Professor Karen Jones

Professor Karen Jones
 Position Prof Res Fellow (E)
 Org Unit Medical Specialties
 Email karen.jones@adelaide.edu.au
 Telephone +61 8 8313 7821
 Location Floor/Room 5 ,  Adelaide Health and Medical Sciences ,   North Terrace
  • Biography/ Background

    Prof Jones is a career researcher with a background in medical imaging. She was the first nuclear medicine technologist to be awarded a PhD in Australia. Her research activities have capitalised on the development of state-of-the-art imaging techniques to evaluate gastric motor function and blood flow; this development has been facilitated by the involvement of a number of international collaborators. Her research area is in the under-recognised field of postprandial hypotension, a substantial fall in blood pressure that occurs within 2 hours of a meal, which is frequently seen in older people and patients with type 2 diabetes. She has had an ongoing involvement with the pharmaceutical industry and she has been responsible for several investigator-initiated trials. Prof Jones was the top nuclear medicine student in her graduating year at the University of South Australia and has been the recipient of several awards including the ANSTO award for nuclear medicine scientists, Hanson Institute New Investigator award for clinical research and a prestigious NHMRC Achievement Award. Prof Jones has supervised 18 Honours, 11 PhD, and 4 Masters students to completion and is a supervisor of 7 current students (5 PhD and 2 Honours). She is an author of 211 original papers, 64 reviews/editorials, 18 letters and 13 book chapters. She has an h-index of 72 and her work has been cited >17,000 times (Google Scholar).

  • Awards & Achievements

    1991: Awarded prize for top Nuclear Medicine student in SA, ANZSNM (SA Branch)

    1999: Recipient of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) Award

    1999: Recipient of the Abbott Laboratories/Roche Products GESA Travel Award

    2002: Recipient of a Juvenile Diabetes Foundation of Australia Travel Award

    2003: Recipient of an NHMRC/Diabetes Australia Career Development Award

    2003: Recipient of the Hanson Institute New Investigator Award for Clinical Research

    2008: Promotion to Associate Professor

    2010: Recipient of an NHMRC Senior Clinical Career Development Award

    2010: Recipient of an NHMRC Achievement Award

    2011: Promotion to Professor

     

     

  • Research Funding

    Previous funding:

    Prof Jones has previously held grants totalling >$21,000,000 comprising 18 funded NHMRC project grants (2 as CIA: NHMRC ID: APP453650 and NHMRC ID: APP627189), an NHMRC/Diabetes Australia Career Development Award (CDA) (NHMRC ID: APP250453), an NHMRC Senior CDA (NHMRC ID: APP627011), an NHMRC CCRE in Nutritional Physiology, Interventions and Outcomes (NHMRC ID: APP453557), an NHMRC CRE in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health (NHMRC ID: APP1041687) and numerous other grants e.g. from the Diabetes Australia Research Trust (DART), Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) Research Committee, The Rebecca Cooper Medical Foundation, The Vera Ramaciotti Research Foundation, The University of Adelaide and UniSA.

    Currently held:

    2022 - 23: Diabetes Australia Research Program General Grant (ID: Y22G-JONK) ($70,000) Project title: Effect of subcutaneous (sc) semaglutide on gastric emptying measured using the 'gold standard' technique, scintigraphy, in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Karen Jones, Michael Horowitz, Chris Rayner, Chinmay Marathe, Tongzhi Wu, Lee-anne Chapple, Mahesh Umapathysivam.

    2022 - 23: Diabetes Australia Research Program General Grant ($70,000) Project title: Combining calcium and tryptophan to lower postprandial blood glucose and reduce food intake in people with type 2 diabetes - developing novel, nutrient-based management strategies. Christine Feinle-Bisset, Simon Veedfald, Imre Kouw, Karen Jones, Michael Horowitz.

    2021 - 22: Diabetes Australia Research Program General Grant ($60,000) Project title: Management of critical illness-induced ('stress') hyperglycaemia with native glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Michael Horowitz, Marianne Chapman, Mark Plummer, Karen Jones, Chris Rayner, Adam Deane.

    2021 - 22: Diabetes Australia Research Program General Grant ($60,000) Project title: The effect of enteral feeding pattern on glycaemic control and gastrointestinal function in critically ill patients. Imre Kouw, Lee-anne Chapple, Matt Summers, Marianne Chapman, Karen Jones, Michael Horowitz.

    2021 - 22: Diabetes Australia Project Grant (ID: Y21G-WUTO) ($60,000) Project title: More or less? Bile acids and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes. Tongzhi Wu, Chris Rayner, Karen Jones, Richard Young, Michael Horowitz

    2020 - 22: Royal Adelaide Hospital Research Committee Clinical Project Grant ($50,000) Project title: Effects of endogenous bile acids on postprandial glucose metabolism in both health and type 2 diabetes, and the impact of the small intestinal region exposed. Tongzhi Wu, Chris Rayner, Liza Phillips, Karen Jones, Michael Horowitz.

    2020 - 22: Diabetes Australia Project Grant (Y20G-WUTO) ($59,970) Project title: Effects of endogenous bile acids on postprandial glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes, and the impact of the small intestinal region exposed. Tongzhi Wu, Chris Rayner, Liza Phillips, Karen Jones, Michael Horowitz.

     

  • Publications

     

    Google Scholar <Karen Jones> 

     

    1. Stevens, J. E., Jalleh, R. J., Trahair, L. G., Marathe, C. S., Horowitz, M., & Jones, K. L. (2022). Comparative effects of low-carbohydrate, full-strength and low-alcohol beer on gastric emptying, alcohol absorption, glycaemia and insulinaemia in health. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 7 pages. doi:10.1111/bcp.15297

    2. Wang, X., Chen, C., Xie, C., Huang, W., Young, R. L., Jones, K. L., . . . Wu, T. (2022). Serum bile acid response to oral glucose is attenuated in patients with early type 2 diabetes and correlates with 2-hour plasma glucose in individuals without diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 11 pages. doi:10.1111/dom.14683
    3. Jones, K. L., Trahair, L. G., Nauck, M. A., Wu, T., Stevens, J. E., Buttfield, M. D., . . . Horowitz, M. (2022). Measurement of gastric emptying using a 13C-octanoic acid breath test with Wagner-Nelson analysis and scintigraphy in type 2 diabetes.. Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association. doi:10.1055/a-1784-6185
    4. Wu, T., Rayner, C. K., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Feinle-Bisset, C., Standfield, S. D., . . . Wewer Albrechtsen, N. J. (2022). Measurement of plasma glucagon in humans: A shift in the performance of a current commercially available radioimmunoassay kit. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 3 pages. doi:10.1111/dom.14673
    5. Xie, C., Huang, W., Watson, L. E., Soenen, S., Young, R. L., Jones, K. L., . . . Wu, T. (2022). Plasma GLP-1 response to oral and intraduodenal nutrients in health and type 2 diabetes - impact on gastric emptying. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 107(4), e1643-e1652. doi:10.1210/clinem/dgab828
    6. Marathe, C. S., Jones, K. L., Rayner, C. K., Wu, T., & Horowitz, M. (2021). Comment on Rosenstock et al. Impact of a Weekly Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonist, Albiglutide, on Glycemic Control and on Reducing Prandial Insulin Use in Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled on Multiple Insulin Therapy: A Randomized Trial. Diabetes Care 2020;43:2509-2518. Diabetes Care, 44(11), e194-e195. doi:10.2337/dc20-2987
    7. Kovoor, J. G., Stretton, B., Jacobsen, J. H. W., Gupta, A. K., Ovenden, C. D., Hewitt, J. N., . . . Maddern, G. J. (2021). Gastrointestinal recovery after surgery: Protocol for a systematic review. BMJ Open, 11(10), 4 pages. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054704
    8. Rayner, C. K., Jones, K. L., & Horowitz, M. (2021). Semaglutide vs Placebo as an Adjunct to Intensive Behavioral Therapy and Body Weight in Adults with Overweight or Obesity. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 326(12), 1213-1214. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.13021
    9. Borg, M. J., Xie, C., Rayner, C. K., Horowitz, M., Jones, K. L., & Wu, T. (2021). Potential for gut peptide-based therapy in postprandial hypotension. Nutrients, 13(8), 2826-1-2826-14. doi:10.3390/nu13082826
    10. Chapple, L. -A. S., Summers, M. J., Weinel, L. M., Abdelhamid, Y. A., Kar, P., Hatzinikolas, S., . . . Chapman, M. J. (2021). Effects of Standard Versus Energy-Dense Formulae on Gastric Retention, Caloric Delivery, and Glycaemia in Critically Ill Patients.. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr, 45(4), 710-719. doi:10.1002/jpen.2065
    11. Horowitz, M., Wu, T., Rayner, C. K., Marathe, C. S., & Jones, K. L. (2021). Spontaneous or deliberate: effects of acute variations in glycemia on gastric emptying in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 44(2), 316-318. doi:10.2337/dci20-0067
    12. Xie, C., Huang, W., Young, R. L., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., & Wu, T. (2021). Role of bile acids in the regulation of food intake, and their dysregulation in metabolic disease. Nutrients, 13(4), 1-16. doi:10.3390/nu13041104
    13. Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., Marathe, C. S., Wu, T., Umapathysivam, M., & Jones, K. L. (2021). Response to Dahl et al: Oral semaglutide improves postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism, and delays gastric emptying, in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 23(10), 2411-2413. doi:10.1111/dom.14473
    14. Kamruzzaman, M., Horowitz, M., Jones, K. L., & Marathe, C. S. (2021). Gut-Based Strategies to Reduce Postprandial Glycaemia in Type 2 Diabetes. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 12, 1-10. doi:10.3389/fendo.2021.661877
    15. Malbert, C. -H., Chauvin, A., Horowitz, M., & Jones, K. L. (2021). Glucose-Sensing Mediated by Portal GLP-1 Receptor is Markedly Impaired in Insulin-Resistant Obese Animals.. Diabetes, 70(1), 99-110. doi:10.2337/db20-0361
    16. Xie, C., Huang, W., Wang, X., Trahair, L. G., Pham, H. T., Marathe, C. S., . . . Wu, T. (2021). Gastric emptying in health and type 2 diabetes: an evaluation using a 75g oral glucose drink. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 171, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108610
    17. Rayner, C. K., Watson, L. E., Phillips, L. K., Lange, K., Bound, M. J., Grivell, J., . . . Natali, A. (2021). Erratum to: Effects of sustained treatment with lixisenatide on gastric emptying and postprandial glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial (Diabetes Care 2020, 43, 1813-1821). Diabetes Care, 44(1), 297. doi:10.2337/dc21-er01
    18. Hajishafiee, M., Elovaris, R. A., Jones, K. L., Heilbronn, L. K., Horowitz, M., Poppitt, S. D., & Feinle-Bisset, C. (2021). Effects of intragastric administration of L-tryptophan on the glycaemic response to a nutrient drink in men with type 2 diabetes - impacts on gastric emptying, glucoregulatory hormones and glucose absorption. Nutrition and Diabetes, 11(1), 3. doi:10.1038/s41387-020-00146-9
    19. Giezenaar, C., Oberoi, A., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Chapman, I., & Soenen, S. (2021). Effects of age on blood pressure and heart rate responses to whey protein in younger and older men.. J Am Geriatr Soc, 69(5), 1291-1299. doi:10.1111/jgs.17083
    20. Jalleh, R. J., Marathe, C. S., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., & Rayner, C. K. (2021). Digesting the pathogenesis of diabetic gastroparesis. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 35(10), 3 pages. doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2021.107992
    21. Chapman, M. J., Jones, K. L., Almansa, C., Barnes, C. N., Nguyen, D., & Deane, A. M. (2021). Blinded, Double-Dummy, Parallel-Group, Phase 2a Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of a Highly Selective 5-Hydroxytryptamine Type 4 Receptor Agonist in Critically Ill Patients With Enteral Feeding Intolerance. JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition, 45(1), 115-124. doi:10.1002/jpen.1732
    22. Murthy, T. A., Grivell, J., Hatzinikolas, S., Chapple, L. -A. S., Chapman, M. J., Stevens, J. E., . . . Marathe, C. S. (2021). Acceleration of gastric emptying by insulin-induced hypoglycemia is dependent on the degree of hypoglycemia. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 106(2), 364-371. doi:10.1210/clinem/dgaa854
    23. Jones, K. L., Morley, J. E., & Horowitz, M. (2020). Fall Prevention in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.. N Engl J Med, 382(26), 2580-2581. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2005662
    24. Giezenaar, C., Lange, K., Hausken, T., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Chapman, I., & Soenen, S. (2020). Effects of Age on Acute Appetite-Related Responses to Whey-Protein Drinks, Including Energy Intake, Gastric Emptying, Blood Glucose, and Plasma Gut Hormone Concentrations-A Randomized Controlled Trial.. Nutrients, 12(4), 15 pages. doi:10.3390/nu12041008
    25. Sansome, D. J., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., & Wu, T. (2020). Statins and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes: Are bile acids relevant?. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 86(12), 2 pages. doi:10.1111/bcp.14274
    26. Ali Abdelhamid, Y., Weinel, L. M., Hatzinikolas, S., Summers, M., Nguyen, T. A. N., Kar, P., . . . Jones, K. L. (2020). Autonomic function, postprandial hypotension and falls in older adults at one year after critical illness.. Critical care and resuscitation : journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine, 22(1), 53-62. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32102643
    27. Oberoi, A., Giezenaar, C., Clames, A., Bøhler, K., Lange, K., Horowitz, M., . . . Soenen, S. (2020). Whey protein drink ingestion before breakfast suppressed energy intake at breakfast and lunch, but not during dinner, and was less suppressed in healthy older than younger men. Nutrients, 12(11), 1-15. doi:10.3390/nu12113318
    28. Marathe, C. S., Pham, H., Marathe, J. A., Trahair, L. G., Huynh, L., Wu, T., . . . Jones, K. L. (2020). The relationship between plasma GIP and GLP-1 levels in individuals with normal and impaired glucose tolerance.. Acta Diabetol, 57(5), 583-587. doi:10.1007/s00592-019-01461-z
    29. Wu, T., Rayner, C. K., Jones, K. L., Xie, C., Marathe, C., & Horowitz, M. (2020). Role of intestinal glucose absorption in glucose tolerance. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 55, 116-124. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2020.10.017
    30. Xie, C., Wang, X., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Sun, Z., Little, T. J., . . . Wu, T. (2020). Role of endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 enhanced by vildagliptin in the glycaemic and energy expenditure responses to intraduodenal fat infusion in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, obesity & metabolism, 22(3), 383-392. doi:10.1111/dom.13906
    31. Malbert, C. -H., Chauvin, A., Horowitz, M., & Jones, K. L. (2020). Pancreatic GLP-1r binding potential is reduced in insulin-resistant pigs.. BMJ open diabetes research & care, 8(2), 9 pages. doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001540
    32. Pham, H., Phillips, L., Trahair, L., Hatzinikolas, S., Horowitz, M., & Jones, K. L. (2020). Longitudinal changes in the blood pressure responses to, and gastric emptying of, an oral glucose load in healthy older subjects. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 75(2), 244-248. doi:10.1093/gerona/glz014
    33. Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., Marathe, C. S., Wu, T., & Jones, K. L. (2020). Glucagon- peptide-receptor agonists and the appropriate measurement of gastric emptying. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 22(12), 2504-2506. doi:10.1111/dom.14166
    34. Borg, M. J., Rayner, C. K., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Xie, C., & Wu, T. (2020). Gastrointestinal mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular effect of metformin. Pharmaceuticals, 13(11), 1-14. doi:10.3390/ph13110410
    35. Marathe, C. S., Jones, K. L., Wu, T., Rayner, C. K., & Horowitz, M. (2020). Gastrointestinal autonomic neuropathy in diabetes. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, 229, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2020.102718
    36. Jones, K. L., Huynh, L. Q., Hatzinikolas, S., Rigda, R. S., Phillips, L. K., Pham, H. T., . . . Horowitz, M. (2020). Exenatide once weekly slows gastric emptying of solids and liquids in healthy, overweight, subjects under steady-state concentrations. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 22(5), 788-797. doi:10.1111/dom.13956
    37. Xie, C., Jones, K. L., Rayner, C. K., & Wu, T. (2020). Enteroendocrine hormone secretion and metabolic control: importance of the region of the gut stimulation. Pharmaceutics, 12(9), 1-23. doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics12090790
    38. Rayner, C. K., Watson, L. E., Phillips, L. K., Lange, K., Bound, M. J., Grivell, J., . . . Natali, A. (2020). Effects of Sustained Treatment With Lixisenatide on Gastric Emptying and Postprandial Glucose Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial.. Diabetes Care, 43(8), 1813-1821. doi:10.2337/dc20-0190
    39. Stevens, J., Buttfield, M., Wu, T., Hatzinikolas, S., Pham, H., Lange, K., . . . Jones, K. (2020). Effects of sitagliptin on gastric emptying of, and the glycaemic and blood pressure responses to, a carbohydrate meal in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 22(1), 51-58. doi:10.1111/dom.13864
    40. Zhang, X., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., & Wu, T. (2020). Effects of proximal and distal enteral glucose infusion on cardiovascular response in health and type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105(8), 2877-2884. doi:10.1210/clinem/dgaa341
    41. Wang, X., Xie, C., Marathe, C. S., Malbert, C. -H., Horowitz, M., Jones, K. L., . . . Wu, T. (2020). Disparities in gastric emptying and postprandial glycaemia between Han Chinese and Caucasians with type 2 diabetes.. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 159, 107951. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2019.107951
    42. Huang, W., Xie, C., Young, R. L., Zhao, J., Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H., Jones, K. L., . . . Wu, T. (2020). Development of innovative tools for investigation of nutrient-gut interaction. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 26(25), 3562-3576. doi:10.3748/wjg.v26.i25.3562
    43. Xie, C., Wang, X., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., Sun, Z., Little, T. J., . . . Wu, T. (2020). Comparative effects of intraduodenal glucose and fat infusion on blood pressure and heart rate in type 2 diabetes. Frontiers in Nutrition, 7, 1-6. doi:10.3389/fnut.2020.582314
    44. Oberoi, A., Giezenaar, C., Jensen, C., Lange, K., Hausken, T., Jones, K. L., . . . Soenen, S. (2020). Acute effects of whey protein on energy intake, appetite and gastric emptying in younger and older, obese men. Nutrition and Diabetes, 10(1), 37-1-37-9. doi:10.1038/s41387-020-00139-8
    45. Jalleh, R., Pham, H., Marathe, C. S., Wu, T., Buttfield, M. D., Hatzinikolas, S., . . . Jones, K. L. (2020). Acute Effects of Lixisenatide on Energy Intake in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Relationship to Gastric Emptying and Intragastric Distribution.. Nutrients, 12(7), 1-8. doi:10.3390/nu12071962
    46. Riceman, M. D., Bound, M., Grivell, J., Hatzinikolas, S., Piotto, S., Nguyen, N. Q., . . . Phillips, L. K. (2019). The prevalence and impact of low faecal elastase-1 in community-based patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 156, 107822. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2019.107822
    47. Pham, H., Trahair, L., Phillips, L., Rayner, C., Horowitz, M., & Jones, K. (2019). A randomized, crossover study of the acute effects of acarbose and gastric distension, alone and combined, on postprandial blood pressure in healthy older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 19(1), 241. doi:10.1186/s12877-019-1251-7
    48. Pham, H., Marathe, C. S., Phillips, L. K., Trahair, L. G., Hatzinikolas, S., Huynh, L., . . . Jones, K. L. (2019). Longitudinal changes in fasting and glucose-stimulated GLP-1 and GIP in healthy older subjects.. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 1054(12), 6201-6206. doi:10.1210/jc.2019-01262
    49. Pham, H., Phillips, L., Marathe, C. S., Trahair, L., Hatzinikolas, S., Huynh, L. Q., . . . Jones, K. (2019). Longitudinal changes in fasting and glucose-stimulated GIP and GLP-1 in healthy older subjects. Diabetologia, 62, S128-S129.

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    50. Borg, M. J., Jones, K. L., Sun, Z., Horowitz, M., Rayner, C. K., & Wu, T. (2019). Metformin attenuates the postprandial fall in blood pressure in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(5), 1251-1254. doi:10.1111/dom.13632
    51. Watson, L., Phillips, L., Wu, T., Bound, M., Checklin, H., Grivell, J., . . . Rayner, C. (2019). Title: Differentiating the effects of whey protein and guar gum preloads on postprandial glycemia in type 2 diabetes. Clinical Nutrition, 38(6), 2827-2832. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2018.12.014
    52. Pham, H., Holen, I. S., Phillips, L. K., Hatzinikolas, S., Huynh, L. Q., Wu, T., . . . Jones, K. L. (2019). The Effects of a Whey Protein and Guar Gum-Containing Preload on Gastric Emptying, Glycaemia, Small Intestinal Absorption and Blood Pressure in Healthy Older Subjects.. Nutrients, 11(11), 13 pages. doi:10.3390/nu11112666
    53. Watson, L. E., Phillips, L. K., Wu, T., Bound, M. J., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., & Rayner, C. K. (2019). Longitudinal evaluation of gastric emptying in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 154, 27-34. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2019.06.010
    54. Rayner, C. K., Jones, K., & Horowitz, M. (2019). Is making the stomach pump better the answer to gastroparesis?. Gastroenterology, 156(6), 1555-1557. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2019.03.030
    55. Bitarafan, V., Fitzgerald, P. C., Little, T. J., Meyerhof, W., Jones, K. L., Wu, T., . . . Feinle-Bisset, C. (2019). Intragastric administration of the bitter tastant, quinine, lowers the glycemic response to a nutrient drink without slowing gastric emptying, in healthy men.. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 318(2), R263-R273. doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00294.2019
    56. Kar, P., Plummer, M., Ali Abdelhamid, Y., Giersch, E. J., Summers, M. J., Weinel, L. M., . . . Deane, A. M. (2019). Incident diabetes in survivors of critical illness and mechanisms underlying persistent glucose intolerance: a prospective cohort study. Critical Care Medicine, 47(2), 103-111. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000003524
    57. Marathe, C. S., Marathe, J. A., Rayner, C. K., Kar, P., Jones, K. L., & Horowitz, M. (2019). Hypoglycaemia and gastric emptying. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(3), 491-498. doi:10.1111/dom.13570
    58. Watson, L. E., Xie, C., Wang, X., Li, Z., Phillips, L. K., Sun, Z., . . . Wu, T. (2019). Gastric emptying in patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes compared with young and older control subjects without diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 104(8), 3311-3319. doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02736
    59. Jones, K. L., Rigda, R. S., Buttfield, M. D. M., Hatzinikolas, S., Pham, H. T., Marathe, C. S., . . . Horowitz, M. (2019). Effects of lixisenatide on postprandial blood pressure, gastric emptying and glycaemia in healthy people and people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(5), 1158-1167. doi:10.1111/dom.13633
    60. Jalleh, R., Marathe, C. S., Rayner, C. K., Jones, K. L., & Horowitz, M. (2019). Diabetic Gastroparesis and Glycaemic Control.. Curr Diab Rep, 19(12), 153. doi:10.1007/s11892-019-1281-8
    61. Zhang, X., Young, R. L., Bound, M., Hu, S., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., . . . Wu, T. (2019). Comparative effects of proximal and distal small intestinal glucose exposure on glycemia, incretin hormone secretion, and the incretin effect in health and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 42(4), 520-528. doi:10.2337/dc18-2156
    62. Borg, M. J., Bound, M., Grivell, J., Sun, Z., Jones, K. L., Horowitz, M., . . . Wu, T. (2019). Comparative effects of proximal and distal small intestinal administration of metformin on plasma glucose and glucagon-like peptide-1, and gastric emptying after oral glucose, in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(3), 640-647. doi:10.1111/dom.13567
    63. Pham, H., Phillips, L. K., & Jones, K. L. (2019). Acute effects of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on postprandial blood pressure. Nutrients, 11(8), 1-21. doi:10.3390/nu11081717
    64. Watson, L. E., Phillips, L., Wu, T., Bound, M., Checklin, H. L., Grivell, J., . . . Rayner, C. (2019). A whey/guar "preload" improves postprandial glycaemia and glycated haemoglobin levels in type 2 diabetes: a 12-week, single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(4), 930-938. doi:10.1111/dom.13604
    65. Wu, T., Marathe, C. S., Horowitz, M., Jones, K. L., & Rayner, C. K. (2018). Comment on Russell-Jones et al. diabetes care 2017;40:943-950. Comment on bowering et al. diabetes care 2017;40:951-957. Diabetes Care, 41(3), e27-e28. doi:10.2337/dc17-1916
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    67. Nguyen, T., Ali Abdelhamid, Y., Weinel, L., Hatzinikolas, S., Kar, P., Summers, M., . . . Deane, A. (2018). Postprandial hypotension in older survivors of critical illness. Journal of Critical Care, 45, 20-26. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.01.012
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