Mr James Holmes

Mr James Holmes
  • Biography/ Background

    My interests revolve around the Neoproterozoic-Cambrian transition and the rise of multicellular life on Earth. In particular, I am interested in developmental processes in Cambrian trilobites, and what these arthropods can tell us about early animal evolution.

    My PhD project focuses on quantitative ontogenetics of early Cambrian trilobites from South Australia, largely from the Emu Bay Shale, a Cambrian Burgess Shale-type (BST) Lagerstätte from Kangaroo Island. This type of study has yet to undertaken focusing on organisms of this age, in the aftermath of the Cambrian 'explosion'—the largest animal biodiversification event in Earth’s history. Results from this study will help us to determine how growth is controlled in some of the earliest arthropods, and shows how morphometric analysis of fossil datasets can provide answers to important questions concerning evolutionary developmental biology.

    My Masters thesis involved comparisons between the Emu Bay Shale and other Cambrian BST biotas. To this end it involved two major projects; a biogeographic study of Cambrian BST biotas, and a study of moulting behaviour in trilobites from the Emu Bay Shale.

  • Qualifications

    MPhil (Science), University of Adelaide, 2016. Thesis title: Biogeographic and Biological Comparisons Between the Emu Bay Shale (Kangaroo Island, South Australia) and Other Burgess Shale-Type Biotas. Supervisors: Dr. Diego García-Bellido, Prof. Mike Lee and Prof. Corey Bradshaw.

    B.Sc (Evolutionary Biology - Palaeontology), University of Adelaide, 2014

    B.Ec, University of Adelaide, 2007

  • Awards & Achievements

    Recipient of the Constance Fraser PhD Scholarship (highest ranked APA applicant with Masters qualification) 2017–2020

    Dean's Commendation for Master by Research Thesis Excellence 2016

    Bill Williams Memorial Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Environmental Biology (Level III) 2014

    Faculty of Sciences Outstanding Academic Achievement Award 2012, 2013, 2014

    AusIMM Outstanding Academic Achievement Award (Level II) 2013

    Reg Sprigg Prize in Geology (Level I) 2012

  • Publications

    Refereed journal articles:

    *joint first author

     

    Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R., Jago, J.B., García-Bellido, D.C., in review. Ontogeny of the trilobite Redlichia from the lower Cambrian (Series 2, Stage 4) Ramsay Limestone of South Australia. Geological Magazine.

     

    Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R., García-Bellido, D.C., accepted. The post-embryonic ontogeny of the early Cambrian trilobite Estaingia bilobata from South Australia: trunk development and phylogenetic implications. Papers in Palaeontology (accepted 1st May 2020).

     

    Jago, J.B., Bentley, C.J., Paterson, J.R., Holmes, J.D., Lin, T.R., Sun, X.W., 2020. The stratigraphic significance of early Cambrian (Series 2, Stage 4) trilobites from the Smith Bay Shale near Freestone Creek, Kangaroo Island. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. doi.org/10.1080/08120099.2020.1749882 (published online 23 Apr 2020).

     

    Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2020. The trilobite Redlichia from the lower Cambrian Emu Bay Shale Konservat-Lagerstätte of South Australia: systematics, ontogeny and soft-part anatomy. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 18, 295–334.

     

    *Drage, H.B., Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Daley, A.C. 2018. An exceptional record of Cambrian trilobite moulting behaviour preserved in the Emu Bay Shale, South Australia, Lethaia, 51, 473–492.

     

    Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Lee, M.S.Y. 2018. Comparisons between Cambrian Lagerstätten assemblages using multivariate, parsimony and Bayesian methods. Gondwana Research, 55, 30–41.

     

    Reid, L.M., Holmes, J.D., Payne, J.L., García-Bellido, D.C. & Jago, J.B. 2018 Taxa, turnover and taphofacies: a preliminary analysis of facies–assemblage relationships in the Ediacara Member (Flinders Ranges, South Australia),  Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. doi.org/10.1080/08120099.2018.1488767 (published online: 25 Sep 2018).

     

    Lee, M.S.Y., Palci, A., Jones, M.E.H., Caldwell, M.W., Holmes, J.D. & Reisz, R.R. 2016. Aquatic adaptations in the four limbs of the snake-like reptile Tetrapodophis from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil. Cretaceous Research, 66, 1–6.

     

     

    Conference papers and abstracts:

    *indicates abstracts presented by J. D. Holmes

     

    *Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2019. The ontogeny of the trilobite Estaingia bilobata from the Cambrian Series 2 (Stage 4) Emu Bay Shale, South Australia. Presented at the North American Paleontological Convention, 23–27 June, Riverside (USA).

     

    *Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2019. A giant new trilobite from the Emu Bay Shale, Kangaroo Island. In: Australasian Palaeontologists South Australian Symposium program and abstract volume, p. 16. AAP SA Symposium, 28 pp. 27 April 2019, Adelaide (Australia).

     

    Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2018. Redlichia from the lower Cambrian Emu Bay Shale, South Australia: Soft-part anatomy and a giant new species. In: AGCC 2018 Abstracts, p. 273. Australian Geosciences Council Convention – Big Issues and Ideas in Geoscience, 828 pp. 14–18 October, Adelaide (Australia).

     

    Reid, L.M., Holmes, J.D., Payne, J.L., García-Bellido D.C. & Jago J.B. 2018. Preliminary analysis of Ediacaran facies-assemblage relationships from the Flinders Ranges. AGCC 2018 Abstracts, p. 273. Australian Geosciences Council Convention – Big Issues and Ideas in Geoscience, 828 pp. 14–18 October, Adelaide (Australia).

     

    *Holmes, J.D., Paterson J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2018. Exceptional preservation of Redlichia from the Emu Bay Shale, South Australia, including a giant new species. In: International Conference on Ediacaran and Cambrian Sciences, Programme and Abstracts, p. 60. ICECS2018, 196 pp. 12–16 August, Xi’an, Shaanxi (China).

     

    *Reid, L.M., Holmes, J.D., Payne, J.L., García-Bellido D.C. & Jago J.B. 2018. Spatial turnover along a gradient in Ediacaran seafloor environments from the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. In: International Conference on Ediacaran and Cambrian Sciences, Programme and Abstracts, p. 37. ICECS2018, 196 pp. 12–16 August, Xi’an, Shaanxi (China)

     

    García-Bellido, D.C., Paterson, J.R., Edgecombe, G.D., Jago, J.B., Gehling, J.G., Holmes, J.D. & Lee, M.S.Y. 2017. Panarthropods from the early Cambrian Emu Bay Shale (Kangaroo Island, South Australia). In: International Workshop on Evolution of Cambrian Arthropods – Taxonomy, Ontogeny and Phylogeny. Conference Handbook, p. 24. IWECA-2017, 24 pp. 1–6 September, Xi’an, Shaanxi (China).

     

    Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Lee, M.S.Y. 2017. Assemblage relationships between Burgess Shale-type biotas in space and time. In: D.McIlroy (ed.) International Symposium on the Edicaran-Cambrian Transition, p. 46. ISECT-2017, 136 pp. 20–22 June, St. John’s, Newfoundland (Canada).

     

    Drage, H.B., Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Daley, A.C. 2016. Trilobite moulting behaviour from the Emu Bay Shale, South Australia. In: Laurie, J.R.; Kruse, P.D.; García-Bellido, D.C. & Holmes, J.D. (eds.). Palaeo Down Under 2, Adelaide, July 2016, p. 70. Geological Society of Australia Abstracts 117. 11–15 July, Adelaide (Australia).

     

    *Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Lee, M.S.Y. 2016. Assemblage relationships between Cambrian Lagerstätten and their palaeobiogeographic implications. In: Laurie, J.R.; Kruse, P.D.; García-Bellido, D.C. & Holmes, J.D. (eds.). Palaeo Down Under 2, Adelaide, July 2016, p. 33. Geological Society of Australia Abstracts 117. 11–15 July, Adelaide (Australia).

     

    Drage, H.B., Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Daley, A.C. 2016. Exceptional preservation of trilobite moulting behaviour from the Emu Bay Shale, South Australia. In: Progressive Palaeontology Oxford 2016 Abstract Booklet, p. 20. PP-2016, 56 pp. 19–22 May, Oxford (UK).

     

    Holmes, J.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Lee, M.S.Y. 2015. The Emu Bay Shale biota: palaeobiogeographical relationships with other Cambrian Lagerstätten. In: RALI 2015. The Rise of Animal Life - Promoting geological heritage, p. 46. RALI 2015, 5–10 October, Marrakesh (Morocco).

     

     

    Edited volumes:

     

    Laurie, J.R., Kruse, P.D., García-Bellido, D.C. & Holmes, J.D. (eds), 2016. Palaeo Down Under 2, Adelaide, 11–15 July 2016. Geological Society of Australia Abstracts No. 117.

     

     

    Other publications:

     

    Holmes, J.D., Paterson, J.R. & García-Bellido, D.C. 2019. A giant species of trilobite inhabited Australian waters half a billion years ago. The Conversation, published online 13 June 2019. https://theconversation.com/a-giant-species-of-trilobite-inhabited-australian-waters-half-a-billion-years-ago-118452

     

    Kruse, PD., García-Bellido, D.C., Holmes, J. & Jago. J.B. 2016. Palaeo Down Under 2. The Australian Geologist, 178, 36–37.

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Entry last updated: Sunday, 3 May 2020