Dr Scott Hawken

Dr Scott Hawken
 Position Director Landscape Architecture
 Org Unit Architecture and Landscape Architecture
 Email scott.hawken@adelaide.edu.au
 Telephone +61 8 8313 3507
 Location Floor/Room 5 ,  Barr Smith South ,   North Terrace
  • Biography/ Background

    Dr. Scott Hawken is director of the Landscape Architecture program at the University of Adelaide. He is an Urban Designer, Landscape Architect, and Landscape Archaeologist. His research and teaching bring together these three disciplines in creative ways. He is a strong supporter of the kind of transdisciplinary thinking necessary to tackle the large problems of our time.

    His Ph.D., awarded in 2012, involved the mapping of over 20,000km of archaeological features from 1000 sq km of remote sensing imagery to gain new insights into the evolution and ecology of archaeological landscapes and green infrastructure within Southeast Asia, It generated new knowledge on the socio-economic and ecological adaptation strategies of Angkor, the world’s largest pre-modern city. Such insights advance understanding of green infrastructure and social-ecological change in a long-term context which is important for today’s societies and their adaptation to climate change and urbanization. The findings are highly significant in the context of the sustainability and durability of socio-ecological systems within megacities.

    Scott’s research has appeared in feature-length National Geographic and BBC documentaries shot on-site in Cambodia. He brings his deep understanding of past urban environments to bear on current questions of long-term urban sustainability and has published on Southeast Asian and Asian Urbanism in leading international publications. He is currently on the editorial board for Environment and Urbanisation ASIA and reviews for over twelve peer reviewed scientific journals. Theoretically, Dr. Hawken's research spans critical urban scholarship, radical political ecology, and landscape archaeology. Methodologically he makes use of high-end geospatial technologies including GIS, remote sensing, Geodesign, and on-the-ground survey to enable the integration of “big-data” into real-world applications. His work on smart cities theory seeks to identify how digital technologies are changing cities.

    Dr. Hawken convenes postgraduate courses in Landscape Architecture and Urban Design. His courses typically engage with both local and international public and private agencies. around the world. He has led international workshops in New York, Japan, Delhi, Chennai, Madrid, Bilbao, Venice, Berlin, and Cape Town for postgraduate students, professionals, and governments. He has worked at UNSW Sydney as part of the Urban Development and Design Program for nine years and prior to that, he worked with leading landscape and urban design practices such as Jane Irwin Landscape Architecture, Room 413, and Terragram as well as the NSW Govt Architect.

    Scott is a passionate and innovative teacher and is currently interested in supervising Ph.D. students in the areas of cultural landscapes, landscape archaeology, urban design, smart cities, and green and blue infrastructure. He is available for media appearances and can be contacted by email.


  • Publications

    Zhang, E., Hsu, W., Long, Y., & Hawken, S. (2023). Understanding Bikeability: Insight into the Cycling-City Relationship Using Massive Dockless Bike-Sharing Records in Beijing. In R. Goodspeed, M. Kyttä, S. Raja, & C. Pettit (Eds.), Intelligence for Future Cities (1 ed., pp. 1-15). Singapore: Springer. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/book/9783031317453

    Hawken, S., & Klassen, S. (2023). Angkor's Temple Communities and the Logic of its Urban Landscape. In M. Hendrickson, M. Stark, & D. Evans (Eds.), The Angkorian World (1st ed., pp. 195-215). London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/The-Angkorian-World/Hendrickson-Stark-Evans/p/book/9780815355953

    Hawken, S., & Cobo Castillo, C. (2023). Angkor’s Agrarian Economy: A socio-ecological mosaic. In M. Hendrickson, M. Stark, & D. Evans (Eds.), The Angkorian World (1st ed., pp. 338-359). London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/The-Angkorian-World/Hendrickson-Stark-Evans/p/book/9780815355953

    Sultana, R., & Hawken, S. (2023). Reconciling Nature-Technology-Child Connections: smart cities and the necessity of a new paradigm of nature sensitive technologies for today’s children. Sustainability, 15(8), 1-19. doi:10.3390/su15086453

    Sharifi, E., Mehdipour, A., Hill, K., Hayter, J., Soebarto, V., Bartesaghi Koc, C. Hawken, S. Arakawa Martins, L. (2023). Trees for Urban Streets: A multi-criteria guide to select street trees in Greater Metropolitan Adelaide. doi:10.25909/22597120.v2

    Hawken, S., Zhou, K., Mosley, L., & Leyden, E. (2022). Scenario-Based Thinking to Negotiate Coastal Squeeze of Ecosystems: Green, blue, grey, and hybrid infrastructures for climate adaptation and resilience. In A. Rastandeh, & M. Jarchow (Eds.), Creating Resilient Landscapes in an Era of Climate Change: Global Case Studies and Real-World Solutions (pp. 231-250). London: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003266440-15

    Bartesaghi Koc, C., Soebarto, V., Hawken, S., & Sharifi, E. (2022). The potential for urban canopy cover to reduce heat-related mortality in Adelaide. In N. Aghamihammadi, & M. Santamouris (Eds.), Urban Overheating: Heat Mitigation and the Impact on Health (First ed., pp. 249-273). Springer. doi:10.1007/978-981-19-4707-0

    German, S., Metternicht, G., Laffan, S., & Hawken, S. (2022). Intelligent Technologies for Gender Inclusive Urban Environments. In P. Droege (Ed.), Intelligent Environments: Advanced Systems for a Healthy Planet (2 ed.). North-Holland. Retrieved from https://www.elsevier.com/books/intelligent-environments/droege/978-0-12-820247-0

    German, S., Metternicht, G., Laffan, S., & Hawken, S. (2022). Intelligent spatial technologies for gender inclusive urban environments in today's smart cities. In Intelligent Environments: Advanced Systems for a Healthy Planet, Second Edition (pp. 285-322). Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-820247-0.00012-6

    Hsu, Y. -Y., Hawken, S., Sepasgozar, S., & Lin, Z. -H. (2022). Beyond the Backyard: GIS Analysis of Public Green Space Accessibility in Australian Metropolitan Areas. Sustainability, 14(8), 4694-1-4694-25. doi:10.3390/su14084694

    Hawken, S., Rahmat, H., Sepasgozar, S., & Zhang, K. (2021). The SDGs, Ecosystem Services and Cities: a network analysis of current  research innovation for implementing urban sustainability. Sustainability, 13(24), 1-36. doi:10.3390/su132414057

    Hawken, S., Sepasgozar, S., Prodanovic, V., Jia, J., Bakelmun, A., Avazpour, B., . . . Zhang, K. (2021). What makes a successful Sponge City project? Expert perceptions of critical factors in integrated urban water management in the Asia-Pacific. Sustainable Cities and Society, 75, 103317-1-103317-17. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2021.103317

    Hawken, S., Avazpour, B., Harris, M., Marzban, A., & Munro, P. G. (2021). Urban megaprojects and water justice in Southeast Asia: Between global economies and community transitions. Cities, 113, 103068-1-103068-17. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2020.103068

    Hawken, S., & Iwamoto, M. (2021). The pioneering computational architecture of Shoei Yoh: A study of the avant garde timber space frame structures of Oguni, Kumamoto. In Proceedings of the 16th International Docomomo Conference: Inheritable Resilience: Sharing Values of Global Modernities - 16th International Docomomo Conference (2021) Vol. 2 (pp. 626-631). Virtual online: Amazon. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

    Hawken, S. (2021). Parkland visions: Designing the Western Sydney Aerotropolis. Landscape Architecture Australia, (169), 22-27. Retrieved from https://landscapeaustralia.com/articles/parkland-visions-designing-the-western-sydney-aerotropolis/

    Shirleyana., Hawken, S. G., Sunindijo, R. Y., & Sanderson, D. (2021). Narratives of everyday resilience: lessons from an urban kampung community in Surabaya, Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 12(2), 196-208. doi:10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2020-0056

    Hawken, S. (2021). Editorial: Changes in land use and land cover in cities of the global south - patterns and driving forces. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 12(1 Suppl.), 9S-12S. doi:10.1177/0975425321997972

    Hawken, S. (2021). Dynamism and flux: Tyrrell studio. Landscape Architecture Australia, (169), 64-69. Retrieved from https://landscapeaustralia.com/articles/dynamism-and-flux-tyrrell-studio/

    Hawken, S., & Fletcher, R. (2021). A long-term archaeological reappraisal of low-density urbanism: Implications for contemporary cities. Journal of Urban Archaeology, 3, 29-50. doi:10.1484/J.JUA.5.123674

    Mirti, A. V., & Hawken, S. (2020). Using Scenario Planning to Enhance Coastal Resilience to Climate Change: Community Futures in the Estuarine Landscapes of Brisbane Water, Central Coast, Australia. In Proceedings of the 13th GeoInformation for Disaster Management conference (Gi4DM 2020), as published in  ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences Vol. VI-3/W1-2020 (pp. 51-58). Sydney, Australia: Copernicus GmbH. doi:10.5194/isprs-annals-VI-3-W1-2020-51-2020

    Hawken, S., Leao, S. Z., Gudes, O., Izadpanahi, P., Viswanath, K., & Pettit, C. (2020). Safer cities for women: Global and local innovations with open data and civic technology. In S. Hawken, H. Han, & C. Pettit (Eds.), Open Cities | Open Data: Collaborative Cities in the Information Era (pp. 85-105). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6605-5_4

    Hawken, S., Han, H., & Pettit, C. (Eds.) (2020). Open Cities Open Data: Collaborative Cities in the Information Era. Singapore: Palgrave MacMillan. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6605-5

    Hawken, S., Yenneti, K., & Bodilis, C. (2020). Mapping climate vulnerability with open data: A dashboard for place-based action. In S. Hawken, H. Han, & C. Pettit (Eds.), Open Cities | Open Data: Collaborative Cities in the Information Era (pp. 151-175). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6605-5_7

    Hawken, S., Han, H., & Petit, C. (2020). Introduction: Open data and the generation of urban value. In S. Hawken, H. Han, & C. Pettit (Eds.), Open Cities Open Data: Collaborative Cities in the Information Era (pp. 1-25). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6605-5_1

    Pettit, C. J., Hawken, S., Ticzon, C., Leao, S. Z., Afrooz, A. E., Lieske, S. N., . . . Steinitz, C. (2019). Breaking down the silos through geodesign – Envisioning Sydney’s urban future. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 46(8), 1387-1404. doi:10.1177/2399808318812887

    Sepasgozar, S. M. E., Hawken, S., Sargolzaei, S., & Foroozanfa, M. (2019). Implementing citizen centric technology in developing smart cities: a model for predicting the acceptance of urban technologies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 142, 105-116. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2018.09.012

    Pettit, C., Hawken, S., Ticzon, C., & Nakanishi, H. (2019). Geodesign — A tale of three cities. In Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography (pp. 139-161). Switzerland: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-19424-6_9

    Hawken, S., Han, H., & Pettit, C. (2019). Correction to: Open Cities. Springer Nature Singapore. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6605-5_18

    Shirleyana, S., Hawken, S., & Sunindijo, R. Y. (2018). City of Kampung: risk and resilience in the urban communities of Surabaya, Indonesia. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(5), 543-568. doi:10.1108/IJBPA-02-2018-0025

    Praharaj, S., Han, J. H., & Hawken, S. (2018). Urban innovation through policy integration: Critical perspectives from 100 smart cities mission in India. City, Culture and Society, 12, 35-43. doi:10.1016/j.ccs.2017.06.004

    Han, H., & Hawken, S. (2018). Introduction: Innovation and identity in next-generation smart cities. City, Culture and Society, 12, 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.ccs.2017.12.003

    Praharaj, S., Han, J. H., & Hawken, S. (2018). Towards the right model of smart city governance in India. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 13(2), 171-186. doi:10.2495/SDP-V13-N2-171-186

    Han, J. H., Hawken, S., & Williams, A. (2018). Smart CCTV and the management of urban space. In Management Association, Information Resources (Ed.), Smart Technologies: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 508-526). Hershey, PA; USA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-2589-9.ch023

    Leao, S. Z., Izadpanahi, P., & Hawken, S. (2018). How urban design can make cities safer for women? A statistical analysis of safetipin. In PLEA 2018 - Smart and Healthy within the Two-Degree Limit: Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Vol. 3 (pp. 1187-1188). Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

    Praharaj, S., Han, J. H., & Hawken, S. (2018). Evolving a Locally Appropriate Indicator System for Benchmarking Sustainable Smart Cities in India. In W. L. Filho, J. Rogers, & U. Iyer-Raniga (Eds.), Sustainable Development Research in the Asia-Pacific Region (pp. 253-274). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-73293-0_15

    Hawken, S., & Han, J. H. (2017). Innovation districts and urban heterogeneity: 3D mapping of industry mix in downtown Sydney. Journal of Urban Design, 22(5), 568-590. doi:10.1080/13574809.2017.1301203

    Hawken, S. (2017). The Urban Village and the Megaproject: Linking vernacular urban heritage and human rights-based development in the emerging megacities of Southeast Asia. In A. Durbach, & L. Lixinski (Eds.), Heritage, Culture and Rights: Challenging Legal Discourses (pp. 91-118). Oxford: Hart Publishing. doi:10.5040/9781509904235.ch-004

    Praharaj, S., Han, J. H., & Hawken, S. (2017). Innovative Civic Engagement and Digital Urban Infrastructure: Lessons from 100 Smart Cities Mission in India. In Procedia Engineering Vol. 180 (pp. 1423-1432). Netherlands: Elsevier BV. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.305

    Hawken, S., & Han, J. H. (2017). Industry mix and 3D urban heterogeneity: insights into innovation districts. In K. Seto, D. Robinson, H. Virji, Z. Kovacs, J. Zhai, N. Sami, . . . K. S. Sridhar (Eds.), Urban Transitions Conference Vol. 198 (pp. 549-561). Netherlands: Elsevier Science BV. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.110

    Chen, J., Judd, B., & Hawken, S. (2016). Adaptive reuse of industrial heritage for cultural purposes in Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing. Structural Survey, 34(4-5), 331-350. doi:10.1108/SS-11-2015-0052

    Chen, J., Judd, B., & Hawken, S. (2015). Adaptive Reuse of Industrial Heritage for Cultural Purposes in
    Three Chinese Mega-Cities: Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing. In The Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, The Australasian Universities’ Building Educators Association Conference. Sydney.

    Han, J. H., Hawken, S., & Williams, A. (2015). Smart CCTV and the management of urban space. In D. Harrison (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Digital Media and Creative Technologies (pp. 430-447). Hershey, PA; USA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-8205-4.ch019

    Osmond, P., Corkery, L., Wilkinson, S., Thompson, S., & Hawken, S. (2015). The arable city: Quantifying the potential for urban agriculture in the 21st century metropolis. In SSS 2015 - 10th International Space Syntax Symposium.

    Hawken, S., Metternicht, G., Chang, C. W., Liew, S. C., & Gupta, A. (2014). Remote sensing of urban ecological infrastructure in desakota environments: A review of current approaches. In 35th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2014, ACRS 2014: Sensing for Reintegration of Societies.

    Hawken, S. (2013). Designs of kings and farmers: Landscape systems of the greater Angkor urban complex. Asian Perspectives, 52(2), 347-367. doi:10.1353/asi.2013.0010

  • Professional Associations

    Committee Name: Technical Working Group on Biodiversity
    Committee Role: Member
    Institution: Green Adelaide, Department of Environment and Water
    Country: Australia
    URL / Website: https://www.greenadelaide.sa.gov.au/
    Start date: 5 September 2022

    Committee Name: National Education Commitee
    Committee Role: Member
    Institution: Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
    URL / Website: https://www.aila.org.au/
    Start date: 1 March 2022

    Committee Name: AILA Landscape Architecture Awards Jury SA
    Committee Role: Member
    Institution: Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
    Country: Australia
    URL / Website: https://www.aila.org.au/
    Start date: 22 February 2022

    Committee Name: AILA Biodiversity Positive Design Working Group
    Committee Role: Co-Chair
    Institution: Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
    Country: Australia
    URL / Website: https://www.aila.org.au/
    Start date: 22 February 2022

    Committee Name: Indigenous Ecosystem Corridors and Nodes Working Group
    Committee Role: Member
    Institution: International Federation of Landscape Architects
    Country: France
    URL / Website: https://www.iflaworld.com/indigenous-ecosystem-corridors-and-nodes
    Start date: 1 December 2021

    Committee Name: Australian Urban Design Award Jury
    Committee Role: Member
    Institution: Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
    Country: Australia
    URL / Website: https://urbandesignawards.com.au/about/
    Start date: 1 August 2020


  • Media Expertise

    CategoriesDesign, Architecture & Planning, Archaeology & Anthropology
    ExpertiseLandscape Architecture; Urban Ecology; Urban Design; Urban Development; Landscape Archaeology; Angkor; Urban Archaeology; Long Term Analysis and Planning; Green Infrastructure; Blue Infrastructure; Urban Sustainability; Australian Urban Design; Southeast Asian Urbanism; Smart Cities;
    NotesDr. Scott Hawken has worked across public and private consultancies and academic practice and has over twenty years of expertise in urban design and landscape architecture. He is a registered member of the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects and a board member of the international journal Environment and Urbanization ASIA.

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Entry last updated: Thursday, 1 Jun 2023

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