CIVILENG 2003 - Civil Engineering Hydraulics

North Terrace Campus - Semester 1 - 2024

An introduction to hydraulic engineering and fluid mechanics. Description and properties of fluids: hydrostatics; buoyancy and stability; laws of inviscid flow; continuity, energy and momentum equations; dimensional analysis and model theory; steady uniform and non-uniform flow of liquids and gases in closed conduits; flow of real fluids; friction in open and closed conduits, Moody diagram; laminar flow; types of turbulent flow; viscous sublayer; flow measurement in pipes and open channels; steady uniform flow in open channels, hydraulic jumps. Uniform and non-uniform flow in open channels, super and subcritical flows.

  • General Course Information
    Course Details
    Course Code CIVILENG 2003
    Course Civil Engineering Hydraulics
    Coordinating Unit Civil Engineering
    Term Semester 1
    Level Undergraduate
    Location/s North Terrace Campus
    Units 3
    Contact Up to 3 hours per week, 3 laboratory sessions and 6 hours for the design project
    Available for Study Abroad and Exchange Y
    Incompatible C&ENVENG 2033 or C&ENVENG 2035
    Assumed Knowledge CEME 1004 or CIVILENG 1004 or C&ENVENG 1010 & MATHS 1012 or MATHS 1004
    Assessment Exam, course work (including assignments, laboratory reports and design project)
    Course Staff

    Course Coordinator: Associate Professor Bree Bennett

    Course Timetable

    The full timetable of all activities for this course can be accessed from Course Planner.

  • Learning Outcomes
    Course Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this course students will be able to:


       Solve problems related to hydrostatics and dimensional analysis


       Apply the underlying governing equations for behaviour of flows and pressures in pipe systems and open channels


       Analyse, design and optimise pipe systems and open channels


       Demonstrate ability to prepare and interpret engineering sketches and drawings of pipe systems and open channels


       Recognise uncertainty and limitations of engineering approaches and systems


       Use critical and independent thinking in identifying, formulating and solving water related problems


       Synthesize information and ideas in relation to issues relating to water system design (e.g. assumptions, design criteria, reliability)


       Demonstrate effective team membership, including the development of written, oral and listening skills

    The above course learning outcomes are aligned with the Engineers Australia Entry to Practice Competency Standard for the Professional Engineer. The course develops the following EA Elements of Competency to levels of introductory (A), intermediate (B), advanced (C):  

    B B A B B B A B A A A B
    University Graduate Attributes

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attribute(s) specified below:

    University Graduate Attribute Course Learning Outcome(s)

    Attribute 1: Deep discipline knowledge and intellectual breadth

    Graduates have comprehensive knowledge and understanding of their subject area, the ability to engage with different traditions of thought, and the ability to apply their knowledge in practice including in multi-disciplinary or multi-professional contexts.


    Attribute 2: Creative and critical thinking, and problem solving

    Graduates are effective problems-solvers, able to apply critical, creative and evidence-based thinking to conceive innovative responses to future challenges.


    Attribute 3: Teamwork and communication skills

    Graduates convey ideas and information effectively to a range of audiences for a variety of purposes and contribute in a positive and collaborative manner to achieving common goals.


    Attribute 4: Professionalism and leadership readiness

    Graduates engage in professional behaviour and have the potential to be entrepreneurial and take leadership roles in their chosen occupations or careers and communities.


    Attribute 5: Intercultural and ethical competency

    Graduates are responsible and effective global citizens whose personal values and practices are consistent with their roles as responsible members of society.


    Attribute 8: Self-awareness and emotional intelligence

    Graduates are self-aware and reflective; they are flexible and resilient and have the capacity to accept and give constructive feedback; they act with integrity and take responsibility for their actions.

  • Learning Resources
    Required Resources
    Course notes - Water Distribution Systems Engineering by Angus Simpson, Chapters 1 to 6. Access will be detailed on myuni.
    Recommended Resources
    Recommended textbooks are:
    • Engineering Fluid Mechanics, 12th Edition, by Donald F. Elger, Barbara C. Williams, Clayton T. Crowe, and John A. Roberson, John Wiley and Sons Inc; and Flow in Open Channels, by K Subramanya, McGraw Hill. Other versions are also acceptable.
    • Flow in Open Channels, 3rd Edition,” by K. Subramanya
    Additional recommended resources are:
    • Streeter and Wylie: Fluid Mechanics. SI Version
    • Hunter Rouse: Engineering Hydraulics
    • Hunter Rouse and Simon Ince: History of Hydraulics (for interest)
    Online Learning
    Additional resources such as assignments, tutorial questions and the design project brief will be provided on MyUni. Students are expected to regularly check on MyUni for course announcements and utilise the Discussion Board for additional contact.

    Course notes, tutorial sheets, laboratory and design resources will be provided electronically in an effort to reduce the amount of paper waste generated throughout the semester. Students may print their own copies or use the resources online.
  • Learning & Teaching Activities
    Learning & Teaching Modes
    This course uses a number of different teaching and learning approaches including:
    • Lectures (online recordings)
    • Problem solving tutorials, demonstrations and activities
    • Quizzes
    • Laboratory practicals
    • Design project
    • Examination
    The lectures are supported and reinforced by the additional teaching modes including formal (laboratory and design) and informal activities. The design project allows the skills developed over the course of the semester through the tutorials to be applied to a real-world situation.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    The information below is provided as a guide to assist students in engaging appropriately with the course requirements.

    Please note that, in general, for each formal contact hour it is expected that a minimum of 2 additional hours of independent study are undertaken. The following table shows an estimate of students' workload:

    Contact Hours Independent Study Hours
    Lectures 30 18 48
    Assignments 8 18 26
    Laboratories 5 8 13
    Quizzes 3 12 15
    Design project 15 21
    Exam 30 33
    TOTAL 55 101 156
    Learning Activities Summary
    Topic 1: Course Introduction and Overview
    Course orientation, requirements and expectations, background and history of the water engineering field.

    Topic 2: Fluid Properties
    In this topic you will learn the fluid properties (what they are, how they are measured and how they are related to each other) and where to find them (you will need to use them for assignments and final exam). 

    You need to be able to know how to use the fluid properties correctly: this means that you need to know their definition, if and how they are related to each other, other factors that influence them, and their units. As a minimum you need to know where to find them, their symbols and their units.

    Topic 3: Fluid Statics
    In this topic we will see how to compute pressure, the force due to pressure on flat and curved surfaces and where this force is applied. We will also examine why some things float, compute at what level will they float and have a brief overview of stability. 

    Once completed you will be able to solve problems related to hydrostatics. Typical questions on this topic involve computing the pressure at a certain point or in a manometer, computing the force due to pressure on a surface, its point of application and the external force required to balance the force due to pressure.

    Topic 4: Fluid Motion
    In this topic we will examine how to use the equations of conservation of mass and conservation of energy. We will also start studying the momentum equation. How much water will go in a pipe? Which velocity will it have? And what's the pressure at a certain point? How does it need to be constrained to stop moving?

    Typical problems in this topic involve computing the flow in and out of system (e.g. a tank), the velocity and the pressure head (assuming there are no losses - i.e. the Bernoulli equation can be used - or using a pre-defined function for the energy losses) and computing the external force required to keep an object in place.

    Topic 5: Dimensional Analysis and Similitude
    In this topic, you will see what you can do with similitude: you can learn how physical models need to be built (e.g. what if you need to build a pipeline on Mars? How can you make sure that your pipe is properly sized?). With Dimensional Analysis you can learn how you can use the dimensions of the variables to find how the variables need to be arranged in an equation (e.g. if you think that mass m, force F and acceleration a are all related in the same equation, a couple of experiments and Excel may be enough to find that F=m*a; but if you have 6 variables it will be a lot more difficult: dimensional analysis will help you group the variables and simplify your problem a bit).

    Typical problems involve deteriming at which scale a model would need built  and finding the Pi groups.

    Topic 6: Pipe Flow
    How do you compute friction losses and, in particular, the friction factor, when water (or another fluid) moves? The equation you use depends on the fluid regime (e.g. the friction factor for laminar flow is different from the one for turbulent flow). Turbulent flow is also divided in transitional turbulent flow and fully rough pipe turbulent flow. You will see how you can differentiate between the different regimes, how you can solve the equations and how to use the Moody diagram.

    You will see how you can solve the different types of pipeline problems (how to find the difference between the water level of two reservoirs if you are given the flow and the pipe diameter, how to find the flow if the difference between the water level of two reservoirs and the pipe diameter are given, and how to find the diameter if the difference between the water levels and the flow are given). Pay attention also to the assumptions made by some of the methods presented! You will also see how to compute minor losses and the different types of valves.

    You need to be able to solve problems related to pipe flows, so you need to be able to compute the friction losses and the friction factor.  Typical questions will not necessarily explicitly ask you to compute the friction factor, but, for example, will ask you to compute the flow in a pipeline between two reservoirs or the water level in one of the two reservoirs. Computing the friction losses in this case is an intermediate step required to answer the question. Typical questions also involve computing the flow or the velocity in a pipeline and computing the minimum diameter required to obtain a certain flow or a certain pressure head (with and without including minor losses). You will also need to be able to extend your pipe flow problem solving abilities to practical problems, including designing a pipeline as in the design project.

    Topic 7: Open Channel Flow
    We will start by examining the difference between pipe flow and open channel flow, what equations we can still use and introduce some new approaches and formulae. We will also see how to compute the most hydraulically efficient section and how to compute the maximum flow in closed conducts. We will examin unform flow conditions, specific enery and critical depth, transitions as well as hydraulic jump (energy dissipators).

    Topic 8: Review and Examination Preparation
    In this topic we will review the preceding topics and look at some practice past exam questions. We will also have a look at the format of the final examination, examination logistics, as well as recomendations for strategies to prepare for the final examination

  • Assessment

    The University's policy on Assessment for Coursework Programs is based on the following four principles:

    1. Assessment must encourage and reinforce learning.
    2. Assessment must enable robust and fair judgements about student performance.
    3. Assessment practices must be fair and equitable to students and give them the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.
    4. Assessment must maintain academic standards.

    Assessment Summary
    Assessment Task Task Type Individual / Group Due
    Weighting Hurdle Criteria Learning Outcome
    Laboratory reports (x 3) Summative Individual 4 - 12 10% Mandatory task 1, 2, 6
    Assignments (x 5) Summative Individual 2 - 12 10% 1 - 5
    Quizzes (x 2) Summative Individual 5, 9 15% 1, 2, 3, 4, 6
    Design Project Summative Group 11 20% 2 - 8
    Participation Formative Individual 1 - 12 5% 1 - 8
    Exam Summative Individual Exam period 40% Min 40% 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7

    * The specific due date and time for each assessment task will be published via the course LMS during the course.
    This assessment breakdown complies with the University's Assessment for Coursework Programs Policy.
    This course has a hurdle requirement. Meeting the specified hurdle criteria is a requirement for passing the course.
    Assessment Related Requirements
    Safety and Behaviour in Laboratories
    Students are required to follow the Occupational Health and Safety requirements of the laboratories. Any student not complying with the requirements maybe removed from the laboratory and receive a zero for that practical.

    This course includes peer assessment for the tasks undertaken within groups (i.e. the design project). Further detail of the peer assessment is contained on MyUni. To maintain the integrity of the assessment task(s) there is a requirement that all students within a group contribute to each assessment task. Where there is evidence that group members have not sufficiently contributed to a group assessment task, the Academic Integrity Policy may be applied.

    Consistent with School policy, in order to pass the course, students must obtain at least 40% in the examination.
    Where the exam hurdle is not met students will receive a course result of the lesser of their calculated grade and the nominal
    grade of 45 Fail. An additional assessment exam will be available to eligible students. Students should refer to the Modified Arrangements for Coursework Assessment (MACA) Policy for eligibility criteria.

    In addition, and in accordance with the Modified Arrangements for Coursework Assessment policy, students must complete all specified mandated assessment tasks/course activities* to be eligible for an Additional Assessment.

    * i.e. Attendance to Laboratory practicals and submission of laboratory reports

    Students must attend their scheduled laboratory sessions, make up sessions will not be allowed. Students who miss a session due to illness should contact the course co-ordinator as soon as possible and provide a medical certificate.
    Assessment Detail
    The assessment is broken down into Exam (40%) and Non-Exam components (60%).

    Laboratory reports (Total weighting 10%, mandatory task): Students will participate in three 1.5 hour length laboratory experiments in weeks 3 to 6. To prepare for the laboratories students must complete the laboratory protocols quiz (this is a condition of entry to the laboratories as it include key safety information and declarations) and complete the pre-laboratory activties (i.e. experiment orientation and pre-quiz). Following each session the laboratory will be written up as a report on the provided template which will include short written responses to questions, calculations, presentation of graphs and diagramatic explanations.

    Assignments (Total weighting 10%): Students will complete five assignments. These assignments are concept and calculation based.

    Quizzes (Total weighting 15%): Two online quizzes will cover material presented throughout the semester to assist students with gauging their level of understanding thus far and to operate as practice for the types of question encounters in the final examination. 

    Design project (Total weighting 20%): Students will participate in four 2 hour design workshops in week 8 to 11 to tackle the design project in teams. The project allows the skills developed over the course of the semester to be used in a real world situation. As part of the project students work in groups of four to design (including design calculation verification) and present their design of a water supply system as a report. Students will complete a self and peer assessment of learning task (e.g. SPLAT, feedback fruits - evaluation) as part of this assessment.

    Participation (Total Weighting 5%): Students will be assessed on their participation in guest lectures and short engagement activities throughout the semester including concept check quizzes, feedback/muddiest concept quizzes.

    Exam (Total weighting 40%, Hurdle task: minimum grade 40%): The 3 hour exam will assess students comprehension and problem solving in all areas covered by the course, including those areas previously covered in the quizzes.

    Submission Format
    All submissions for the course will be electronic, through MyUni.

    Deadlines are an integral part of an engineer's professional life, and the discipline of getting work finished on time is an essential one to acquire. A penalty of 10% per 24 hours (or part thereof) will apply for late submissions.

    Students eligible for special consideration (e.g. elite athletes, students with access plans) are requested to advise the course coordinator as early as possible where alternate arrangements will be required. Extensions requests on medical, compassionate or extenuating grounds must be requested in line with the Modified Arrangement for Coursework Assessment Policy (MACA Policy) using the associated form with appropriate documentation attached.

    Academic Integrity Policy
    The Academic Integrity Policy applies to all students, and students are advised to be familiar with the policy. Software (e.g. TurnItIn) may be used to verify the originality of submissions.
    Course Grading

    Grades for your performance in this course will be awarded in accordance with the following scheme:

    M10 (Coursework Mark Scheme)
    Grade Mark Description
    FNS   Fail No Submission
    F 1-49 Fail
    P 50-64 Pass
    C 65-74 Credit
    D 75-84 Distinction
    HD 85-100 High Distinction
    CN   Continuing
    NFE   No Formal Examination
    RP   Result Pending

    Further details of the grades/results can be obtained from Examinations.

    Grade Descriptors are available which provide a general guide to the standard of work that is expected at each grade level. More information at Assessment for Coursework Programs.

    Final results for this course will be made available through Access Adelaide.

  • Student Feedback

    The University places a high priority on approaches to learning and teaching that enhance the student experience. Feedback is sought from students in a variety of ways including on-going engagement with staff, the use of online discussion boards and the use of Student Experience of Learning and Teaching (SELT) surveys as well as GOS surveys and Program reviews.

    SELTs are an important source of information to inform individual teaching practice, decisions about teaching duties, and course and program curriculum design. They enable the University to assess how effectively its learning environments and teaching practices facilitate student engagement and learning outcomes. Under the current SELT Policy ( course SELTs are mandated and must be conducted at the conclusion of each term/semester/trimester for every course offering. Feedback on issues raised through course SELT surveys is made available to enrolled students through various resources (e.g. MyUni). In addition aggregated course SELT data is available.

  • Student Support
  • Policies & Guidelines
  • Fraud Awareness

    Students are reminded that in order to maintain the academic integrity of all programs and courses, the university has a zero-tolerance approach to students offering money or significant value goods or services to any staff member who is involved in their teaching or assessment. Students offering lecturers or tutors or professional staff anything more than a small token of appreciation is totally unacceptable, in any circumstances. Staff members are obliged to report all such incidents to their supervisor/manager, who will refer them for action under the university's student’s disciplinary procedures.

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