LING 3013 - Australian Indigenous Languages

North Terrace Campus - Summer - 2023

There were 250 or more Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages spoken in Australia at the time of first contact with Europeans. Now, according to the latest National Indigenous Languages Survey (NILS II), only 13 of these languages are transmitted by normal means from one generation to the next. Australia has arguably the worst rate of language loss in the world. These languages are Australia's unique and complex linguistic heritage, which at times challenge established linguistic doctrines and provide interesting lenses through which to view and categorise the world. This course will provide an introduction to Australia's Indigenous languages (including Aboriginal English varieties, koines and creoles), with a particular focus on the Indigenous languages of South Australia. It will investigate structural features of Australian languages (for example, sounds, spellings, vocabularies, grammars, semantics) as well as their place within Australian society. Particular emphasis will be given to attempts to maintain and revive Australia's unique linguistic heritage and the linguistic tools needed for language work. The course will also investigate a range of topics of social importance including interpreting and translation, language and the law, language and health, language and education, language and identity which are at the heart of Indigenous rights and the very survival of Indigenous peoples. Students will gain an awareness of Australia's Indigenous linguistic heritage, whilst at the same time extending and consolidating their understanding of linguistics, linguistic analysis and the tools it provides for language work.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code LING 3013
    Course Australian Indigenous Languages
    Coordinating Unit Linguistics
    Term Summer
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 15 hours per week over 3 weeks
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Prerequisites At least 6 units of Level II undergraduate study
    Incompatible LING 2014
    Assessment 2 x Practical investigation 25% each, essay (2500 word) 30%, tutorial presentation and participation (1000 word) 20%
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Ian Green

    Welcome to Australian Indigenous Languages, a study of Australia's unique linguistic heritage.

    I will be your Course Coordinator, Lecturer and Tutor. I come with more than 40 years exposure to and engagement with several Australian Indigenous languages, beginning with Gugadja in 1980. I have experience working with both 'strong' languages (such as Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara and Yolngu Matha) that are still spoken by all generations within their home communities, as well as more than 30 years working with the Kaurna language of Adelaide, a language which is reclaimed from written historical sources and is now being re-learnt and re-introduced.

    An intensive Summer course allows us to really focus on the field of study. I am sure that you will find it an interesting and worthwhile course, as students have found in past years. This area of study is rapidly changing with advances in research, implementation of programs and technological innovation and so this course is evolving to accommodate those changes.

    I look forward to working with you as we explore Australian Indigenous languages from a range of different perspectives.
    See you soon

    Nakutha! (Kaurna)              Ngula nyakunytjaku!  (Western Desert)                       Nhäma yalala! (Yolngu Matha)

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

    The AIL Summer School will be taught face-to-face over 3 weeks from 12th January till 28th January


    Wednesdays 10.00am - 1.00pm. (Barr Smith South 2051)

    Thursdays 10.00am - 1.00pm. (Barr Smith South 2051)

    Fridays 10.00am - 1.00pm. (Barr Smith South 2051)


    Wednesday 2pm - 4pm. (Barr Smith South 2051)

    Thursday 2pm – 4pm (Barr Smith South 2051)

    Friday 2pm - 4pm. (Barr Smith South 2051)

    In Week 3, the class will convene on Tues. 25th Jan as Wed. 26th is a PUBLIC HOLIDAY (same times, same place)
  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    1 Know where to access accurate, reliable and up-to-date information on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.
    2 Pronounce Aboriginal words written in established orthographies with confidence.
    3 Engage with, read and make sense of the grammar of an Australian language.
    4 Understand the nature of the relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.
    5 Apply linguistic analytical techniques and problem solving approaches to a body of language data drawn from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, thereby strengthening and developing linguistic skills and understandings.
    6 Have a good linguistic foundation upon which to proceed with the learning and/or documentation of an Australian language.
    7 Contribute to promoting understandings and appreciation of Australia’s unique linguistic heritage.
    8 Understand the underlying causes of language loss in Australia and efforts to maintain and revive them.
    9 Reflect on and write coherently about a range of issues confronting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.
    10 Appreciate the significance of Indigenous languages to their owners, speakers and custodians and implications for healing, health and well-being.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.

    2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.

    3, 4, 5, 9, 10

    Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills

    Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.

    1, 5, 9

    Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness

    Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.

    1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10

    Attribute 5: Intercultural and ethical competency

    Graduates are responsible and effective global citizens whose personal values and practices are consistent with their roles as responsible members of society.

    2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

    Attribute 6: Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural competency

    Graduates have an understanding of, and respect for, Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander values, culture and knowledge.

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

    Attribute 7: Digital capabilities

    Graduates are well prepared for living, learning and working in a digital society.

    1, 6

    Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence

    Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.

    2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    SSABSA (1996) Australia’s Indigenous Languages. Senior Secondary Assessment Board of South Australia, Wayville. [book and accompanying CD]

    (There are several copies of the text in the library and copies are available for loan from the Course Coordinator).

    A 2010 reading brick with key readings is downloadable from MyUni.
    Recommended Resources
    Highly Recommended:
    Bowen, Claire ed. (forthcoming) The Oxford Guide to Australian Languages. [95 chapters] Oxford University Press.

    Koch, Harold & Rachel Nordlinger eds. (2014) The Languages and Linguistics of Australia: A Comprehensive Guide. De Gruyter – Mouton, Berlin. BSL:499.15 K762l (also available Online)

    Maia Ponsonnet, Dorothea Hoffmann & Isabel O'Keeffe (eds.) (2020) Emotion, Body and Mind Across a Continent. Figurative representations of emotions in Australian Aboriginal languages. Special issue of Pragmatics and Cognition. 27(1). 

    Meakins, Felicity & Carmel O’Shannessy (eds) (2016) Loss and Renewal: Australian Languages Since Colonisation. De Gruyter – Mouton, Berlin.

    Hobson, John, Kevin Lowe, Susan Poetsch & Michael Walsh (eds) (2010) Re-awakening Languages. Theory and practice in the revitalisation of Australia’s Indigenous Languages. Sydney University Press.

    McGregor, William B. ed. (2008) Encountering Aboriginal Languages. Studies in the history of Australian linguistics. Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU Canberra.

    Walsh, Michael & Colin Yallop (1993) Language and Culture in Aboriginal Australia. Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

    Dixon, R.M.W. (2002) Australian Languages: Their nature and development. Cambridge University Press.

    Bowern, Claire & Harold Koch (2014) Australian Languages and the Comparative Method. BSL: 410.5 A528.4

    National Indigenous Languages Survey (NILS) Report I (2005)

    National Indigenous Languages Survey (NILS) II (2014)

    Commonwealth of Australia (2020) National Indigenous Languages Report.

    UNESCO IDIL2022-2032 Secretariat (2021) 2022-2032 International Decade of Indigenous Languages Global Action Plan DRAFT VERSION 21 Sept. 2021
    Some More Good Books and Articles
    Amery, Rob (2016) Warraparna Kaurna! Reclaiming an Australian Language. University of Adelaide Press. -- for Free Download from University of Adelaide Press
    Paperback: PRICE $55. Amazon

    Amery, Rob & Mary-Anne Gale (2008) “But our language was just asleep: A history of language revival in Australia. In William McGregor (ed.) Encountering Aboriginal Languages. Studies in the history of Australian linguistics. pp. 339-382.

    Amery, Rob (2000) Warrabarna Kaurna! Reclaiming an Australian Language. Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse, The Netherlands.

    Blake, Barry (1977) Case Marking in Australian Languages. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

    Blake, Barry (1987) Australian Aboriginal Grammar. Croom Helm, London.

    Blythe, Joe & R. McKenna Brown eds. (2003) Maintaining the Links. Language, Identity and the Land. Proceedings of the seventh conference presented by the Foundation for Endangered Languages, Broome, 22-24 Sept. 2003. Foundation for Endangered Languages, Bath, UK.

    Calma, Tom (2009) Social Justice Report 2009. Australian Human Rights Commission, Sydney. On-line at

    Clendon, Mark (2014) Worrorra a language of the north-west Kimberley coast. University of Adelaide Press.

    Dixon, R.M.W. (1980) The Languages of Australia. Cambridge University Press.

    Dixon, R.M.W., W.S. Ramson & Mandy Thomas (1990) Australian Aboriginal Words in English. Their origin and meaning. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

    Eades, Diana ed. (1995) Language in Evidence. Issues confronting Aboriginal and multicultural Australia. UNSW Press, Sydney.

    Evans, Nicholas (2003) The Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages of Northern Australia. Comparative studies of the continent’s most linguistically complex region. Pacific Linguistics 552.[BSL 499.05 P1171552]

    Evans, Nicholas (2010) Dying Words. Endangered Languages and What They Have To Tell Us. Wiley-Blackwell, Malden, MA.

    First Languages Australia (2020) Yakilla: Training Tracks. Professional learning opportunities in the first languages field. Online knowledge bank.

    First Languages Australia (2019) Jarrak: Our Languages Journey. Online knowledge bank.

    First Languages Australia (2019) Yaale: Tools for Language Work.

    First Languages Australia (2019) Gambay: Australian First Languages Map. Access here:

    First Languages Australia (2018) Nintiringanyi: National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Language Teaching and Employment Strategy.

    First Languages Australia (2018) Global Lessons: Indigenous languages and multilingualism in school programs.

    First Languages Australia (2015) Warra. Building teams, building resources.

    First Languages Australia (2015) Angkety map. Digital resource report.

    First Languages Australia (2015) National Indigenous Languages Collection Strategy.

    First Languages Australia (2015) Junyirri. A framework for planning community language projects.

    Gale, Mary-Anne (1997) DhaÅ‹um Djorra’wuy Dhäwu. A history of writing in Aboriginal languages. Aboriginal Research Institute, UniSA.

    Green, Jenny (2014) Drawn from the Ground: Sound, Sign and Inscription in Central Australian Sand Stories, Cambridge University Press.

    Grimes, Charles E. (2009) Indigenous languages in education: what the research actually shows. Australian Society for Indigenous Languages. Palmerston NT.

    Harkins, Jean (1994) Bridging Two Worlds. Aboriginal English and Crosscultural Understanding.
    University of Queensland Press, St Lucia.

    Hartman, Deborah & John Henderson eds. (1994) Aboriginal Languages in Education. Alice Springs, IAD Press.

    Henderson, John & David Nash eds. (2002) Language in Native Title. Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

    Hercus, Luise, Flavia Hodges & Jane Simpson eds. (2002) The Land is a Map. Placenames of Indigenous Origin in Australia. Pandanus Books, ANU Canberra.

    Hercus, Luise & Harold Koch eds. (2009) Aboriginal Placenames: naming and re-naming the Australian landscape. ANU e-Press, Canberra.

    Hinton, Leanne ed. (2013) Bringing our Languages Home. Language Revitalization for Families. Heydey Books, Berkeley, California. [BSL 418 H6664b]

    Hinton, Leanne ed. (2002) How to Keep your Language Alive: a commonsense approach to one-on-one language learning. Heydey Books, Berkeley, California. [BSL 418.0071 H6664h]

    Hinton, Leanne (1994) Flutes of Fire: Essays on Californian Indian Languages. Heydey Books, Berkeley, California.

    Hinton, Leanne, Ken Hale & Steven N. Austad eds.(2001) Green Book of Language Revitalisation in Practice, Academic Press. [BSL 408.9 H6664g]

    Hinton, Leanne, Leena Huss & Gerald Roche eds. (2018) The Routledge Handbook of Language Revitalization. Routledge, New York & London.

    House of Representatives (1992) A Matter of Survival. Report of the Inquiry into Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Language Maintenance.  AGPS, Canberra.

    Kendon, Adam (1988) Sign Languages of Aboriginal Australia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Koch, Harold & Luise Hercus eds. (2009) Aboriginal Placenames. Naming and Re-Naming the Australian Landscape. Aboriginal History Monograph 19. ANU E Press, Canberra.

    McConvell, Patrick, Rob Amery, Mary-Anne Gale, Christine Nicholls, Jonathan Nicholls, Lester Irabinna Rigney and Simone Ulalka Tur (2002) “Keep that Language Going!” A Needs-Based Review of the Status of Indigenous Languages in South Australia. A consultancy carried out by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    Commission, South Australia.

    McConvell, Patrick & Nicholas Evans eds. (1997) Archaeology and Linguistics. Aboriginal Australia in a global perspective. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

    McConvell, Patrick & Nicholas Thieberger (2001) The State of Indigenous Languages in Australia - 2001. Second Technical Paper Series No. 2. A report compiled for Environment Australia, Department of Environment and Heritage, Canberra.

    McKay, Graham (1996) The Land Still Speaks. NBEET, AGPS Canberra.

    Meakins, Felicity (2014) A Grammar of Bilinara: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory. De Gruyter – Mouton,

    Mühlhäusler, Peter (2008) History of research into Australian pidgins and creoles. In William McGregor (ed.) Encountering Aboriginal Languages. Studies in the history of Australian linguistics. pp. 437-457.

    Purdie, Nola, Tracey Frigo, Clare Ozolins, Geoff Noblett, Nick Thieberger, Janet Sharp (2008)
    Indigenous Languages Programmes in Australian Schools. A Way Forward. ACER Report. Department of Education,Employment and Workplace Relations, Canberra. On-line at:

    Romaine, Suzanne (1991) Language in Australia. Cambridge University Press.

    Schmidt, Annette (1990) The Loss of Australia's Aboriginal Language Heritage. Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

    Shnukal, Anna (1988) Broken. An introduction to the Creole language of Torres Strait. Pacific Linguistics, ANU Canberra.

    Simpson, Jane, Mary-Anne Gale and Rob Amery (2008) I could have saved you linguists a lot of time and trouble: 178 years of Research and Documentation of South Australia’s Indigenous Languages. In William McGregor (ed.) Encountering Aboriginal Languages. Studies in the history of Australian linguistics. pp. 85-144.

    Simpson, Jane, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin & Barry Alpher eds. (2001) Forty Years On. Ken Hale and Australian Languages. Pacific Linguistics.

    Simpson, J. and G. Wigglesworth (2008) Children's language and multilingualism: Indigenous language use at home and school. Continuum International Press, London.

    Sutton, Peter & Michael Walsh (1979) Revised Linguistic Fieldwork Manual for Australia. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

    Thieberger, Nicholas (ed.) (1995) Paper and Talk: A manual for reconstituting materials in Australian Indigenous languages from historical sources.  Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

    Thieberger, Nicholas & William McGregor eds. (1994) Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Macquarie Library, Sydney.

    Tunstill, Guy (2004) Adnyamathanha R to 10. A teaching framework for revival and second language learning in years reception to ten. Department of Education and Children’s Services, Adelaide.

    Wilkins, David (2008) ‘W(h)ither language, culture and education in remote Indigenous communities of the Northern Territory?’ Australian Review of Public Affairs. October 2008.
    On-line at:

    Wilson, Greg (2004) Arabana Years R to 10. An Arabana teaching framework for reception to year 10. Language revitalisation and second language learning. Department of Education and Children’s Services, Adelaide.

    Voice of the Land


    Australian Journal of Linguistics (AJL)

    Australian Aboriginal Studies (AAS)

    New Internationalist (NI 473 June 2014 edition ‘The Politics of Language Loss’)

    Online Learning
    Additional course-related material will be posted on MyUni, including Lecture Content, Announcements and other resources.

    Useful Programs and Applications
    Fieldworks Language Explorer (FLEx) 

    ELAN annotation tool for audio and video recordings 

    Useful Websites
    First Languages Australia

    Mobile Language Team (MLT) based at the University of Adelaide

    Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) website

    Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) – 1996 Statistics

    Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) – Indigenous Language and Culture

    Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education

    David Nash’s Australian Languages pages

    David Nathan’s Aboriginal Languages of Australia Virtual Library

    Department of Prime Minister & Cabinet, Office of the Arts: Indigenous Languages Support (ILS)

    Department for Education and Child Development (DECD)

    Federation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages and Cultures (FATSILC)

    Kaurna Warra Pintyanthi

    Pitjantjatjara Language course at the University of South Australia

    Yolngu Languages courses at Charles Darwin University

    Centre for Australian Languages and Linguistics (CALL) Batchelor Institute for Indigenous Tertiary Education (BIITE)

    Australian Human Rights Commission

    Transient Languages & Cultures Blog

    Iltyem-iltyem: Sign Languages in Central Australia

    Centre of Excellence of the Dynamics of Language
    International Web Sites:
    Foundation for Endangered Languages (FEL)

    The Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project, SOAS

    First Voices web pages (British Columbia) at

    Kualono, University of Hawai’i webpages at

    Maori Language Commission pages at

    Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival

    Linguistics, University of California at Berkeley

    Manx Heritage Foundation

    Language Documentation & Conservation

  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    This course is delivered through an intensive Summer School. Whole-day lecture/workshop sessions will be held on Wed/Thurs/Fri over a 3-week period, leaving long weekends for students to pursue their own reading, research and assignment preparation.

    Material for completion of Assignment #1 will be presented to class during the 1st week. Students will hand up this assignment early in Week 2.

    Similarly, material needed for completion of Assignment #2 will be presented in Week 2 and should be handed in by the end of the lecture break.

    The Summer School will be a combination of presentation of material through Lectures, group discussion, practical workshops and small group work focussed on practical engagement with specific language data and problem-solving. Formative work will be undertaken in workshop mode and in small groups to prepare students for the completion of summative assessment tasks.


    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    15 hours lecture/workshop per week (x 3) 45 hours
    Reading 36 hours
    Research 36 hours
    Assignment Preparation 36 hours
    TOTAL: 156 hours
    Learning Activities Summary
    Week 1 Lecture/
    Workshop Content
    Associated Readings Associated Assignments
    Day 1
    12 Jan.
    Overview; Key Issues Text Ch.1; Evans (2010); McConvell & Thieberger (2001); Calma (2009); Elkin (1970); Walsh (1997); Rigney (2002) Essay
    topic #1
    Day 1
    12 Jan.
    Language, Land and Identity Text Ch.2; Bell (2002); Henderson (2002); Sutton (1979); Hercus & Simpson (2002) Essay
    topic #1
    Day 2
    13 Jan.
    The Distribution of Australia’s
    South Australia’s Indigenous Languages
    Text Ch.3; DECS (2009); Simpson et al (2008); McConvell et al (2002); Schmidt (1990) Essay
    topic #1
    Day 3
    14 Jan.
    Sound Systems and Writing Systems Text Ch.5; Gale (1998); Thieberger (1995); Schebeck (2004); Fletcher & Butcher (2014) Assign #1
    DUE 25 Jan. 2022
    Essay topic #2
    Week 2
    Workshop Content
    Associated Readings Associated Assignments
    Day 4
    19 Jan
    Lexicon, Semantics & Metaphor
    Indigenous taxonomies
    Text. Ch.6; Hansen (1984); Walsh (1992); Goddard (1993); McConvell (2000); Amery (1993). Essay topic #3
    Day 4
    19 Jan
    Language & Culture
    Linguistic etiquette
    Text Ch.4; Walsh & Yallop (1993); Ways of Thinking video Essay topic #7
    Day 5
    20 Jan
    Australian Aboriginal Grammars Text Ch.7; Green (1994); Blake (1989); Evans (2003); Dixon (1982); Nordlinger (2014) Essay topic #4
    Day 6
    21 Jan
    Language Connections Text Ch.8; Koch (2014); Bowern & Koch (2014); Pensalfini
    (2001); Evans (2003); Dixon (2002);
    Assign #2
    DUE 11 Feb. 2022
    Week 3
    Workshop Content
    Associated Readings Associated Assignments
    Day 7
    25 Jan.
    Aboriginal Languages in Education Grimes (2009); Devlin (2009); Walsh (2003);
    Wilkins (2008); Simpson et al (2009); Mühlhäusler et al (2004); Purdie et al (2008)
    Essay topic #5
    Day 8
    27 Jan.
    Language Maintenance and Language Revival Text Ch. 9; Amery & Gale (2008); Walsh in Hobson et al (eds) (2010); NILS I and II Reports; First Languages Australia (2015)    Essay topic #1
    Essay topic #4
    Essay topic #8
    Day 8
    27 Jan.
    Aboriginal English; Australian Creales and Koines Text Ch.10; DEET (1995); Harkins (1994); Sandefur (1985); Urry & Walsh (1981); McConvell (2008); Eades (1995); Amery (1993)
    Day 9
    28 Jan.
    Language and the Law
    Language and Health
    Interpreting and Translation
    Future Prospects
    Eades (1988)
    Cooke (1995)
    Trudgen (2000)
    Cass et al (2002)
    ARDS (2009)
    Essay topic #6
    Essay topic #1
    Essay topic #8

    ESSAY DUE 21 Feb 2022
    Specific Course Requirements
    Attendance of all 9 days of the Summer School iscompulsory. Students will be expected to complete additional exercises and
    small-scale investigations working within small groups and overnight between teaching sessions. Application to these tasks will contribute to the 10% awarded to attendance and participation.

  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Assessment Task Weighting %
    Course Learning Outcomes(s)
    Due Date
    Practical Investigation #1 25% 2, 5, 6 Due 25 Jan. 2022
    Practical Investigation #2 25% 3, 4, 5, 6 Due 11 Feb. 2022
    Essay (3,000 words) 40% 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Due 21 Feb. 2022
    Attendance & Participation 10% 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Assessment Related Requirements
    Attendance of all 9 days of the Summer School is compulsory. Students will be expected to complete additional exercises and small-scale investigations working within small groups and overnight between teaching sessions. Application to these tasks will contribute to the 10% awarded to attendance and participation.
    Assessment Detail
    Assignment 1: Practical Investigation: Sound Systems
    Word Count Equivalence: 1,000 words
    Due Date: 25 Jan. 2022

     A. Sound Systems of Australian Languages:

    Compare and contrast the sound systems and orthographies of 5 Australian Languages from diverse regions:
    (Further details and sources to be provided)

    What are the commonalities and differences between the sound systems of these 5 languages?

    Compare and contrast the orthographies employed.

    Assignment 2: Practical Investigation #2 (Comparative Linguistics)
    Word Count; 1,000 words
    Due Date: 11 Feb. 2022

    Investigate the linguistic relationships between two South Australian languages (or any two languages chosen in consultation with the Course Coordinator). Consider genetic relationships, as well as relationships resulting from language contact and diffusion. Consider a range of aspects of language, including lexical, semantic and grammatical similarities and differences.  (Phonology to be excluded as this was covered in Assignment #1)

    Assignment 3: Essay
    Word Count: 3,000 words (Level 3)
    Due Date: 21 Feb. 2022

    Select one of the following topics:
    Essay Topics
    1 With no more than a few thousand speakers at most, by world standards Australian Indigenous languages are small. Their use within mainstream Australia is very limited. So why should Australian Indigenous languages be of importance to all Australians? Discuss the current position of Indigenous languages in Australian society and prospects for the future.
    2 The public (and indeed many Indigenous people) often want a ‘pronunciation guide’ which entails spelling Indigenous words using English conventions (eg Pitjantjatjara “(pronounced as pigeon-jarrah)” or “pit-jan-jah-jarra” and “anangu (pronounced arn-ahng-oo” ). See also

    Is this a good idea? What problems are introduced? Be sure to discuss with copious reference to specific examples.
    3 Discuss the role that body part metaphors play in Australian Indigenous languages. What similarities exist between their use in Australian Indigenous languages and in English and/or other languages with which you are familiar? How do they differ? Be sure to provide copious examples in your discussion.
    4 What is a ‘revival grammar’ or a ‘recovery grammar’ (see for instance John Giacon’s (2017) Yaluu. A Recovery Grammar of
    Yuwaalaraay and Gamilaraay and how does it differ to a ‘regular’ grammar of an Aboriginal language (eg Felicity Meakins & Rachel Nordlinger’s (2013) A Grammar of Bilinarra An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory ?
    5 The demand for Aboriginal languages in schools is stronger than ever, but the capacity to deliver Aboriginal language programs is limited. What are the main limitations or barriers? How can these be overcome?
    6 Specialist interpreters (eg medical, legal, social security etc) are needed in Aboriginal Australia. Explain how interpreting in Yolngu Matha or Pitjantjatjara is different to interpreting for French or Japanese speakers in Australia.
    7 What role does sign language play in Aboriginal society? Provide a comprehensive overview of contemporary research in this area. Discuss the role of technology within this area of research.
    8 Discuss the role that Australian Indigenous languages have played/are playing in relation to messaging during the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Has this messaging been effective? How could it be improved? Be sure to introduce specific examples in your discussion.
    Be sure to draw on reputable published print-based references or online articles that are peer reviewed, though of course you may complement these with sources accessed from the internet, popular press or other ephemeral material. Wherever possible, relate your own experience to issues discussed in the literature.

    1 Assignments to be submitted via MyUni.
    2 All assignments must be accompanied by a signed cover sheet (includes plagiarism declaration)
    3 Ensure that your Course Coordinator’s Name, Course Title (including Level II or III) and Assignment Title appear on the cover sheet.
    4 All assignments must be in grammatical English.
    5 Phonetic transcription may be hand-written legibly, though use of electronic IPA symbols is preferred. Typed assignments must be double-spaced with a minimum 10 font.
    6 Alwayskeep a copy of your work. (Just occasionally things do go astray)
    7 Assignments submitted late require a doctor’s certificate, counsellor’s certificate or similar proof/documentation.
    8 Extensions (normally up to one week) MUST be organised prior to the due date.
    9 Penalty with no extension is 2% per day up to 7 working days.
    10 Unless an extension has been approved, late assignments will not be accepted more than 7 days after the due date.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

The University of Adelaide is committed to regular reviews of the courses and programs it offers to students. The University of Adelaide therefore reserves the right to discontinue or vary programs and courses without notice. Please read the important information contained in the disclaimer.