ANAT SC 2109 - Biology and Development of Human Tissues

North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2017

Ever wondered about the biological development of your organ systems? Building on the knowledge of basic tissues gained in Human Biology 1A and 1B, Biology and Development of Human Tissues investigates the microscopic cells and tissues that make up some of your major organs. Topics include blood, cardiovascular, digestive, lymphoid, respiratory, renal, endocrine and reproductive systems. You will also learn about gametes, fertilisation, implantation and embryonic and placental development. Moreover, the course will provide you with an insight into the role of cell biology in biomedical research.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code ANAT SC 2109
    Course Biology and Development of Human Tissues
    Coordinating Unit Medical Sciences
    Term Semester 1
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 6 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Incompatible ANAT SC 2500
    Assumed Knowledge ANAT SC 1102 & ANAT SC 1103
    Restrictions Available to B Health Sci, B Psych (Hons) & B Psych Sci students only
    Assessment Histological slide analysis, oral presentation, topic review assignments
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr Eleanor Peirce

    Course Coodinator: Dr Eleanor Peirce
    Phone: +61 8 8313 5191
    Location: Room N111d, Level 1, Medical School North

    Lecturer & Co-coordinator: Dr Kim Hynes
    Phone: +61 8 8313 2242
    Location: Room N127, Level 1, Medical School North

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    1 Understand structure-function relationships within and between cells and tissues of myeloid and lymphoid organs, and selected components of the cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, renal, endocrine, and reproductive systems.
    2 Recognise and inter-relate the normal two-dimensional appearance of cells and tissues at the light and electron microscopic levels with their in vivo three-dimesnional states.
    3 Understand that histological structure is interpreted from a series of still representations taken at different functioning states of the organism.
    4 Understand and explain the processes and developmental events of fertilisation, implantation, early stage embryos and placenta formation.
    5 Demonstrate competence in using electronic databases and other search methods to source credible scientific information.
    6 Compile, evaluate, critically analyse, appropriately reference and present scientific information using a variety of communication formats.
    7 Work effectively as an individual and in groups in the pursuit of scientific knowledge.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Deep discipline knowledge
    • informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
    • acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
    • accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Critical thinking and problem solving
    • steeped in research methods and rigor
    • based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
    • demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
    2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Teamwork and communication skills
    • developed from, with, and via the SGDE
    • honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
    • encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
    5, 6, 7
    Career and leadership readiness
    • technology savvy
    • professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
    • forward thinking and well informed
    • tested and validated by work based experiences
    5, 6
    Self-awareness and emotional intelligence
    • a capacity for self-reflection and a willingness to engage in self-appraisal
    • open to objective and constructive feedback from supervisors and peers
    • able to negotiate difficult social situations, defuse conflict and engage positively in purposeful debate
    5, 6, 7
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    Essential Textbook
    Both textbooks are suitable; select according to readability and learning style. 

    Pawlina, W & Ross, MH (2016) Histology: A Text and Atlas 7th Ed. Wolters Kluwer, Philadelphia. ISBN 978-1-4511-8742-7
    Mescher, AL (2013) Junqueira's Basic Histology 13th Ed, McGraw Hill, New York. ISBN 978-0-0717-8033-9
    Recommended Resources

    Histology Texts

    Kerr, JB. (2010) Functional histology, 2nd ed. Mosby Elsevier, Sydney
    Young B, Woodford P, O’Dowd G. (2014) Wheater’s Functional Histology, 6th ed. Churchill Livingstone, London.
    Kierszenbaum AL, Tres L. (2012) Histology and Cell Biology, 3rd ed. Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia

    Other Reference Textbooks and Sources
    Textbooks on Cellular Biology (eg. Molecular Biology of the Cell, Alberts et al)
    Anatomy and Physiology texts (eg. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Tortora and Derrickson

    Physiology texts (eg. Human Physiology, Sherwood) etc. will also be very helpful BUT will not be a complete replacement for the recommended texts.

    It is assumed that students will also obtain information from scientific journals and specialised books online or from the Barr Smith Library.

    Electronic Resources

    Links to a range of suitable electronic resources (e.g. animations, video clips, histology image libraries or websites) that support and/or extend course content are available in the course on MyUni.
    Online Learning
    All the learning and teaching resources for lectures, practicals and tutorials are available on MyUni, as well as assignments, assignment coversheets, additional images for each practical, answers to tutorials and practical questions, and question papers for past exams and mid-semester tests. Recordings of lectures are also available for most lectures on MyUni.

    The following items are available online via MyUni to all students enrolled in the course:

    All learning and teaching resources for face-to-face classes, e.g. prepared notes, links to animations, video clips, external websites and databases, activity worksheets, additional images for practicals.

    Mymedia recordings of most lectures. Discussions from practical and tutorial classes will not be recorded.
    Students are expected to attend and actively participate in these classes.

    Assessment items, e.g. quizzes, student seminar guidelines, slide description task. Feedback on assessment, e.g. quiz answers, marking rubrics and written comments on assignments.

    Revision materials including answers to tutorials and practical questions, and question papers for previous year's exams and mid-semester tests.

  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    Biology and Development of Human Tissues is presented via lecture, tutorial, practical class, and workshop formats. Attendance at practicals, workshops and tutorials is compulsory and these classes require prior preparation.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    Contact Hours Activity Hours Total Hours

    31 hours
    22 hours
    10 hours

    63 hours
    Exams, tests 30 minute mid-semester test
    150 minute theory exam
    30 minute practical exam
    3.5 hours
    Total Contact Hours 66.5 hours
    Non-Contact Hours Activity Hours Total hours
    Independent study & revision 2 hours/week 24 hours
    Class Preparation 10 hours preparation for tutorials
    8 hours preparation for practicals
    18 hours
    Assessment tasks 35 hours preparation for presentations, slide analysis, topic reviews, progress test and final exams 35 hours
    Total Non-Contact Hours 77 hours
    Total Workload Hours/Semester
    143.5 hours
    12 hrs/wk
    *Expected workload for 3-unit courses is 12 hours per week.
    Learning Activities Summary
    A detailed weekly timetable of topics for face-to-face classes is available on MyUni.

    Topics include:

    Cardiovascular System
    Functional histology of blood vessels, capillaries & microcirculation.
    Functional histology of the heart

    Blood Cells
    Life history of red blood cells.
    Life history of leukocytes and platelets.

    Lymphoid System
    Lymph circulation, structure-function relationships of lymph nodes.
    T and B lymphocytes, features of the thymus, structure-function relationships of the spleen.

    Endocrine Tissue
    General structural biology of endocrines; immunocytochemical identification of endocrine cells.
    Characteristics of hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreatic islets of Langerhans.

    Digestive System
    Generic structure of the gastrointestinal tract
    Regional specialisation including structural basis of digestion, absorption, barrier/immunity.
    Regulation and integration of digestive processes, cellular differentiation and division.
    Functional histology of the liver.

    Reproductive Systems
    Exocrine and endocrine functions of the testis
    Follicular dynamics of the ovary.
    Structural and functional changes of the uterus during the menstrual cycle
    Prostate and breast in health and disease

    Reproductive Biology and Early Embryology
    Early embryo development
    Formation of the placenta
    Causes and treatment of infertility

    Respiratory System
    Microstructure and function of upper respiratory tract.
    Functional microstructure of lungs.

    Overview of renal system
    Microstructural basis of kidney function.
    Small Group Discovery Experience
    There is no official SGDE in Biology and Development of Human Tissues, however several opportunities exist whereby students interact in small groups to undertake research or communicate research findings.
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary

    Assessment Task Assessment Type Weighting Learning Outcome(s) being addressed
    Final Theory Exam Summative 40% 1, 4
    Final Practical Exam Summative 10% 1, 2, 3, 4
    Topic Reviews Formative and Summative 25% 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Progress Test Formative and Summative 5% 1, 2, 3
    Student Presentations Formative and Summative 10% 1, 2, 5, 6, 7
    Slide Analysis Assignment Formative and Summative 10% 1, 2, 3, 6
    Assessment Related Requirements
    Students must meet the following requirements to be awarded a pass grade in Biology and Development of Human Tissues:

    1. A mark of at least 40% (i.e. 20/50) must be attained for the combined theory and practical examinations.

    2. Students must attend all student presentation sessions and 90% of tutorial and practical classes, except in cases based on medical/compassionate grounds that have been notified to staff via Attendance at and participation in these classes is recorded.

    Students are strongly encouraged to attempt all assessments (exams, topic reviews, slide analysis and student presentations) to maximise their grades.

    Assessment Detail
    Final Theory exam (40%) & Practical Exam (10%). These assessments evaluate the individual student’s understanding and knowledge of the contents in the course and reflect the learning outcomes from the formative and summative assessment tasks during the semester.

    Topic Reviews (25%) These tasks encourage continual learning processes. An understanding of basic principles, introduced early in the course, is necessary to enable students to progressively incorporate and apply their learning to more complex topics and situations as the course progresses.

    Progress Test (5%) The progress test evaluates student’s individual learning and understanding early in the course, increases awareness of the expected level of knowledge/performance and enables timely implementation of a remediation strategy should it be required.

    Student Presentation (10%) This task has summative and formative components and aims to further develop student's scientific research and communication skills within a discipline specific context. Students are provided with detailed instructions, guidelines, and examplars of acceptable and unacceptable presentations. A face-to-face preparation workshop may also be provided.

    Slide Analysis (10%) This task assesses the student’s skills in examining a histological section, identifying its components and distinguishing between what cells and structures are theoretically present in a section of an organ and what are actually identifiable in a given histological section. Students who achieve low grades in this assessment have the opportunity to repeat the assignment and consolidate their skills.
    Submission Process
    All assessment tasks (except examinations) must be submitted online via MyUni. Check the online instructions for individual assessment tasks in the Course Assessment module on MyUni.

    Submission Deadlines
    All submission deadlines are prominently displayed in MyUni - Course Information, at the commencement of the course. Deadlines are also attached to the submission portal for each assessment task.

    Penalties for Late Submission
    All assessment tasks must be received by the advertised due date. Late submissions will be marked, however penalties (a deduction of 10% of the mark allocated for the assessment/per day) will be applied up until 7 days post-deadline where an automatic 0 will apply.

    Results and Feedback
    Scores for automatically marked quizzes will be available immediately upon submission, with feedback on correct and incorrect answers provided one week following the submission deadline to allow for submission by students with approved extensions of deadline. The anticipated turn-around for feedback and return of other types of assessment is 2-3 weeks after the submission deadline. While every endeavour is made to achieve this, delays may occur due to staff workload.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

    Semester 1 primary exams will be held from late June to early July. The exam timetable is available mid May.
    For Biology and Development of Human Tissues the practical exam will be held during Swot Vac in the computer suites,
    Barr Smith South, Rooms 1059, 1060, 1063.

    The theory exam will be held at the Adelaide Showgrounds, Wayville during the examination period.

    Details on replacement/ additional assessment can be found at:

    Semester 1 replacement/ additional assessments will be held in the last week of the mid-year break.
    For Biology and Development of Human Tissues, the replacement/additional assessment theory exam is held in the morning at the North Tce Campus, University of Adelaide and the practical exam is held in the afternoon of the same day in Barr Smith South, Room 1063, unless otherwise advised.


  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

    In response to students’ comments given in SELT surveys, lectures are now recorded and available on MyUni. Images and answers from tutorial and practical assignments are now made available on MyUni. Many practicals have also been revamped in response to students’ suggestions.
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  • Policies & Guidelines
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