CONMGNT 7002 - Building Services and Environment

North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2022

This course explains the design and operation of building services and the associated environmental issues of buildings. It is designed to give students a comprehensive understanding of the services deployed in buildings, the factors that drive their use, the planning, design, construction and operational choices that influence capital costs, life cycle performance and associated impacts on other public infrastructure. As construction managers, students will gain empathy for this critical element of buildings of all kinds, serving as a basis for delivering projects in the full spectrum of engagement; from full development and design and construct, through to project management, classical construction only and facilities management contracts. The course is also suitable for students in built environment related majors, including architecture, construction management, property, planning and civil engineering. This course aims to provide a holistic explanation of how buildings should operate to ensure occupants? comfort with low environmental impacts. It covers three knowledge domains, namely 1) building service systems such as water, power, gas, sewage, telecommunication and vertical transportation; 2) building science such as lighting, acoustics, thermal comfort and indoor air quality; and 3) environmental science of buildings such as energy efficiency, Total Building Performance, and passive environmental controls.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code CONMGNT 7002
    Course Building Services and Environment
    Coordinating Unit School of Architecture and Built Environment
    Term Semester 2
    Level Postgraduate Coursework
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 3 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Restrictions Available only to Master of Construction Management students
    Course Description This course explains the design and operation of building services and the associated environmental issues of buildings. It is designed to give students a comprehensive understanding of the services deployed in buildings, the factors that drive their use, the planning, design, construction and operational choices that influence capital costs, life cycle performance and associated impacts on other public infrastructure.
    As construction managers, students will gain empathy for this critical element of buildings of all kinds, serving as a basis for delivering projects in the full spectrum of engagement; from full development and design and construct, through to project management, classical construction only and facilities management contracts. The course is also suitable for students in built environment related majors, including architecture, construction management, property, planning and civil engineering.
    This course aims to provide a holistic explanation of how buildings should operate to ensure occupants? comfort with low environmental impacts. It covers three knowledge domains, namely 1) building service systems such as water, power, gas, sewage, telecommunication and vertical transportation; 2) building science such as lighting, acoustics, thermal comfort and indoor air quality; and 3) environmental science of buildings such as energy efficiency, Total Building Performance, and passive environmental controls.
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Hossein Omrany

    Dr. Hossein Omrany

    E-mail: Hossein.omrany@adelaide.edu.au

    Phone: 08-8313-5836

    Location: Floor/Room 3 011C, Horace Lamb, North Terrace, University of Adelaide

    Availability: Mondays - Wednesdays, and Fridays 9:00 am - 17:00.
    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

    Lectures

    Fridays, 11 am -12 pm in Lower Napier LG29 lecture theatre + live stream via Zoom.

    Tutorials

    Fridays, 2.0 pm to 4.0 pm in Barr Smith South, 522b, Studio + live stream via Zoom.

    Week 1: Introduction to Building Services
    Week 2: 
    Lighting services
    Week 3:
    Thermal performance of buildings
    Week 4: 
    Acoustics, thermal comfort & indoor air quality
    Week 5: 
    Total building performance
    Week 6: 
    Reticulated services
    Week 7: 
    Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
    Week 8: 
    Vertical transportation
    Week 9: 
    Fire protection
    Week 10: 
    Management systems and controls
    Week 11: 
    Environmental considerations
    Week 12: 
    Summary and review
  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    On successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

    • Explain the operation of building service systems such as water, power, and drainage systems and factors affecting their connection to public infrastructure;
    • Define building service systems – including mechanical, electrical, vertical transportation, communication & hydraulic services - in different kinds of buildings;
    • Discuss the impacts of building services on construction planning and project management in the context of different project types and delivery methods;
    • Analyse the factors impacting building performance such as lighting, acoustics, thermal comfort, and indoor air quality;
    • Identify the main cost drivers in the delivery of services in buildings and be aware of their impact on Total Building Performance;
    • Summarise environmental impacts of buildings and approaches to reduce impacts;
    • Discuss the interactions between service, building performance, and environmental impacts and propose strategies to ensure good building performance with low environmental impacts.
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

    Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills

    Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.

    1, 2, 3, 6, 7

    Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness

    Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.

    4, 6

    Attribute 5: Intercultural and ethical competency

    Graduates are responsible and effective global citizens whose personal values and practices are consistent with their roles as responsible members of society.

    6, 7

    Attribute 7: Digital capabilities

    Graduates are well prepared for living, learning and working in a digital society.

    1, 2, 7

    Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence

    Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.

    3, 4, 6
  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    There is no prescribed course pack for this course, but specific readings and other materials may be assigned and/or made available through MyUni.
    Recommended Resources
    A number of recommended resources for this course include:

    • Chadderton, D. V. (2007). Building services engineering. London. Taylor & Francis, Chapters 3-5, 11 & 14.
    • National Construction Code (2019 Amendment 1), Guide to Building Code of Australia Volume One, Sections F & G.
    • American Society for Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Adaptive Comfort Model (Standard 55).
    • V. Hartkopf, V. Loftness, and P. Mill, "The Concept of Total Building Performance and Building Diagnostics," in Building Performance: Function, Preservation, and Rehabilitation, ed. G. Davis (West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 1986), 5-22.
    • Tran, V. V., Park, D., & Lee, Y. C. (2020). Indoor air pollution related human diseases, and recent trends in the control and improvement of indoor air quality. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(8), 2927.
    • Ghaffarianhoseini, A., AlWaer, H., Omrany, H., Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Alalouch, C., Clements-Croome, D., & Tookey, J. (2018). Sick building syndrome: are we doing enough?. Architectural Science Review, 61(3), 99-121.
    Further materials will be recommended progressively during the semester. 

    Online Learning
    University Email:
    The school uses the University email system to get in touch with the students. Hence, it is highly recommended that students check their emails regularly and keep up to date with any new announcements.

    MyUni:
    MyUni is an essential online medium that will be used to communicate necessary information regarding the course including details of assignments, quizzes, publishing grades, and so on. There are many other learning resources and assessment pieces that rely on the MyUni system for delivery. Therefore, it is highly recommended that students familiarise themselves with various functions of the MyUni platform and employ it to its fullest extent. https://myuni.adelaide.edu.au

    Discussion Board:
    The MyUni Discussion Board can be used to interact with other students and tutors and is an essential tool to discuss information and increase your understanding of issues.

    Lecture Recordings:
    The lectures for this course shall be all recorded and progressively uploaded to the MyUni page of the course for students to (re)watch the lectures on their own time. However, where the presentation content is subject to copyright or the guest speaker is uncomfortable with the recording of the content, the lecture recording will not be made available online. Therefore, students should not rely solely on this mode of learning and arrange to attend or get lecture content from peers.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    The contents of this course shall be delivered progressively over 12 weeks. In this regard, certain learning objectives are set to be achieved for each week via employing a combination of lecture and tutorial modes.

    Lectures
     

    The lecture series are intended to deliver the core knowledge relative to each week's learning objectives. This highlights the importance of attendance in the lecture sessions of this course. Where students are unable to attend lectures, a review of the lecture is required through posted recordings and introduced materials/references posted on MyUni.

    Tutorials

    Tutorials are the working space for the subject, providing students with the opportunity to discuss the concepts and materials from lectures and also receive clarifications on the contents delivered in the lectures.
    Workload

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students with engaging appropriately with the course and satisfying the determined requirements:

     - Total workload hours: 36 contact hours and 96 non-contact hours = 132 hours.
     - Total contact hours: 3 hours per week (including 1 lecture and 2 hours of tutorials) x 12 weeks = 36 hours
     - Total non-contact hours: Preparations for quizzes 37 hours; group assignment 25; weekly reading/other studies 24; tutorial preparations 10 = 96 hours
    Learning Activities Summary
    Week 1: Introduction to Building Services
    Week 2: Lighting services
    Week 3: Thermal performance of buildings
    Week 4: Acoustics, thermal comfort & indoor air quality
    Week 5: Total building performance
    Week 6: Reticulated services
    Week 7: Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
    Week 8: Vertical transportation
    Week 9: Fire protection
    Week 10: Management systems and controls
    Week 11: Environmental considerations
    Week 12: Summary and review
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    There are four assessment components designed in order to assess students' performance in this course. These include:

      - Quiz 1 will assess students' understanding of subjects that will be delivered between week 1 and week 5 (20%)

      - Quiz 2 will assess students' understanding of subjects that will be delivered between week 6 and week 9 (20%)

      - Quiz 3 will assess students' understanding of subjects that will be delivered between week 10 and week 12 (20%)

      - Group assignment and class presentation (40%)
    Assessment Related Requirements
    To do well, students need to participate in all class activities. Please make sure you attend regularly and come prepared for both lectures and tutorials.
    Assessment Detail
    Quizzes

    The quizzes are scheduled to be held on the following dates and times:

      - Quiz 1 will be held on 2 September at 14.30

      - Quiz 2 will be held on 14 October at 14.30

      - Quiz 3 will be held on 11 November at 14.30

    The settings for these quizzes are detailed below:

      - The dates and times are based on Adelaide time. 

      - The delivery mode of all the quizzes is online.

      - Onshore students must be physically present in the class in order to take the quiz unless permission for doing the quiz online is granted. On the day, attendance will be taken to make sure that all the students are present in the class. Failure to attend may result in receiving a zero score on this quiz, even if the quiz would be submitted.

      - Offshore students can attend the quiz online. 

      - The location is the tutorial venue, e.g., Barr Smith South, 522b.
     
      - The quiz is time-limited and open-book.

      - To access the quiz, you need to log in to your MyUni account. Then, you go to the “Quizzes” page and click “First/Second/Third Assessment Quiz” to start the quiz.

      - Students can only view questions one by one. After you continue to the next question, you are not able to go back to revise the answers provided for previous questions.

      - Different students will have different sequences of questions presented in the quiz to prevent plagiarism.

      - All questions come from lecture and tutorial slides, as well as tutorial reading materials in Modules. 


    Group assignment

    Task Summary:

    You are a newly appointed team within a major commercial building contractor in Australia to oversee the firm’s commissioning activities.

    The projects the firm undertakes are done using a variety of contract and delivery methods, though the two main delivery methods are lump sum (build) and design and construct.

    The services trade packages for which the firm is commonly responsible include:

    Mechanical services
    Electrical services
    Vertical transportation services
    Hydraulic services
    Communications services
    Fire protection services
    Building controls (including building management systems)

    Occasionally, though not always, specialised equipment such as co-generation plants are installed but clients generally use separate contracts for those installations.

    You are required to prepare a Quality Management Guide for internal use to inform the firm’s construction management staff on best practice approaches to commissioning.

    In your Quality Management Guide, you should include the following:

    The top three commissioning activities are needed in each services trade package; and the specialised equipment contracts where they interact with other services trade packages.

    A flow chart containing key steps within the program for a project’s delivery and the activities needed at relevant stages to prepare in advance for commissioning. The flow chart should cover both lump sum and design and construct contracts, with the last step in the chart for both being the completion of defects and the liability period.

    A summary of the five most material risks associated with the commissioning of all services, the potential consequences for the firm (including both financial and other consequences) of their occurrence; and the recommended actions to manage those risks.

    Quality Management Guide submission specification:

    The assignment is therefore the Quality Management Guide, which shall be submitted in both Word and PDF format. Submissions will be no more than 6,000 in length and no less than 3,000 words.

    Presentation submission specification :

    Your group will be required to nominate a minimum of one and a maximum of two spokesperson(s) who will give a presentation on behalf of the group of no more than 10 minutes duration. Each presentation will follow by 5 minutes Q&A session. The presentation will summarise the commissioning activities for one trade package within the Quality Management Guide.

    Presentation files must be sent to Hossein Omrany (Hossein.omrany@adelaide.edu.au) in PPT format by 5 pm on Wednesday 26 October 2022. The PPT submissions are not being graded. The submission deadline is critical to ensure all files can be uploaded for delivery on the day of the presentations.


    Presentation delivery:

    Friday 28 October 2022 (2-4 pm Adelaide time).


    Written submissions (Quality Management Guides) due:

    Sunday 30 October 2022, 5 pm Adelaide time.
    Submission
    Quality Management Guide submission specification:

    The assignment is therefore the Quality Management Guide, which shall be submitted in both Word and PDF format. Submissions will be no more than 6,000 in length and no less than 3,000 words.

    Presentation submission specification :

    Your group will be required to nominate a minimum of one and a maximum of two spokesperson(s) who will give a presentation on behalf of the group of no more than 10 minutes duration. Each presentation will follow by 5 minutes Q&A session. The presentation will summarise the commissioning activities for one trade package within the Quality Management Guide.

    Presentation files must be sent to Hossein Omrany (Hossein.omrany@adelaide.edu.au) in PPT format by 5 pm on Wednesday 26 October 2022. The PPT submissions are not being graded. The submission deadline is critical to ensure all files can be uploaded for delivery on the day of the presentations.

    Presentation delivery:

    Friday 28 October 2022 (2-4 pm Adelaide time).

    Written submissions (Quality Management Guides) due:

    Sunday 30 October 2022, 5 pm Adelaide time.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

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    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/policies/101/) course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

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