DESST 1504 - Representation I

North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2022

The course introduces the traditions and origins of representation in architecture and landscape architecture, including: architectural drafting conventions, fundamental drawing principles and graphic techniques. Several different methods of graphic communication and their relationship to the design process are explored, including freehand sketching and drawing plans, sections and elevations. Rendering, one and two-point perspective, axonometric drawing, composition and graphic layout skills will also be introduced. The course uses both a laboratory and studio format that aims to develop both hand drawing and computer aided graphics skills including Photoshop and InDesign.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code DESST 1504
    Course Representation I
    Coordinating Unit School of Architecture and Built Environment
    Term Semester 1
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 3 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Restrictions Available to B.ArchDes & B.E(Arch) & B.E(Civil) & B. Creative Arts students only
    Quota A quota will apply
    Course Description The course introduces the traditions and origins of representation in architecture and landscape architecture, including: architectural drafting conventions, fundamental drawing principles and graphic techniques. Several different methods of graphic communication and their relationship to the design process are explored, including freehand sketching and drawing plans, sections and elevations. Rendering, one and two-point perspective, axonometric drawing, composition and graphic layout skills will also be introduced. The course uses both a laboratory and studio format that aims to develop both hand drawing and computer aided graphics skills including Photoshop and InDesign.
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Mr Athanasios Lazarou

    Athanasios Lazarou
    Rm 311c Lvl 3, Architecture Bldg

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

    The typical weekly schedule includes:
    1x 1hr lecture: Online (recorded). Released via Echo360 each Thursday at 5pm. 
    1x 2hr tutorial: Mondays (weeks 1-10, 12), Barr Smith South, 534, Studio
    1x 2hr workshop: Monday (week, 11), Barr Smith South 539 Computer Suite

    Check access Adelaide for your workshop and tutorial group times.
  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    On successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

    1. identify the importance of communication in the design context and apply disciplinary conventions in their assessable work

    2. apply graphic and spatial thinking through the continuing practice of drawing

    3. generate, read and interpret orthographic drawings, paraline drawings and perspective drawings.

    4. demonstrate various analogue techniques of representation both in 2D and 3D

    5. employ basic digital tools to use in combination with analogue tools
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.


    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.


    Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills

    Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.


    Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness

    Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.


    Attribute 5: Intercultural and ethical competency

    Graduates are responsible and effective global citizens whose personal values and practices are consistent with their roles as responsible members of society.


    Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence

    Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.

  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    The following books are prescribed texts or resources for purchase in this course.
    - Ching, F., (2019) Design Drawing, Version Three WileyPress.
    - Delancy, M.,Gorman, A. (2015) Studio Craft & Technique for Architects, Laurence King Publishing.

    Much material will be available online or will be given through lectures and tutorials. In addition students will be expected to structure and undertake their own research, that is, to locate and read material relevant to the project and particularly their chosen topic and argument.

    You will need continual access to MyUni for regular updates and course material.

    Please refer to the ‘Eckersleys’ equipment list on the course website and also available from the Architecture school reception. This list is considered the basic equipment/material requirement for most of the courses that you will undertake in the Bachelor of Architectural Design / Engineering (Architectural) and beyond. There will be some additional art materials required for this subject. For example a heavier weight paper for specific tasks. You will be informed of these in advance of requirement.

    The lecture will also facilitate discussion to course related matters.

    All students are expected to read and be familiar with all provided course information available on MyUni..

    Speaker Series:The School has lecture series where respected practitioners and academics from the field deliver a public lecture on
    contemporary architectural practice. In order to expand your knowledge of contemporary directions in design it is recommended that you attend these sessions. The sessions are held in the HoraceLamb Lecture Theatre, and the detail of dates and speakers is available from the School website and the Front Office.
    Recommended Resources
    Ching, F., (1990) Drawing, a Creative Process, Van Nostrand Reinhold.

    Delancy, M.,Gorman, A. (2015) Studio Craft & Technique for Architects, Laurence King Publishing.

    Farrelly, L(2007) Basics Architecture 1:Representational Techniques, AVA Publishing.

    Gill, R.W., (1975) Creative Perspective, Thames & Hudson

    Hanks, K., (1977) Drawing: a Visual Approach to Thinking, Learning and Communicating, Los Altos.

    Hanks, K., (1980) Rapid Viz: A New Method for Rapid Visualization f Ideas, Los Altos.

    Luscombe, D. and Peden, A., (1992) Picturing Architecture, Craftsman House.

    Milton, H., (ed.), (1993) Glossary of Australian Building Terms, Sydney Building Information Centre.

    Montague, J., (1988) Basic Perspective Drawing: A Visual Approach, New York: Wiley Press.

    Powell, D., (1990) Presentation Techniques: A Guide to Drawing and Presenting Ideas, Macdonald.

    Spankie, R., (2009) Drawing Out the Interior, AVA Publishing.

    Standards Australia (1992) AS1100.101-1992 Technical Drawing - Part 101:General principles, Standards

    Standards Australia (1985) AS1100.301-1985 Technical Drawing - Part 301:Architectural drawing

    Taylor, A., (1992) Introduction to Construction Drawing, Prentice Hall.

    Thomson, A., (1993) Introduction to Construction Drawing, Edward Arnold.

    Unwin, S., (2003) Analysing Architecture, Routledge

    Wilkie, G. and Arden, S., (1993) Building Your Own Home, Lansdowne Press.

    Yee, R., (1997) Architectural Drawing: A Visual Compendium of Types and Methods, Wiley.

    Zell, Mo (2008) The Architectural Drawing Course, Thames & Hudson
    Online Learning
    Lecture recordings, image pdfs, hand-outs, links for further reference and additional material considered of interest will be posted on the MyUni website following the relevant class.

    University Email:The school uses the University email system to get in touch with the students. So it is imperative that you check your email regularly and keep up to date with any new announcements.

    Use Discussion board on MyUni affectively to communicate with fellow classmates as well as tutors and lecturers.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    Lectures (online/recorded)
    Students are required to watch lectures as these will provide the initial basis for further discussion and critique toward development of assessable outputs. Lectures are recorded and available via Echo360 in MyUni. A range of lectures will background the diverse range of understandings and practice of ‘representation’. This is also a place of opportunity to communicate and recieve feedback from Course coordinator.

    Tutorial (Barr Smith South 534 Studio)
    Time will be devoted to presentations of assessable assignment material and some exercises supporting delivery of the assignments. They are also the primary means to receiveindividual feedback via work-in-progress reviews. At this level of learning, peer review and commentary is encouraged as a valuable learning tool, both in offering comment on fellow-students’ work and in receiving and responding to comment on your own work. It is considered desirable to change and evolve yourposition throughout the course. Tutorials involve discussion and revision of points of view.

    Workshop (Barr Smith South, 539, Arch Computer Suite)
    Similar to tutorial, but will be held in computer lab where skills on computer will be demonstrated as well as getting direct feedback on given tasks on computer. No Lectures are scheduled for weeks with Workshops.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    This is a 3 unit course. Students in this course are expected to attend 3 hours of lecture/tutorial each week and allow for 9 hours of
    self-directed learning each week. That is a total of 12 hours a week for 12 weeks. The tutorials and other activities, including reviews of work in progress are an important component of learning in this course. The communication skills developed by regularly and actively participating in activities and discussions are considered extremely important by the School and are highly regarded by employers and professional bodies.
    Learning Activities Summary

    Wk01    Lecture             Design Thinking 
                Tutorial             Model-Making (making joints)

    Wk02    Lecture             Design Communication 
                Tutorial             Model-Making (gluing)

    Wk03    Lecture             Abstraction
                Tutorial             No Tutorial (Public Holiday)

    Wk04    Lecture             Guest: Artist Tom Borgas 
                Tutorial             Peer Crits/Model-Making

    Wk05    Lecture             Why We Draw
               Tutorial              Model-Making

    Wk06    Lecture             How We Draw
                Tutorial             Peer Crits/Drawing (Plan/Elevation)

    Mid-Semester Break

    Wk07    Lecture             Digital Representation
                Tutorial             No Tutorial (Public Holiday)

    Wk08    Lecture             Perspective
                Tutorial             Drawing (Section)

    Wk09    Lecture             Guest: Graduate Architect Daniel Grilli
                Tutorial             Drawing (2-Point Perspective)

    Wk10    Lecture             Point of View
                Tutorial             Drawing (1-Point Perspective/Plan-Oblique)

    Wk11   Lecture              Photoshop/InDesign
               Workshop           Digital Representation          

    Wk12   Lecture             -
               Tutorial            Curation

    Specific Course Requirements
    This course requires attendance at all lectures, tutorials, and workshops as outlinedin the Weekly Schedule. It is anticipated that students will spend time outside designated class hours in learning and progressing of their project.
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Assessment Task Due Date/ Week Weight Length(Word,Time) Learning Outcomes
    Engagement Weeks 1-12
    A series (4) of quizzes as a combination of multiple choice questions and in-progress work.
    20% NA 1-4
    A1: From 2D to 3D (model-making) April 3 (3 physical models) 40% NA 1-4
    A2: From 3D to 2D and back to 3D (hand-drawing and digital representation) June 3 (poster submission) 40% TBA 1-4
    Total 100%

    Due to the current COVID-19 situation modified arrangements have been made to assessments to facilitate remote learning and teaching. Assessment details provided here reflect recent updates.

    To support the changes to teaching, the following revisions to assessment have been made:-

    No in-class submission is required for any submissions if you are unwell. Submit 6 photos for relevant assignments.

    Assignment 3 poster submission will not require printing for Remote students. 
    Assessment Related Requirements
    It is recommended that you own a device with wifi connection such as tablet which you can bring to each class. If you are getting a personal laptop computer, it is recommended that it can support computer software such as Rhino, photoshop, illustrator, indesign.
    Ideal spec for student laptop: 17 inch, Windows 64 bit, minimum of 16 gig of RAM, Intel i7 (or equivalent). Nvidia GeForce GTX 260 or higher; ATI Radeon HD 4890 or better.
    Assessment Detail
    Engagement (20%)

    Four quizzes are to be completed. Each quiz reflects a key section/ skill of the course. Each quiz has two parts: a MyUni multiple choice quiz, and an upload to a relevant discussion board post. This upload reflects in-progress assignment/class work.
    Each quiz is worth 5% x 4 = 20%. Please note each quiz will be made available following that week's lecture and must be completed able to be completed at a set time
    Quiz 1 is due Sunday March 20 23:59 (accessible Thursday March 17) Quiz 2 is due Sunday April 10 23:59 (accessible Thursday April 7) Quiz 3 is due Sunday May 1 23:59 (accessible Thursday April 28) Quiz 4 is due Sunday May 29 23:59 (accessible Thursday May 26)

    1- From 2D to 3D (40%)
    Assignment 1 is a series of small physical models focusing on developing different model-making skills. We begin the semester by introducing ourselves through model-making.

    1A: Visualise either your name, or a dream you have had, as a 3-dimensional creation.
    Name-option: Represent who you are as a 3-dimensional abstraction. Think about the qualities and characteristics which represent you; what type of person you are, who you aspire to be, where you come from, what you like etc...
    Dream-option: Pay attention to what you dream from the first day of class. Choose an unusual incident such as scene, object, character, or feeling/emotion etc. and represent it as a 3-dimensional object.
    You are free to explore any material to use for your creation; be creative, exploratory and technically precise. Think how each material can be used, and how each material can be joined. It should be minimum A5 and maximum A3 in size.
    Due Sunday March 20 23:59 (for Monday W4) in tutorial & online

    1B: Create an abstract 'surface' model from foam core using recessed/rebate joints or chamfer joints. The surface should represent 'folds' or 'pleats' and use straight edges.
    To begin, introduce ourselves to a classmate. In pairs, draw each other. Have a conversation whilst you draw. Exchange and analyse your drawings. Extract interesting shapes, lines, and points. Use these shapes, lines and points to create a surface of straight edges.
    The surface must use foam-core material with minimum 2 mm in thickness. Do not use chipboard, matt-board, or cardboard. The model should have no 90 degree sides and use recessed/rebate joints or chamfer joints. The model should be able to 'stand' upright. Upload your process/progress as part of your submission (it is expected you make multiple iterations of the model).
    The volume should be no larger than a small chicken! (Minimum size 10x10x10cm, Maximum 20x20x20cm.)
    Due Sunday April 3, 23:59 (for W6) in tutorial & online

    Create a box that fits your volume (1B) inside it. The box should
    fit the volume precisely. The box is to be created with cardboard material. The box must use two layers of cardboard and have 6 sides, 90 degree angles, with 3 sides fixed and the remaining 3 to be removable. The box should have a 1cm x 1cm grid inside it. It must be crafted with precision and clean craftsmanship as per the tutorial handout.
    Due Sunday April 3, 23:59 (for W6) in tutorial & online

    2- Assignment 2: Box Draw You (20%)
    A box is to be created with cardboard material. The box must use two layers of cardboard and have 6 sides, 90 degree angles, with 3 sides fixed and the remaining 3 to be removable. It must be crafted with precision and clean craftsmanship as per the tutorial handout.
    - Due April 4, 3:00pm (Week 4) in tutorial and online*
    *Submit three photographs of your box on MyUni

    2b: Hand drawn plan, elevation, and section drawings of your box and its content are to be submitted, to scale, paying attention to the correct drawing technique and page set-up.
    - Due April 11, 3:00pm (Week 6) in class and online*
    *Also submit a scanned PDF set (no photos) of your drawings on MyUni.

    1. Creative thinking/solution to the problem
    2. Exploration of material use in creation
    3. Use of correct model-making technique
    4. Joy/amusement in the solution
    5. Craftsmanship of the box (1C only)
    6. Use of correct cutting/gluing techniques (1C only)

    1- From 3D to 2D and back to 3D (40%)

    40% The poster should include the following contents which are to be laid out clearly using Adobe InDesign to produce the final poster. All drawings are to be hand-drawn.
    + Plan, section and two elevations
    + One-point perspective
    + Two-point perspective exterior view
    + Axonometric (plan-oblique) drawing
    + Collage using Photoshop showing atmosphere and narrative + Creative title and short description of your volume/collage
    Due Friday June 3, 17:00 (Week 12) printed & online*

    1. Understanding of orthographic projections
    2. Representation of intention in drawings
    3. Understanding of orthographic/axonometric drawing
    4. Understanding of perspective drawing/image
    5. Quality of the collage, with consideration to creative intent, abstraction, and Photoshop skills
    6. Clarity and composition of the poster layout
    Submission requirements are detailed in the assignment hand-out sheets, and will be available on MyUni. University and School policies apply. Students will receive regular feedback on work in tutorials and may make appointments at other times to discuss any concerns regarding submission requirements.

    The submission dates and locations for the assignments associated with this course are listed above and will be detailed in the hand-out sheets and on MyUni.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

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