, MH. (2015) Histology: A text and Atlas 7 ed LW, Baltimore. ISBN 9781451187427
    Mescher, AL (2013) Junqueira's Basic Histology 13 ed McGraw Hill, New York. ISBN 9780071780339
    Recommended Resources

    Histology Texts

    Kerr, JB. (2010) Functional histology, 2nd ed. Mosby Elsevier, Sydney
    Young B, Woodford P, O’Dowd G. (2014) Wheater’s Functional Histology, 6th ed. Churchill Livingstone, London.
    Kierszenbaum AL, Tres L. (2012) Histology and Cell Biology, 3rd ed. Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia

    Other Reference Textbooks and Sources
    Textbooks on Cellular Biology (eg. Molecular Biology of the Cell, Alberts et al)
    Anatomy and Physiology texts (eg. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Tortora and Derrickson

    Physiology texts (eg. Human Physiology, Sherwood) etc. will also be very helpful BUT will not be a complete replacement for the recommended texts.

    It is assumed that students will also obtain information from scientific journals and specialised books online or from the Barr Smith Library.
    Online Learning
    All the learning and teaching resources for lectures, practicals and tutorials are available on MyUni, as well as assignments, assignment coversheets, additional images for each practical, answers to tutorials and practical questions and past exams and mid-semester tests. Recordings of lectures are also available for most lectures on MyUni.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    Lectures, tutorials, practicals, and workshops are the formats through which the course is presented.
    Attendance at practicals and tutorials is compulsory and both require prior preparation. During practicals, students have access to ‘virtual microscopes’ to examine nanozoomed images of histological slides on computers as well as digital images, scanned microscopic images, copies of diagrams, drawings, and micrographs. Practical notes with questions guide students in self-directed learning. Emphasis is placed on relationships between microstructure and function. Some practicals are structured as workshops with students interacting with each other in small groups to complete set tasks.

    Most tutorials have set assignments that are submitted a few days prior to each tutorial and are part of the summative assessment. Tutorials include discussion of answers to set questions, presentation of short talks, and review of some practical components. The ongoing feed-back given to students in the assessment of tutorials assists their learning skills and understanding.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    Contact Hours Activity Hours Total Hours

    28 hours
    18 hours
    9 hours

    55 hours
    Exams, tests 30 minute mid-semester test
    150 minute theory exam
    30 minute practical exam
    3.5 hours
    Total Contact Hours 58.5 hours
    Non-Contact Hours Activity Hours Total hours
    Independent reading & revision   42 hours
    Assessment tasks 12 hours preparation for tutorials
    9 hours preparation for practicals
    20 hours preparation for seminars, slide description, tutorial & practical assigments
    41 hours
    Total Non-Contact Hours 83 hours
    Total Workload Hours/Semester
    141.5 hours
    11.8 hours
    *Expected workload for 3-unit courses is 12 hours per week.
    Learning Activities Summary
    A detailed weekly timetable for lectures, tutorials and practicals is in the Course Manual available as a hard copy or on MyUni in late February.

    Synopsis of Lectures for Cells, Tissues and Development

    Cardiovascular System (2 lectures)
    Functional histology of blood vessels, capillaries & microcirculation.
    Functional histology of the heart

    Blood Cells (2 lectures)
    Life history of red blood cells.
    Life history of leukocytes and platelets.

    Lymphoid System (2 lectures)
    Lymph circulation, structure-function relationships of lymph nodes.
    T and B lymphocytes, features of the thymus, structure-function relationships of the spleen.

    Endocrine Cells (2 lectures)
    General structural biology of endocrines; immunocytochemical identification of endocrine cells.
    Characteristics of hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreatic islets of Langerhans.

    Digestive System (4 lectures)
    Generic structure of the gastrointestinal tract,
    Structural basis of digestion, absorption, barrier/immunity and the regulation and integration of these processes; cellular differentiation and division.
    Functional histology of the liver.

    Reproductive Systems (4 lectures)
    Exocrine and endocrine functions of the testis
    Follicular dynamics of the ovary.
    Structure and functional changes of the uterus in the menstrual cycle
    Prostate and breast in health and disease

    Reproductive Biology, Early Embryology (7 lectures)
    Early embryology
    Sex determination and differentiation
    Causes and treatment of infertility

    Respiratory System (2 lectures)
    Microstructure and function of upper respiratory tract.
    Functional microstructure of lungs.

    Kidneys (1 lecture)
    Overview of regions of the kidney; microstructural basis of kidney function.
    Small Group Discovery Experience
    In Cells and Tissues and Development, the student seminar tutorials engage the students in preparing and presenting a short talk and associated written summary on a given medical sciences topic that has a focus on normal versus abnormal microstructure and function. Students gain confidence in delivering a short scientific presentation and further develop their research and scientific writing skills from first year. One of the unique aspects of the student seminars is to promote the importance of being an active audience member during seminar presentations and individual students are rewarded for asking questions about the topic at the end of each presentation.
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary

    Assessment Task Assessment Type Weighting Learning Outcome(s) being addressed
    Final theory exam Summative 40% 1
    Final practical exam Summative 8% 1-4
    Tutorial & practical assignments Formative and Summative 26% 1-6
    Mid-semester test Formative and Summative 6% 1-4
    Oral and written seminar presentations Formative and Summative 10% 1, 2, 5, 6
    Slide description assignment Formative and Summative 10% 1-4
    Assessment Related Requirements

    NB. For a student to attain a pass in Cells, Tissues and Development II:
    1. At least 45% must be attained for the combined theory and practical examinations.
    2.All components of the assessment must be attempted or else a grade of fail will be recorded.
    Student seminars, tutorials and practicals are compulsory. Students must attend all student seminar sessions and 90% of tutorials and practicals.
    Assessment Detail
    Final Theory exam (40%) & Practical Exam (8%). This evaluates the individual student’s understanding and knowledge of the contents in the course and reflects the learning outcomes from the continuous formative and summative assessment tasks during the semester.

    Tutorial and Practical Assignments (26%) These frequent tasks form half of the semester continuous assessment score. All but the worst assignment contribute to this summative component of the assessment. The assignments encourage the students’ continual learning processes, so that they can understand basic principles, introduced early in the course, and progressively incorporate this basic knowledge into more complex concepts as the course progresses. The almost weekly tutorials provide extensive opportunities for formative assessment where students can reflect on the effectiveness of their learning styles and become aware that there are several successful methods in responding to problems and questions in assignments. This is also achieved when students self-assess or peer-assess assignments.

    Mid-semester test (6%) This evaluates student’s individual learning and understanding of the first half of the course and makes them aware of the expected level of knowledge associated with the course.

    Scientific oral and written presentation (10%) This assignment has summative and formative assessment. Students are provided with detailed instructions, guidelines, and copies of the assessment sheet for this task. Before the assignment, students analyse examples of very poor and very good written presentations and discuss strategies for producing stimulating oral presentations. The completed assessment sheet with comments is returned to the student.

    Slide description assignment (10%) This assesses the student’s skills in examining a histological section, identifying its components and distinguishing between what cells and structures are theoretically present in a section of an organ and what are actually identifiable in a given histological section. Students who achieve low grades in this assessment have the opportunity to repeat the assignment and consolidate their skills.
    Answers to most tutorial assignments must be submitted for assessment by the due date specified on the question paper in the locked Assignment Box for Cells, Tissues and Development II that is located on the right side of the corridor, first floor, Medical School North, just around the corner from the lifts and office. Complete and attach an Assignment Cover Sheet to your tutorial. Cover sheets are only available on MyUni/Course Material. For many tutorials, the due date is 4.30 pm on the Monday before the tutorial on the following Friday. Cover sheets must be read, completed, signed, and stapled to each assignment.

    Practical assignments need to be written on the assignment sheets available on MyUni and completed before the start of the relevant practical sessions where they are submitted for assessment.

    The student seminar written summary is submitted through Turnitin on MyUni.
    The slide description assignment and the accompanying microscope slide are submitted in the assignment box.

    Turn-around time for assessment of tutorial assignments is less than a week. The assessment of
    Student Seminars and the Slide Description assignments will be completed and returned to students by the last week of the semester, at the latest.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

    Semester 1 primary exams will be held from late June to early July. The exam timetable is available mid May.
    For Cells, Tissues and Development the practical exam will be held on the Thursday of Swot Vac in the computer suites, Barr Smith South, Rooms 1059, 1060, 1063.
    The theory exam will be held at the Adelaide Showgrounds, Wayville during the examination period.

    Details on replacement/ additional assessment can be found at:
    Students will be advised by email immediately their results are finalised if they become eligible for a replacement/ additional assessment which are offered:
    1. On medical grounds, if a doctor’s certificate, produced within a week of the examination is deemed to indicate genuine disability at the time of the final examination.
    2. On compassionate grounds for special circumstances with supporting documentation
    3. On academic grounds to students who fail, yet obtain at least 40% in the combined theory and practical examination.

    The replacement/ additional assessment application form is available at Students who wish to apply for a replacement/ additional assessment on medical or compassionate grounds must apply through the School of Medical Sciences within 7 days of the occurrence of the condition or circumstances. Where the occurrence falls on the day of the primary exam, students must apply within 5 working days of that date.
    Semester 1 replacement/ additional assessments will be held in the last week of the mid-year break.
    For Cells, Tissues and Development, the replacement/ additional assessment theory exam is held in the morning in the Bonython Hall, North Tce Campus, University of Adelaide and the practical exam is held in the afternoon of the same day in Barr Smith South, Room 1063, unless otherwise advised.

    NB: PLEASE BE AWARE THAT THE REPLACEMENT/ ADDITIONAL ASSESSMENT WILL NOT BE OFFERED AT A VENUE OUTSIDE THE NORTH TERRACE CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE, OR ON A DIFFERENT DAY. If you are planning holidays or journeys interstate or overseas, ensure you have returned to Adelaide ten days before the start of second semester.

    Academic replacement/ additional assessment theory and practical exams will count 54%.
    Marks for continuous assessment are not redeemable and will count 46%.

    NB. Results of medical and compassionate replacement/ additional assessments replace final exam results, even if supplementary results are worse than the final exam results.
  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

    In response to students’ comments given in SELT surveys, lectures are now recorded and available on MyUni. Images and answers from tutorial and practical assignments are now made available on MyUni. Many practicals have also been revamped in response to students’ suggestions.
  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

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