MUSONIC 2610 - Sound Engineering Live
North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2022
General Course Information
Course Code MUSONIC 2610 Course Sound Engineering Live Coordinating Unit Elder Conservatorium of Music Term Semester 2 Level Undergraduate Location/s North Terrace Campus Units 3 Contact Up to 4 hours per week Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y Prerequisites MUSONIC 1000, MUSONIC 1210 Restrictions Priority is given to BMus students but available to all students Course Description Live sound engineering involves the artistic and technical control of sound in the field of live musical performance. This course will develop a theoretical and practical understanding of sound engineering and its application to live sound reinforcement and production. This will be achieved by theoretically and practically exploring the area of live sound engineering through lectures, tutorials and workshops. In particular, students will actively engage with learning, developing and analysing the practice of sound engineering through topics such as: input / output, connectivity, microphone technique, fold back and monitoring, front-of-house and PA systems, dynamic processing, equalization and effects; complete readings and listening that reinforce concepts, provide new insights and techniques; and perform practical exercises that promote investigative learning and research. The course has the following learning objectives: extend artistic and technical outcomes in the sonic arts including live sound engineering; provide a comprehensive understanding of sound engineering theory and its practice in the areas of live sound reinforcement and production; enhance problem solving skills; and provide a reflexive active skill set that can adapt to the changing landscape of live sound engineering, its practice and processes.
Course Coordinator: Dr Daniel PitmanStaff
The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.
Course Learning Outcomes
- Students will be able to identify, describe and explain sound engineering fundamentals associated with live sound reinforcement, including PA setup and tuning, signal flow, microphones, mixing, monitoring, and production.
- Students will be able to employ and apply live sound engineering technologies and techniques in a manner that displays practical and creative understanding and fluency.
- Students will be able to demonstrate independent, imaginative and creative approaches to problem solving in the field of live sound engineering.
- Students will develop research skills and a critical understanding of live sound engineering and its associated areas.
University Graduate Attributes
This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:
University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth
Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.
Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving
Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.
Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills
Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.
Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness
Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.
Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence
Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.
- USB Stick or portable hard drive with enough capacity to store files associated with the course and formatted as Apple OSX HFS+.
- Stereo headphones with a 6.5mm male adaptor.
- Note – students must bring both their USB storage and Headphones (with adaptor) to university, as they are required for various classes and for using laboratories and studios.
Sound Levels & Hearing Protection
This course may require using spaces where a dB meter has been installed. If you exceed the set dB limit for the space, the lights will flash. Students found exceeding these levels will have their booking privileges revoked for two weeks, and repeat offenders may have their booking privileges revoked for the remainder of the academic year.
In order to minimise risk in noise-prone situations, the Conservatorium makes both reusable gel ear-plugs and disposable foam ear-plugs available to students and staff free of charge at all times. Students and staff are also urged to consider purchase of customised personal hearing protection.
For more information regarding sound levels, hearing and hearing loss please refer both to the full content of the O'Brien Report and to the excellent publication by Canadian audiologist/academic Marshall Chasin, entitled Hear the Music: Hearing Loss Prevention for Musicians both available here: http://music.adelaide.edu.au/hsw/documents/
Recommended ResourcesBelow are a number of recommended resources. Please note that in terms of the included books and links, these are meant purely as general starting points to provide points of departure to other library and online sources and research.
- Ahnert, Wolfgang, and Frank Steffen. Sound Reinforcement Engineering. New York: Routlege, 1999
- Ballou, Glen. Handbook for Sound Engineers. 4th ed. Amsterdam ; Boston: Focal Press
- Borwick, John. Microphones : Technology and Technique. London ; Boston: Focal Press, 1990
- Crocker, Malcolm J. Handbook of Acoustics. New York ; Brisbane: J. Wiley, 1998
- Davis, Gary D., Ralph Jones, and Yamaha International Corporation. The Sound Reinforcement Handbook. 2nd ed. Milwaukee, Wis.: Hal Leonard Publishing, 1989
- Evans, Bill. Live Sound Fundamentals. Boston, MA, USA: Course Technology
- Everest, F. Alton. The Master Handbook of Acoustics. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill
- James, Paul. The Live Sound Manual. 1st ed. San Francisco, Calif.: Backbeat, 2002
- McLachlan, N. W. Loud Speakers : Theory, Performance, Testing, and Design. Oxford Engineering Science Series. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934
- Rio, Jamie, and Chris Buono. House of Worship Sound Reinforcement. Boston: Course Technology
- Rossing, Thomas D. Springer Handbook of Acoustics. New York, N.Y. ;: Springer
- Stark, Scott Hunter. Live Sound Reinforcement : A Comprehensive Guide to Pa and Music Reinforcement Systems and Technology. Mix Pro Audio Series. Emeryville Calif.: Mixbooks, 1996
- Swallow, Dave. Live Audio the Art of Mixing a Show. San Diego: Focal Press [Imprint] Elsevier Science & Technology Books
- "Microphone Techniques for Live Sound". Shure. 22 Nov 2019. <http://www.shure.com/americas>.
- "Mix Magazine". 22 Nov 2019. <http://mixonline.com/>.
- "Sound on Sound Magazine". 22 Nov 2019. <http://www.soundonsound.com/>.
- "Yorkville Professional Audio Basics and User Tips Guide". 22 Nov 2019. <http://www.yorkville.com/downloads/other/paguide.pdf >.
Students can listen to musical works through the library's Naxos subscription (see library catalogue, search using Naxos as the title and limit search to ‘electronic resources’. You will be prompted to enter your uni ID number and password to access the Naxos catalogue). There is a wealth of material available for listening (but not downloading). The link to the Naxos catalogue is as follows:
The Music Library located in the Hartley building is an excellent source for music, literature and recordings: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/library/branch/eml/
Bibliography and references are to be cited according to the Music Referencing Guide: http://libguides.adelaide.edu.au/musicreferencing
MyUni is a crucial part of this course and will provide students with access to assessment and learning materials, such as quizzes, discussion boards, slide presentations, readings, links, sound and video. Materials will be provided on a topic-by-topic basis over the semester: http://myuni.adelaide.edu.au.
Learning & Teaching Activities
Learning & Teaching Modes
The course structure and content is delivered through a range of classes and materials. The classes in this course consist of lectures, tutorials and workshops.
- Lectures will deliver a specific topic each week. The topic will consist of ideas and concepts; technologies; and creative practitioners in the field.
- Tutorials provide an opportunity to discuss and ask questions about the weekly lecture and topic for the course; reinforce concepts and ideas from the lecture and explore new territory.
- Students are required to complete the weekly reading before their tutorial; come to the tutorial with questions and thoughts on the reading; and be prepared to actively engage in discussion on the weekly topic and reading.
- Students are required to complete 1-hour of preparatory work which may include readings, watching videos, listening to sound and musical examples, preparing work or completing short exercise. This is a mandatory requirement.
- Workshops will explore a wide range of practical aspects of the course and its associated topics and concepts.
- Students will be set regular practical tasks as part of their portfolio assessment and be required to present their work during the workshop.
- Although workshops will from time to time contain presentations from the instructor, the workshop will largely be an opportunity for students to obtain assistance with their practical and creative development and practice. Students need to actively and on a week-by-week basis maintain their practical and creative development, using the workshop to raise issues and solve problems.
- Finally, the workshops provide a forum by which students can begin to explore their own ideas and practice using lecture and tutorial materials as inspiration and points of departure.
The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.
This course consists of up to 48 hours of direct contact or structured non-contact - 4 hours per week over 12 weeks for the lectures, tutorials and workshops, where students will play an active role in the practice, refinement, consolidation and extension of their knowledge and understanding. In addition students will spend a minimum of 108 non-contact hours over the duration of the course on self-initiated learning and research, reading, writing, practice and assessment in order to pass the course, making the minimum workload 156 hours.
Learning Activities Summary
In order to be relevant, contemporary and up-to-date, this course uses a reflexive ‘just-in-time’ organisation that adjusts its structure and delivery according to the most current changes in the field, lecture-centred research practice and peer-student interest. The weekly topics can be summarised as follows:
- What is live sound engineering?
- Introduction / P.A. Basics
- Signal Flow / (Stage Plan) / Troubleshooting
- Input Devices
- Working with Microphones - Ensembles, Acoustic Groups, Large Bands
- Feedback and Other Troubleshooting Issues
- The Role of the Live Sound Engineer
- Advanced Live Sound Mixing
Further detail regarding other specific content can be found in the associated materials on myUni.
Specific Course Requirements
EMU Facilities Access Provisions
This course will involve using the resources of the Electronic Music Unit (EMU). This includes facilities such as studios, recording spaces and digital audio workstations.
In order for students to complete the course they must gain ongoing and permanent access to EMU. Access and use of EMU is based upon completing the EMU Access Test. More information can be found here: https://music.adelaide.edu.au/emu/intranet/emu_guide/ (university login required).
Except where otherwise indicated by the lecturer, tutor or workshop instructor – mobile phones, laptops, PDAs, recording devices and other similar technology must be switched off before lessons or classes begin, and kept off for the duration .
The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:
- Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
- Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
- Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
- Assessment must maintain academic standards.
Name Description Due %
Type Tutorial Notes and Participation: Students will be required to fully participate and engage with the weekly lecture topic and associated materials by producing a summary that forms the foundation of each tutorial. Weekly 20 1,2,3 Summative Workshop Practicals Students will fully participate and engage with the workshop topics and ancillary materials through a range of weekly in-class and out-of-class practical exercises. Scheduled Classes 20 2,3,4 Summative Name Description Due %
Type Exam: Written This exam will theoretically assess aspects of the course presented though out the semester in lectures, tutorials and workshops. Note - No Late Submissions. Week 14 30 1,3,4 Summative Name Description Due %
Type Exam: Practical This one to one exam will involve the student demonstrating competence in managing the various components of digital and analog sound systems.
30 1,2, 3, 4 Summative
Formative Assessment: Classes will contain embedded formative assessment tasks that may include student presentations, discussions, practical exercises, demonstrations and out-of-class work that will enable students to engage with the practical and theoretical concepts presented in order to complete their summative assessments.
Assessment Related Requirements
All students must complete the requirements under “SPECIFIC COURSE REQUIREMENTS ‘EMU Facilities Access Provisions’”. Students who fail complete these items have failed the course.
All students must complete assessments by the due date. Extensions must be organised through the MACA process. Forms and explanation can be found at the following link: https://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/3303/
Note that without an extension students may submit up to 7 days late with a penalty of 2% per day. After 7 days, the assignment will not be marked.
Attendance Expectation & Penalty
Students are expected to attend all classes. If a student fails to attend at least 70% of tutorials or workshops in a course and fails to produce the appropriate medical or compassionate certificates, the student is deemed to have failed that course, irrespective of assignments previously completed. Students who arrive 10 minutes or later after the start of a class will be marked as absent.
Extenuating circumstances may occasionally affect a student’s ability to participate in a rehearsal, workshop, class, lecture, tutorial or performance. In such cases leave may, upon application using the leave form (available from the Music Office Hartley Building G05), be approved by the relevant staff member (this could be the Head of Studies, teacher, conductor, lecturer or course coordinator as appropriate). Types of leave include: sick leave; compassionate leave; and professional development leave.
Assessment DetailRefer to “ASSESSMENT SUMMARY”
Assessments and Exams
Students must be available during the identified University teaching, academic and examination periods. Students are not entitled to sit an examination or submit an assessment at another time, nor are they entitled to any other concessions if an examination or assessment conflicts with a planned vacation or special event. Results from assessments and examinations are usually sent to students via email and/or myUni.
Assignments where late submissions are permitted and that are submitted after the due date and time will incur a 5% penalty (from the assignment total of 100%) per day (24 hour period) for a maximum of 4 days (weekend days included). After this time the assignment will not be marked for assessment or feedback. Note – typically this does not apply to assessments where the assessment is conducted at a fixed time and location, such as an exam, workshop, practical test, performance or presentation – please refer to the individual assessments for further information.
Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:
M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme) Grade Mark Description FNS Fail No Submission F 1-49 Fail P 50-64 Pass C 65-74 Credit D 75-84 Distinction HD 85-100 High Distinction CN Continuing NFE No Formal Examination RP Result Pending
Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.
Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.
Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.
The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.
SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.
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Policies & Guidelines
This section contains links to relevant assessment-related policies and guidelines - all university policies.
- Academic Credit Arrangement Policy
- Academic Honesty Policy
- Academic Progress by Coursework Students Policy
- Assessment for Coursework Programs
- Copyright Compliance Policy
- Coursework Academic Programs Policy
- Elder Conservatorium of Music Noise Management Plan
- Intellectual Property Policy
- IT Acceptable Use and Security Policy
- Modified Arrangements for Coursework Assessment
- Student Experience of Learning and Teaching Policy
- Student Grievance Resolution Process
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