Dr Afzal Mahmood

Dr Afzal Mahmood
 Position Senior Lecturer
 Org Unit Public Health
 Email afzal.mahmood@adelaide.edu.au
 Telephone +61 8 8313 3586
 Location Floor/Room 4 ,  Rundle Mall Plaza ,   North Terrace
  • Teaching Interests

    Health Promotion, International Health, Project Planning, Public Health Internship, Health Policy & Public Health Interventions

  • Research Interests

    Disciplinary orientation:

    Health Systems and PHC Development, Reproductive Health, Safe Motherhood, Health Promotion


    Areas of Interest:

    Program and Project Planning & Evaluation, Health Services and Community Development, Health Management Information Systems, Participatory Appraisal


    Recent & Current Projects:


    Health Services Strengthening for Improved Health Outcomes for Snakebite Victims, Myanmar: Review of first aid and treatment in the primary care and in hospital settings, community knowledge and practices surery, CMEs for heath care staff and community health education in three townships in Mandalay and Yangon (Funding by DFAT .


    Maternal Health Services  - Indonesia: Review of maternal health services, verbal autopsies and facility based maternal death audits for an in-depth understanding and policy and system wide changes, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. 


    Safe Motherhood & Reproductive Health - East Timor: Strengthening District Health System for Safe Motherhood in East Timor. In collaboration with International Infancy Midwifery Obstetrics and Gynaecology (IMOG) program, Rotary Club of Morialta and Department of Health, Bobonaro, East Timor, with Bruno Giorgio, Steven Scroggs, RCM IMOG team, Sally Johnson, Frances Knight, Penny Bezar, Ben Kildea et al


    Health System Development - Indonesia: Health Management Trainings, Maternal Health Action Research, Development of a Maternal Health Technical Resource Team for managers of government public health programs, and manager of hospitals, district health and primary care settings, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. With John Moss, Maskito Soerjoasmoro, Rina Kusumaratna, H Sutarnyoto, Syafak Hanung, Syarifah Masitah


    Quality of Care  - PR China: Rational use of prescription drugs in primary care settings, quality of care in township hospitals, in Shandong Province, Peoples Republic of China, in collaboration with Shandong Health Department & Weifang Medical University. Focus on health care providers and health system factors determining rational use of drugs. With Zhang Aiguo, Wei Li, Hand Dong, Anje Scarfe, Yu Zhenjie, Wu Qi, Lainie Sutton. 


    Primary Health Care - PR China: Quality of Primary Care at village clinics and township hospitals, Shandong province, in collaboration with the Shandong Department of Health, Peoples Republic of China. With Laine Sutton, Zhang Aiguo, Vanessa Richardson, Alexandra Raulli, Han Dong, Wangyan, Dong Peng


    Placements of Australian public health graduates and specialists for research, health promotion and health services development in developing countries: Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development (AYAD) for (2006, PR China), Public Health (2007, PR China), Primary Health Care (2008, East Timor), Village Health Services (2009, PR China), Village Health Services 2011 -2012, PR China). Maternal Health Services (2010 Indonesia), Hospital Based Maternal Helath Services (2011, Indonesia), Referral Pathways Safe Motherhood Services (2012, Indonesia)

    Other Health Services Research: The influence of living arrangements on health services  utilisation in Australia – an analysis of the National Health Survey Data to identify the utilisation of primary care, acute care and allied health services by people

  • Publications

     Publications (2009- 2014)

    Rahman MA, Spurier N, Mahmood MA, Rahman M, Choudhury SR, Leeder S. Does use of ‘gul’ (smokeless tobacco) increase the risk of coronary heart disease in Bangladesh? Global Heart. 2014; 9(1): 225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2014.03.2041

    Stewart S, Rothmore P, Doda D, Hiller J, Mahmood MA, Pisaniello D. Musculoskeletal pain and discomfort and associated worker and organizational factors: a cross-sectional study. Work, 2014. 48 261-271. DOI 10.3233/WOR-131622.

    Savic M, Chur-Hansen A, Mahmood MA, Moore V. Separation from family and its impact on the mental health of Sudanese refugees in Australia: a qualitative study. Aust NZ J Public Health. 2013; 37:383-8. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12088.

    Dale Halliday, Mahmood MA, Maskito Asmadi Soerjoasmoro, Rina Kutsumaratna, Masitah, Hafsa Raheel. Adequate visits, inadequate service: comprehensiveness of ANC in Samarinda & Balikpapan, East Timor Indonesia. Pak J Public Health Jan - Mar 2013;3(1):34-8.

    Raheel H, Mahmood MA, BinSaeed AA. Sexual practices of young educated men: Implications for further research and health education in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Accepted May 2012, Journal of Public Health

    Rahman MA, Mahmood MA, Spurrier N, Rahman M, Choudhury SR, Leeder S. Why do Bangladeshi people use smokeless tobacco products? Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 2012 [Online first]

    Rahman MA, Spurrier N, Mahmood MA, Rahman M, Choudhury SR, Leeder S. Choice of controls for a case control study in Bangladesh: hospital controls vs. Community controls. Asian Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 5(3): 75-86

    Rahman MA, Spurrier N, Mahmood MA, Rahman M, Choudhury SR, Leeder S. Rose Angina Questionnaire: accuracy for diagnosing coronary heart disease in Bangladesh. Indian Heart Journal 2012 [Online first]

    Rahman MA, Spurrier N, Mahmood MA, Rahman M, Choudhury SR, et al. Is There Any Association between Use of Smokeless Tobacco Products and Coronary Heart Disease in Bangladesh? 2012. PLoS ONE 7(1): e30584. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030584

    Rahman MA, Mahmood MA, Spurrier N, Rahman M, Leeder S. A systematic review of epidemiological studies on the association between smokeless tobacco use and coronary heart disease. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology Vol. 3(12), pp. 593-603, 21 December, 2011. DOI: 10.5897/JPHE11.175

    Mahmood MA, Bauze AE, Lokhorst J, Bi P, Saniotis A. Influence of living arrangements on health services utilisation in Australia. Australian Health Review 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH10920

    Stuart K, Mahmood MA, Clark L, Pace R. Health education and a co-ordinated response system to support vulnerable people during heat waves. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2011 Aug;35(4):394-5; discussion 395. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2011.00749.x

    Hajialiafzali H, Moss JR, Mahmood MA. Exploring Health Professionals’ perspectives on factors affecting Iranian hospital efficiency and suggestions for improvement. International Journal of Health Planning and Management. 2011: 26(1) e17-29.

    Kusumaratna, Mahmood MA, Soerjoasmoro MA, Khairual. Health Services needs of older persons: emerging finding from Tarakan City, East Kalimantan. Universa Medicina (Trisakti University), 2011, 30(3) 197-203.

    Mahmood MA, Saniotis A. Appropriate use of Syndromic Management Algorithms for STIs: The case for ongoing training and support. JPMA 2011; 61:453-457

    Mahmood MA, Raulli A, Yan W, Aiguo Z, Ping D. Cooperative medical insurance and cost of care in Shandong, PR China: patients and communities perspective. Asia Pacific J Public Health. August 2010 DOI: 10.1177/1010539510376664

    Mahmood MA. Giorgio B, Scroggs S. Working to prevent maternal mortality in Timor Leste. RANZCOG O&G Magazine. 2009; 11(1):64-66.

    Bezar Penny, Mahmood MA, Public health and health services development in post-conflict communities: a case study of a safe motherhood project in East Timor. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 2009; 21;469-476.

    Haji Ali Afzali H, Moss JR, Mahmood MA. A conceptual framework for selecting the most appropriate variables for measuring hospital efficiency with a focus on Iranian public hospitals. Health Services Management Research 2009; 22: 81–91.


  • Professional Interests

    Some of the past international health & development projects:



    HEALTH SERVICES MANAGEMENT TRAINING for senior and mid level health services managers from Indonesia, 2008, 2009, 2011


    EVALUATION of Children and Families Integration Services: Evaluating the Outcomes of Service Integration. CYWHS, Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide.


    COMMUNITY HEALTH SERVICES SUSTRAINABILITY STRATGIES for reproductive health programs in seventeen communities, Pakistan Voluntary Health and Nutrition Association, Pakistan


    ACTION RESEARCH Reproductive health – Sexually Transmitted Infections, Emergency Contraceptives, Information System, for reproductive health programs, PAVHNA, Karachi, Pakistan.


    OUTPUT to PURPOSE REVIEWS of community based health care projects of Marie Stopes Society and Pakistan Voluntary Health and Nutrition Association


    HEALTH MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT for use by the community based programs, Karachi, Pakistan


    PHC research and program management training for health and social sector managers from East Africa. In collaboration with the Aga Khan Health Services, Mombasa, Kenya

  • Media Expertise

    CategoriesMedicine & Medical Research
    ExpertiseCommunity development; public health; health management information systems; health systems development; international health; reproductive health systems
    NotesAlt phone: (08) 8303 4637

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Entry last updated: Friday, 18 Mar 2022

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