LAW 2517 - Minerals and Energy Laws

North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2020

This course examines law and policy relating to the ownership and development of onshore and offshore mineral and petroleum resources in Australia. It covers the constitutional powers of the state and Commonwealth governments in relation to mining and petroleum law and regulation; the development of legislation with reference to the exploration and production of minerals and petroleum; and the enforcement of mining and petroleum law. The course will emphasise the various policy concerns underlying the legislative regimes, such as the importance of minerals and energy in modern societies, and environmental protection. Topical community and social issues will be discussed, including the issue of access to private land (such as agricultural land) for mining; mining and native title, and heritage protection; environmental controls over mining; rehabilitation of land; mining in protected areas, such as wilderness areas and national parks; and mining in the Woomera Prohibited Area. Other topics that may be covered include mining in deep sea areas; mining in space; the resolution of international boundary disputes which affect offshore development, through a case study of the dispute between Australia and Timor-Leste over the Timor Sea; and/or electricity regulation.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code LAW 2517
    Course Minerals and Energy Laws
    Coordinating Unit Adelaide Law School
    Term Semester 1
    Level Undergraduate Law (LLB)
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 3 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Prerequisites LAW 1506 or LAW 1511
    Restrictions Available to LLB and B.Criminology with B.Laws and BArts Advanced with B.Laws students only
    Course Description This course examines law and policy relating to the ownership and development of onshore and offshore mineral and petroleum resources in Australia. It covers the constitutional powers of the state and Commonwealth governments in relation to mining and petroleum law and regulation; the development of legislation with reference to the exploration and production of minerals and petroleum; and the enforcement of mining and petroleum law. The course will emphasise the various policy concerns underlying the legislative regimes, such as the importance of minerals and energy in modern societies, and environmental protection. Topical community and social issues will be discussed, including the issue of access to private land (such as agricultural land) for mining; mining and native title, and heritage protection; environmental controls over mining; rehabilitation of land; mining in protected areas, such as wilderness areas and national parks; and mining in the Woomera Prohibited Area. Other topics that may be covered include mining in deep sea areas; mining in space; the resolution of international boundary disputes which affect offshore development, through a case study of the dispute between Australia and Timor-Leste over the Timor Sea; and/or electricity regulation.
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr Alex Wawryk

    Rm 2.06, Ligertwood Building, North Tce
    alex.wawryk@adelaide.edu.au
    http://researchers.adelaide.edu.au/profile/alex.wawryk

    Please contact me by email.
    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

    1 Articulate the complex issues addressed by mining and energy law.
    2 Analyse the foundational legal principles and mechanisms of mining and energy law.
    3 Critique the law from a practical and policy perspective, either individually or as part of a team.
    4 Conduct, analyse and present legal research, independently and collaboratively.
    5 Structure and sustain concise and cohesive written and oral arguments for a legal audience.
    6 Analyse the impact of mining and energy laws from policy perspectives, and in the context of social and cultural diversity.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Deep discipline knowledge
    • informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
    • acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
    • accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
    1-3, 6
    Critical thinking and problem solving
    • steeped in research methods and rigor
    • based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
    • demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
    1-4
    Teamwork and communication skills
    • developed from, with, and via the SGDE
    • honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
    • encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
    3, 4
    Career and leadership readiness
    • technology savvy
    • professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
    • forward thinking and well informed
    • tested and validated by work based experiences
    1-5
    Intercultural and ethical competency
    • adept at operating in other cultures
    • comfortable with different nationalities and social contexts
    • Able to determine and contribute to desirable social outcomes
    • demonstrated by study abroad or with an understanding of indigenous knowledges
    6
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    There is no prescribed text book for this course. The required reading materials will be accessible to students via MyUni.
    Recommended Resources
    Internet Sites

    The website of the SA Department of Mining and Energy contains useful information on the mining and energy industries in SA, and on South Australian law and policy:


    Books


    There are no recent general textbooks on mineral and energy law specific to the laws in South Australia. Two good books have been placed on Reserve in the Law Library.

    Samantha Hepburn, Mining and Energy Law (Cambridge University Press, 2015). This is a useful book that provides an introduction to a range of issues, and a general introduction and discussion of state/Commonwealth mining and energy laws that address those issues.

    John Southalan, Mining Law and Policy: International Perspectives (The Federation Press, 2012). This book provides an excellent general introduction to the range of issues that are commonly addressed in mining law regimes across the globe.

    Two other older texts have also been placed on Reserve in the Law Library. These are:

    John Forbes and Andrew Lang, Australian Mining and Petroleum Laws (2nd ed, 1987); and
    Anne Fitzgerald, Mining Agreements: Negotiated Frameworks in the Australian Minerals Sector (2002).

    Journal articles

    Two key sources for relevant journal articles are the Australian Resources and Energy Law Journal (formerly the Australian Mining and Petroleum Law Journal), published by the Australian Energy and Resources Law Association (AMPLA), and the AMPLA Yearbook.

    Other journals are:
    The International Bar Association's Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law
    The Energy Law Association and University of Tulsa Energy Law Journal
    Oxford's Journal of World Energy Law and Business
    Sweet & Maxwell's International Energy Law Review
    Elsevier's Energy Policy


    General research

    The Law Library website contains links for conducting legal research, both primary sources (legislation and case law) and secondary sources (articles and books) at: http://libguides.adelaide.edu.au/Law

    For secondary sources such as books and journal articles: http://libguides.adelaide.edu.au/Law

    For legislation: https://libguides.adelaide.edu.au/Law/legislation

    Recommended internet sites for Commonwealth and South Australian legislation, which can also be accessed through the Law Library's website are:
    Federal Register of Legislation - https://www.legislation.gov.au/
    South Australian Legislation - https://www.legislation.sa.gov.au/index.aspx
    Online Learning
    MyUni will be used to post announcements, post additional materials (including, where relevant, lecture slides and audio recordings of lectures) and announce assignment tasks. It will also contain a link to the Course Outline, electronic copies of the Lecture and Seminar Guides, and links to the Course Materials.

    Students are expected to check MyUni regularly to keep up to date with these materials and additional learning resources throughout the course.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    This course will be taught in a series of lectures and seminars at which students will be required to discuss, debate and defend their analysis of the relevant material set in the course readings and lectures.

    One 3-hour class will be held each week. The classes will generally be comprised of discussion focussed around a set of reading (and other) materials, and questions issued prior to the class. The weekly seminar guides contain a general introduction to the issues, the relevant law, set out the questions for discussion, and the materials that need to be studied before class. Other learning activities used in this course include role plays, and the use of in-class activities that do not require preparation, such as research conducted in class time, and watching videos. Thirdly, there may be group presentations in classes on selected topics, as part of student assessment. Finally, members of the legal profession may provide guest lectures on specialised topics of mining and energy law.
    Workload

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    Contact time: attend one 3-hour class each week. This amounts to 36 hours of formal class time across the semester.

    Preparation time: In addition to attending formal classes it is anticipated that students will do substantial independent work to prepare for classes and to complete the course assignments. The University expects full time students (those undertaking 12 units per semester) to devote a total of 48 hours per week to their studies.
    Learning Activities Summary

    Timetable*

    Week 1 5 Mar Introduction and course arrangements
    Mining in SA
    Stakeholders and interests in mining
    Week 2 12 Mar Issues of constitutional and international law
    Week 3 19 Mar Ownership and development of mineral resources: Mining Act 1971 (SA)
    Week 4 26 Mar Mining and the environment: environmental impacts of mining, and environment protection under the Mining Act
    Week 5 Apr Access to private land
    Critical perspectives on access to private land
    Week 6 9 Apr Mining and land access: Native Title
    Aboriginal Heritage 
    Week 7 30 Apr Mining in protected areas: case study of mining in Arkaroola
    Mining and access to the Woomera Prohibited Area and the Cultana Defence Area
    Week 8 7 May Mining in ‘common areas of humankind’: deep seabed mining
    Week 9 14 May Mining in ‘common areas of humankind’: space mining
    Week 10 21 May Nuclear energy and the storage of radioactive waste
    SA Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission
    Week 11 28 May Petroleum regulation: Petroleum Act 2000 (SA) and the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 (Cth)
    Week 12 4 Jun Offshore petroleum and maritime boundary disputes
    Case study: dispute between Australia and Timor-Leste regarding maritime boundary delimitation in the Timor Sea, and petroleum arrangements
    * This is a draft timetable and is subject to change. Guest lecturers, topics and the final order of topics will be confirmed in 2020.
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Due to the current COVID-19 situation modified arrangements have been made to assessments to facilitate remote learning and teaching. Assessment details provided here reflect recent updates.
    Assessment Task Task Type
    Due Weighting Length Redeemable Learning Outcome
    MyUni Quizzes Individual Throughout the semester 10% 10 quizzes with
    10 questions in each quiz
    No 1-2
    Interim Assignment Individual Friday 17 April 2pm 30% 2,000 words No 1-5
    Research Essay Individual Friday 2pm Week 13 60% 4,000 words No 1, 3-6
    Assessment Detail
    1. Quiz: 10%

    Students will be expected to complete 10 online quizzes, released over Weeks 3-12. Each quiz will involve 10 multiple-choice questions on material and issues previously covered in classes. Each quiz may be attempted as many times as is necessary to complete it. Each quiz successfully completed will be worth 1% of the total mark for the course. Quizzes 1-3 are available only for the week following their release. Quizzes 4-12 will be available from the date of their release until the end of Week 12, that is, until Sunday 7 June at 11.59 pm.

    2. Interim Assignment: 30%

    This is a short paper that will require a critical assessment of one of the core components of the Mining Act 1971 (SA). Criteria for the assignment will be made available on MyUni at the start of Week 1.

    3. Research Essay: 60%

    This assessment requires students to demonstrate their research and writing skills, and their ability to critically examine and evaluate a topic concerning mining or energy law. Students may choose their topic from a list of topics that will be made available on MyUni, or choose their own topic. Students that wish to choose their own topic must contact the course co-ordinator to discuss the selection of the topic by Friday of week 5 to ensure the topis is relevant, suitable and achievable within the word limit.

    Criteria for assessment for the research essay will be made available on MyUni at the start of Week 1.
    Submission
    Students must retain a copy of all assignments submitted.

    All assignments in this course are to be submitted electronically through through MyUni. Details for electronic submission through MyUni will be provided with the assignment/essay instructions.

    By submitting your assignment electronically you are agreeing to the following:

    I declare that all material in this assessment is my own work except where there is clear acknowledgement and reference to the work of others. I have read the Policy on Cheating in Examinations and Related Forms of Assessment. I have also read the University's Plagiarism Policy.

    All written work in the Law school is required to comply with the approved Law School style guide, The Australian Guide to Legal Citation.

    Students must not submit work for an assignment that has previously been submitted for this course or any other course without prior approval from the course co-ordinator.

    Extensions: Requests for extensions must be made electronically according to Law School policy Extensions will be granted only for unexpected illness, hardship or on compassionate grounds in accordance with University policy. Work commitments, travel, holidays or sporting engagements are not unexpected circumstances.

    Penalties:

    Late Submission: When an assessment is submitted after the due date, without an extension, 5% of the total mark possible will be deducted for every 24 hours or part thereof that it is late, including each day on a weekend and public holidays. For example, an essay that is submitted after the due date and time but within the first 24 hour period, and that has been graded at 63%, will have 5% deducted, for a final grade of 58%. An essay that is more than 24 hours late will lose 10%, etc.

    Word Length: 5% of the total mark possible for a written assessment will be deducted for every 100 words (or part thereof) by which it exceeds a stipulated time limit. For example, a 3,000 word essay graded at 63% will have 5% deducted if it is between 3,001 and 3,100 words long, for a final grade of 58%. If the essay is between 3,101 and 3,200 words long, 10% will be deducted for a final mark of 53%, etc.  Word limits include all words in the text, in headings, in quotations, but exclude citations in footnotes. Any separate cover page, table of contents, bibliography or list of sources is excluded from the word limit. If the word limit is misstated, this may be regarded as academic dishonesty.

    Turnaround time: Feedback on the assignment will be returned to students within 4 weeks of submission of the paper.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Finality of Assessment Grades

    Students are advised that Course Coordinators will not enter into negotiations of any kind with any student regarding changes to their grades. It is irrelevant, in any given circumstance, that only a minimal number of additional marks are required to inflate a student’s grade for any individual assessment item or course as a whole. Pursuant to the University’s Assessment for Coursework Programs Policyand the Adelaide Law School Assessment Policies and Procedures, grades may only be varied through the appropriate channels for academic review (such as an official re-mark).

    Moderation
    In accordance with the University’s Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy, course coordinators ‘ensure that appropriate marking guidelines and cross-marking moderation processes across markers are in place’ in each course. Procedures adopted by Adelaide Law School to ensure consistency of marking in courses with multiple markers include:
    • assurance of the qualifications of markers, and their knowledge of the content covered in each course;
    • detailed marking guidelines and assessment rubrics to assist in the marking of items of assessment;
    • sharing of example marked assessments at various grade bands across markers;
    • reviewing of selected marked assessments from each marker by the course coordinator;
    • comparison of the marks and their distribution across markers;
    • automatic double-marking of all interim assessment receiving a fail grade, and of final assessments where a student’s overall result is a fail grade;
    • the availability of re-marking of assessments in accordance with Adelaide Law School’s Assessment Policies and Procedures.

    Approval of Results by Board of Examiners
    Students are reminded that all assessment results are subject to approval (and possible moderation/change) by the Law School’s Board of Examiners. Assessment results at the University are not scaled. Under the Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy, students are assessed ‘by reference to their performance against pre-determined criteria and standards … and not by ranking against the performance of the student cohort in the course’. However, under that same policy, the Board of Examiners (as the relevant Assessment Review Committee for courses at Adelaide Law School) is required to ‘ensure comparability of standards and consistency’ in assessment. On occasions, the Board of Examiners will form the view that some moderation is required to ensure the comparability of standards and consistency across courses and years, and accordingly provide fairness to all law students. All assessment results are therefore subject to approval (and possible change) until confirmed by the Board of Examiners and posted on Access Adelaide at the end of each semester.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

    Student feedback The course is constantly being updated and revised to reflect the evolution of the law, to respond to student feedback, and to engage with the latest teaching practices. Student feedback is collected each time the course is run, including through SELT reports. Previous SELT reports, and staff feedback on them, are posted on the course MyUni site for students to view and consider.
  • Student Support
    The University Writing Centre provides academic learning and language development services and resources for local, international, undergraduate and postgraduate coursework students enrolled at the University of Adelaide.

    The centre offers practical advice and strategies for students to master reading, writing, note-taking, time management, oral presentation skills, referencing techniques and exam preparation for success at university through seminars, workshops and individual consultations.

    For more information please check out the Writing Centre website at http://www.adelaide.edu.au/writingcentre/

    Lex Salus Program

    Lex Salus (law and wellbeing) is an initiative of the Adelaide Law School aimed at destigmatising mental health
    issues; promoting physical, mental and emotional wellness; building a strong community of staff and students; and celebrating diversity within the school. It also seeks to promote wellness within the legal profession, through the involvement of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia, the Honourable Chris Kourakis, as the official Patron of the program. Students can
    participate in the Lex Salus program by attending barbecue lunches, pancake breakfasts, knitting and crochet circles, seminars, guest speakers, conferences and other activities. Our FaceBook page at https://www.facebook.com/LexSalusALS/, our website at
    https://law.adelaide.edu.au/lex-salus/ and regular allstudent emails promote upcoming events, and have tips and information on wellness. Our Lex Salus Youtube channel at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCN5jQ44r8SmVn0txjaNcj3w also includes videos on topics like managing stress, and interviews with LGBTQ lawyers and their supporters which celebrate diversity and individuality.
    Students who commit to 10 hours of volunteering with Lex Salus in one year can
    have their service recognised on their academic transcript and through a thank
    you morning tea with the Chief Justice and law school staff.



    Counselling Service

    The University Counselling Service provides a free and confidential service to all enrolled students. We encourage you to contact the Counselling service on 8313 5663 to make an appointment to deal with any issues that may be affecting your study and life. More information is available at https://www.adelaide.edu.au/counselling_centre/.
  • Policies & Guidelines

    This section contains links to relevant assessment-related policies and guidelines - all university policies.

    Further information regarding the Law School Policies and Procedures in relation to Supplementary Assessment, Extensions, and Remarks etc can be found at:

    https://unified.adelaide.edu.au/group/law-school/policies-and-procedures 

    Plagiarism and other forms of cheating

    Plagiarism is a serious act of academic misconduct. All students must be familiar with the Adelaide Law School Enrolment Guide and should note in particular the sections relating to plagiarism, grievance procedures and academic conduct within the Law School and the University.

    Plagiarism is a serious matter and is treated as such by the Law School and the University. Please be aware that “academic dishonesty” (which goes beyond plagiarism) can be a ground for a refusal by the Supreme Court of South Australia to refuse to admit a person to practice as a legal practitioner in South Australia.

    Academic honesty is an essential aspect of ethical and honest behaviour, which is central to the practice of the law and an understanding of what it is to be a lawyer.

    Academic Honesty
    Academic dishonesty is a serious act of academic misconduct. All students must be familiar with the University’s Academic Honesty Policy.

    Academic dishonesty is a serious matter and is treated as such by the Law School and the University. Academic dishonesty (which goes beyond plagiarism) can be a ground for a refusal by the Supreme Court of South Australia to admit a person to practice as a legal practitioner in South Australia.

    Academic honesty is an essential aspect of ethical and honest behaviour, which is central to the practice of the law and an understanding of what it is to be a lawyer.
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

The University of Adelaide is committed to regular reviews of the courses and programs it offers to students. The University of Adelaide therefore reserves the right to discontinue or vary programs and courses without notice. Please read the important information contained in the disclaimer.