CIVILENG 7401 - Advanced Reinforced Concrete

North Terrace Campus - Semester 2 - 2024

This course builds upon the skills developed in Reinforced Concrete Design and extends them to advanced applications including: the design of prestressed concrete elements, the design of deep beams and walls using strut-and-tie modelling, and the design of columns including confinement. The course is taught through the delivery of a realistic bridge design project that covers aspects of conceptual and preliminary design, determination of design actions and detailed design of super- and substructure components.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code CIVILENG 7401
    Course Advanced Reinforced Concrete
    Coordinating Unit Civil Engineering
    Term Semester 2
    Level Postgraduate Coursework
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 4 hours per week
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange N
    Prerequisites C&ENVENG 7005 or CEME 7302 or CIVILENG 7302
    Assessment Assignments and exam
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Dr Mohamed Ali Sadakkathulla

    Course staff:
    Lecturer & Course Coordinator:
    Dr.Mohamed Ali Sadakkathulla
    Room: Engg.North N234

    Lecturer:(Grillage analogy only)
    Room: Engg.North N235
    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes
    This course builds upon the skills developed in Reinforced Concrete Design and extends them to advanced applications including the design of prestressed concrete element. The course is taught through the delivery of a realistic bridge design project that covers aspects of conceptual and preliminary design, determination of design actions and detailed design of super-structure components.  Describe the basic properties of prestressed concrete constituents. The broad outcomes are as follows:
    1 Analyse the flexural behavior of simple beams.
    2 Calculate prestress losses for simple prestressed concrete girders.
    3 Design prestressed concrete girders for flexure using current design procedures (Standards Australia, Australian Standard for Concrete Structures, AS3600).
    4 Recognize the effects of transfer and development length on flexural and shear strengths.
    5 Construct moment-curvature and load-deflection curves for a prestressed concrete beam.
    6 Analyse and design prestressed concrete members for shear.
    7 Understanding different types of bridges, bridge loadings and grillage analogy to determine the critical design action magnitudes.
    8 Design of a medium span prestressed concrete bridge girder for bridge superstructures

    The above course learning outcomes are aligned with the Engineers Australia Entry to Practice Competency Standard for the Professional Engineer. The course develops the following EA Elements of Competency to levels of introductory (A), intermediate (B), advanced (C):  

    A A C A A C C B A A A A A
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.


    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.


    Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills

    Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.


    Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness

    Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.


    Attribute 5: Intercultural and ethical competency

    Graduates are responsible and effective global citizens whose personal values and practices are consistent with their roles as responsible members of society.


    Attribute 7: Digital capabilities

    Graduates are well prepared for living, learning and working in a digital society.


    Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence

    Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.

  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    1.Reference textbook- Prestressed Concrete–4th Edition by
    R.F.Warner, S.J.Foster, and R.Gravina. (Hard/soft copy Available at
    Note: this book follows the old standard AS3600-2009. The lecture slides & contents provided by the lecturer follows the latest version of AS3600-2018 and you have to follow this latest 2018 version of the standard for all components of this course.

    2. Australian standards: AS3600-2018.
    3. Australian standards: AS5100-2017: Bridge design
    (a) 5100.1 Part 1: Scope and general principles
    (b) 5100.2 Part-2: Design loads
    (c) 5100.5 Part-5: Concrete

    These are available through the library at:

    3.Lecture slides-soft copies uploaded to MyUni
    4.Lecture recordings in MyUni.
    Online Learning
    MyUni lecture recordings & Lecture slides
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    Teaching & Learning will occur through pre-recorded lectures, face-face design seminars and computer suite demonstrations.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    A student enrolled in a 3 unit course, such as this, should expect to spend, on average 12 hours per week on the studies required. This includes both the formal contact time required to the course (e.g., lectures and practicals), as well as non-contact time (e.g., reading and revision).

    A note on workload

    •The universities policy is for every hour of classes you should be spending 3 hours of external study

    •At some points during the course you will likely to need to put in the full 12 hours independent study.
    Learning Activities Summary
    Lecture Contents and Sequence(approximate only; subject to change)
    Chapters 1, 3&4: Overview of prestressed concrete beams and structures; purpose of prestressing; pre-tensioning and post-tensioning; losses; comparison of flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete members; design for strength and serviceability; design criteria, codes and standards. Bridge Loads as per AS 5100, basic bridge types & nomenclature- (weeks 1&2)
    . Bridge deck analysis using grillage analogy (week-3) and major assignment & computer exercises (weeks 4-6)

    Chapter 4: Behaviour of uncracked, prestressed concrete beams in flexure; concept of equivalent loads; design concept of load balancing; simple design examples of design for serviceability by load balancing; Assignment1. (week 4)

    Chapter 5: Post-cracking behaviour of prestressed concrete flexural members; deflection calculations. (week 5)

    Lecture on shrinkage & creep (week6)

    Chapters 4&5: Deflection calculations. (week6)
    Chapter 6: Flexural strength theory for rectangular and I sections; quantity of reinforcing steel needed to provide required flexural strength. on calculating flexural strength, and on design for strength in flexure. (week7)

    Chapter 11: Design procedures for statically determinate beams (week7); design project brief will be given and commence your design.
    introduction to Shear, Torsion, Anchorage & Losses, :(weeks 8-10)
    Chapter 7: Strength in shear & Torsion; designing for strength in shear. design of stirrup reinforcement; Chapter 9: Anchorage of tendons; end zone stresses; failure in end zones; reinforcement of end zones. Chapter 10: Loss of prestress, immediate and deferred; creep and shrinkage effects. (week9)
    Weeks8-12- Work on your design project; consulting the Lecturer & tutors
    Week 12: Submit the design project report
  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary

    No information currently available.

    Assessment Related Requirements
    PASS HURDLE: You have to score at least 45% (18 marks out of 45 marks) allotted for the exam to pass this course.
    Assessment Detail
    During Semester:
    Solutions to assignments/quizzes/design project will not be provided by the lecturer.
    Tutorial Assignments/Reports on Grillage Analogy & Prestressed Concrete-10% (Check regularly MyUni for assignments-submit scanned single pdf softcopies online)
    Design project report (group of 3-4)- 45%- Start at week 6 & submit report in week11-Friday.
    End of Semester:
    Final exam –45% (3hours; restricted open book exam conditions)
    PASS HURDLE: You have to score at least 40% (18 marks out of 45 marks) allotted for the exam to pass this course.
    All assignment & design report submissions-PDF soft copies in MyUni. Late submissions penalty- 10% reduction for every calendar day of delay in submission.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

The University of Adelaide is committed to regular reviews of the courses and programs it offers to students. The University of Adelaide therefore reserves the right to discontinue or vary programs and courses without notice. Please read the important information contained in the disclaimer.