TRADE 7009 - International Aid and Trade
North Terrace Campus - Trimester 1 - 2021
General Course Information
Course Code TRADE 7009 Course International Aid and Trade Coordinating Unit Institute for International Trade Term Trimester 1 Level Postgraduate Coursework Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 36 hours Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y Assumed Knowledge TRADE 5000, TRADE 7003, TRADE 7004, TRADE 7005 Course Description This course examines issues related to the effectiveness of foreign aid on poverty reduction and the role of 'aid for trade' in achieving sustainable development. It begins by examining the debate over the motivations for aid - comparing and contrasting poverty reduction objectives with the role of economic and commercial objectives, political diplomacy and strategic objectives. Students have the opportunity to evaluate the success of aid in promoting economic growth and poverty reduction in developing countries in recent decades using a range of monitoring and evaluation tools. This includes discussion of the factors that shape aid effectiveness, including contextual political economy issues, social factors including gender and disability issues and factors related to the ways in which donors deliver and administer aid. This knowledge forms the basis for deeper analysis of the role and effectiveness of 'aid for trade'. As a relatively recent phenomenon, we analyse the contribution it can make to the development of trade agreements and achievement of sustainable trade related development goals. We also evaluate the role of the private sector in the design and delivery of effective 'aid for trade' programs. Practical case-studies, guest speakers from the aid and trade sector and interactive small group activities feature throughout.
The course is delivered through a blended learning approach with teaching materials and online modules provided through the MyUni course page. Students are expected to complete all online modules prior to the face-to-face sessions.
Course Coordinator: Mr Jim Redden
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.
Course Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
1 Analyse key determinants of global poverty and the role of aid in addressing the challenges of poverty reduction 2 Research and evaluate the variety of objectives, motivations, forms and modes of delivery of aid including mechanisms for determining aid effectiveness 3 Evaluate the effectiveness of aid in advancing economic development in developing countries amidst the complexity of trade and investment flows, debt relief and governance issues. 4 Analyse of the role of Aid for Trade, how it can underpin trade agreements and its capacity to contribute to sustainable development including the role of the private sector in its design and delivery 5 Research, critically analyse and develop recommendations on the future of aid and ‘aid for trade’ in reducing global poverty
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s) Deep discipline knowledge
- informed and infused by cutting edge research, scaffolded throughout their program of studies
- acquired from personal interaction with research active educators, from year 1
- accredited or validated against national or international standards (for relevant programs)
1,2,4 Critical thinking and problem solving
- steeped in research methods and rigor
- based on empirical evidence and the scientific approach to knowledge development
- demonstrated through appropriate and relevant assessment
1,2,3,4,5 Teamwork and communication skills
- developed from, with, and via the SGDE
- honed through assessment and practice throughout the program of studies
- encouraged and valued in all aspects of learning
1,2,3,4,5 Career and leadership readiness
- technology savvy
- professional and, where relevant, fully accredited
- forward thinking and well informed
- tested and validated by work based experiences
2,4,5 Intercultural and ethical competency
- adept at operating in other cultures
- comfortable with different nationalities and social contexts
- able to determine and contribute to desirable social outcomes
- demonstrated by study abroad or with an understanding of indigenous knowledges
2,3,5 Self-awareness and emotional intelligence
- a capacity for self-reflection and a willingness to engage in self-appraisal
- open to objective and constructive feedback from supervisors and peers
- able to negotiate difficult social situations, defuse conflict and engage positively in purposeful debate
Required ResourcesMost required readings will be provided online via MyUni. The list will comprise of readings on:
- Aid - Handout of References
- Aid and the Sustainable Development Goals 2030
- The WTO and Aid for Trade
- The Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF)
- Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
- ACCRA agenda for Action
- References to Aid for Trade at a Glance 2019
- Aid for Trade at a Glance,(September, 2019) 'Economic Diversification and Empowerment' produced by the WTO and OECD.
- Asia Development Bank, (July 2015) Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Thinking Forward About Trade Costs and the Digital Economy, www.adb.org/publications/aid-trade-asia-and-pacific
- Glennie, Jonathon, The Future of Aid: Global Public Investment, Routledge Press, Copyright Year 2021
- Lowy Institute, (2015), The State of Australian Foreign Aid, Sydney, Australian, available at www.lowyinstitute.orgLowy Institute, (2015), The State of Australian Foreign Aid, Sydney, Australian, available at www.lowyinstitute.org
- Dan Ben-David, Hakan Nordstrom, Alan Winters (1999): “Trade, Income Disparity & Poverty”, WTO Special Studies, WTO Publications, Geneva, available at www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/special_study_5_e.pdf
- Columbia University (2009) articles by Sachs J & George A., 'Can Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty?", Cases for and against, Earth Columbia, CQ press.
- Chossudovsky, M. (1999): “The Globalisation of Poverty: Impacts of IMF and World Bank Reforms”, Zed Books.
- Cameron, H. & Njinkeu, D. (ed.) 2009: “Aid for Trade and Development”, Cambridge University Press.
- Browne, S. (2006): “Aid and Influence: Do Donors Help or Hinder?”, Earthscan Publications, London and Sterling.
- Brown, O. (2006): “Trade, Aid and the Millennium Development Goals: Reaching the Goals in an Insecure World”, IISD Commentary, March 2006, available at http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2006/commentary_tas_2.pdf
- Bergeron S. (2003): “The Post-Washington Consensus and Economic Representations of Women in Development at the World Bank”, International Feminist Journal of Politics, Volume 5, Issue 3, November 2003, pp. 397- 419.
- AusAID/DFAT policy on trade and development http://www.ausaid.gov.au/aidissues/economicgrowth/Documents/Trade%20and%20Development%20Statement.pdf
- AusAID (2007): “Annual Review of Development Effectiveness 2007”, Office of Development Effectiveness, Canberra. Available at www.ode.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/arde_report-2007.pdf
- AusAID/DFAT (2014) “Australia’s New Aid Paradigm”, see video featuring the Foreign Minister and then three central policy documents on “Australia's new development policy and performance framework” Canberra 2014. Available at: http://aid.dfat.gov.au/aidpolicy/Pages/home.aspx
- Accenture (2012), “Business in Development Study 2012”, Business for Millennium Development publication, see the executive summary pp 7 - 15
- A WTO joint publication,(2013) “Aid for Trade at a Glance: Connecting to Value Chains”
- Devex: a. The media platform for the global development community. b. The social enterprise working to make the $200 billion aid and development industry do more good for more people. c. The largest provider of recruiting and business development services for global development (devex.com)
- Development Policy Unit ANU – regular articles and opinion pieces on aid, trade and development issues https://devpolicy.crawford.anu.edu.au
- Global Development Problems, Solutions, Strategy: A Proposal for Socially Just, Ecologically Sustainable Growth”, International Books.
- Global Issues: Foreign Aid for Development Assistance, good article by Anup Shah, 2014 on the problems with aid https://www.globalissues.org/article/35/foreign-aid-development-assistance
- Easterly, W. (2006): “The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good”, Penguin Books, New York.
- Edwards, M. (1999): “Future Positive: International Co-operation in the 21st Century”, Earthscan Publications, London and Sterling.
- George, S. (1986): “How the Other Half Dies: The Real Reasons for World Hunger”, Penguin Books Ltd.
- George, S. (1988): “A Fate Worse Than Debt”, Grove Press, New York.
- Groves L. and Hinton R. (eds.) (2006): “Inclusive Aid: Changing Power and Relationships in International Development”, Earthscan Publications, London and Sterling.
- Higgins, K. & Prowse, S. (2011): “Trade, Growth and Poverty: Making Aid for Trade Work for Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction”, Working Paper 313, Overseas Development Institute, London, available at http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/details.asp?id=4714&title=aid-trade-growth-poverty-reduction
- Hoekman, B.,(2010) “Doha and Development: Market Access, Trade Costs and Aid for Trade”, published by Vox EU June 2010
- Hoekman, B., Mattoo, A. & English, P. (ed.) (2002): “Development, Trade and the WTO”, The World Bank, Washington D.C.
- International Trade Centre (2014), “ITC and Aid for Trade: Trade Impact for Good” http://www.intracen.org/itc/about/mission-and-objectives/aid-for-trade/
- Kamal, M. (2004): “Trade, Growth, Poverty Reduction and Human Development: Some Linkages and Policy Implications”, paper prepared for the XVIII G-24 Technical Group Meeting, Palais de Nations, Geneva, available at http://www.g24.org/TGM0304.htm.
- Lancaster C. (2007): “Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics”, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
- Manor J. (2007) (ed.): “Aid That Works: Successful Development in Fragile States”, World Bank, Washington DC.
- OECD (2005): “The Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action”, available at http://www.oecd.org/document/19/0,3343,en_2649_3236398_43554003_1_1_1_1,00.html
- OECD/WTO (2015): “Aid for Trade at a Glance 2015”, available at http://www.oecd.org/aidfortrade/
- Paris, B. (1999): “Trade for Development: Making the WTO Work for the Poor”, World Vision Discussion Paper, Victoria.
- Puri, L. (2005): “Towards a new trade “Marshall Plan” for Least Developed Countries, How to Deliver on the Doha Development Promise and Help Realize the UN Millennium Development Goals?”, UNCTAD Study Series NËÂÂÂÂ1 on Trade, Poverty and Cross-cutting Development Issues, New York and Geneva.
- Radelet S. (2006): “A Primer on Foreign Aid”, Center for Global Development, Working Paper No. 92, July 2006, available at http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/8846.
- Reeve R. (2007) “Hot-Spotting: An Australian delivering foreign aid”, Wakefield Press, South Australia.
- Sachs J. (2005): “The End of Poverty”, Time, 14 March, pp 42-54.
- Sachs J. (2015): "The Age of Sustainable Development", Columbia Uni Press, NY
- San Sebastian, M., Hurtig, A. & Rasanathan, K. (2006): “Is Trade Liberalisation of Services the Best Strategy to Achieve Health-related Millennium Development Goals in Latin America? A call for caution”, available at http://www.journal.paho.org/uploads/1169157100.pdf
- Sogge, D. (2002): “Give and Take: What’s the Matter with Foreign Aid”, New York along with a range of other publishers around the world.
- Soros, G. (2002): “George Soros on Globalization”, Public Affairs, New York.
- Stiglitz, J. (2002): “Globalization and its Discontents”, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York.
- The Economist (2009): “Special Report on Telecoms in Emerging Markets”, 24 September 2009.
- The World Bank (2005): “Pro-Poor Growth in the 1990s: Lessons and Insights from 14 Countries”, Washington D.C.
- UN (2009a): “Millennium Development Goal 8, Strengthening the Global Partnership for Development in a Time of Crisis”, MDG Gap Task Force, Report 2009. New York.
- UN (2009b): “The Millennium Development Goals”, Report 2009, New York.
- UN Millennium Project (2005): “Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals”, New York: UNDP, WWW document, available at http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/documents/overviewEngLowRes.pdf.
- UNCTAD (2020) Latest trade and development report. https://unctad.org/topic/macroeconomics/trade-development-report
- UNCTAD (2004): “The Least Developed Countries Report 2004: Linking International Trade with Poverty Reduction”, UNCTAD/LDC/2004, Geneva.
- UNCTAD (2006): “The Least Developed Countries Report 2006: Developing Productive Capacities”, UNCTAD/LDC/2006”, Geneva.
- UNCTAD (2008): “Delivering on the Global Partnership for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals”, MDG Gap Task Force Report 2008, New York.
- UNCTAD (2009): “Strengthening the Global Partnership for Development in a Time of Crisis”, MDG Gap Task Force Report 2009, New York.
- Van de Walle, N. (2005): “Overcoming Stagnation in Aid-dependent Countries”, Center for Global Development, Washington DC, available at http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/2871
- Vandemoortele, J., Malhotra, K. & Lim, J. (2003): “Is MDG8 on Track as a Global Deal for Human Development?”, United Nations Development Programme and Bureau for Development Policy, NY
- Wach H. and Reeves H. (2000): “Gender and Development: Facts and Figures”, BRIDGE, Institute of Development Studies, available at http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/reports.html
- World Bank & IMF (2011): “The MDGs after the Crisis”, Global Monitoring Report 2011, Washington D.C.
- WTO, (2015), "Implementing the Trade Faciliation Agreement", www.wto.org/english/res_e/aid4trade15_chap4_e.pdf
- WTO (2008): “World Trade Report 2008”, pp 147-161, available at www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp.../world_trade_report08_e.pdf
- WTO (2011a): “Market Access for Products and Services of Export Interest to Least-Developed Countries”, WT/COMTD/LDC/W/46/Rev.1, 26 February 2011.
- WTO (2013) “9th WTO Ministerial Conference Bali, Briefing note: Development and Technical Assistance”
- WTO (2013), Fourth Global Review of Aid for Trade: Connecting to Value Chains
Online LearningIn addition to the above, students will find it useful to explore the websites of the World Bank and regional banks, UN Millennium Development Challenge, UNDP, UNCTAD, the International Trade Centre (ITC), IMF, OECD (in general on aid but in particular look at Aid for Trade at a Glance), the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Australia, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, World Vision and Oxfam websites. Other references and websites will be discussed during the course.
Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching ModesThis course involves students working on critical analysis and applying practial solutions or strategies that address the role of aid and trade in dealing with global poverty and sustainabiliity issues. Sessions will usually start with powerpoint presentations which provide informaton about concepts, issues or challenges facing corporations and then lead into interactive debate using case-studies, quizzes, debates, simulations and group work. We will also deepen our understanding through the critical analysis of related research-based scholarly articles. Emphasis will be placed on the application of your readings (textbook and articles) and critical reflections of your applied research activities during classes.
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.
The University expects full-time students (i.e., those taking 12 units per semester) to devote a total of 48 hours per week to their studies. This means that you are expected to commit approximately 9 hours for a three-unit course of private study outside of your regular classes.
Students in this course are expected to attend all sessions.
Please see our University policy for details: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/669
Learning Activities SummaryThe following learning activities should be seen as a guide to the topics and activities to be covered during the course over three modules, but these may vary year by year and are confirmed at the first seminar of each course by the Course Coordinator.
COURSE OVERVIEW, ASSESSMENT, INTRODUCTIONS
THE STATE OF GLOBAL POVERTY
UNDERLYING CAUSES OF POVERTY
POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL POVERTY
THE ROLE OF AID AS A SOLUTION TO GLOBAL POVERTY - DEFINITIONS AND RATIONALE FOR AID, HISTORY AND POLITICS OF AID
AID ORGANISATIONS, BILATERAL-REGIONAL-MULTILATERAL, DONOR AND PARTNERS
TYPES OF AID AND MEASURING AID EFFECTIVENESS: THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
CASE-STUDIES IN AID AND DEVELOPMENT
RECENT TRENDS AND ISSUES IN AID PRACTICE AND THE FUTURE OF FOREIGN AID
GUEST SPEAKER: THE ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR AID AND DEVELOPMENT
TRADE, DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION
WHAT IS AID FOR TRADE AND ITS ROLE: SIMULATION BASED ON A TRADE AGREEMENT
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN AID FOR TRADE – GUEST SPEAKER AND DISCUSSION
CASE-STUDIES IN AID FOR TRADE (INCLUDING ITS ROLE IN TRADE IN SERVICES, GENDER ISSUES, ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR)
CRITICAL ANALYSIS AND DEBATES ON THE FUTURE ROLE OF AID FOR TRADE IN POVERTY REDUCTION/GROWTH
AID VS TRADE ?
COURSE SUMMARY – PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
FINAL PLANNING OF MAJOR RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT TWO
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
- Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
- Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
- Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
- Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Assessment SummaryA. Class Participation and Exercises: 10%
Students will be assessed on their in-class contribution to topic discussions, student presentations on issues, case-studies, quizzes and simulation exercises.
B. Assignment 1 – Case Study and Report on Development Aid: 35%
Requires students in evaluation teams, to prepare a report on an aspect of development aid and its overall effectiveness
C. Assignment 2 – Major Research Repor: 60%
Requires students to undertake a major investigative, research assignment of 4,000 words to cover a range of topics discussed in the course with a focus on critically evaluating the current and future role of aid and ‘aid for trade’ in assisting global poverty reduction and sustainable development in a specific developing country. Details to be discussed with you later. Alternative related topics may also be available.
Assessment DetailAssessement detail and explicit guidance on readings, research, report structure and critical as well as comparative analysis will be provided throughout the course.
SubmissionRequirements for submission will be advised in class and/or via MyUni.
Students should retain a copy of all assignments submitted
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 1-49 Fail P 50-64 Pass C 65-74 Credit D 75-84 Distinction HD 85-100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending
Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.
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