HLTH SC 2101 - Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Human Movement

North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2014

Biomechanics is the study of the effect of mechanical phenomena on the human body. This course will introduce students to the mechanical principles that can be applied to human structure and function allowing analysus of human movement and the musculoskeletal system. Basic mechanics (statics, kinematics and dynamics) will be studied in two dimensions. The biomechanics of human gait walking and running will be investigated. The students understanding of these concepts will be examined through the study of normal gait dynamics, muscle function, work and power. An awareness of the mechanics of tissues in the musculoskeletal system will be introduced as applied to exercise prescription and injury. The theoretical basis of methods for assessing movement, both quantitative and qualitative, will also be introduced enabling basic practical analysis of common movements to be performed.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code HLTH SC 2101
    Course Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Human Movement
    Coordinating Unit School of Medical Sciences
    Term Semester 2
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 5 hours per week
    Prerequisites ANAT SC 1102
    Corequisites ANAT SC 2200
    Assumed Knowledge Level 1 Mathematics
    Course Description Biomechanics is the study of the effect of mechanical phenomena on the human body. This course will introduce students to the mechanical principles that can be applied to human structure and function allowing analysus of human movement and the musculoskeletal system. Basic mechanics (statics, kinematics and dynamics) will be studied in two dimensions. The biomechanics of human gait walking and running will be investigated. The students understanding of these concepts will be examined through the study of normal gait dynamics, muscle function, work and power. An awareness of the mechanics of tissues in the musculoskeletal system will be introduced as applied to exercise prescription and injury. The theoretical basis of methods for assessing movement, both quantitative and qualitative, will also be introduced enabling basic practical analysis of common movements to be performed.
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr David Bentley

    Additional academic staff: Paul Grimshaw - paul.grimshaw@adelaide.edu.au
    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

    2 x 30-minute e-lectures per week and 1 x 2-hour tutorial per week; 1 x 2-hour practical every fortnight
  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    1 Understand and apply concepts and terminology within the area of biomechanics
    2 Describe how biomechanical factors influence motion in sport and exercise
    3 Demonstrate an understanding of statics, kinematics and kinetics in human movement
    4 Evaluate movement and estimate force on human structures during exercise and sports
    5 Demonstrate an understanding of how changes of movement patterns and techniques will influence the load on human tissues during movement
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)
    Knowledge and understanding of the content and techniques of a chosen discipline at advanced levels that are internationally recognised. 3-5
    The ability to locate, analyse, evaluate and synthesise information from a wide variety of sources in a planned and timely manner. 1-2, 5
    An ability to apply effective, creative and innovative solutions, both independently and cooperatively, to current and future problems. 1, 4-5
    Skills of a high order in interpersonal understanding, teamwork and communication. 4-5
    A proficiency in the appropriate use of contemporary technologies. 1-5
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources

    Grimshaw, P, Lees, A., Fowler, N. And Burden, A. Sport and Exercise Biomechanics. Taylor and Francis. 2006

    Recommended Resources

    Sports biomechanics : the basics : optimising human performance . Blazevich, Anthony. A & CB, 2007.

    Principles of Biomechanics. Ronald L . Huston. CRC Press 2008

    Biomechanics: Principles and Applications. Edited by Daniel J . Schneck and Joseph D . Bronzino. CRC Press 2002

    Biomechanics in Ergonomics. Taylor and Francis. 1999. Kumar, S. (ed)

    Fundamentals of Biomechanics (Second Edition). Knudson, D. 2007. Springer

    Biomechanics in Sport. Zatsiorsky, V (ed). 2000. Wiley

    Introduction to Sports Biomechanics. Taylor and Francis. 2007. Bartlett, R (ed)

    Online Learning
    Electronic lectures will be housed on the course page located in MyUni.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes

    The course will be delivered via the use of both electronic (e-learning) and face-to-face sessions (tutorials and practicals). A series of electronic resources on key concepts in Biomechanics will be produced and housed in myuni incorporating video and audio mediums. These resources will be supported by facilitated discussion groups and guided learning questions linked to formative assessment tasks. The content of the electronic/online material will be rehearsed and supported by face to face/guided tutorials incorporating practical case scenarios using specific measurement techniques (required skills) to explore concepts.

    Workload

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    Students will be required to attend 1 x 2-hour large group sessions (‘lectorials’) and 1 x 2-hour practical per week. 1 x 1-hour online lecture/quiz per week will be scheduled with an equivalent time allocation for preparative reading and quiz completion.

    Learning Activities Summary
    Week Module Theme Online task topic Practical/tutorial
    1 Kinematics of motion Linear and Angular motion Fundamentals of linear and angular motion
    2 Kinetics of linear motion Forces and vectors Speed and progression in running
    3 Impulse and momentum Projectile motion
    4 Kinetics of angular motion Torque and moments Sports equipment and friction
    5 Gravity, mass, stability and balance Calculation of Centre of gravity
    6 Centripedal force and acceleration Muscle and joint forces
    7 Work, power and energy Work and efficiency
    8 Aquatics Fluid mechanics and motion in water Drag and swimming
    9 Gait Components of normal gait Gait analysis
    10 Specific measurements and applications Qualitative and quantitative movement analysis Qualitative analysis of common movement tasks
    11 Musculoskeletal tissues and biomechanical mechanisms of injury 2D video analysis
    12 Occupational and sporting Biomechanics Ergonomics
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Assessment task Assessment type Weighting Learning course outcome(s) being addressed
    1. Mid semester examination Summative 20% 1-6,8
    2. Presentation and report Summative 40% 12-14
    3. Online quiz/focus questions Formative 0% 1-14
    4. Final examination Summative 40% 7,9-14
    Assessment Related Requirements

    Students must successfully complete and pass all assessments to be eligible to pass this course.

    Assessment Detail

    Assessment task 1 - exam
    This will be a written test of 1 hour duration that is conducted in the tutorial time in week 5. The test will contain a range of written (short answer) and multiple-choice responses. The test will be based upon the concepts and theory learned in the course thus far. The test mark will contribute 10% to the final mark for this course.
    Assessment task 2 - report
    This assessment will consist of a laboratory class practical written up as a report (2000 word limit ). The laboratory report will be marked as one report and will contribute 30% to the final mark of the course. The assessed laboratory practical classes will take place in Weeks 6 and 7. The report will need to be submitted by Friday of Week 8.
    Assessment task 3 – quiz (ongoing throughout semester)
    Students will complete a series of quiz and electronically presented questions (via MyUni) to guide specific learning by readings and electronic lecture experiences.
    Assessment task 4 – final exam
    This will be an open book written examination that is conducted in the University examination week (weeks 15/16). The examination will contain a range of written questions (5 questions) and you will be required to answer ALL questions. The examination will be based upon the concepts and theory learned in the course (this includes lectures, laboratory classes and additional reading and work sheets). The examination mark will contribute 60% to the final mark for this course.

    Submission

    Project reports (assignment 2) will be submitted and marks released via the specific assignment link (Turnitin) of the myuni course page.
    Late submissions of any student work are not acceptable. Coursework received after the deadline will be penalised as follows:
    15% of total available points will be penalised per day (24 hour period or fraction thereof).
    An automatic zero mark will be applied after 7 days.
    For example, coursework submitted any time after the deadline up to 24 hours late and marked as a 75% would become 60% (i.e. a 15% penalty). A 55% grade would become a 40%.Coursework submitted to any location other than those specified will not be accepted. This includes submissions to personal staff email addresses. Weekends and public holidays ARE included as penalty days. Extensions will only be granted in exceptional circumstances following the provision of supporting documentation (e.g. a medical certificate) to the course coordinator BEFORE the due date and time of submission..

    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
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