MECH ENG 7068 - Applied Aerodynamics

North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2023

The aim of this course is to introduce students to the fundamentals and practical aspects of incompressible and compressible flows and the design and operation of flow systems, including pipe networks, automobiles and flight vehicles. The course content includes: flow of inviscid and viscous fluids; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes and boundary layers; losses in pipe systems; lift and drag forces on moving bodies, aerofoil theory; incompressible-flow machines; fundamentals of compressible flow; 1-D compressible pipe flow; compressible flow nozzles; Rayleigh flow; Fanno flow; external compressible flow around bodies including transonic and supersonic vehicles; design considerations; experimental techniques.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code MECH ENG 7068
    Course Applied Aerodynamics
    Coordinating Unit School of Mechanical Engineering
    Term Semester 2
    Level Postgraduate Coursework
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 4 hours lectures/tutorials and 3 hours laboratories per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Assumed Knowledge MECH ENG 1007, at least 6 units of Level II Applied Mathematics courses and MECH ENG 2021; or equivalent
    Assessment Laboratory experiments, assignments, final exam
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr Azadeh Jafari

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

    1 Discuss the fundamental principles of incompressible and compressible fluid mechanics and aerodynamics;
    2 Apply these principles to real systems such as pipe flows, automobiles and aircraft;
    3 Explain current practice in the areas of fluid mechanics and aerodynamics;
    4 Discuss some aspects of fluid mechanics and aerodynamics;
    5 Use problem solving and analytical skills; and
    6 Explain of the principles underlying sustainable flow system design.

    The above course learning outcomes are aligned with the Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standard for the Professional Engineer.
    The course is designed to develop the following Elements of Competency:

    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.


    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.

    1-3, 5, 6
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources

    Course notes – these are essential and required.

    Recommended Resources

    Munson, B.R., Young, D.F., Okiishi, T.H., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons Inc, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th Edition.

    John D. Anderson, “Modern Compressible Flow with Historical Perspective”, 3rd Edition, Mc Graw-Hill, 2003.

  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes

    Lectures supported by problem-solving tutorials developing material covered in lectures


    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    The required time commitment from the beginning of semester to the end of the final exam is 48 hours attendance at lectures, 48 hours of self directed learning, 3 hours of laboratory work, 40 hours completing assignments and laboratory reports and 40 hours of revising course material and preparing for the exam.

    Learning Activities Summary
    • fully developed flow;
    • losses and flow behaviour in pipes, ducts, pipe fittings;
    • pipe systems and networks;
    • flow meters
    • calculation of energy loss, flow rates, pipe sizes etc;
    • matching of flow systems to turbomachines.

    • Behaviour and theory of boundary layers
    • Laminar and turbulent boundary layers
    • Von-Karman momentum integral equation
    • Effect of pressure gradient

    • classification of turbomachines;
    • selection of turbomachines.

    • aerodynamic forces on streamlined and bluff bodies;
    • flow separation;
    • lift and drag on wings, including induced drag;
    • theory of lift and circulation;
    • vortex shedding.

    • Drag and road load
    • Vortex structure
    • Shape optimisation

    • Isentropic Processes of Ideal Gases (Review)
    • Stagnation or Total Properties
    • 1-Dimensional Isentropic Wave theory
    • Mach Waves
    • Shock Waves

    • Isothermal-Isentropic Flow
    • Isoenergetic, Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas
    • Mass Flow Relations and Choking
    • Flow in a Converging Nozzle
    • Convergent-Divergent Supersonic Diffusers
    • 1-DFrictional Flow in a Duct (Fanno flow)
    • 1-D Flow with Heat Addition Rayleigh flow)
    • Aircraft intake systems

    • Compression and Expansion Waves
    • External Flow Patterns
    • Lift and Drag
    • Linearised theory & compressibility corrections
    • Critical Mach number
    • Aerofoils in Transonic & Supersonic Flow
    • Design Considerations

    • Oblique shock waves – wedge flow
    • Oblique shock waves – conical flow
    • Expansion waves
    • Calculation procedures
    • Ackeret theory

    • Boundary layer structure
    • Effects of Mach number and Reynolds number
    • Aerodynamic heating

    • Schlieren, Shadowgraph & Interferometry
    • Flow Facilities - Wind Tunnels & Shock-Tube Tunnels
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Assessment Task Weighting (%) Individual/ Group Formative/ Summative
    Due (week)*
    Hurdle criteria Learning outcomes
    Assignments 30 Individual Summative Weeks 2 to 12 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
    Laboratory 20 Group Summative Weeks 2 to 12 Min 35% 2. 3. 5.
    Exam 50 Individual Summative 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
    Total 100
    * The specific due date for each assessment task will be available on MyUni.
    This assessment breakdown is registered as an exemption to the University's Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy. The exemption is related to the Procedures clause(s): 1. b. 2.   
    This course has a hurdle requirement. Meeting the specified hurdle criteria is a requirement for passing the course.
    Assessment Related Requirements
    Assessment Detail


    All assignments are based on a problem-solving format. In each case a practical problem will be presented and the students will be asked to provide a solution to that problem. The problem format and difficulty are the same as the final exam. Each student’s submission will be assessed primarily on the quality of their approach to the problem. Students are required to state all assumptions used in their solutions, provide appropriate diagrams, and to follow a standard presentation procedure known as the “problem solving protocol”. Approximately 10% of the marks of each problem are awarded for fulfilling these requirements.


    This laboratory consists of two parts. The first part is an experimental investigation of the pressure distribution over a wing using a wind tunnel. Students will be required to measure the pressure distribution and use the measured data to calculate the lift and pressure drag on the wing. The second part is an experimental investigation of a commercial pump using a pump testing rig. The students will measure the pressure rise and flow rate through the pump at a range of load conditions, sufficient to construct the pump performance curve. Students are required to submit group reports for each laboratory. Students must have submitted both reports and scored at least 35% overall to be eligible to pass the course. Further details are provided by the laboratory demonstrators.


    Individual assignments are to be submitted by each student to the submissions box on Level 2, Engineering South Building. Unless students are otherwise notified, assignments must be submitted by 5.00pm exactly two weeks after each assignment is issued. Submitted assignments must be accompanied by an assessment cover sheet, available from room S116 or near the assignment submission area. Late assignments will be penalised 10% per day. Extensions for assignments will only be given in exceptional circumstances and a case for this with supporting documentation can be made in writing after a lecture or via email to the lecturer. Assignments will be assessed and returned within 2 weeks of the due date, along with a “model” solution prepared by the lecturer. There will be no opportunities for re-submission of work of unacceptable standard. Feedback on assignments will be provided by comments on the returned assignments and general feedback given during the lectures and tutorials.

    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

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